British history essay questions
Mar/Sun/2018 | Uncategorized
How to Write an Argumentative Essay - Planning
Introducing the British Council s How to Write an Argumentative Essay animated video series. This is the first of five simple and easy
History Essay Questions - UK Essays
Write My Research Paper -
British history+essay questions College paper Writing Service
Booz Allen Hamilton - Associate Resume Example. Home: XXX-XXXX-XXX - Cell: XXX-XXXX-XXX - XXXX@XXXX.XXX. Operational Excellence Professional dedicated to questions, continuous process improvement in the face of rapidly evolving and changing markets. Extremely results-oriented and paper with spacing, proactive in addressing and resolving problems. Effective leader Consistently meet goals Deadline-oriented. Client account management Project management Efficient multi-tasker. Certified Six Sigma Master Black Belt Defined strategy and business plan for british essay questions, Surface Deployment and Distribution Command (SDDC) for disobeying an order, process improvement and information management tasks world wide. Spearheaded cross-functional initiative to achieve strategic plan deliverables in history essay questions growth both in commercial and government markets for $20M in an order essay 2011. Improved military supply chain processes by implementing cross-functional efforts in logistics service and essay, repair operations. Documented business processes and analyzed procedures to see that they would meet changing business needs for Air Force Network Integration Center (AFNIC) to achieve an overall deployment performance increase of 42%.
Managed testing cycles, including test plan creation, development of dissertation banking, scripts and co-ordination of user acceptance testing. Worked directly with Six Sigma candidates to achieve a 27% increase of completed projects. Created new revenue streams through complex analysis techniques of business markets. Exceeded BAH objectives through a risk mitigation model to british essay questions, resolve gaps in market capabilities. Earned the company exceptional ratings from clients on both government and private sector. Secret Service Clearance Level : Top Secret. Initiated rollout of new enterprise model for sales reporting that reduced process time by disobeying essay 18%.
Developed and implemented creative, cost effective programs which increased client retention rates by 22% compared to the prior year. Defined strategy and history essay questions, business plan for Sales and Marketing. Member of Executive Management Team. Selected for discovery ed student, launch Six Sigma team, appointed to train Black. British Essay? Belts and Master Black Belts. Supervised a staff of dissertation banking, twenty Black Belts and one Master Black Belt. Organized executive scheduling and Divisional management requirements at major Ford events and dealer meetings.
Coordinated the North American Dealer Association ( NADA ) franchise and leadership meetings annually. Developed regional, marketing and sales scripts and presentations for Divisional Presidents and in dealer communications, saving costs related to outsourcing. Negotiated contracts for Ford products and services to Ford dealerships. Developed and implemented marketing / promotional plans to generate sales activity. Managed four Regional Coordinators as direct reports. Responsible for yearly budget of $800 million. British? Hosted sales rallies and contests that supported promotional campaigns resulting in increased sales. Conducted in-depth analysis of inventory management systems which resulted in expense reduction, increased efficiency and faster turn rates. Directed National Dealer advertising group in an order essay developing a unified local / national media and promotional strategy. Reviewed, corrected code and history essay questions, released vehicle orders for an assigned region.
Identified errors and interacted with Product Planning to resolve them. Correspond directly with dealers to resolve order flow issues. Negotiated with Freight Forwarders, Modification Centers, Inspection Companies and Dealers which insured vehicle inspection process was completed and expedited vehicle shipments for specified countries. Reviewed established finance procedures for economics, Accounting and Credit which assured accurate vehicle releases. Reviewed and questions, prepared weekly and discovery, monthly sales reports for Senior Management. Resolved all open issues related to vehicle commodities and allocations to dealers worldwide.
Developed and trained dealers worldwide on Ford Motors allocation and distribution systems. Partnered successfully with clients to british essay questions, produce increased sales. Central Michigan University - Mt Pleasant , MI. Wayne State University - Detroit , MI. Discovery Ed Student Login? Henry Ford College - Dearborn , MI. Certified Six Sigma Black Belt : Six Sigma Academy / Ford Motor Company Certified Six Sigma Master Black Belt I II : Six Sigma Academy / Ford Motor Company Certified Trainer Six Sigma : Ford Motor Company Certified Microsoft Office : Schoolcraft College. Six Sigma Management Institute's - Coaching Excellence Medal 2013. Booz Allen Hamilton - Performance Award 2008-2012.
Department of Defense - Leap Award 2012. Department of british history, Defense - Leap Award 2011. Forensic and Litigation Senior Consultant@FTI Consulting. Principal Consultant@Pacific Gas Electric. AVP / Commercial Lending Officer@Washington First Bank. Substitute Teacher@North Rock Creek Public School. Dissertation In The? Crisis Management Specialist@AMIGOS DE LAS AMERICAS. Featured Jobs in history questions Aberdeen:View More Aberdeen Jobs. Get job alerts sent to paper to help with, your inbox for. Associate Director Certified Six Sigma Master Black Belt Executive Administration - Dealer Relations Software Instructor Division Advertising Manager Vehicle Logistics Manager Export Operations Sales Analysis Coordinator Export Operations Customer Service Manager. Central Michigan University Wayne State University Henry Ford College.
Master of Science : Business Management. History? Bachelor of Science : Criminal Justice. Writing To Help? Associate of Science : Computer Science. Where can I find a Booz Allen Hamilton Associate resume example in Aberdeen, Maryland 21001? This is an actual resume example of a Associate who works in the Consulting Industry. LiveCareer has 5725 Consulting resumes in its database. History Questions? LiveCareer’s Resume Directory contains real resumes created by an order subscribers using LiveCareer’s Resume Builder.
Mighty Recruiter Mighty Recruiter. Customer Service Customer Service. Essay? 800-652-8430 Mon- Fri 8am - 8pm CST. Sat 8am - 5pm CST, Sun 10am - 6pm CST Stay in touch with us.
Best Essay Writers Here -
British history+essay questions Research paper Writing Service
Iphone Persuasive Essays and british essay questions, Research Papers. ? MARKETING MIX FOR THE IPHONE Cynthia Anderson AIU Online ABSTRACT The IPhone is an proposal amazing gadget made by british Apple. . When you get an IPhone you will not want to use any other phone. It is a phone, computer, and spacing, MP3 player all wrapped up in one little small package. Steve Jobs believed that cell phones were going become important devices for portable information. The original IPhone came out in January 9, 2007. Steve Jobs presented one of the british history, most incredible presentations of his life. Apple Inc. , IPhone , IPod 884 Words | 6 Pages. This report will undertake an analysis of one of the most famous household gadgets, the iPhone . Through use of economic theory and analysis we . will assess the mobile phone market and make predictions as to future prospects of the product. IPhone was first introduced by Apple’s CEO, Steve Jobs in 2007.
The first generation iPhone took the world by storm in 2007 as it was the first smartphone in economics proposal, the world. Questions? With its sleek glass multi-touch touch screen display, boasting internet services, music player. Consumer theory , IPhone , IPod Touch 2300 Words | 6 Pages. Gambhir Shrestha English 96 June 17 2013 Age of Smart phone: iPhone Popular Culture is intimately connected with education, mass . communication, production and in the, a society's ability to access knowledge. There are lots of popular cultures but the most in history questions, trend and the most with the high need is cell phone which has to homework for you, be smart phone. British Essay Questions? It has been now 40 years since the first cell phone was used. In 1973 Martin Cooper of disobeying an order, Motorola used a first wireless cell phone to make a call walking down street.
Apple Inc. , IPhone , IPod 1119 Words | 3 Pages. Southeast University also from the group named “Fresco”. British History Essay? We are really happy to have such a presentation of an order essay, challenging and interesting like this . presentation also thanks to you for making us worthy for corporate. Our topic is “Marketing Plan for iPhone ”. History Essay Questions? We have learned many things from texas a&m dissertations online, this topic which will help us in future. There were some obstacles we have faced at the time of collecting data about our topic. British History Questions? But we have overcome all the obstacles by with the endeavour effort by each member of our. App Store , Apple Inc. , IPhone 1787 Words | 7 Pages. ? Persuasive Messages Natascha Scheffel COM/295 June 1, 2015 Sandra Norris Part 1: . Persuasive Message Dear Sir, Apple one production team has come up with a new sleek design for the next Iphone 7. British Essay? The Iphone 6 has had a remarkable response with our customers this past year and dissertation, this motivates us to continue improving for all Apple is history essay, all about new innovative technology and futuristic growth. Iphone 6 has brought in amazing numbers. Apple Inc. , Apple Store , IPhone 777 Words | 4 Pages. ?The competition between android devices and iphone devices is one of the writing spacing, most rivalrous and talked about in the mobile market.
Both sides . could argue for british essay days on which device is better than the other. We are going to go into deep discussion about texas a&m dissertations, why androids are superior and questions, why you should choose it over iphone . Androids have the ability to be fully customizable, while iphone offers limited customization. Essay? Second, Apple phones and Android phones have different operating systems, iOS (Apple) and. Android , App Store , Google 1282 Words | 5 Pages. ?HISTORY OF THE IPHONE In January 2007, Steve Jobs introduced the british essay, Apple iPhone during his keynote address at writing paper to help with, the Macworld . Conference and Expo.
In its first appearance on essay questions screen and in disobeying an order, Jobs's hand, the phone looked like a sleek but inanimate black rectangle. Then, Jobs touched the screen. Suddenly, the featureless rectangle became an interactive surface. History? Jobs placed a fingertip on an on-screen arrow and slid it from left to right. When his finger moved, the economics phd thesis proposal, arrow moved with it, unlocking the phone. Apple Inc. , Internet , IPhone 830 Words | 3 Pages. ? Candace Clark BRM/353 Howard Kersey Week One November 11, 2014 iPhone 6 I went into the Apple store and I observed a . lot, the store is really big and british essay questions, bright and is set up to be interactive. When you walk in you feel like you have walked into the future it is phd thesis, not like any other electronic retail store, it is merchandised perfectly to fit the brand. British History? The employees are all so helpful and know there job well; they are very knowledgeable about the Apple products.
It was very busy. App Store , Apple Inc. , Apple Store 1064 Words | 5 Pages. Introduction: The iPhone Phenomenon The iPhone 5 is the latest iteration of Apple’s extremely popular smartphone, due for disobeying an order . release on September 21, 2012 (Apple). It’s already received abundant criticism amongst the media and assorted technology oriented blogs for history essay questions being far too incremental an update over it’s predecessor, the login, iPhone 4S (Barrett, Honan, Olson, Vascellaro), which in turn was faced with the same criticism (Cryer). British History Questions? This criticism however, hasn’t stopped the iPhone 5 from essay, reaching over.
App Store , Apple Inc. , IPhone 2592 Words | 7 Pages. With the very high demand in the market place for a musical device called the IPod, it’s no surprise that the IPhone , a hybrid of history questions, a phone and . music device that it will be a big hit in the market place. This highly anticipated electronic trend setter had thousands of people waiting in line at the apple store in New York, and all over the country trying to get their hands on this iPhone . The IPod combined with a Phone, gives birth to this amazing product which has the following features: a 3.5 inch. Apple Inc. , Apple Store , IPhone 1807 Words | 5 Pages. Steve Jobs, the iphone is competitively priced and discovery, delivers amazing features and quality. With many different models to choose from, you are . sure to find one that will suit your needs and exceed your expectations. History Questions? “Almost every new Apple product is thinner, faster, and lighter than its predecessor (Jason Snell, Iphone5 Takes Next Step In Smartphone Evolution, Macworld. December 2012, Vol. 29 Issue 12 pg 28-32).” Over the ed student, years I have had many different smart phones but the british history essay questions, iphone is the only one. Apple Inc. , IPhone , IPod Touch 807 Words | 3 Pages.
main pricing decisions for its range of iPhones . The first one is a skimming price decision and the second one is a penetration pricing . decision. 1. Economics? Skimming price decision When Apple first launched the new iPhone 3GS, it made a skimming price decision which means it aims to sell to the top of the market and focuses on maximizing profits in short term so it could recover the british history essay questions, research and development costs. 2. Penetration pricing decision As the iPhones have moved through their product life. Costs , Elasticity , IPhone 1263 Words | 4 Pages. Accounting for paper spacing the iPhone at Apple, Inc. (HBS 9-111-003) 1. Exhibit 3 provides the journal entries under subscription accounting. Refer to . the example in Exhibit 3. a) Complete the following FSET assuming the british, Apple follows subscription accounting to account for dissertation in the iPhone’s sales revenue (separately for the transaction in Quarter 1 and in Quarters 2 to 8). British Essay Questions? Balance Sheet Income Statement Transaction Cash Asset + Noncash Assets - = Liabilities + Contrib. Capital + Earned Capital Revenues. Balance sheet , Generally Accepted Accounting Principles , Income 870 Words | 4 Pages.
The fist factor that important in discovery, the pricing decision of history essay questions, iPhone 5C is by considering costs. For instance, since Apple Inc. Essay? wants to maximize . its profits through establishing new products, the price should be set at the point where marginal revenue equals to marginal cost. We know that iPhone 5C is in the perfectly competitive market, the history, company can reach its maximum profit at equilibrium at X* and an order, P*. Questions? To determine the price, Apple Inc. needs to do the dissertation in the banking, marginal analysis. According to profits (?).
Cost , Costs , Economics 1332 Words | 4 Pages. recent release of the much-coveted iPhone 5, Apple has pronounced its dominance in the mobile phone manufacturing industry. The funny thing is, . despite its continuous growth, the venerated phone still endures the defects it did way back in british history questions, its first generation release in 2007. Throughout the years, various complains have been recorded, all of which characterize conditions of a bricked iPhone . What is online, this “bricked iPhone ” or iPhone brick anyway? If your iPhone displays nothing but loading spinning. App Store , Apple Inc. , IPhone 808 Words | 3 Pages. Introduction This report shows you Apple’s iPhone supply chain. It will point out some areas that could be improved and essay questions, will explain why . Apple could have chosen this route for their supply chain.
2. Supply Chain Map 3. The Supply Chain The supply chain for in the banking Apple’s iPhone is on the previous page. British Essay Questions? As you can see from the economics phd thesis proposal, supply chain numerous different parts are needed to british history questions, assemble an iPhone . Texas Online? Six out british history essay questions, of the ten components needed. IPhone , IPod , Supply chain management 551 Words | 3 Pages. ENG 101 3/14/2012 Iphone vs. Android What do people look for when purchasing a smart phone?
What are some of the major selling points that . convince consumers that iphones are better than androids or vice versa? Some people would argue that the two are different in many ways. But when looking closely at in the, the new Iphone 4s and the Android sells you can see that there are minimal differences. The Iphone 4s’s icon interface is british essay, simple to understand and to operate. The rows of icons allow easy access. App Store , Facebook , IPhone 1352 Words | 4 Pages. electronics market, it should be of no surprise that iPod’s unmatched demand for such distinct music management tool would lead Apple to add iPod’s features . to the most sold electronic device to date: the discovery ed student, cell phone.
Thus, you get a hybrid called the iPhone . This highly anticipated electronic trend setter without fault had numbers of people waiting in line at the Apple store in british history essay, New York; iPod fans want to be among the first to explore some of the ed student, most innovative phone features to date. Among those features. Apple Inc. , IPhone , IPod 1844 Words | 6 Pages. The iPhone 4S is a touchscreen smartphone developed by Apple Inc. It is the fifth generation of the iPhone , a device that . combines the 3.5-inch iPod Touch with mobile phone capability. It retains the exterior design of its predecessor, the iPhone 4, but is host to a range of improved hardware specifications and software updates. The iPhone 4S comes in two colors, black and white. It is a combination of a hand-held computer, cell-phone, GPS, digital/video camera, and music player and Siri into one. App Store , Apple Inc. , IPhone 1039 Words | 3 Pages. Weighing in at just four point eight ounces, the iPhone four is one of the most well-known and incredible touch screen cell phone devices ever . made. With so many amazing features, information and capabilities, this phone is undoubtedly a must have of two thousand and twelve.
All around the world, you see business professionals making important calls, closing in on company deals and occasionally talking to their spouses about what they will have for dinner. However, these sophisticated workers. Battery , IPhone , IPod Touch 983 Words | 3 Pages. iPhone vs. Android Showdown: Which Phone Is Best for Power Users? INTRODUCTION The newest iPhone comes out in two weeks; the . Android OS continues to deploy on better and better hardware; and british history, both operating systems roll out exciting new features and innovations with each release. So which deserves your hard-earned cash? A Starting Point You can evaluate iPhone and Android devices from countless angles, so rather than pretend that we've got the One True Comparison, it only seems appropriate to. Android , App Store , ARM architecture 2355 Words | 7 Pages. iPhone Strategic Intent Apple – A Company • Apple was founded on April 1, 1976 by Steve Jobs, Steve Wozniak, and phd thesis proposal, Ronald Wayne to british essay questions, sell the disobeying an order, . Apple I personal computer kit. • Focused on designing and essay, manufacturing consumer electronics and closely related software products. iPhone Strategic Intent Strategic Intent behind iPhone • Develops, sells, and writing paper with spacing, supports a series of personal computers, portable media players, computer software, and computer hardware accessories. • Apple is the early.
Apple Inc. , IPhone , IPod 741 Words | 4 Pages. 3-24-13 Androids vs iPhones You walk down any average hallway, office building, school, or restaurant and british history essay, guaranteed there will be at least . one person glued to their phone. Writing Paper With Spacing? The society that consumers of this decade have evolved in is most definitely based on essay technology whether it be tablets, cell phones or portable gaming consoles we rely a little too much on technology. What seems to be the biggest disagreement in the world of cellular devices is between which is to help spacing, better the iPhone or Android phone. App Store , Apple Inc. , IPhone 1132 Words | 3 Pages.
Roles of Consumers in Demand for Iphone. Demand for the iPhone On the 14th of October, hundreds and thousands of british, people from all around the world queued for hours just to purchase a . gadget of the future – the iPhone 4S. “Outside the Apple store on Regent Street in London, a line of shoppers snaked down nearby Hanover Street . [whilst] in Covent Garden at online, least 700 people were queuing (Mathis, 2011).” It makes one wonder how innovative this product really is to draw this much attention. What do consumers see in the iPhone ? Is it about. Apple Inc. , Apple Store , Conspicuous consumption 1891 Words | 5 Pages. Accounting for the Iphone at Apple. investments from operations through internal financing. Essay? (2) Apple’s Account for phd thesis proposal iPhone under U.S. GAAP and history, Impact on discovery login Company’s Financial . Statements Apple applies the software revenue recognition rule for sales of the iPhone and uses the british essay questions, subscription method of accounting.
This method means that Apple recognizes revenue on a straight line basis over disobeying an order 24 month, which is the usual length of an questions iPhone contract. When an iPhone is sold, cash is collected at the time of sale while revenue is recorded as deferred. Balance sheet , Cash flow , Cash flow statement 750 Words | 3 Pages. Product/Service Analysis for Iphone. Product/Service Analysis for iPhone Brief description of market I selected iPhone for this individual assignment. . The iPhone falls under smartphone category and Apple manufactures iPhone . Ed Student Login? A smartphone is a high-end mobile phone that offers multiple innovative and convenient features than a traditional phone. Apart from making calls, consumers want to access internet, watch video, take pictures, listen to british questions, music and want PDA features in one device and smartphone is the right product for. App Store , IPhone , IPod Touch 1488 Words | 6 Pages. IPhone vs. Economics Phd Thesis Proposal? Android Educated, illiterate, professional, stay at home moms, all of these have the same thing in common. Majority of essay questions, them all . have some type of smart phone whether it is an Android or IPhone . Fifty percent of American adults have a smart phone (cite this).
Smart phones tie into an order, everyone’s life at some point. Whether you are an british adult looking to replace your phone or if you are trying to writing paper with, decide what phone to buy your child or mom. British Questions? IPhone and writing to help with, Android have a great amount of british essay questions, similarities. Google , IPhone , IPod Touch 1183 Words | 2 Pages. iPhone Case Study Prepared by: Ebran Kazmi C0318559 Module: Marketing Management Course: MBA Contents Pages * Introduction . 3 * Diffusion of Innovation Theory 3 * Marketing mix amp; International launch of iPhone in relation to the theory 4-5 * Steve Jobs’ statement (Agreed) 5-6 * Diffusion of innovation of roll for early adapter 6-7 * Conclusion 7 * Word Count: 1152 [excluding cover page amp; contents] * Turnitin Document. App Store , Apple Inc. , Apple Store 1216 Words | 5 Pages. ASSESS IPHONE - MAN WORKING PAPER Overview of Apple, Inc. iPhone Product Line At launching 2007 the iPhone Apple, . Inc. was new entrant in for you, the market of mobile handsets in the Porter’s 5 forces framework (Porter, 1985). Although it was not the highest technology standard on the market it was perceived by Apple customers as the british history questions, pinnacle of the mobile handset hardware because of two main factors: the offering was from a firm, being strongly branded and writing paper with spacing, recognized as an innovative firm, well known by. Apple Inc. , IPhone , IPod 1437 Words | 5 Pages. Iphone 4 Technical Specifications.
iPhone 4 Technical Specifications Size and weight1 Height: 4.5 inches (115.2 mm) Width: 2.31 inches (58.6 mm) Depth: 0.37 inch (9.3 . mm) Weight: 4.8 ounces (137 grams) Cellular and british history essay, wireless * GSM model: UMTS/HSDPA/HSUPA (850, 900, 1900, 2100 MHz); GSM/EDGE (850, 900, 1800, 1900 MHz) * CDMA model: CDMA EV-DO Rev. A (800, 1900 MHz) * 802.11b/g/n Wi-Fi (802.11n 2.4GHz only) * Bluetooth 2.1 + EDR wireless technology Location * Assisted GPS * Digital compass. Apple Inc. , IPad , IPhone 1283 Words | 7 Pages. A Review of the iPhone 5 Abstract Apple’s iPhone 5 had been under development for over a year until its release a few weeks . Phd Thesis? ago. With so much time dedicated to its development, one could expect nothing short of perfection. This and the fact that Apple is a well established brand in the market of technological gadgets accounts for the elevated expectations placed by consumers on iPhone 5. Features of this phone are innumerable, but consumers agree that they make it stand out among leading brands. App Store , IPhone , IPod Touch 986 Words | 3 Pages. The History of the iPhone By selling 8.8 million handsets in british questions, the first quarter of 2010, the disobeying essay, Apple iPhone has become the most . British History? widely sold mobile phone in the US.
Read on to peep into the history of economics, this fast selling device. History and british, Development iPhone’s history began when Steve Jobs instructed Apple Inc’s top engineers to dissertation, investigate touch screens and questions, create the iPhone . The development of this device started nearly a decade before it came to the markets in 2007. In 1999, Apple acquired the. Apple Inc. , IPhone , IPhone OS 1167 Words | 4 Pages. items is the iPhone 5, which was released last month.
For Apple fans, the dissertation in the, iPhone 5 is simply frustrating. Apple’s loyal customers . have been disappointed by the new iPhone 5 because of its decreased applications, appearance and abilities. To begin with, the applications in the new iPhone 5 are full of errors particularly appstore, iTunes and map. Firstly, although the british history, Apple appstore’s makeover is an improvement in aesthetics, its search results are now limited to one at a time via iPhone 5, resulting. App Store , Apple Inc. Discovery? , IPhone 881 Words | 3 Pages. advanced age. Essay Questions? The iPhone 5c is the a&m dissertations, most valuable phone on the market today. It is more cost effective than its competitors, cosmetically . History Essay? pleasing, and has more advance features. Because of dissertation banking, that, the iPhone 5c appeals to british essay questions, a substantial audience. iPhone 5c is more capable and unique than any other phone on the planet. Apple introduced the original iPhone in 2007. According to Ritchie “instantly obsoleting every other smartphone on the market in every way that mattered” The original iPhone while not being.
App Store , Apple Inc. Texas Online? , IPhone 941 Words | 3 Pages. Apple Iphone SWOT Matrix A firm should not necessarily pursue the british history essay, more lucrative opportunities. Rather, it may have a better chance at . developing a competitive advantage by dissertation banking identifying a fit between the british history, firm's strengths and upcoming opportunities. In some cases, the discovery, firm can overcome a weakness in order to prepare itself to pursue a compelling opportunity. History Essay? Beneficial Harmful Internal S • One of the leaders in mobile industry • Good reputation and strong brand • High quality and innovative. IPhone , IPod , Mobile phone 1369 Words | 6 Pages. Battle between iPhone and economics proposal, BlackBerry iPhone and the BlackBerry competition’s may have become an old story for british history essay anyone. As we . know, the BlackBerry dominates the market until Apple launched its revolutionary product, iPhone . iPhone and BlackBerry, are two successful leading mobile phone, but differ in terms of features and paper to help with, appearance. Even until now, still a major consideration for buying an iPhone or a BlackBerry. British? Some differences of these two brand new phone are. IPhone’s design.
BlackBerry , E-mail , IPhone 543 Words | 4 Pages. Supply Chain of the paper with spacing, Iphone 4 Series. Discuss the Supply Chain Management of a Particular, Product/Company/Service of your Choice. In this report we will analyseq the supply chain management . of the iPhone 4 series. This will be done by british history questions researching the essay, different parts of the supply chain, looking at how they are integrated and ‘referring to processes and exchanges across multiple organisations,’ (Verma and Boyer, 2010) and how the ‘operations management consists of the processes that effectively produces, transform, and deliver a. App Store , Apple Inc. , IPhone 2440 Words | 7 Pages. Apple Iphone 4s Marketing Strategy. shopping |functional and reliable device.|contract cost $350. | | | |malls, and ETC. British Essay Questions? . | | | Market share: Iphone : The new Iphone has a market share of 28% in United States. Android: Talking about the Androids they dominate market with 43% share.
Blackberry: Blackberry again going well and has a 18% share in United States market. Windows: On the other hand Windows. App Store , Apple Inc. , Business cycle 1620 Words | 7 Pages. Apple Iphone: Life in login, the Technology Lane. Apple Iphone : Life in the Technology Lane Apple iPhone : Life in history essay, the Technology Lane 1. Apple CEO Steve Jobs alluded to paper to help spacing, the . price a customer may have to pay to own an iPhone when he said that the steep and sudden price change was simply part of “life in the technology lane.” What did he mean? Beyond the simple exchange of essay questions, money, what else might the price of banking, such a product include? Life in the technology lane can be defined according to british essay, Steve Jobs in the Apple website, as a “bumpy road”. This.
Apple Inc. , IPhone , Marketing 925 Words | 3 Pages. producing new Iphone 6 The History of the iPhone is connected with the appearance of the popular player iPod. In the paper, period of . 2002-2004, Apple CEO Steve Jobs began to develop the british history questions, idea of creating a device which would be able to writing to help with, combine all the british essay questions, gadgets . The first iPhone was announced by Steve Jobs at the MacWorld Expo Conference in January 9, 2007.This product came in the market in June 29, 2007 and quickly became an important part of the smartphone market in the U.S. Disobeying An Order? For a short time iPhone was not. Apple Inc. British History Essay? , IPhone , IPod 933 Words | 4 Pages. iPhone 5 or Nexus 5 A huge argument in the smartphone industry is the debate as to whether Android or iOS is superior. This debate can lead to . heated arguments and even using colorful language.
A good comparison of smartphones is to compare the Google Nexus 5 to the Apple iPhone 5. Although the discovery, iPhone 5 has great features, the Nexus 5 is superior in various ways because of the freedom to control your own devices software, ease of use for media formats, and hardware specifications. Google’s Android. Google , IPhone , Mobile phone 987 Words | 3 Pages. of the market. British History Essay? Average selling price of iPhone is writing with spacing, much higher than its competitors, and it yields very high margins for Apple. Despite all . the efforts like, lower prices, aggressive marketing, innovations, etc. Samsung so far has not been able to history essay, challenge Apple's dominance in the premium segment. Samsung reported a muted growth in the sales of its premium handsets for the last reported quarter, whereas Apple reported an 8% sequential rise in the iPhone shipments during the same period. Texas A&m Dissertations Online? (Source. Android , Intellectual property , IPhone 1205 Words | 4 Pages.
Questionaire for history Research Between Iphone or Blackberry as a Better Option. specify)______ Post graduate()_ Graduate_()__ Q1. An Order? Do you have your own mobile phone? a) Yes b) No Q2. British History Essay Questions? How many mobile phones do you . have? a) 1 b) 2 or more Q3. What brand is it? a) Nokia b) Blackberry c) Iphone d) Samsung Q4. You often use mobile to? a) Call b) Sms c) Wap (mobile internet) d) MMS Q5. What type of economics, phone would you like to history questions, have? a) Flap phone b) Slide phone c) Tough phone d) Luxury fashion phone e). IPhone , Mobile phone , Motorola 311 Words | 3 Pages.
IPhone 5 V.S. Samsung Galaxy S3 In today’s world of technology there is a great battle between many tech geeks out there about which . smartphone is disobeying essay, superior in today’s market. British History Questions? Although the IPhone 5 and the Samsung Galaxy S3 are both some of the most high quality tech phones you can get on online today’s market, they are very different in their performance, appearance, and the features. Some of characteristics that separate the two phones are the history essay questions, size of the phones, camera, screen resolution, processors. 1080p , Display resolution , High-definition television 944 Words | 3 Pages. Iphone vs. Dissertation In The? Androind Compare and Contrast Essay. Comparing Smart Phones: iPhone and Android Over the last decade, electronic-based companies such as Samsung and Apple have collaborated with . Essay Questions? cellular-phone carriers, and ed student, have studied the average consumer to history essay questions, find endless ways to improve the cellular phone.
As a result, the smart phone was born. With their ability to disobeying essay, provide users with instant access to communication, entertainment, Internet access, calendar, news, social media, and much more, the british history essay, smart phone revolutionized and shifted the path. App Store , IPhone , IPod Touch 775 Words | 3 Pages. IPhone Evaluation New top-end mobile phones such as the Apple Iphone are allowing a new class of mobile to emerge in the world . Economics Phd Thesis Proposal? today. Combined with its ease of use, rich design, and well-organized application system through Apple App Store makes the Iphone an appealing platform for british history essay questions development of other smartphones. The Apple IPhone was released on discovery ed student login June 29, 2007 by history questions CEO of Apple Steve Jobs (Honan). The IPhone offers many of the innovative features found on competing devices, but it also differs. App Store , Apple Inc. , BlackBerry 1173 Words | 4 Pages. Epitome of the iPhone In today’s modern world of cellular phones and technological advancement, there are many options a college consumer can . choose when picking what the right cell phone for them is. The apple company is one of the largest growing companies when it comes to writing paper to help spacing, cell phones, and more than 60% of history essay questions, Americans, including myself, use some type of their cellular products. For You? As far as their new technology goes, Apple has been less than impressive.
With the release of the new iPhone 5C, apple has. App Store , Apple Inc. , IPhone 949 Words | 3 Pages. Case 1 Who Makes The Apple Iphone. ?February 4, 2015 Who Makes the Apple iPhone 1. What are the benefits to Apple of outsourcing the assembly of the iPhone to . British Questions? foreign countries, and particularly China? What are the writing paper to help with spacing, potential costs and history essay questions, risks to economics, Apple? There are many benefits for Apple in outsourcing their assembly line to history, China. Although Apple claims that the decision wasn’t about the cheap labor, it all comes down to the money. Login? The decision was rooted in the fact that it would save Apple a lot of money.
It is british essay questions, understandable that. App Store , Apple Inc. , Economy of the People's Republic of China 769 Words | 2 Pages. 500 million iPhones . It's an impressive number. in 2012 alone, Apple sold 120 million iPhones , in 2013 Apple sold 160 . million iPhones . Without a doubt, the iPhone has become a 'cult product', a 'must have' device. Which are the secrets behind the iPhone astounding success? To understand the spectacular iPhone success, and economics phd thesis, the iPhone phenomenon, we need to start by analyzing the cellular telephone market in the years immediately before the history essay questions, launch of the first iPhone , And the. App Store , Apple Inc. , IPhone 1654 Words | 7 Pages. Browsing as the Killer App: Explaining the Rapid Success of Apple’s Iphone Browsing as the Killer App: Explaining the Rapid Success of Apple’s Iphone. Browsing as the killer app: Explaining the rapid success of Apple’s iPhone Title : Browsing as the killer app: Explaining the dissertation, rapid . success of Apple’s iPhone Article by : Joel West and Michael Mace Published by/in : Elsevier Date of Publication : 2010 INTRODUCTION Writer: Dr. Joel West is history questions, a Professor from San Jose University, College of Business. He is a famous writer for business articles.
Michael Mace is a consultant from Rubicon Consulting Inc. These writers are very exposed. App Store , Apple Inc. , Ericsson 1209 Words | 4 Pages. ? Consumption Behaviour Context Why people buy Iphones People buy Iphone's for many different reasons. Some of the common factors as to texas a&m dissertations online, why . people buy Iphones is because of premium quality, excellent performance, smooth operating software, designed to british questions, perfectly fit the palm of your hands, position in smart phone industry, excellent camera. With Spacing? External factors that affect consumers behaviour to purchase the Iphone are factors such as trends in british essay, society, friends/peers/ families owning the product. App Store , Apple Inc. , Decision theory 1517 Words | 5 Pages. about what has caused Apple’s iPhone 4 woes -in particular, the phone’s antenna design and the company’s struggle with supply and demand. . Apple recently released the fourth generation iPhone with a design flaw in the antenna that substantially degrades the reception when held in the palm of your hand.
This, in turn, has created the problems the company has had with meeting the needs of the online, consumer, as well as with the future launch of the white version of the iPhone 4. Rumor mill says the british essay questions, white. App Store , Apple Inc. , IPad 2492 Words | 7 Pages. preferences between Iphone and paper, Samsung Galaxy Marketing research of customers’ preferences between Iphone and Samsung Galaxy . Goal: to recognize and identify a marketing problem of the organization, collect and interpret information available through consumers, analyze external and internal environment, as well as defining main competitors, researching the market share of the company, identify existing problems. Main marketing related problem – a lot of people prefer Apple’s Iphone to Galaxy series. Apple Inc. , IPhone , IPhone OS 1290 Words | 5 Pages.
SUBJECT: APPLE IPHONE VERSUS THE BLACKBERRY STORM Smartphones are the new generation of phones which can not only make calls, but also . History Questions? surf the internet, keep a calendar, look at the weather, and give you GPS driving directions. For You? I plan to compare and british history, contrast the Apple iPhone and the Blackberry Storm so that my classmates will get an idea of which would be best for them. Each phone has different qualities and features that will benefit different people. I intend to explain (1) the ed student, functions. App Store , Apple Inc. , IPad 1136 Words | 5 Pages. solve them. History Questions? Remember including relevant citations to support your evidences and viewpoints. Ethical issues in iPhone 1. Introduction . . With an elegant combination of a mobile phone, iPod and personal digital assistant (PDA), iPhone was launched at Apple and banking, ATT stores across the US on June 29, 2007(Place, 2007). iPhone is by no means a prodigious success by selling one million iPhones within 3 months (Wolverton, 2007). British Essay Questions? However, what coupled with its splendid success are numerous criticisms from.
App Store , Apple Inc. , Ethics 957 Words | 3 Pages. iPhone Marketing Strategy iphone marketing strategy Iphone marketing strategy – Just like just about all Apple . company advertising, the actual apple iphone online marketing strategy is extremely obvious, easy as well as smart. Using the basically apple company image, Apple company targets the texas online, actual real revolutionary type of their own items without having all of the “fluff”. The actual apple iphone was launched through Apple company within 06, 2007. History Essay? The actual ground-breaking type of the actual. App Store , Apple Inc. , IPhone 1802 Words | 5 Pages. companies to phd thesis proposal, achieve the phenomenal success they have today in China. General Information Apple was founded very early in british questions, America on April 1976. The . Ed Student? first iPhone created by history Apple was released to the Chinese public in 2009 and it slowly gained popularity among the Chinese.
According to Apple’s Chief Operation Officer Tim Cook, iPhone sales in China grew by almost 250% between 2011 and dissertation banking, 2012 to bring Apple’s revenue in China to british history essay questions, just under US$5 billion, representing about 10 percent of Apple’s total. App Store , Apple Inc. , IPhone 2009 Words | 6 Pages. launch on discovery September 20, 2013, Apple Inc. sold 2,750,000 iPhone 5s'. The Apple iPhone is the top sold smartphone and is continuing . to questions, control the writing to help spacing, market. The iPhone 5s is history, a very respected and prominent product, it is used by millions of people for many tasks like work and school. There are few things that stand out to me that I have chosen for disobeying essay the iPhone 5s to evaluate it in: Design, Technology, Software, and the App Store. I believe that the iPhone 5s proves itself in all of these categories, and many. App Store , Apple Inc. Questions? , IPad 1346 Words | 4 Pages. ?Nicole Rodriguez Prof. Gidley English 101C 16 October 2013 IPhone vs.
Android Over the years technology has been improving in terms . of proposal, entertainment, social media, and communication. Today, smart phones are a verification of british history essay questions, this improving technology, but how do we decide which one is the better device? IPhone and Android are the latest most powerful operating systems out on the market. There are advantages and disadvantages to both cellular devices, and the ongoing competition will improve. App Store , Apple Inc. , Google 818 Words | 3 Pages. Targeted Group of dissertation banking, iPhone : Mobile Email Marketing: iPhone -targeted landing pages boost conversion rate 40% for history questions Ritz-Carlton . Destination Club ------------------------------------------------- Top of Form Forward to a Colleague Send this article to a friend or colleague Your Name* Your Email* Required but will not be posted online.
We value your privacy. Disobeying An Order Essay? Colleague's Email* Any Comments Bottom of Form SUMMARY: Mobile marketing might be new, but it doesn't have to break the bank.
Pay for Exclusive Essay -
British History Essay Questions - Sample Valet Parking Business Plan
What to start writing my dream house essay with. If you are assigned to write my dream house essay, you should be informed that you are going to deal with a descriptive genre of essay. This is not a very easy writing assignment, although if to spend some time and make certain efforts, as well as use the help of british history questions, our team of dissertation in the banking, professional writers, we assure you that you will definitely make success of history essay questions, writing my dream house essay. Students all over the world turn to our assistance because of different reasons. Some of them don't have enough of free time to accomplish all the an order essay, assignments they face at high school, university, etc. Other students don't have appropriate writing talent, and they consider writing assignments to be the most challenging assignments they face during their educational career.
Fortunately, we are always ready to make your life easier by means of providing you with assistance that you need. History Questions. Also, you will find in this article various tips and guidelines that will be useful for you when writing my dream house essay. Economics. Keep reading to learn more about how to get your paper well-written as soon as possible. Before you decide to proceed to british history, writing my dream house essay, it is disobeying, essential that you know and essay understand the genre, in which you are going to homework, write your paper. British Essay. Therefore, let us clarify something about descriptive essays, as long as it is what you are about to deal with. The first thing you need to know about descriptive essay writing, is the purpose of my dream house essay. Generally speaking, it is meant to create a very clear, understandable and vivid image of what you are going to describe in an order essay, your target audience's mind. In your case, your target audience has to british history questions, get a very good image of the house of your dream. You need to describe your dream house in such a way, that it would appear in front of your reader when he reads your essay on my dream house.
There is a great number of methods and ways to make the reader imagine what you are writing about and it is up to you which method you will chose. Anyway, we suggest reading and taking into consideration the following steps. Steps to write my dream house essay. At first, you need to select a relevant aspect. Although you have a defined topic already, which is your dream house, it is also necessary to select the most appropriate issue that you would like to cover in your paper.
In other words, there has to be a focus in homework, your descriptive paper, so you need to concentrate on a specific style of your dream house or the place you want it to british history essay, be. Also, keep in mind that you need to select such a specified aspect, that would be rather easy to spacing, describe in an understandable way. History Questions. Once you have done this, it is paper spacing, time to proceed to further steps, which we provided below. Make up a special table, where you need to make five columns. Each of the essay, columns has to discovery ed student login, serve for one of the british history essay, five sentences of perception. Therefore, you are going to have a five column table with taste, smell, sound, touch and, finally, sight. Fill up the table with appropriate words that describe your dream house the best possible way. Try to avoid boring words and complicated phrases. Work on the outline. Dissertation. Creatine of an outline is an important step in writing all kinds of essay questions, essays, whether it is an informative, analyzing or any other essay.
Your outline is going to list information, which you will include in the paragraphs of in the, your paper, beginning with introduction and essay questions finishing with conclusion part. Make a good structure for my dream house descriptive essay. Homework. The point is, the structure of any paper, including my dream house essay, gives appropriate sense to the topic of your paper. We suggest structuring your paper by means of ordering it from general to specific. British History Questions. Provide my dream house essay with a clear and coherent introduction, which is going to for you, be located in british history questions, the opening paragraph. This section will serve for establishment of the key ideas and the major points of your paper. A&m Dissertations Online. Make up a good topic sentence. Keep in mind that such sentence has to be in every paragraph within the british questions, body of your paper. It will let your potential reader be aware of paper, what he is going to british essay, read about in a&m dissertations online, each paragraph. Write the body paragraphs. Remember that every body paragraph has to match its topic sentence.
The purpose of these paragraphs is to prove that your ideas have proper sense and that you are right about that or another issue. Give some interesting details. Here is where you are going to use the table filled up with five senses of perception. This will help you provoke the needed associations in your potential reader, so he could better understand your point. History Questions. Make up a coherent and logical conclusion. Paper Spacing. This is where you are going to summarize everything that you have written in my dream house essay.
Keep in questions, mind that it is the last part the reader will see, so you need to make it as good as possible. You may also restate your thesis statement here or provoke the reader to further discussion. Once you have done everything that we discussed above, you need to reread, proofread and writing paper edit your essay. British. Make sure there are no mistakes, including grammar errors and others. It would be also helpful to take some break and come back to proofreading your paper afterwards. Thus, you will have a possibility to take a fresh look on it. Our team can help you deal with description of my house essay, as well as provide you with other services, like: If you are assigned to write my dream house essay, you should be informed that you are going to deal with a descriptive genre of essay. This is not a very easy writing assignment, although if to spend some time and make certain efforts, as well as use the help of our team of professional writers, we assure you that you will definitely make success of writing my dream house essay. Students all over the world turn to our assistance because of different reasons.
Some of economics phd thesis proposal, them don't have enough of free time to accomplish all the assignments they face at high school, university, etc. Essay Questions. Other students don't have appropriate writing talent, and they consider writing assignments to be the most challenging assignments they face during their educational career. Fortunately, we are always ready to make your life easier by means of providing you with assistance that you need. Also, you will find in this article various tips and guidelines that will be useful for you when writing my dream house essay. Keep reading to phd thesis, learn more about how to get your paper well-written as soon as possible. Before you decide to proceed to essay questions, writing my dream house essay, it is essential that you know and ed student login understand the genre, in which you are going to write your paper. Therefore, let us clarify something about descriptive essays, as long as it is what you are about to deal with. The first thing you need to know about descriptive essay writing, is the purpose of british questions, my dream house essay.
Generally speaking, it is meant to create a very clear, understandable and vivid image of disobeying, what you are going to describe in british essay questions, your target audience's mind. In your case, your target audience has to get a very good image of the house of your dream. You need to banking, describe your dream house in such a way, that it would appear in front of your reader when he reads your essay on my dream house. British History Essay Questions. There is a great number of discovery ed student login, methods and ways to make the reader imagine what you are writing about and it is up to history questions, you which method you will chose. Anyway, we suggest reading and taking into consideration the following steps. Steps to write my dream house essay. At first, you need to select a relevant aspect. Although you have a defined topic already, which is your dream house, it is also necessary to select the most appropriate issue that you would like to cover in your paper.
In other words, there has to banking, be a focus in your descriptive paper, so you need to concentrate on history essay questions a specific style of your dream house or the place you want it to spacing, be. Also, keep in mind that you need to select such a specified aspect, that would be rather easy to describe in british essay questions, an understandable way. Once you have done this, it is disobeying an order essay, time to proceed to further steps, which we provided below. Make up a special table, where you need to make five columns. Each of the columns has to serve for one of the five sentences of perception. Therefore, you are going to have a five column table with taste, smell, sound, touch and, finally, sight. British History Essay. Fill up the table with appropriate words that describe your dream house the best possible way. Try to a&m dissertations online, avoid boring words and history essay questions complicated phrases. Dissertation In The Banking. Work on british the outline. Homework. Creatine of an outline is an british questions important step in writing all kinds of essays, whether it is an informative, analyzing or any other essay.
Your outline is going to list information, which you will include in texas a&m dissertations online, the paragraphs of your paper, beginning with introduction and finishing with conclusion part. Make a good structure for british history my dream house descriptive essay. The point is, the structure of any paper, including my dream house essay, gives appropriate sense to the topic of your paper. We suggest structuring your paper by means of ordering it from general to essay, specific. Provide my dream house essay with a clear and coherent introduction, which is going to be located in the opening paragraph. This section will serve for establishment of the key ideas and the major points of british history essay questions, your paper. Make up a good topic sentence. Keep in mind that such sentence has to be in with, every paragraph within the british history essay questions, body of your paper. It will let your potential reader be aware of what he is going to read about in each paragraph.
Write the body paragraphs. Remember that every body paragraph has to match its topic sentence. The purpose of these paragraphs is to prove that your ideas have proper sense and that you are right about that or another issue. Give some interesting details. Here is where you are going to use the table filled up with five senses of perception.
This will help you provoke the needed associations in your potential reader, so he could better understand your point. Make up a coherent and logical conclusion. This is texas a&m dissertations online, where you are going to summarize everything that you have written in my dream house essay. Essay. Keep in mind that it is the last part the reader will see, so you need to make it as good as possible. You may also restate your thesis statement here or provoke the reader to further discussion. Once you have done everything that we discussed above, you need to reread, proofread and edit your essay. Disobeying. Make sure there are no mistakes, including grammar errors and others.
It would be also helpful to take some break and come back to proofreading your paper afterwards. Thus, you will have a possibility to take a fresh look on it. Our team can help you deal with description of my house essay, as well as provide you with other services, like: If you are assigned to write my dream house essay, you should be informed that you are going to deal with a descriptive genre of essay. This is not a very easy writing assignment, although if to spend some time and make certain efforts, as well as use the help of our team of professional writers, we assure you that you will definitely make success of british history questions, writing my dream house essay. Students all over the world turn to disobeying an order essay, our assistance because of different reasons. Some of them don't have enough of free time to british essay, accomplish all the assignments they face at high school, university, etc.
Other students don't have appropriate writing talent, and they consider writing assignments to be the most challenging assignments they face during their educational career. Fortunately, we are always ready to make your life easier by means of providing you with assistance that you need. Also, you will find in this article various tips and guidelines that will be useful for you when writing my dream house essay. Keep reading to learn more about how to get your paper well-written as soon as possible. Before you decide to proceed to writing my dream house essay, it is essential that you know and understand the texas a&m dissertations online, genre, in which you are going to write your paper. Therefore, let us clarify something about essay descriptive essays, as long as it is what you are about to deal with. The first thing you need to know about descriptive essay writing, is the economics phd thesis, purpose of my dream house essay. Generally speaking, it is meant to create a very clear, understandable and vivid image of what you are going to describe in your target audience's mind. In your case, your target audience has to get a very good image of the house of your dream.
You need to describe your dream house in history essay, such a way, that it would appear in front of your reader when he reads your essay on economics my dream house. There is british history essay, a great number of methods and ways to make the reader imagine what you are writing about and discovery ed student it is british history essay, up to you which method you will chose. Dissertation In The. Anyway, we suggest reading and taking into questions, consideration the following steps. Steps to write my dream house essay. At first, you need to select a relevant aspect. Although you have a defined topic already, which is your dream house, it is also necessary to select the most appropriate issue that you would like to cover in your paper. In other words, there has to be a focus in your descriptive paper, so you need to concentrate on a specific style of disobeying essay, your dream house or the place you want it to be. Also, keep in mind that you need to select such a specified aspect, that would be rather easy to describe in an understandable way. British Questions. Once you have done this, it is time to proceed to further steps, which we provided below. Make up a special table, where you need to make five columns.
Each of the columns has to serve for one of the five sentences of perception. Therefore, you are going to ed student login, have a five column table with taste, smell, sound, touch and, finally, sight. Fill up the table with appropriate words that describe your dream house the best possible way. British History. Try to a&m dissertations, avoid boring words and complicated phrases. Work on the outline. Creatine of an outline is an important step in writing all kinds of essays, whether it is an informative, analyzing or any other essay. Your outline is going to history essay questions, list information, which you will include in the paragraphs of writing to help spacing, your paper, beginning with introduction and finishing with conclusion part.
Make a good structure for my dream house descriptive essay. The point is, the structure of any paper, including my dream house essay, gives appropriate sense to history essay questions, the topic of your paper. We suggest structuring your paper by means of ordering it from banking, general to specific. Questions. Provide my dream house essay with a clear and coherent introduction, which is going to be located in texas a&m dissertations, the opening paragraph. This section will serve for establishment of the key ideas and the major points of your paper. Make up a good topic sentence. History Questions. Keep in mind that such sentence has to be in every paragraph within the body of essay, your paper. It will let your potential reader be aware of what he is going to read about in british history questions, each paragraph.
Write the dissertation in the banking, body paragraphs. Remember that every body paragraph has to match its topic sentence. The purpose of these paragraphs is to prove that your ideas have proper sense and that you are right about that or another issue. Give some interesting details. Here is where you are going to history questions, use the table filled up with five senses of perception. This will help you provoke the texas online, needed associations in essay questions, your potential reader, so he could better understand your point.
Make up a coherent and banking logical conclusion. This is where you are going to summarize everything that you have written in my dream house essay. Keep in mind that it is the last part the reader will see, so you need to make it as good as possible. You may also restate your thesis statement here or provoke the reader to further discussion. Once you have done everything that we discussed above, you need to reread, proofread and edit your essay. Make sure there are no mistakes, including grammar errors and others. It would be also helpful to take some break and come back to proofreading your paper afterwards.
Thus, you will have a possibility to take a fresh look on it. Our team can help you deal with description of my house essay, as well as provide you with other services, like:
Order Your Own Writing Help Now -
Modern british history essay questions Coursework Academic Writing
Amish: Amish and Amish the Amish Essay examples. History Questions? The Amish are very focused on their family and the farm lands. Economics? Being so dependent on the land and each other is what makes the essay, Amish culture considered as an Agrarian state society. A&m Dissertations Online? According to Wikipedia.com the meaning of an Agrarian state Society is; “a society that depends on agriculture as its primary support and sustenance.” Agrarian society is the most common form of socioeconomics if the beginning of human history and british history essay questions records. The Amish being an Agrarian society is subject to economics phd thesis proposal many exchanges and living by trades.
Amish also believe in marital exchanges; meaning they can exchange livestock or land for british history, a marriage, to keep peace within the culture. Also with marital exchanges the Amish also believe in dowry, the movement of wealth that is given to the bride from writing paper to help her family, being in the form of land, livestock and much more. Despite the non-relationship started marriage, there is a very low divorce rate among the Amish. However, in some Amish communities divorce is either frowned upon or not honorable or it is illegal. Amish cultures are usually strict with the british essay, responsibilities and the roles of the different genders and age groups. The males are the head of the households, in the churches, and the leaders in the community.
The title is an economics Amish community is always a male and is traced down through his family lines, this practice is call patriarchal. The women are not allowed to hold any type of leadership in the community or in church. They are however, allowed to questions be the school teachers for homework, the children up until 8th grade. The duties at home can be shared among genders, however the men’s duty is to the crops, and the women’s is the garden and house work. The men in the families in some Amish cultures are allowed to questions work outside the communities and the women are allowed to make crafts and quilts to sell for an extra income. The women in the families are also allowed to run food store out of their homes to provide food for either the families in the culture that’s farm did not do well, or outside the writing paper to help with, culture for people wanting the natural home grown crops. The Amish church district is very important to their social organization; they are required to participate in the church they are districted in. The church districts are separated by different land marks like rivers. The each district can be anywhere between 25 to 35 families. Once the district starts to get larger than 35 families the district will divide and create two separate church districts.
Each church district has at essay, least four men sharing the leadership roles; one bishop, two preachers, and one deacon. The bishop is the elder leader that will hold baptisms, wedding, funerals, etc. Bishop, preacher, and the deacon church leadership roles are passed down the men’s family lines. The immediate, extended, and church members are what make up the entire family building block for an Amish. Related Documents: Amish: Amish and Amish the Amish Essay examples. hundred thousand religions throughout human history (Hadden 1997a). Tracing their roots back to the Anabaptist movement of the 16th century, the paper with, Amish people are a tightly knit religious and ethnic group. (http://pabook.libraries.psu.edu/palitmap/AmishHistoryTimeline.html). History Questions? The Amish are a group of traditionalist Christian church fellowships that form a subgroup of the discovery login, Mennonite churches. Anabaptist means one who baptizes again—a reference to those who had been baptized as infants, but. Words 1850 - Pages 8. British? ?Amish Community Within the with, Amish community, they have very strict ordinances for everyone within their group. It describes rules for everything from the length of a woman’s dress to a man’s hairstyle, and the brim of his hat.
There are rules such as, no buying or selling on Sunday and no bright colors or fine fabrics to history be used in clothing. They cannot even sing in a different tone or use any instruments or radios, electronics, or even automobiles. These are just some of the Ordnung, which. Texas A&m Dissertations? Words 670 - Pages 3. Essay on essay Amish and Young Amish People. The Amish are a group of people who follow the teachings of Jacob Ammann, a 17th-century citizen of economics phd thesis proposal, Switzerland. British? It is a Protestant denomination, closely related to the Mennonites.
The Amish, most of whom live in the United States, follow simple customs and refuse to homework take oaths, vote, or perform military service. Essay? They shun modern technology and conveniences. Transportation for texas a&m dissertations online, the Amish is by horse and buggy. They do not have electricity or telephones in their homes. Questions? The men usually wear beards. Words 773 - Pages 4. The Amish Kimberly Humbird ANT 101 Anthony Jerry February 18, 2013 The Amish In American culture has change over the years from the pilgrimage era to a culture depending on electronics. There is discovery ed student one culture in America that still continues the essay questions, old ways, which is the Amish culture. Amish still continue the ways of growing your own food, make your own clothes, and building things that you need. The Amish primary mode of subsistence is through horticulture, the father would till the. Words 573 - Pages 3. The Amish Culture Ant 101 3/4/2013 In this research paper the disobeying essay, reader will be able to essay explore about the Amish culture.
This paper will include knowledge about the people and the effects of their subsistence with regards to the aspects of their culture and beliefs, social organizations, kinship, and ed student login family values. The overall style of their subsistence is horticulturist, which directly impacts aspects of their culture. The Amish lifestyle was a subject that really gained my interest. Words 3450 - Pages 14. British History? lost puppies we realized it was seat-yourself. Phd Thesis? The menu had mostly homemade meals, which I was perfectly OK with!
I had fried chicken and mashed potatoes and it was easily the best meal I have ever had. My grandpa also talked me into having pie. I mean, we were in Amish country, of course we had to try some pie. We ordered an apple pie, when it got to our table it was still hot and you could tell it was freshly made. It was delicious!
After our meal we wanted to explore a little more. Walking. British History Essay? Words 669 - Pages 3. The Amish The Amish culture consist of communities of with spacing, people that have been willingly living life with limited resources, little to no technical advances, but have survived centuries without modern ritual. Essay? The Amish communities of the world has survived with home remedies passed down from generation to generation to cure illnesses, has survived with midwives delivering their offspring, and has survived making a living without any knowledge of how to work computers. The Amish culture aspects of. Words 2339 - Pages 10. Amish Research Paper ANT 101 December 10, 2012 AMISH Although the Amish are a very tight knit family with-in their own communities, they seem to economics proposal be somewhat sheltered compared to our way of living. British? They prefer to not use western medicine(s) or modern technology. Amish value their rural living, manual labor, the plain dressing and simple living. Dissertation In The Banking? Most of history questions, us would think that the horse and buggy from back in the day is outdated and non-existent, however, that is still the mode of.
Words 1000 - Pages 4. Essay History: Amish and homework Amish Community. I’d like to essay questions start off by thanking the Philadelphia Police Department, this medal means a lot to a man like me. However, instead of boasting, I’d like to take the disobeying an order, time to share something very important with everyone here today about belonging and our desire to belong. It concerns the british essay, Amish people or A-mish people as some may refer to them as. Economics? Let me ask everyone here, how much do you all know about the Amish? Let me tell you right now, the bond they have between them is unlike anything you or I. Words 752 - Pages 4. The Amish Culture Ant 101 Amanda Wahmhoff INS: Kristin Akerele April 8, 2013 This is a paper about the essay questions, Amish culture their society and their beliefs.
They have their own way of living and surviving that is totally different then the people that they live around. Words 1597 - Pages 7. * Test names and homework other trademarks are the property of the respective trademark holders. None of the trademark holders are affiliated with this website. All content of site and tests copyright 2017 Study Mode, LLC.
Need Help Writing an Essay? -
Modern british history essay questions Coursework Academic Writing
Film Noir: A Study in Narrative Openings, Part 1. Film noir is one of those filmic terms which critics lovingly use, but if forced to could not give a unified meaning. Like other borrowed terms (mise en scene, genre, realism), when applied to film the definition becomes hazy. Film noir has been referred to as a genre, a cycle, a movement, a mood, and british essay a style. In The Banking! In a more recent study James Naremore refers to film noir as belonging to british history essay questions, a history of “ideas” tied to “commercial strategies and proposal aesthetic ideologies,” an idea we have “projected into the past” (as a retro genre term, like horror, which is usually referred to critically prior to its use by the industry as a term, i.e. pre-1930). Those referring to it as a genre are inclusive, stretching the definition to include contemporary films ( Chinatown , Roman Polanski, 1974, Night Moves , Arthur Penn, 1975, Body Heat , Lawrence Kasdan, 1981, Dead Again , Kenneth Branagh, 1991), The Last Seduction , John Dahl, 1994, The Usual Suspects , Bryan Singer, 1995, Bound , Andy, Larry Wachowski, 1996, L.A. Confidential , Curt Hanson, 1997, and The Black Dahlia , Brian De Palma, 2006); those referring to it as a cycle or movement are exclusive, restricting the films to essay questions, a specific period (usually somewhere between the discovery login, years 1940 and 1960). Within this group there is a further distinction, with some critics being more inclusive than others. British History! When defined as a mood the films are selected cross generically ( The Lost Weekend , Billy Wilder, 1945/The Problem Picture, Leave Her to phd thesis proposal, Heaven , John Stahl, 1945/Melodrama, Val Lewton’s nine RKO films from 1942 to 1946/Horror, Pursued , Raoul Walsh, 1947/Western, Beat the Devil , John Huston, 1954/Comedy, Bladerunner , Ridley Scott, 1982/Science Fiction, Sin City , Tarantino/Rodriguez 2005/Science-Fiction/Animation.
If one were to make a list of every film referred to as film noir by one critic or another the total would certainly exceed 300. My predilection is to define film noir as a specific period, a movement, between the years 1940 and 1958, which gives weighted balance to social/cultural issues and industry factors (post-World War 2 malaise/uncertainty, changes in history questions, the family structure, Cold War paranioa, exodus of German/Austrian talent to the US during the rise of Nazism, etc.). Discovery Ed Student Login! There is little reason to go over history essay questions this area since it has been treaded over to death. It is important, however, in my structural account of film noir openings, to discuss it in phd thesis proposal, an historical context. I have decided to history essay questions, narrow my area of study to texas a&m dissertations, the years 1940 to british history essay, 1950 –which could be considered as the classic period (or moment) of film noir. My reason here is that this period is more representative of the classic film noir because it remains closer to its original sources and impetus and had not yet attained the status of retro/neo-noir. (See Paul Schrader’s seminal article on the film noir for a list of the motivational factors and phases.) Discussing the economics phd thesis, films in british history essay, context implies a consideration of discovery login film noir’s relationship to classical Hollywood cinema. In analyzing the films closely various common schemata became apparent. Contextualizing them only british history questions seemed natural.
My decision to study film noir openings was not approached a priori but discovered itself when a concerted viewing of over with forty film noir revealed a pattern of forceful and emphatic openings. British History Essay Questions! Therefore the aim of the essay is not only to phd thesis, contextualize film noir but to add insight into its aesthetic by approaching film noir in a new and (hopefully) illuminating way. British! I will elaborate on my definition of “opening” a little later. To define film noir as classical or anti-classical is a risky endeavor. A case in point is David Bordwell’s writings on the subject. According to disobeying an order essay, his unbiased sampling of history 100 classical films only 20% of classical cinema employs the flashback, and usually for brief exposition ( The Classical Hollywood Cinema , p.42). How does film noir fit in to this model? Realizing Bordwell’s shifting paradigm which allows for large variances of proposal “bound alternatives,” both linear and non-linear narrative structures are to be considered as part of the classical style. British History Essay Questions! 
This is understandable, since both linear and non linear narrative structure have appeared in classical cinema, but it is economics also apparent that the flashback structure is used more often, and elaborately, in the film noir. Hence it is a schemata more common to the film noir than, say, the comedy. Does this make film noir less classical? Bordwell discusses film noir under the section “Bounds of british essay Difference” and lists four ways in which film noir is seen to challenge classical cinema ( The Hollywood Classical Cinema , p.76). He then states his belief that these four elements are not really anti- classical but exist on the most extreme side of the bound alternatives. He concludes: “These films blend causal unity with a new realistic and generic motivation, and writing paper to help the result no more subverts the classical film than crime fiction undercuts the orthodox novel” (p.77). In his book Narration in the Fiction Film he is british history even clearer on this:
In sum, film noir is not outside the pale, as many of its admirers prefer to with, think. It is a clearly codified option within classicism, a unified set of syuzhet tactics and stylistic features no more disruptive of classical principles than the british history, conventions of genres like the musical or the melodrama (p.198). I agree with Bordwell in this respect. Although certain noir elements may strain classical form they remain codified. Therefore the motivation for the deviant schemata still falls under one of the four pertaining to dissertation, classical cinema: compositional, realistic, intertextual, or artistic ( The Hollywood Classical Cinema , p.19). The elements which diverge most from classical style fall under the most common type of questions intertextual motivation: generic. Hence a typical downbeat noir ending is no more anti-classical than the song and dance which interupts the narrative in a musical or the direct camera address in an order, the 1930s ‘Anarchistic comedy’ (according to Henry Jenkins, a form of comedy derived from the ‘Vaudeville Aesthetic’). So why is it that film noir is essay questions seen by many as a challenge to classical style? The answer lies in to help, an earlier comment: that most noir schemata exist on essay the most extreme side of the ‘bound alternative.’ Take for example film noir’s consistent and complex use of the flashback, its (at times) baffling narrative structure, its intricate and disobeying an order symbol laden lighting patterns, compositions, and camera movements, its ambiguous morality, and british history essay questions its assault on clearly defined story/character motivation.
These elements remain within the bounds of classicism because they are motivated realistically and generically, but they appear anti-classical because they counter the dominant style and hence force the homework, spectator to work harder by searching for less used or more complex schemata. Also, although these schemata were not invented by film noir they do find their highest concentration within it. To quote Bordwell: Of course, the classical style defines certain spectatorial activities as salient, and british questions the historical dominance of to help with spacing that style has so accustomed us to the activities that audiences may find other schemata more burdensome ( Classical , p.8). Bordwell’s inclusive system may lead one to ask the question, if indeed classicism encompasses such broad stylistic variance then is it really saying anything as a classification? Defining classical cinema is not an easy task. When dealing with such a vast body of british essay work an exclusive method would result in too many omissions. The inclusive method, while saying less about individual films, remains the only system capable of managing such a vast undertaking.
I have accepted Bordwell’s system, faults and all, because of its implications. Bordwell feels strongly that classical cinema is writing paper to help with not as illusionistic and formulaic as many would believe. Watching classical cinema involves the british history essay, spectator in an active process where deductions and disobeying an order inferences are made based on history essay incoming information. This is texas a&m dissertations online a participation necessary to the completion of the artwork. Bordwell also believes, as I do, that despite film noir’s unified mood (in a general sense), it is not as homogeneous a body of work as many critics would lead you to believe. An example is the fine essay by J.A.
Place and L.S. Peterson, “Some Visual Motifs of the Film Noir which tends to homogenize the visual style of film noir (concentrating on essay questions lighting and homework composition), while acknowledging that they are ‘diverse films’ that can not be grouped together through “pat political or sociological explanations” (p. 325). Bordwell’s definition of classicism ranges far enough to include the baroque/mannerist strain of any art form. Other genre critics, notably Jack Shadoian in Dreams and Dead Ends: The American Gangster/Crime Film and Tom Schatz in Hollywood Genres have discussed the evolutional quality inherent in history questions, film cycles and genres.
Each genre/cycle has various stages it undergoes, from the formative stage where conventions are realized, to the classical stage where they are honed and perfected, to a baroque stage where formal and stylistic experimentation occurs, to paper to help with spacing, a final reflexive and parodic stage. In a sense, Bordwell’s inclusive definition of classical cinema (all Hollywood films made between the years 1917 to 1960) can be understood through Noel Carroll’s reworking of George Dickie’s Institutional Theory of Art. Carroll states that something qualifies as a work of art if it can be appreciated as a repetition, amplification, or repudiation of an earlier artwork (1979). With respect to Bordwell any film which repeats, amplifies, or repudiates classicism, while remaining within the british history, said parameters, belongs within the paper to help with, classical style. In effect, this becomes the british, bound alternative. In discussing classical narration Bordwell says: “Typically, the opening and closing of the online, film are the most self conscious, omniscient, and history communicative passages” ( Narration in Fiction Film , p.160). Keeping in mind film noir’s tenuous relationship with classicism I aim to discuss the noir opening and how it is an amplification of the typical classical opening. All openings in dissertation in the banking, classical narration are important, but in film noir they seem to take on an added importance, thereby remaining within the classical paradigm but amplifying it. The importance may rest on several levels: dramatic (quickly pulling us into british history essay questions, the diegesis), narrational (retarding/withholding information or setting the dissertation in the banking, story in motion), stylistic (setting the tone for the balance of the film), and british history essay questions thematic (revealing the homework, themes and currents underlying the film).
Marc Vernet describes the opening of film noirs as being marked by a disarming ‘quietude’ which seems paradoxical when compared to british essay questions, the violence and brutality which follows. Discovery Ed Student! “Without doubt, this air of safety is more or less relative since one may identify the distinctive traits of the film noir in its very first images” (Vernet, p. 3). Of course not all film noirs come shooting out essay of the starting gate. As is the economics phd thesis proposal, case with any cluster of films there will always be divertions, exceptions, and inclusions which are less representative. To quote Jack Shadoian: The gangster/crime genre is an involved system of family relationships. Specific films tend to violate, extend, adapt, and sometimes dismiss the conventions that in part color and british essay questions motor them even as they are evoked and put into play. (p. x) Returning to the earlier discussion of Bordwell’s broad definition of texas classicism, if you replace the questions, words “gangster/crime genre” with “classical Hollywood cinema” this quote serves the Bordwell/Carroll parallelism of repetition, amplification, and repudiation very well. Before beginning the analysis a definition of what I mean by “opening” is in order. Discovery Ed Student! In trying to come up with a working definition I attempted to british essay questions, keep it as simple and sensible as possible by allowing the openings to describe themselves. I came up with the following: an opening is the for you, first completed action, event, or important exposition rendered by the film.
For example, the train ambush in White Heat (Raoul Walsh, 1949), the murders in The Dark Mirror (Robert Siodmak, 1948), and The Spiral Staircase (Robert Siodmak, 1946), the hired killing in This Gun For Hire (Frank Tuttle, 1942), and the pardoning of essay Roy Earle in High Sierra (Raoul Walsh, 1941). Although the variances are great in terms of length (from 45 seconds to 17 minutes) and manner of assembly (one shot/several shots, one scene/several scenes) they are almost always clearly demarcated by fades, dissolves, or wipes and usually have a microcosmic Aristotlean structure (beginning, middle, and end and, yes Godard, in that order). In the majority of the films with a flashback structure the complete “prologue” leading to economics proposal, the flashback constitutes the history essay questions, opening. At times this meant having a lengthy opening, but for ed student login, the following reason I felt this was inevitable: since the prologues functioned as complete sequences it seemed natural to keep them intact. Subsequently (with the exception of Knock on Any Door , Nicholas Ray, 1949) I could not find a comfortable “out” point.
What would become of the remaining portion of the prologue? The most difficult film to establish an opening for was Mildred Pierce (Michael Curtiz, 1945). British History! The brief 35 second murder scene which opens the film may appear to be a cohesive scene, an opening, but the manner in which it fuses to the next scene, in tone and temporal order, suggests otherwise; and, once the subsequent scene begins it must be followed to writing, its conclusion: the beginning of the history questions, flashback. It’s common knowledge that the beginning of a narrative must have a magnetic lure. In discussing the dissertation in the banking, insulation and essay questions “public privacy” accorded to us by the darkened theatre house V.F. Perkins suggests that film is self consciously aware of the homework, psychological distance between the film world and the real world “…by allowing the history questions, spectator time at the beginning and end of the online, movie to shed and reassume his self consciousness” (Perkins, p.134). Indeed many films draw us into their world with slow, inviting camera movements, usually beginning from afar and british history essay questions then moving forward (sometimes in conjunction with dissolves), often literally bringing us into the diegesis through the frame of a window or door: The Bride of Frankenstein (James Whale, 1935), Journey Into Fear (Norman Foster, 1943), The Big Clock (John Farrow, 1948), Conflict (Curtis Bernhardt, 1945), Nocturne (Edwin L. Marin, 1946), Body and Soul (Robert Rossen, 1947), Night of the dissertation, Hunter (Charles Laughton, 1955), Psycho (Alfred Hitchcock, 1960).
The dramatic pull of openings is in no better evidence than the film noir. Seeing film after film it became apparent that the emphatic opening is a film noir convention. British History Questions! (And my study did not include The Killers (Robert Siodmak, 1946), and phd thesis Touch of Evil (Orson Welles, 1958)! Based on my findings the openings can be divided into four general types: Group A consists of films with a flashback structure. It is subdivided into history, two types: the framed flashback (Group A1), where we begin in the present, go to an extended flashback and then return to the conclusion in the present (the classic A B A structure), and the interspersed flashback (Group A2), where the paper with spacing, narrative oscillates between the present and the past. The majority of the framed flashbacks are of the A B A variety. The transitions from present to british history, past and back are clearly demarcated by a dissolve, wipe, or fade, and from a story standpoint we never actually leave the a&m dissertations, initial location (a police station in D.O.A. , Rudolph Mate, 1949, The Dark Past , Rudolph Mate, 1948, and british history essay questions Murder, My Sweet , Edward Dmytryk, 1944, an armored truck in Criss Cross , Robert Siodmak, 1949, and a swimming pool in ed student, Sunset Boulevard , Billy Wilder, 1950) because the flashback has taken place inside a character’s mind. Although cued subjectively, by the lead protagonist, once the flashback begins the narration takes on british history essay questions an objective or omniscient point of view. As Bordwell says:
Character memory is simply a convenient immediate motivation for a shift in chronology; once the shift is accomplished, there are no constant cues to remind us that we are supposedly in someone’s mind. ( Classical , p.43) The variances within the second type, the interspersed, depend on the number of times the discovery login, narration returns to the present. The slight variances from the A B A model will be mentioned in context. The films from Group B1 maintain a linear narrative in accordance with classical Hollywood style. All the openings are revelatory in british history essay, some way. At the least, they all introduce the lead protagonist in their milieu and/or dilemma. Disobeying An Order! Many of them go further by revealing important emotional and psychological character traits and history a few go a step further by interweaving them with the writing spacing, theme(s) of the film. In classical Hollywood style (if you want a message call Western Union) this is motivated by the need to questions, start and move the story forward (narrationally). The films in Group B2 also have a linear structure but begin more emphatically with a highly expressive/stylistic opening which functions as a microcosmic prologue to to help with, the film’s style and/or theme(s) and currents. In these openings thematic and stylistic revelation dominate over character/story revelation. Since space prohibits a close reading of all the openings I have selected one or two representative films from each group which I will discuss in british essay questions, depth in Part 1 of the texas a&m dissertations online, essay ( The Dark Past , Sorry, Wrong Number , This Gun For Hire , White Heat , The Set-Up , The Letter ), and will then continue with a greater sampling of films treated in less detail, in the second part of this essay ( Journey Into Fear , Murder, My Sweet , The Strange Love of Martha Ivers , Body and Soul , Criss Cross , Champion , D.O.A. , Sunset Boulevard , Laura , Double Indemnity , Mildred Pierce , Out of the Past , Knock On Any Door , High Sierra , The Maltese Falcon , The Glass Key , Cornered , Scarlet Street , Gilda , The Stranger , The Big Sleep , The Lady From Shanghai , Key Largo , Caught , The Spiral Staircase , Notorious , The Dark Mirror , and The Asphalt Jungle . The thrust of my analysis will be to describe the action and british essay questions formal elements of the opening and economics phd thesis proposal interpret them in terms of british essay stylistic and economics phd thesis proposal thematic intent.
Broken down, there are general questions I asked of all the openings: what can we infer from them and essay what is the driving motivation behind them? For the latter question I was guided by Bordwell’s system: 1) compositional: common sense elements which are required for a particular narrative to function, for example, “a story involving a theft requires a cause for the theft and an object to be stolen” (p. 19) 2) realistic: the plausability factor 3) intertextual: factors relating to the conventions operating within that type of texas a&m dissertations art, with generic being the most common, and 4) artistic: when aspects of the art form call attention to itself through technical virtuosity, showmanship, or strategies that expose the ‘invisibility’ of classical style through reflexivity, parody, etc. (Classical, p.21-23). British Essay Questions! In support of and in addition to these motivational factors I employed a triad of broad semantic and syntactical parameters: narrational (when an element relates directly to the plot and its ordering), sensational (an element which is less concerned with plot than spectacle and exploitation), and reverberational (elements which are laid out for the expressed purpose of setting up (or foreshadowing) a mood, atmosphere, tone, or motif).  I am also indebted to the theoretical insights of E.H. Gombrich, Noel Carroll, and online V.F. Perkins. British Essay! Some of the more specific questions asked include: Is the opening reflexive? Does it have a symbolic or structural link to the conclusion?
What is the economics proposal, relationship between directorial and generic style? From group A1 have selected Rudolph Mate’s The Dark Past (framed flashback) and Anatole Litvak’s Sorry, Wrong Number (interspersed flashbacks). Case Studies. Group A1: Framed Flashback. The Dark Past (Rudolph Mate, 1948)
Description : The film begins with a series of dissolves from an overhead shot of the city, to tall buildings, to a crowd of people. The images are cued by L.J. Cobb’s (Dr. Andrew Collins) voice-over narration. Essay Questions! The camera follows people boarding a bus. The V.O. comments on the routine daily activities we all must endure. Inside the disobeying an order essay, bus the camera tracks left to right along the faces of the passengers while the V.O. interprets their thoughts. As the bus stops and passengers disembark the questions, V.O. informs us “this is where I work.” Cut to an optical point of view  tracking shot toward a building. Several police officers greet Dr. Collins/camera as they walk by. Two dissolves bring us into the police station.
The camera continues to banking, dolly forward through a corridor, tilting up to capture the respective departmental signs above each door. We arrive at his office, “Police Psychiatrist” just as he says “… experts at understanding people.” The camera tilts down from the sign, the door opens and the camera enters the room. Moments later the doctor enters the frame to pick up a sheet of paper from his desk, ending, for the moment, the history questions, subjective narration. As the doctor and police officer speak Dr. Collins looks out the window at a new group of prisoners being escorted into dissertation banking, the precinct (seen as his POV ). His V.O. begins and bridges a cut to the viewing room. As each prisoner is identified he externalizes their thoughts in V.O. The fourth prisoner, an british essay, 18 year old, catches his interest. After he analyzes the young prisoner we shift back to objective narration and he attempts to convince the arresting officer that the young prisoner be sent to the psychiatric ward.
They return to the doctor’s office and the officer asks: “Doc, why should you care about a kid like Larrapoe?” To prove his point the doctor begins to relate the story of Al Walker (William Holden), an infamous criminal. Dissertation In The! The camera dollies in slightly to the seated doctor and his voice bridges the dissolve to the flashback: “Wasn’t too long ago, not more than a couple of years ….” Interpretation and questions Insights : Bordwell distinguishes two types of spatial establishing paradigms: immediate and phd thesis gradual ( Classical , p.63). History! The former begins within the locale, usually on a small detail, then pulls back to ed student login, reveal the entire space. The latter takes us into the space incrementally (the series of dissolves being the classic example). The Dark Past establishes its location gradually. This opening is important stylistically and thematically. History Essay! Stylistically the subjective POV shot which brings us into the police station and into his office primes us for the film’s most important and impressive scene, Al Walker’s surrealist/subjective recollection of the childhood incident which triggered his Oedipal Complex. Dissertation In The! This scene, however, is much more distanced stylistically from the film than the subjective POV shots in the opening. British! The subjective strategy in the opening is similar to the opening of Rouben Mamoulian’s Dr.
Jekyll Mr. Hyde (1932). The oscillating point of view in the opening primes us for writing paper spacing, the rest of the british history essay, film. The point of view in the opening shifts from subjective to objective. This also occurs in the flashback, which is triggered subjectively (by Dr. Collins) but takes on an omniscient point of view and a subjective POV of another character (Al Walker). We can infer many of the film’s themes from the opening. Its documentary tone (partly on location photography, V.O. A&m Dissertations Online! narration, deglamorization of the police, “This is where I work”) cues us for the social commentary.
One of the film’s most blatant statements is the need to british history, recognize the individual within the mass. At two points in economics, the opening the history questions, V.O. narration interprets the thoughts and to help spacing feelings of various people. From this we can infer the british history, subsequent importance that psychoanalysis will play in solving the story’s obstacle (Al Walker’s Oedipal block) and the significance placed on psychiatry as a means of writing paper correcting and preventing deviant social behavior. Dr. Collins places the burden of such control squarely on the back of history essay society. In The! From this vantage the motivation for the opening is narrational, slightly artistic (didactic) and history questions also reverberational, since many of the film’s themes are established in the opening.
Comparing the opening of The Dark Past with that of Mate’s other film noir, D.O.A. To Help With Spacing! , becomes interesting because it exposes the link between form and content. Both films begin with a similar action: a man making his way through a police station. In The Dark Past the camera POV is subjective. In D.O.A. it is not; instead the camera follows the history essay, man from behind his back. The reason for dissertation banking, this strategy is to keep the man’s identity unknown, thereby emphasizing the theme of fate and coincidental tragedy.
The character’s anonymity could likewise have been withheld with a subjective camera position, but that would have taken away from the randomness and universality of the protagonist/event. British Questions! Therefore the camera style which opens D.O.A. indicates the film’s central theme: fate and chance happening. In The Dark Past we need a character to lead us. Dr. Collins becomes our authority figure (as he says, “It takes an expert to texas, catch another expert”), informing us and british history essay convincing us of the homework for you, importance of society’s role in the prevention and reformation of crime and criminals. Group A2: Interspersed Flashbacks. Sorry, Wrong Number (Anatole Litvak, 1948) Length of Opening : 9’15” (After a 25 sec. intertitle prologue)
Description : The film begins with a dissolve from the history questions, prologue to a shot of the city at night. A subsequent dissolve brings us into a dark, deserted office. The camera dollies toward a door; the words “Henry J. Stevenson Vice President” become visible. Another dissolve brings us inside the room. The camera continues to dolly forward toward the desk; on it rests a telephone, with its receiver off. Homework! There is a dissolve to another location. Leona Stevenson (Barabara Stanwyck) is british lying in her bed, phone in hand, attempting to reach her husband, Henry J. Stevenson (Burt Lancaster). The camera pans to her night table as she reaches for a cigarette and lighter (a marriage photo and homework small clock are visible). Her behavior toward the operator is forceful, demanding, and impatient.
Before hanging up she accidently connects into another line. The camera dollies to a close up as she realizes that the two men are planning a murder. Before the victim’s address is given the connection is lost. Leona hangs up. Cut to a medium shot. She graps the phone again and calls the history essay questions, operator, insisting that the operator trace the call.
She reaches for an order, a tissue paper on her other night table; the camera pans with her but remains on the table long enough to reveal a crowd of medicine bottles. Cut back to history, Leona. The camera now becomes assertive. Online! (An omniscient camera movement unmotivated by character or any other classical motivation, i.e. reframe, follow a character, a moving vehicle, etc.) It dollies to british history questions, her open window, across the length of her room (dissolve) down her staircase, and to texas a&m dissertations, a bell high up on the downstairs wall which she uses to summon her servants. Throughout this assertive camera movement we hear her offscreen voice complaining that she has been left alone for british essay, the night and that nobody cares for her. We cut back to Leona. She receives a phone call from her father in Chicago. A painting of her father bridges a dissolve to dissertation banking, him. The camera pans around the den while they talk. British History Essay! He tells her daughter that the dissertation, house is like a morgue without her, meanwhile there is a party going on in the next room. After their talk we dissolve to a clock in Leona’s room and to essay, another location. Interpretation and Insights : This powerful opening is extremely evocative of the film’s themes and primes us, with its visual style, for the harrowing conclusion.
The use of the mobile camera is its most striking feature. However, it is not used for phd thesis, showmanship but to enhance the character’s mental and physical claustrophobia, her isolation, to complement the dialogue, and to british essay questions, expose subtle visual clues. For example, one of the several clues overheard by Leona about the login, murder plan is that it is to take place at british history questions 11:15 PM because the 11:15 train that passes on the nearby bridge will camouflage any screams. After the disturbing phone call the camera leaves her bedside and tracks to the open window. It is dark, but visible in disobeying, the distance is a lit bridge. The camera continues to dolly across her room and then down the staircase leading to british essay questions, the bell on essay the wall. The movement not only establishes the space but emphasizes her isolation. It is essay questions simply mirroring her emotional state as she complains to the operator about her loneliness. This camera movement around her room and down the stairs foreshadows the even more complex 1 minute 45 second crane shot in in the banking, the final scene. The shot opens on a clock. It pans to a close up of Leona on her bed.
She is talking frantically on the phone. The camera slowly cranes up and away from Leona, out of the second story window, down around a tree and to the ground, capturing the history essay questions, dark silhouetted figure searching and ed student login then entering through a side window. British Essay! Litvak employs the Bazinian schemata of the moving camera to maintain the homework for you, “integrity” of spatial unity. However, in this case its function is british not to suggest the “ambiguity” of reality but rather to stress its very reality –a killer stalking its helpless victim. Rather than crosscutting, the uninterrupted camera movement from Leona in her deathbed to the killer visualizes the exact distance between them, augmenting the suspense by showing us both the texas a&m dissertations online, spatial and british history essay temporal contiguity of killer/victim, life/death. Like the later Rear Window , the opening of Sorry, Wrong Number visually reveals important character and story elements. Within the first few moments we infer that she is married (the photo), bedridden and ill (the medicine bottles), alone and isolated (the slow tracking shots), and wholly dependent on the telephone. The moving camera captures her physical isolation in her immediate spatial environment; the telephone captures her emotional as well as physical isolation from the outside world. The operator, her link to the world, the police officer, society’s symbol of protection, and disobeying an order her father, her own personal protector, all prove utterly useless in history, realizing her pleas for help. (Her father says that the conversation she overheard was probably a radio program, a reflexive allusion to Lucille Fletcher’s original radio play.) It is economics proposal no coincidence that she is murdered while on essay the telephone with her husband. According to discovery login, Noel Carroll, one of the british, reasons why movies hold such a powerful attraction for audiences is because of its “erotetic” (question/answer model) narrative (1985). Movies generate a variety of questions which are answered during the progress of the film.
This question/answer model engages the audience in for you, an inductive process whereby they must absorb incoming information and british infer what may happen. Carroll distinguishes between two of many types: the micro question and the macro question. A micro question is one which is answered in economics phd thesis, the same scene or in one of the immediately succeeding scenes. A macro question remains unanswered for history questions, the majority of the film, often until the login, final scene. The most obvious example being Citizen Kane ‘s “Rosebud.”
The opening of Sorry, Wrong Number poses one of each. The micro question –where did Henry J Stevenson go after work?– is answered in history, the subsequent scene (the first flashback). The more important is the macro question: who is the victim of the essay, planned murder? Although the conclusive answer only comes toward the british history, end, we are certainly encouraged to infer a guess. In The Banking! The opening provides two noteworthy clues: the visual emphasis on questions Leona’s isolation and helplessness, and the pointed delineation of her overbearing, domineering nature, her illness, and writing spacing her wealth: plenty enough motivation for murder in the film noir world! This Gun For Hire (Frank Tuttle, 1942) Description : The film begins with a fade in to a dingy hotel room, an immediate establishing of the space.
A man, Raven (Alan Ladd), is lying on his bed. The camera is at a slight low angle. In the foreground hangs a coat and just below an british history, alarm clock on a night table. The alarm clock rings. Raven awakens, shuts the alarm and sits up on his bed. Diegetic piano music is heard. He looks at his watch, removes a letter from his coat pocket and phd thesis checks an address (insert shot). Cut back to british history questions, a low angle medium shot of Raven.
After securing that his gun is loaded he places it and discovery ed student the letter inside his briefcase and british history essay begins to economics, leave. The sound of the window shutting draws his attention to a kitten. He pours the british essay questions, kitten some milk then leaves to wash his hands. In the discovery login, meantime a young maid enters. The kitten spills a can, prodding the maid to frighten the kitten. Raven returns; angered, he slaps the maid and forces her out of the room. He pats the kitten then gets up to leave. Two dissolves later he is essay entering an apartment building. A young girl seated on the stair case greets him as he makes his way upstairs. He meets with a man, a blackmailer who is spacing under the impression that Raven is there to give him money in history questions, exchange for an incriminating letter.
A woman is also present. She leaves the room. After listening to the man ramble Raven removes the gun from his briefcase and shoots the man once. The woman enters the room. Raven remarks, “They said he’d be alone.” She runs back into the bedroom but Raven shoots her once through the for you, door. He checks to make sure she is dead, confirms the letter, places it in his briefcase and leaves. In the hallway the innocent girl says, “Mister, I dropped my ball.” Two shot counter shots lengthen the moment. Raven makes a movement to go into his briefcase for his gun, stops, and decides to retrieve the ball. The scene fades out. Interpretation and essay questions Insights : Here is an example of film noir excelling within the classical paradigm. Phd Thesis Proposal! This opening has all the earmarks of the classical Hollywood sequence: clearly demarcated scenes (in the hotel room, in the apartment, and in the hallway), transitions (fade in british essay, and fade out) and ed student login one completed action, culminating in british history essay, a beginning, middle, and end.
There is nothing excessive or overtly symbolic, as every action has a narrational purpose. However, the opening remains richly evocative of noir character, environment, and visual and aural schemata. The noir visual look is established as early as the in the, first shot of the film. The low angle and cluttered frame immediately suggest the claustrophobic noir environment. Several of the subsequent shots are again framed from a low angle, emphasizing the british questions, enclosing ceiling and walls. The room, replete with harsh shadows (they seem painted), murky walls and chipped plaster, characterizes the ‘seedy’ noir world.
The deathly still aura lingering within the room foreshadows the discovery login, impending murder. Not even the repetitive piano music can cut through the aura of silence. The opening establishes not only Raven’s character but, since this was his first starring role, Alan Ladd’s screen persona. Raven, the hired killer, is awaken by history essay questions an alarm clock: just another day at the office. For You! His demeanor is british history essay questions quiet and gestures graceful and calculated. A loner, Raven has a stronger affinity for cats than humans. (As he says later, “they’re on their own, they don’t need anybody.”) He is the consumate professional, always turning in a “neat” performance. While the blackmailer rambles on Raven remains silent. Before revealing his gun he flashes the blackmailer a sardonic half smile, a hired killer’s confident, fond farewell. Raven’s professionalism and for you “neatness” is evident in his style: one bullet per british essay questions victim.
He is thorough, making sure that the woman is stone cold dead and that the letter is authentic before leaving. On the way out he is interrupted by phd thesis proposal the young girl. The shot counter shots establish that the girl has seen Raven’s face well. The completist, Raven contemplates killing her but decides against it. Essay! This conclusion plants a provocative rhetorical question in the audience’s mind: would he go that far? As Willard Cates (Laird Cregar) later finds out, Raven is an order essay a man you do not want to double cross. By the end of the opening Raven’s (and Ladd’s) screen persona is history essay indelibly carved: the dissertation in the banking, laconic “cold angel” with boyish good looks masking a tough, uncomprimising interior. White Heat (Raoul Walsh, 1949) Description : The film begins with a series of dissolves from macro to micro: an history questions, aerial pan of the city, to a “California Highway State Line” sign, to a long shot of a train. From the train there is a L-R swish pan capturing a car in transit. Cut to the interior of the phd thesis proposal, car.
Four men are seated in history essay, the car. James Cagney (Cody Jarrett) is in the front passenger side. The camera dollies in slightly to frame on Cody. He nudges the driver, motioning him to for you, speed up. Three cuts ensue, from the car to the train and back to the car. The camera pans to follow the car screeching around a bend. Cut to british history questions, a head on shot of the train as it chugs past the camera left. The scene momentarily changes to the interior of the online, train to observe the other half of Cody’s gang at work.
The scene returns to the exterior. The men quickly exit the car and execute their respective duties. In the ensuing shots the train comes to a halt, the mail compartment is dynamited open and the heist a success except for a few casualties. Two train employees are ruthlessly shot down by Jarrett simply because they know his name. After the second man is shot he falls onto a lever, which accidentally releases hot steam into the face of one of Cody’s men. Cody looks down at him writhing in pain and british essay questions then yells out, “Come on, let’s get outta here.” He runs off screen right and the other men pick up the injured man.
There is a dissolve to a radio newsman reporting the hold up. Interpretation and economics phd thesis Insights : The motivation for this opening is narrational (animates the narrative) and compositional (logical causal factors). In the first few shots director Raoul Walsh relies heavily on questions audience’s mental set. Phd Thesis! Any person who has seen at least one or two gangster films recognizes the british history essay questions, connotative meaning of the fourth shot in the film. The car, the dress code of the four men and the presence of James Cagney cue us into the crime milieu. This shot, in combination with the previous shot of the economics phd thesis proposal, train, are all we need to infer that a hold up is in progress.
This fourth shot is the most important single shot in the opening. Not only does it cue us to essay, the crime milieu, but it subtley hints at Cody’s psychosis. Cody is framed in medium shot. Spacing! He looks at his watch. The camera dollies in slowly to a close up as he nudges the driver and motions for him to speed up. After this action is completed the camera remains on the close-up for an extra beat. Knowing director Walsh’s classical style, where each camera movement has a function, the nature of this shot has an emphatic purpose above any immediate narrational function. For example, the lingering close up may inform us that this character is the leader of this gang, but, being James Cagney in 1949, the history essay, audience undoubtedly know this already.
There is an intense look on Cody’s face, and he even looks away once, suggesting unease and restlessness. In The Banking! This lingering close-up has no other function, therefore we can infer that it must signify something. I will submit that this is a subtle nuance but, is it too subtle for Hollywood? In the Carrollian sense this opening challenges us, at this early point, to infer Cody’s psychosis (or in the least his viciousness) from the close up and Cody’s behavior during the hold up. If interpreted in a certain way, the opening can be seen as a reflexive commentary. White Heat has as much in common, if not more, with the 1930’s gangster cycle as with the film noir. Cody Jarrett, like Roy Earle in High Sierra , is a throwback to the prohibition era: a man behind the times; it is 1949 and history essay questions the gangster collective has given away to the individualistic noir anti-hero. The train hold up is reminiscent of the era of the western, when train hold ups were common. If this allusion is conscious, then it is homework for you a reflection of the anachronistic current running throughout White Heat . I will now move on to the british history questions, two examples from Group B2 (linear/powerfully emphatic), The Set Up and The Letter . Group B2: Linear/Powerfully Emphatic.
The Set-Up (Robert Wise, 1949) Description : (There is a title sequence of a boxing fight. All that is visible are the boxer’s legs. One of the proposal, fighters collapses to the canvas. Fade out.) Fade in.
The opening shot begins high above street level, parallel to a street clock in the right foreground; it reads 9:05. On the extreme right we see a hotel’s neon sign. History! On the street level in the background is ed student another huge sign: “Paradise City” (the wrestling/boxing arena). The camera cranes forward past the history, clock and toward street level. Another neon sign becomes visible: “Dreamland.” On the soundtrack we hear jazz music and a loud teenager selling the evening paper complete with fight card. There is a cut to a man selling only fight cards. (From his drawl we can correctly infer that he is an ex-boxer.) The youngster walks in screen right, directly in front of the man and continues selling his paper. The camera dollies in to a two shot.
The man pleads: “Hey, I gotta make a buck too.” The brash youngster replies: “Ah, go take a walk.” Cut to economics phd thesis, the dejected man. Camera pans with him as he exits frame right and fixes on a group of people purchasing tickets. British Essay! The central figures are a blind man and his male companion. Camera pans with them left as they enter the arena. Another man enters frame left and the camera follows him to another group of people. Homework! A quick reframe settles on a shot of two women. The following conversation takes place: First Woman (without hat): I don’t know why I let George talk me into coming. Second Woman: (very sarcastically) Why Harriett, I thought you liked the fights. First Woman: Like them, last time I kept my hands over my eyes the whole time.
The camera reframes right (the corner of the building) to another shot of two men standing at british history the fight poster discussing who to place bets on. Texas Online! Stoker Thompson’s (Robert Ryan) age is the butt of a joke. They exit frame left and british the camera turns slightly and dollies in to economics, the poster. History Questions! The Stoker Thompson vs. Tiger Nelson fight line commands center frame.
An arm enters frame left and strikes a match over Thompson’s name. Camera reframes left to follow the match to the cigarette. Another two shot, of a short, balding man and a taller, sweaty and unkept man. (The taller man is Tiny, Stoker’s manager and the other Red, his corner man.) They enter the “Ringside Cafe.” Tiny meets alone with another man and in a series of shot reverse shots we discover that he has thrown the night’s upcoming fight for the short money ($50.00). Tiny and Red leave the cafe. Tiny cheats Red on his cut by telling him that their share was only disobeying an order $30.00.
We also find out that to save Stoker’s cut Tiny has not informed Stoker about the set up. Red remains unsettled at the idea of Stoker being kept in the dark. The camera follows them to history essay questions, a point then dollies in quickly to Stoker Thompson’s name on the fight poster. (The camera then pans 90 degrees to a hotel across the street, signalling the subsequent scene with Stoker and his girlfriend in the hotel room.) Interpretation and Insights : This impressive opening is motivated narrationally and reverberationally. It informs us of the major drama and poses a central macro question: will Stoker follow suit and lose as usual or will he upset the balance with a victory? One of the interesting features of this opening is that it introduces several minor but key characters.
The punch drunk vendor for example, who we later find out is one of Stoker’s biggest fans, remains a constant reminder of where Stoker may be heading. Homework! More importantly perhaps are the host of characters who will reappear during the history essay, fight scene as key spectators. Throughout the fight scene there are reaction cuts to dissertation in the, the spectators. Essay! Director Robert Wise does not paint a pretty picture of the boxing fan (or human nature). Wise portrays the economics proposal, fan as a blood thirsty savage who vicariously indulges his/her deep, primordial urges (catharsis?). British Questions! For example, the blind man, who has the fight recounted to him blow by blow by his friend, remarks in dissertation, a viscious tone: “Why don’t he work on that eye.’ The worse culprit is the british history essay, hypocritical woman who in to help spacing, the opening laments going to the fights and then behaves like an animal during the fights. Whereas most of the noir openings introduce the lead character in the flesh, in british history questions, The Set Up Stoker’s presence is login felt equally strong through other means: his name on the fight poster, the people who discuss him, and history essay the punch drunk vendor. The expositional nature of the opening goes beyond plot advancement (narrational motivation) to the more complex reverberational motivation.
Most of the film’s themes are echoed within the opening: corruption, lost dreams, father time, and the cruel and hypocritical side of human nature. The opening shot cranes past a large clock, establishing the “real time” structure while symbolizing the inevitable reality every aging boxer must face. Visible are the signs “Paradise City” and “Dreamland,” a not too subtle reference to the washed up boxer’s lost dreams. The punch drunk vendor trying to eke out a living selling fight cards is overshadowed by the aggressive youngster, exposing the capitalist version of Social Darwinism. Stoker’s manager Tiny has a highly dubious moral and ethical system.
Not only does he cheat Red, in dissertation banking, all likelihood his only friend, but his fighter. The boxing world once again stands in british history questions, as a micrososm of corruption in society. The first few shots establish the space of the disobeying essay, film: hotel, fight arena, and history cafe. Outside of a few scenes with Stoker’s girlfriend Julie, the disobeying, film is confined to this area. Metaphorically, Stoker’s own life has also been confined to history essay questions, a similar “space”: dingy hotel rooms, arenas, and bars/cafes. A recurring camera movement during this opening, the quick pan and/or reframe, will play a key role in another of the film’s great scenes. After winning the fight Stoker is left by himself to answer to the irate gamblers. An Order! He tries to elude them but is eventually cornered in history, a dark alley. He struggles but is pinned to the ground by several men. The leader, Little Boy, gives the to help with spacing, signal to commence the savage beating and the camera quickly pans to a shadowed reflection of questions a jazz band on a nearby wall, the frenzied music standing in for the beating. (This exact same tactic is used in The Sweet Smell of Success (Alexander Mackendrick, 1957) and, with variation, by Sam Fuller in Underworld USA , 1961.) An unusual feature of the film is its strict accordance to “real time.” The film is 72 minutes.
The credits last just under one minute. Texas! The clock in questions, the opening shot reads 9:05. The final shot cranes back past the an order essay, same clock, now reading 10:16, perfectly accounting for british history, the remaining 71 minutes of writing to help spacing screen/story time. There is a fade out at the end of the credit sequence, a fade in to the film and a final fade out at the end. British Questions! (Since the credit sequence is bridged by fades it is temporally distanced from the film and hence its action –a boxer being knocked out– serves as a metaphor for Stoker’s less than successful boxing career.) Outside of these three fades all other transitions in the film are straight cuts. At that period in the evolution of the language of film style the fade/dissolve/wipe were common transitional schemata depicting varying time lapses. The unadorned cut was used to to help with spacing, join shots which succeeded each other in continuous temporal order. This usually meant either shots within one established locale or scenes occurring simultaneously (crosscutting). Being a former editor Robert Wise was as conscious of this as anyone.
Therefore, to emphasize the temporal structure of the film (screen time=story time) Wise begins and ends on a clock and uses the ‘straight’ cut exclusively. I can not be sure, but would be willing to bet that The Set-Up is the only Hollywood film of the 1940’s not to history, employ a fade, dissolve, or wipe (excluding the beginning and end). What intrigues me the most about economics, this realistically motivated aesthetic choice is the rhetorical question of british history whether or not the audience at that time consciously made the connection between the exclusive use of the paper spacing, cut and british essay questions the temporal structure of the film. It is obvious that this was a conscious choice on the part of the filmmaker’s, but how did the texas, audience react? The use of the fade/dissolve/wipe was a part of the 1940 audience mental set, but how closely attuned to their own mental sets were they? They could perceive their presence but how about their absence? Were they conscious of the lack of a fade, dissolve, and wipe and accord that to british history questions, the strategy of real time, or was it something they felt intuitively? My guess is that the latter would be more likely, hence certain mental sets may be intuitively felt more than cognitively realized. In fact I would say that, on a cognitive level, the opening and closing shots of the clock trigger the writing to help with spacing, temporal strategy of the film more than the exclusive use of the cut. (That is, to an average viewer.)
On one of my viewings of The Set-Up I kept track of the essay, cuts and counted 630. Allowing for a margin of error, this works out to an approximate average shot length of for you 6.8 seconds, faster than the average of that period (9) but well within Bordwell’s bound alternative. My brief research reveals the british history questions, limitations of such studies. The 6.8 ASL might persuade someone who hasn’t seen the film to infer that The Set-Up does not employ much mise en scene (long takes, depth of field, mobile camera, intricate blocking) but rather that it derives more of its stylistic meaning from the editing. The cutting in homework, The Set-Up is excellent, and used for more than just moving the story along, but the ASL does not reveal that a great percentage of the cuts, (approx. 311) occur during the fight scene, which takes up approximately 24 minutes (one third) of screen/story time.
Away from the fight scene –and fight scenes are always cut quickly– the history questions, ASL is much higher. Indeed there are several intricate and ed student important long takes in The Set-Up . Therefore the ASL is not always an accurate indication of shooting style for someone who has not seen the film in question. A better assessment of the film’s statistical measures would be a scene by history essay scene average, which would then reveal precisely where and when the average shot length varies. The Letter (William Wyler, 1940) Description : Although the opening lasts 15’45” I will only describe the most important section, the first 5’45”. The film begins with a night shot of the moon. The shot dissolve to a sign –“Rubber Co. Singapore, Plantation No. 1”– and then to a tree trunk.
The camera tilts down the trunk to a bucket collecting sap. The camera cranes up and away from the tree and left to right across the worker’s sleeping area. Ed Student! Workers are seen lying on essay hammocks, sleeping, resting, playing chess, etc. The camera cranes up to a second level and paper to help with continues over the straw roof; (Dissolve) the camera is still tracking L-R. A cottage is visible in the background. British History Essay Questions! A gunshot is heard. A man stumbles out of the door onto the front porch; a woman is seen following behind him. Proposal! A second gunshot is heard and (cut) to dogs awakening to the sound. Three shots of the workers ensue. The third gunshot is followed by essay questions a closer shot of the incident. The man, in the foreground, falls down below the texas online, frame while the woman (Bette Davis as Leslie Crosby), dressed in black, follows him down the stairs, emptying out the british history essay questions, revolver.
She slowly brings her gun hand down and drops the gun. The camera dollies in to a close-up. Login! Her face is still, emotionless. Cut to the disturbed workers. The fourth shot is a close-up of a man looking out from behind bamboo bars. He glances upward and british questions there is a cut to his POV : the for you, moon moving behind a dark cloud. Cut back to the close-up. The frame is now considerably darker and growing increasingly darker. Cut to a medium shot of Leslie, also in high angle and in partial darkness. Cut to a reverse shot above her left shoulder; Leslie looks down at the corpse lying at the bottom of the steps. During the course of the shot the light pattern and intensity alters according to the position of the moon and the clouds.
As the frame lightens Leslie’s harsh shadow becomes visible across the corpses’ back. She turns quickly and history essay glances up to dissertation banking, the sky. Cut to her POV of the history essay, moon coming out from behind the clouds, with a cut back to Leslie. She returns her attention to the corpse. Cut to a frontal shot. The back lighting casts her in a semi-silhouette. Cut back to the reverse shot; Leslie exits frame left (up the stairs). Cut to a servant running toward the economics phd thesis, cottage and stopping at the sight of the corpse. Leslie invites the servant into the cottage.
She orders the servant to british, send someone to inform her husband, working on a nearby plant, and the district officer about the incident. Homework! The servant remains in the living room. Leslie walks to her bedroom, opens the Venetian doors and calmly shuts them behind her. The camera remains fixed on essay questions the Venetian doors long enough to capture the nuance as Leslie turns the lights on. This brings us up to the 3’45” mark of the writing paper with spacing, opening. The next few shots are of her husband and district officer being summoned and british history essay their arrival at disobeying the cottage. The husband, Robert Crosby (George Marshall) attempts to open the bedroom door but finds it still locked: “Leslie darling, its Robert.” Seconds later the door slowly opens and Leslie cautiously exits the room. History! My reason for dissertation in the banking, ending at this point will soon become apparent. Interpretation and Insights : This is one of the rare openings where reverberational motivation overpowers all else.
The murder, which triggers the story and sets the drama in gear, is secondary to the overlaying symbolism. The symbolism centers on the timeless theme of the doppelganger, a common motif in expressionism and film noir. It pervades the entire film and is animated in a variety of interesting ways (to varying degrees of originality and subtlety). The moon, the image on which the film opens and closes, is used as a symbol of both oncoming death and the imminent duality of essay human nature. Its position in relation to the clouds establishes the light/dark, good/evil patterning which dominates the film in nearly every facet: actual shifts in lighting intensity, lighting patterns, chiaroscuro, clothing, characters, and narrative structure. Disobeying An Order Essay! In one way or another these elements are established in the opening. The opening and closing scenes of the film mirror each other.
One begins and the other ends with a shot of the moon; also, the british questions, death of Mr. Hammond in the opening is visually linked to Leslie’s death in the final scene by the same moon/clouds lighting pattern. The shift in light intensity within a continuous shot occurs several times in the opening (close-up of the worker behind the bamboo bars, the reverse shot of Leslie, the Venetian doors) and is repeated throughout the film. Symmetrical shadows are also used to reflect the to help spacing, splintering of the soul. The light/dark patterning is also reflected in the clothing. This will become most evident later in the film but is cued in the opening. During the murder Leslie is wearing a long, dark dress. The victim, Mr. Hammond, is wearing a dark top and white trousers. All the other characters surrounding Leslie wear either all white (or light) or predominantly light clothing (her servant, the workers, the district officer, her husband, and british essay questions the lawyer).
Allowing for obvious symbolism, what has been established thus far is that Leslie is all evil, Mr. Discovery Ed Student! Hammond “grey” and the others all good. This may seem too facile, obvious, or coincidental, until a subsequent event resoundingly confirms the symbolism. Moments after the murder Leslie sends for her husband and district officer and waits inside her locked bedroom. We do not see her again for british history, two minutes as the scene switches to the exterior. In story time this intervening period is not long, perhaps fifteen or twenty minutes.
Her husband arrives and she exits the to help, bedroom. Leslie is now wearing a white blouse and a black skirt, the reversal of Mr. Hammond’s clothing pattern. I did not detect this subtle change until the british history questions, fourth or fifth viewing. The probable reason is that the intervening two minutes obscures one’s memory for such detail. The color coded symbolism becomes obvious in to help, the scenes between Leslie and history essay questions Mrs. Hammond (Gale Sondergaard): Leslie dressed in white and Mrs. Hammond in black. Texas! Leslie’s shifting color pattern is an externalisation of history essay questions her immediate mental state.
It is no coincidence that the final two shots of the film are of a veil hanging over a chair and of the moon. The fact that there is only one micro/macro question in this opening (Is Leslie a murderess?) is emblematic of its motivational factor. A narrational or compositional motivation deposits salient questions. The more subtle reverberational motivation can also expose concrete questions, but when it dominates as strongly as in The Letter it establishes mood and foreshadowing elements, rather than obvious narrational/plot questions. It relies heavily on writing paper to help spacing intuition, retroactive thinking, and, sometimes, repeated viewings. 1 For instance, in a Hollywood film you will never encounter a shooting style as radical as an Eisenstein (short shots) or Jansco (excessive long takes). History! The bound alternative Bordwell speaks of rests somewhere in between the extremes ( Classical , p.62). 2 This triad of semantic and syntactical parameters was developed in conversation with Ian Jarvie while a graduate student at York University.
3 A subjective camera shot is described by Edward Branigan as “a shot in which the camera assumes the position of a subject in order to show us what the subject sees” (p.103). There are many nuances when dealing with a subjective POV , but for homework for you, my purposes this is fine. Branigan calls this an questions, optical POV . Throughout the discovery login, paper I will use subjective and optical interchangeably. For complete bibliographic references see end of Part 2. Donato Totaro has been the editor of the online film journal Offscreen since its inception in 1997. Totaro received his PhD in british essay questions, Film Television from the discovery, University of british Warwick (UK), is a part-time professor in Film Studies at Concordia University (Montreal, Canada) and writing paper with spacing a longstanding member of AQCC (Association quebecoise des critiques de cinema). A Left-Handed Form of Human Endeavour: Narrative Comparisons Contrasts Between the Noir Heist Films The Asphalt Jungle and The Killing.
Film Noir: A Study in british history, Narrative Openings, Part 2. Singapore Sling : Postmodern Noir, Narrative, and Destructive Desire. History and Time as a Fork in the Square. “Notes” on Notes on homework for you the Cinematographer. Susan Sontag: Against Interpretation?
1997 2017 Offscreen, ISSN 1712-9559.