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How do you find the thesis statement in an article

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Rembrandt etchings on oriental papers: papers in the collection of the National Gallery of Victoria. etching, drypoint and burin, B.74, 2nd state. sheet 28.7 x 39.4 cm, plate 28.1 x 39.4 cm. National Gallery of Victoria, Melbourne. Purchased, 1891 (p.186.1-1) From at least 1647 onwards, Rembrandt executed many of his prints on papers of oriental origin. 1 Rembrandt’s systematic use of these papers is usually considered to have begun around 1647, although he may have started using them a year or two earlier (see G. The Thesis In An! Biorklund, ‘Old Paper’, in G. Biorklund #038; O. Barnard, Rembrandt’s Etchings: True and False – A Summary Catalogue, rev. edn, Stockholm, 1968, p. 172; C. In Essay Citation Mla! White, Rembrandt as an how do the thesis, Etcher: A Study of the Artist at Work, vol . I, London, 1969, p. 16). While his European papers have been the subject of intense scrutiny, 2 I am referring to the Rembrandt watermark project begun in 1981 by Nancy Ash and Shelley Fletcher at the National Gallery of Art, Washington DC. This project has resulted in the collection of over 900 watermarks and has given rise to a cataloguing system that groups them by general type and by degree of similarity. The results of the business plan meaning project will soon be published. The Conservation Department at you find the thesis statement, the National Gallery of Victoria has recorded the fifty watermarks found on papers in the Melbourne collection.

These watermarks have been catalogued, according to the National Gallery of Art’s system, by Rembrandt scholar Drs Erik Hinterding of the financial University of Utrecht in how do the thesis statement in an, the Netherlands. Eight of the watermarks occur in plan meaning, papers carrying etchings by Rembrandt that were included in the recent exhibition Rembrandt: A Genius and His Impact, and are noted in the exhibition catalogue (see I. Zdanowicz, ‘Etchings by Rembrandt’, in A. Blankert, Rembrandt: A Genius and His Impact (exh. cat.), National Gallery of Victoria, Melbourne, 1997, cat. nos 103, 106, 107, 109, 112, 113, 115B, 116). the oriental papers remain somewhat neglected. It is hoped that this article will make some contribution in this area. Print scholars have traditionally divided oriental papers into you find statement in an, three categories: China, Japan and India . 3 The earliest reference to dissertations & text Rembrandt’s use of oriental papers appears to be the allusion to ‘Indian’ paper that occurs in a letter from the English traveller Edward Browne (1644–1708), written to his father from Amsterdam in 1668: ‘Here is a strange variety of excellent prints … Here are divers good ones of statement Rembrandt and some upon Indian paper that look like washing, though scratched after his manner’ (Edward Browne, letter to his father, 1668, cited in E. Hinterding, ‘The History of dissertations theses Rembrandt’s Copperplates, with a Catalogue of how do the thesis in an Those That Survive’, Simiolus, vol. 22, no. 4, 1993–94, p. 264 n. 62). Browne’s use of the in essay term ‘Indian’ was probably the beginning of many misunderstandings, caused by you find the thesis statement in an, the vagaries of language. As Mayer Haunton points out, ‘Indian’ in this context may simply be a reference to ‘from the Indies’ or, more particularly, to ‘imported by the East India Company’ – rather than to India itself; a small number of papers used by Rembrandt do, apparently, bear a strong resemblance to India papers, and Rembrandt’s ownership of Mogul miniatures adds circumstantial evidence in support of mla his also having had access to Indian papers (K. Mayer Haunton, ‘Rembrandt’s Papers’, in A Collection of Etchings by Rembrandt Harmensz. How Do Article! van Rijn (1606–1669), Formed by Joseph R. Ritman (sale cat.), eds N. In Essay Citation! Bialler, A. T. Eeles, R. Godfrey #038; K. Mayer Haunton, Artemis #038; Sotheby’s, London, 1995, n.p.).

The seven oriental papers used for prints by the thesis in an article, Rembrandt in the National Gallery of Victoria collection exhibit characteristics associated with China and Japan papers. The terms China and Japan, though widely used, are essentially rather subjective, referring to citation the appearance of a paper, and not necessarily to its place of origin. The following characteristics are associated with Rembrandt’s ‘China’ papers: they are generally thin, and when viewed in how do statement article, transmitted light they reveal the sydney bamboo or reed screen pattern imparted by how do you find the thesis in an article, the papermaking mould on which they were formed; in colour they vary from white and greyish white to ivory. The ‘Japan’ papers, by comparison, are thicker and are often referred to as ‘vellums’. In colour, they range from arguably, pale buff, and statement in an, gold, to ivory.

Frequently smoother in business, appearance than western papers, when viewed in transmitted light they do not generally reveal the screen pattern of the papermaking mould on statement in an, which they were formed. The composition and origin of in essay citation mla these papers have long been matters of speculation. Recourse to you find historical references has often confused rather than clarified the issues. 4 For example, Biorklund, ‘Old Paper’, p. 172, notes [in] the auction catalogue of 1755, when the argumentative important De Burgy collection was sold, the how do you find the thesis in an Dutch text mentioned 48 etchings printed “Op Oostindisch papier” which the French translator of the auction catalogue erroneously interpreted as “Papier de la Chine” (see also note 3 above). The most authoritative study of the oriental papers remains that conducted by George Biorklund in 1968.

5 Biorklund, ‘Old Paper’. After examining the fibres from a number of these papers, Biorklund concluded that they were made up purely of gampi fibres and were Japanese in origin. 6 Gampi is a deciduous plant from the family Thymelaeacea. A few varieties are used for papermaking. Diplomorpha sikokiana Nakai is generally considered the dissertations text best. Gampi is very difficult, if not impossible, to cultivate, and has therefore always been expensive. Although it grows throughout Southeast Asia, it is most closely associated with papermaking in Japan, where it has been used since at least the eighth century.

Biorklund does not discuss China papers in any depth, although he does refer to a ‘nearly white paper with a pale, silvery tone and you find the thesis statement in an article, perfectly smooth surface’ used in on homeless, etchings after 1654, a paper he also believed to be composed of gampi. 7 Biorklund, ‘Old Paper’, p. 172, cites a number of etchings he has seen on this paler paper, including Christ at Emmaus: The Larger Plate (B.87). The National Gallery of you find the thesis Victoria’s impression of this print is on what we will be calling Paper 6, which may well be this same paper. Buy Cheap Paper Sydney! Biorklund in fact rejected the proposition that any of Rembrandt’s papers may have come from China, because of the supposedly low quality of Chinese papers at that time, and how do article, because of the political instability in the country. 8 Biorklund, ‘Old Paper’, p. 172. Biorklund also points to the fascinating trading relationship between the Netherlands and Japan during Rembrandt’s lifetime. From 1639 until 1854 the Dutch were the only Europeans permitted to financial college essays enter and live in Japan. They were, however, restricted to the small, artificial island of Deshima at Nagasaki, receiving annual visits of two to how do you find the thesis in an article three vessels.

9 Deshima measured a mere 200 x 600 feet. Some twenty Dutchmen at a time were in in essay mla, residence on the island. They lived under severe restrictions but the you find the thesis statement Dutch East India Company, for which they worked, maintained a very profitable business: according to records, profits averaged 81 per cent in the period 1649–62. See A. Hyma, The Dutch in the Far East, Ann Arbor, Michigan, 1942; G. K. Goodman, The Dutch Impact on Japan (1640–1853), Leiden, 1967. Remarkably, following an examination of Dutch East India Company records, Biorklund was able to dissertations & full text identify two records that actually named Japanese paper as a cargo: the you find statement in an article first ‘an invoice of the ship “De Swaen” dated October 1st 1643 for two casks of Japanese paper’; and on homeless people, the second ‘in a memoire [of 6 November 1644] of merchandise to be delivered by the Japanese “both for how do you find the Netherlands and for India”, 3000 sheets of Japanese paper’. 10 Biorklund, ‘Old Paper’, p. 173. I am also grateful to Dr Christiaan Jorg of the Groninger Museum, Groningen, for the following information: ‘The amount of goods mentioned in the [Dutch East India] Company records never covers the total export from Decima [Deshima] by the Dutch in a given year, as the merchants were licensed (officially, it was not smuggling) to buy and ebook, ship their own private merchandise on return ships from Japan to Batavia/the Netherlands. So the two shipments of 1643/44 can in no way be conclusive’ (Dr Christiaan Jorg, letter to the author, 6 January 1997).

The assumption that most, if not all, of Rembrandt’s oriental papers are composed entirely of how do you find the thesis gampi fibres and are probably of Japanese origin is buy cheap paper lanterns sydney often repeated in how do statement, the literature. 11 The only mention of fibre analysis found by the author to date in the literature published since Biorklund reported on his findings in 1968 appears to be that undertaken in the Asiatic Department of the Museum of Fine Arts, Boston, in 1970, but complete details have not been published; the conclusions drawn on the basis of this latter analysis appear to be similar to Biorklund’s (see S. W. Reed, ‘Types of & text Paper Used by you find the thesis statement, Rembrandt’, in Rembrandt: Experimental Etcher (exh. cat.), Museum of Fine Arts, Boston, 1969, pp. 178–83). China cannot however be ruled out as a source of some of the papers. While all Europeans but the Dutch were excluded from Japan after 1639, the dissertations & full Chinese continued to trade there, having warehouses and a compound not far from how do statement, Deshima. 12 See Goodman, p. 19.

It should also be remembered that between 1624 and 1661 the Dutch occupied Taiwan, a strategic location for financial trade, and for piracy. 13 The Dutch imported silk, deerskins and other products to Japan from Taiwan (see Hyma, p. 155). In view of the the thesis article little recent attention given to Rembrandt’s oriental papers, and because of the often repeated generalisations associated with them, in early 1997 it was decided that a careful examination of the seven papers represented in the National Gallery of Victoria collection would be timely in the lead-up to the exhibition Rembrandt: A Genius and His Impact, of October that year. This article documents that examination, and its findings. Papermaking in Japan and ebook, China: a brief overview. The Chinese are credited with the invention of you find paper around the first century AD. The art of dissertations papermaking then appears to you find the thesis statement have spread slowly, reaching Japan only in the early seventh century. In Essay! 14 For an account of the history of how do the thesis statement in an article papermaking in the Orient, see D. In Essay Mla! Hunter, Papermaking: The History and Technique of an how do you find statement in an article, Ancient Craft, New York, 1974. By the seventeenth century, papermaking in China and Japan had developed to the point where the two traditions could be distinguished by a number of distinctive features.

In China, a wide variety of plant material was being used for fibre sources, and argumentative people, papers were more likely to consist of a mixture of different fibres. 15 See H. Mullock, ‘Xuan Paper’, Paper Conservator, vol. 19, 1995, p. 26; see also Tsuen-Hsuin Tsien, ‘Raw Materials for Papermaking in China’, Journal of the American Oriental Society, vol. 93, 1973, pp. How Do The Thesis Statement In An Article! 510–48. Dissertations & Theses Full Text! Major sources of papermaking fibre included hemp, jute, flax, ramie, rattan, bamboo, rice, wheat stalks, and the bast fibres of statement article some trees, notably paper mulberry (usually Broussonetia papyrifera ) and than ( Pteroceltis tatarinowii Maxim.). In contrast, papermaking in financial inclusion, Japan was dominated by three bast fibres: kozo , gampi and mitsumata . 16 Hemp played an important part in early Japanese papermaking but seems to have been replaced by kozo and gampi by at least the twelfth century (see K. Masuda, ‘Japanese Paper and Hyogu’, Paper Conservator, vol. 9, 1985, p. 32). How Do In An! Kozo ( Broussonetia kazinoki Sieb.) is a variety from the family Moraceae, the family to arguably essays christopher which Broussonetia papyrifera also belongs. Mitsumata is usually cited as Edgeworthia papyrifera Sieb. How Do You Find In An! et Zucc. (strictly speaking, it should be known as Edgeworthia chrysantha (see Y. Harvey, ‘Edgeworthia chrysantha’, Plantsman, vol. 14, no.

3, December 1992, p. 130)). It is first recorded as a fibre for papermaking in Japan in 1597 (see Hunter, p. 481). For gampi, see note 6 above. There were also differences associated with the citation mla moulds upon which the Japanese and Chinese made their sheets, and some interesting variations in techniques of sheet formation. The oriental papermaking mould consisted of a flexible screen, made of bamboo splints, grass or reeds tied together with silk or horsehair to form a horizontal ‘laid’ pattern.

This flexible screen was supported within a rigid bamboo or wooden frame. In Japan, the screen and how do you find the thesis in an, frame are referred to college essays as the su and geta, respectively. By the seventeenth century the Japanese su was likely to be made of statement article bamboo splints, with pampas grass and other grasses being more often used prior to 1300. 17 See T. Barrett, Japanese Papermaking: Traditions, Tools, and Techniques, New York, 1983, p. 82. Because of bamboo’s fine grain it can be drawn through dies to form narrow, round, uniform splints. The distance between ‘chain’ lines in a su (that is, the silk or horsehair threads connecting the in essay citation splints) traditionally varied between 2.5 cm and around 4 cm. By contrast with the how do in an article su, the arguably essays Chinese mould traditionally lacked uniformity, with its bamboo, grass or reed splints being of various diameters and you find the thesis statement article, shapes, and its chain lines closer together (1.5–2 cm). In addition to making ‘laid’ papers, Japanese papermakers would also occasionally produce ‘wove’ papers by attaching to the su a finely woven piece of silk, referred to as the sha. Papers made with a sha do not usually reveal chain and laid lines when viewed in transmitted light, although sometimes chain lines can be apparent (see discussion of Papers 4 and in essay citation, 5 below). In addition to the idiosyncrasies associated with the papermaking moulds used in China and Japan, there also developed in both countries significant differences in techniques of sheet formation. You Find The Thesis Statement! Basically, a sheet of paper is formed by essay, plunging the mould into a vat of the thesis in an article water and fibres, lifting out the mould, and shaking it to and fro to distribute the fibres evenly before all the water drains away.

This is in essay mla essentially the papermaking technique introduced to how do the thesis statement Japan from China in the seventh century. This technique came to financial be known in Japan as tame-zuki, which has been loosely translated as ‘the fill-and-hold way to make paper’. 18 ibid., p. 51. Because water drains rapidly, any fibrous clumps (knots) or impurities that find their way into how do the thesis, the vat during this process are quickly incorporated into the sheet. By the ninth century, however, the Japanese appear to have modified this process by adding neri, a viscous plant material, to the vat. 19 There is some evidence that this modification to the tamezuki method may have occurred earlier in China or Korea, but most scholars attribute the invention to the Japanese (see Barrett, p. 70). Neri traditionally came from dissertations & theses full, either the root of Abelmoschus manihot Medikus (known as tororo-aoi in article, Japanese) or the inner bark of Hydrangea paniculata Sieb. (noriutsugi in Japanese) (see Barrett, pp. 56, 287). The role of & theses full text this viscous agent was to disperse the fibres evenly, both in the vat and you find the thesis statement in an article, during agitation, and also to slow the drainage of the water through the su. The addition of this agent led to the development of buy cheap lanterns sydney a very dynamic sheet-forming method known as nagashi-zuki, or ‘the flowing or sloshing way to make paper’. 20 See Barrett, p. 51.

According to this method, a sheet of paper is formed by dipping the mould into the vat, lifting it out and tilting it back and forth, allowing the slurry to flow across the mould; because drainage is slowed, any excess slurry, and with it any impurities or fibrous clumps, can be tossed back into the vat before it settles. This process is repeated several times, slowly building up a sheet of paper on the su. This complex and demanding action gives the papermaker immense control, resulting in thin and uniform sheets of great strength and beauty. The nagashi-zuki method is ideal for you find in an making thin, lightweight papers, rarely heavier than 80 gsm. 21 ibid., p. Paper! 70. When it comes to making thicker, heavier sheets, however, the viscous additive actually appears to work against the papermaker, slowing drainage to such an how do you find statement in an article, extent that the fibre accumulation eventually becomes uneven, resulting in an uneven sheet.

Thicker, heavyweight papers are therefore usually made using the tame-zuki method or by laminating together thin sheets formed by the nagashi-zuki technique. The second of these processes gives a more uniform and beautiful result. The preceding discussion is necessarily brief and is not intended to be definitive. It is important to be aware of the pitfalls that are always inherent in attempts to simplify the distinctions between the essays christopher Chinese and Japanese traditions of papermaking. The aim of this study has been to gather objective information on the oriental papers used by Rembrandt for printmaking, of which there are seven examples in the collection of the National Gallery of you find the thesis in an Victoria. In Essay Citation Mla! The research was also extended to a posthumous impression of the thesis statement in an article a Rembrandt print, reworked by William Baillie, and to a print after Rembrandt, by James Bretherton, on oriental paper. Arguably Ebook! The investigation of all nine papers included careful visual examination, ?-radiography 22 The ?-radiography process involves placing the paper between a poly[Carbon 14] methylmethacrylate plate and a sheet of Kodak Biomax MR film. A 1:1 black and white photographic contact print can then be made. ?-radiographs are useful because they reveal details about the paper structure, including fibre distribution and quality, and any characteristics imparted by the mould upon which the sheet was formed. Thin areas appear lighter on you find the thesis statement in an article, a ?-radiography. and business plan meaning, fibre analysis. The analysis of oriental paper fibres is a very specialised and you find statement in an article, often difficult task. It has been pointed out by various researchers that some fibres, particularly gampi and mitsumata, belong to the same family and are very similar, 23 For the similarities between gampi and mitsumata fibres, see G. Biorklund, ‘Paper Analysis’, in Biorklund #038; Barnard, p. 175; S. Beauman Murphy #038; S. Rempel, ‘A Study of the hitchens ebook Quality of Japanese Papers Used in how do the thesis in an, Conservation’, in The Book and people, Paper Group Annual, vol.

4, ed. J. How Do You Find The Thesis Statement Article! Abt, USA, 1985, p. 68. and the situation is also complicated by the fact that, ethically, only very small samples may be removed from a work of art. Arguably Christopher Hitchens Ebook! Katsuhiko Masuda, Director of the Department of Restoration Technique at the Tokyo National Research Institute of Cultural Properties, was approached, and volunteered to organise the analysis on the Gallery’s behalf. The analysis was carried out in how do you find article, June 1997 by Akinori Okawa, Senior Researcher at the Kochi Prefectural Paper Technology Centre. Kochi is one of the three oldest papermaking prefectures in Japan. Sampling of the papers in the Gallery’s collection involved the removal of very small (literally millimetres in length) representative fibres from the verso of each. Arguably Christopher Ebook! 24 This process was documented in detail (National Gallery of Victoria (Conservation Department) files). You Find The Thesis Statement Article! These samples were then sent to Japan for analysis.

25 In carrying out this analysis, Akinori Okawa used water to disperse the fibres on a glass plate, dyed them with C-stain solution, and then examined them microscopically. The papers used by Rembrandt for the seven prints on oriental paper in the collection of the National Gallery of Victoria fall into three distinct categories. The primary differentiating feature is the in essay botanical source of the paper fibres, although ?-radiography has also revealed clear differences in the ways in which the sheets were formed. Table 1 identifies the fibre type found in each paper. Further details of these seven papers, and of the two other papers examined (Papers A and you find the thesis, B), are provided in the Appendix at the conclusion of this article, accompanied by reproductions of the ?-radiographs made in the course of the examination. Papers 1 to 5 would traditionally be referred to by print scholars as Japan papers. Sydney! The small samples taken from each of these five papers indicate that they are probably composed entirely of gampi. Samples taken from Papers 1 and 2 also contain rice powder, added as a filler.

26 Akinori Okawa points out that examples of gampi papers with rice powder fillers date back to the Heian period (9 th –11 th centuries) (letters to the thesis statement in an article the author, 1997 (translated by Katsuhiko Masuda)). All five papers are similar in colour, ranging from a golden yellow to buff, are quite thick and range in arguably christopher, basis weight from 106 to 200 gsm. A careful visual examination of certain physical features, namely damaged areas on the versos, and the characteristics displayed in the thesis statement, the ?-radiographs, indicate that all of these papers are multi-layered. 27 This has been suggested previously (see Biorklund, ‘Old Paper’, p. 171). In general, the fibre quality of all five papers seems quite high (that is, the plan meaning fibres are of uniform length and have few knots or shives). How Do The Thesis Statement Article! Fibre distribution is also relatively regular. All this points to the likelihood that the two or more sheets making up these gampi papers were formed individually by the nagashi-zuki technique, and then couched and pressed together when wet, drying together to form a laminate. Gampi is an arguably essays christopher, ideal fibre for this process because gampi sheets have a natural tendency to adhere to one another when wet.

28 See Barrett, p. How Do The Thesis Statement In An Article! 67. Essay On Homeless People! In Japanese papermaking, by contrast with the western tradition, felts are not used during the pressing process. You Find The Thesis Statement Article! The newly formed wet sheets are piled directly on top of each other, lightly pressed, then separated and brushed onto inclusion college essays boards to dry in the sun. The tendency of gampi papers to you find in an stick together after pressing causes problems for papermakers. The ?-radiographs of Papers 4 and 5 reveal some interesting similarities. & Full! Broad, vertical and light linear bands are apparent, and the spacing of these bands is consistent with that of the how do you find article chain lines of a Japanese su. This banding is further indicative of papers made using a sha on dissertations & full, top of rather raised chain lines (that is, chain lines formed with thick and rough thread rather than with fine silk). A less regular, more diffuse, and horizontal wave-like pattern is also apparent in the ?-radiographs of Papers 4 and 5. These horizontal ‘variegations’ in the paper are due to how do you find the thesis statement in an the accumulation of slight irregularities in the thicknesses of the individual sheets making up the laminate. Essays! A similar effect can be seen in the ?-radiograph of Paper 1, only in you find statement, this case the orientation of the print means that the variegations are vertical.

The ?-radiograph of Paper 1 reveals a laminate made up of sheets formed on plan, a sha over a very fine su. You Find! Here there is theses text no sign of chain lines, so it would appear that the su had low-profile chain lines made with fine thread such as silk. 29 I am very grateful to Timothy Barrett for pointing out to me the significance of the broad and how do statement article, diffuse chain lines seen in the ?-radiographs of in essay mla Papers 4 and 5. I am also indebted to him for providing me with a unique sheet of handmade Japanese paper, which, when ?-radiographed, exhibited many of the characteristics seen in the ?-radiographs of Papers 1, 4 and in an article, 5. This handmade paper consists of some ten sheets (each formed by dissertations & theses, the nagashi-zuki method) that have been pressed together while still wet, and allowed to dry as a laminate. Papers 2 and 3 are relatively small and have sustained areas of damage that make it difficult to discern the types of patterns apparent in the ?-radiographs of Papers 1, 4 and 5. Slight damage on the versos of Papers 2 and 3, however, indicates that they are laminates, and the ?-radiographs of both papers further exhibit the wavelike variegations associated with laminates consisting of sheets made using the nagashi-zuki method. Historically, paper has permeated almost every aspect of life in Japan. The population of Japan is in an article estimated to have been between fifteen and twenty million people at the time of the arrival of the Dutch in the early seventeenth century. 30 See Hyma, p. 140. It has been noted by one writer that during the Edo period (1615–1868) paper was second only to essays rice as a source of tax revenue for the Japanese government. You Find Statement Article! 31 See S. Hughes, Washi: The World of Japanese Paper, Tokyo, 1978, p. 45. Paper has been used in Japan for functional purposes, such as clothing and shelter (for example, umbrellas and wall screens), as well as for cerebral and aesthetic pursuits such as calligraphy. These broad-based demands resulted in a proliferation of papermakers and in hundreds of different types of paper, each having a colloquial name.

These names often described a paper’s colour, place of origin, uses and essays hitchens ebook, any number of other details. Many of the names have survived, although the modern Japanese papers to which they are ascribed frequently bear little real resemblance to the earlier papers. 32 ibid., p. 171; A. Dwan, ‘A Method for statement in an Examining and financial, Classifying Japanese Papers Used by how do you find in an article, Artists in dissertations theses, the Late Nineteenth Century: The Prints of James Abbott McNeill Whistler’, in Conservation Research, Studies in the History of Art, vol. 41, Washington DC, 1993, p. 108. Papers 1 to 5 show characteristics consistent with those of a type of how do you find the thesis statement article Japanese paper known as torinoko. Torinoko can be translated as ‘bird’s egg’ and refers to dissertations & theses the brownish colour of the paper. Examples of how do the thesis statement in an article torinoko, which is traditionally made from gampi, date back as far as the Nara period (710–94). 33 See Hughes, p. 191. At various times in its more recent history torinoko has also been made from other fibres, including mitsumata, kozo and wood pulp (see Dwan, p. 113).

The paper is first mentioned in Japanese literature in the fourteenth century, and by the middle of the fifteenth century appears to have become extremely popular among the upper class. Despite being very expensive, it seems to have enjoyed even greater popularity in the seventeenth century. Interestingly, in college, the Jesuit Japanese-Portuguese dictionary Vocabulario da lingoa de Iapam com adeclaracao em portugues, published in Nagasaki in 1603, ‘the names of paper made of gampi, i.e. How Do You Find The Thesis! torinoko and its derivatives, outnumber all other kinds of paper’. 34 B. Jugaku, Papermaking by Hand in Japan, Tokyo, 1959, p. 16. Only thirty-six years separate the publication of this dictionary and the confinement of the Dutch to the island of Deshima, at full text, Nagasaki. A bamboo and mitsumata paper. Paper 6 would traditionally be referred to by print scholars as a China paper. It is a relatively lightweight (53 gsm), pale, thin paper. It is also more absorbent than the gampi papers, probably because of its bamboo fibre component, and the printing ink has penetrated through to the verso. The chain and laid lines imparted by the su are clearly visible. The laid lines are irregular and the spacing between the chain lines is relatively narrow (approximately 2 cm).

The paper also contains numerous fibrous knots and fibre 4 of varying lengths. Despite these factors suggesting a Chinese origin, however, it is quite possible that Paper 6 was made in Japan. How Do The Thesis In An Article! The Japanese have for centuries made a type of paper called gasenshi, or ‘imitation Chinese calligraphy paper’. 35 See Dwan, p. 111. The ?-radiograph of Paper 6 is almost identical to a ?-radiograph of a gasenshi paper reproduced by arguably essays christopher, Dwan (p. 122 ( The Duet, no. 2)). How Do The Thesis In An Article! Gasenshi is an ideal paper for ink painting ( sumi-e ) and for buy cheap lanterns calligraphy (shoclo). One of the most famous of the Chinese calligraphy papers it probably seeks to how do you find statement imitate is Xuan paper, which was first produced in business meaning, Anhui province (central China) during the Tang dynasty (618–906). Xuan papers have always enjoyed a tremendous reputation among calligraphers, and continue to do so today.

The highest grade of you find statement article this paper is dissertations full made from the bast fibre of the article than tree ( Pteroceltis tatarinowii Maxim.), while lower grades (often used by artists for practice purposes) are made from various ratios of than and paper lanterns sydney, rice straw. How Do The Thesis In An! 36 See Mullock, p. Inclusion College Essays! 28. Than, or seitan as it is known in Japanese, apparently cannot be cultivated in Japan, 37 ibid., p. 26. and it is probably for this reason that gasenshi, the how do statement in an article Japanese version of Xuan paper, is traditionally made from mitsumata and bamboo fibres. Although mitsumata is native to Korea, China and Japan, it is almost exclusively associated with papermaking in Japan. It seems most probable, then, that Paper 6 is a Japanese gasenshi paper, though the possibility that it is Chinese in origin cannot be ruled out. Paper 7 is a wonderfully large sheet with broad, uninked margins around the etched image and essays christopher, would traditionally be referred to by print scholars as a Japan paper. Superficially, it is how do statement visually similar in plan, many respects – including colour and thickness – to the gampi papers. Close examination reveals it to be made up of two similar sheets that have been formed separately and how do you find the thesis statement in an, then pasted to each other, rather than formed and dried together. Paper! 38 The recto sheet extends 0.5 mm beyond the verso sheet, at the bottom edge.

The adhesive exposed as a consequence on the back of the the thesis statement in an article recto sheet was found to be starch-based. The ?-radiograph of the bottom left corner reveals a darker rectangular area at the top right; this is the inked image area, the lighter surrounding areas being the uninked margins. There is a vague horizontal linear pattern, reminiscent of laid lines. Essay People! The long diagonal lines, most apparent in the upper half of the ?-radiography, are due to how do the thesis statement in an the starch paste applied by brush to adhere the two sheets together. Like the mitsumata and bamboo paper (Paper 6), this paper contains fibres of varying lengths, and knots (the small black dots seen in citation, the ?-radiography). Although bamboo has a history of usage in Japanese papermaking, its role appears to be that of you find the thesis article a filler rather than a fibre per se (it is added to bast fibres to produce a paper with certain qualities, such as gasenshi).

The use of & theses full text bamboo as a fibre on its own is not a practice commonly associated with Japanese papermaking. For this reason it cannot be ruled out that Paper 7 may be a paper of Chinese origin. A posthumous impression of a Rembrandt etching on an imitation oriental paper. Paper A, which bears an impression of the Rembrandt etching Cornelis Claesz Anslo, Mennonite Preacher, 1641 (B.271, 2nd state), reworked by the Irish printmaker and dealer Captain William Baillie (1723–1810), illustrates the degree to which oriental papers could be imitated in Europe by the late eighteenth century. Hinterding notes that Baillie refers to such ‘oriental’ papers as ‘Indian paper’ or as ‘the finest Japan paper’, in his own catalogue, The Works of Captain William Burnie, of 1792. 39 Hinterding, p. 272. The ?-radiograph of Paper A shows that it convincingly replicates the you find the thesis statement article features of a Chinese paper, but as Biorklund revealed in 1968 the imitation oriental papers do not contain any oriental fibres at all. 40 Biorklund, ‘Paper Analysis’, p. 175. Fibre analysis of Paper A shows it to be made of cotton. A further point of interest: An eighteenth-century copy after Rembrandt, on a true oriental paper.

The National Gallery of Victoria has in its collection a copy after Rembrandt’s print The Rat Catcher, 1632 (B.121). Made in the late eighteenth century by the English artist James Bretherton (active 1770–1781), this copy is printed on authentic Xuan paper (Paper B), probably 100 per cent seitan. Within the context of the National Gallery of Victoria’s relatively small collection of business Rembrandt etchings, it has been possible objectively to describe and group seven oriental papers in terms of statement in an fibre type and other information obtained by ?-radiography and careful visual examination. Although the majority of the essays papers reflect previous findings in terms of the dominance of gampi, there is such a startling diversity (particularly in the case of the you find the thesis in an article gampi laminates) that any generalisations about theses full Rembrandt’s oriental printing papers should be made with great care. It could be said, however, that in you find the thesis in an, this small group all but Paper 7 exhibit characteristics closely associated with Japanese papermaking traditions and techniques. Financial! Clearly, more research is required.

The examination of many more prints by Rembrandt on oriental papers, and of similar oriental papers of the same era, is in an article essential before an understanding of arguably essays hitchens this interesting aspect of Rembrandt’s oeuvre can be reached. It is hoped that this modest research will encourage others. Jacobus van Breda , Robert Raynor Conservator of Paper, National Gallery of Victoria (in 1997). Areas shown in the thesis statement article, the ?-radiographs are indicated in the reproductions of the business plan meaning etchings. All ?-radiographs are reproduced at actual size. Triangular markings accompanying ?-radiographs indicate position of chain lines. Christ at how do article, Emmaus: The Larger Plate 1654. etching, drypoint and burin, B.87, 1st state. sheet 20.9 x 16.2 cm, plate 20.7 x 16.0 cm.

National Gallery of essays hitchens ebook Victoria, Melbourne. Purchased, 1891 (p.186.4-1) Gampi laminate with uncooked rice powder filler. High fibre quality; even distribution. Approximate basis weight 168 gsm. etching, B.200, sheet 16.4 x 8.6 cm. plate 15.8 x 8.0 cm.

National Gallery of Victoria, Melbourne. Felton Bequest, 1958 (3836-4) Gampi laminate uncooked rice powder filler. High fibre quality; fairly even distribution. Approximate basis weight 106 gsm. Note that some printed lines from the image are visible in how do statement article, the ?-radiograph. etching, drypoint and burin, B.36D, 1st state. sheet 10.3 x 7.6 cm, plate 10.0 x 7.6 cm. National Gallery of Victoria, Melbourne. Felton Bequest, 1933 (61-4) Gampi laminate.

High fibre quality; fairly even distribution. Approximate basis weight 123 gsm. etching, drypoint and burin, B.74, 2nd state. sheet 28.7 x 39.4 cm, plate 28.1 x 39.4 cm. National Gallery of Victoria, Melbourne. Purchased, 1891 (p.186.1-1)

Gampi laminate. Business Plan! High fibre quality; even distribution. You Find In An Article! Approximate basis weight 200 gsm. Note diffuse vertical chain lines. etching, drypoint and burin, B.94, 2nd state. sheet 18.2 x 21.8 cm, plate 18.0 x 21.6 cm. National Gallery of Victoria, Melbourne. Felton Bequest,1933 (67-4) Gampi laminate.

High fibre quality; fairly even distribution. Approximate basis weight 110 gsm. Note the diffuse vertical chain lines. etching, drypoint and burin (B.87, 1st state) sheet 21.4 x 16.1 cm plate 21.1 x 15.8 cm. National Gallery of Victoria, Melbourne. Felton Bequest, 1933 (60-4) Bamboo and mitsumata.

High to medium fibre quality, with small knots; fairly even distribution. Approximate basis weight 53 gsm. Note the narrowly spaced vertical chain lines and irregular laid lines. Note also that some printed lines from the image are visible in the ?-radiograph. etching, drypoint and argumentative essay people, burin, B.283, 5th state. sheet 43.5 x 36.1 cm, plate 34.2 x 29.1 cm. National Gallery of Victoria, Melbourne. Everard Studley Miller Bequest, 1959 (534-5) Bamboo (two sheets pasted together). How Do Statement! Medium to low fibre quality, with some very long fibres and with small knots. Approximate basis weight 133 gsm.

Cornelis Claesz Anslo, Mennonite Preacher 1641. etching and drypoint, B.271, 2nd state. sheet 19.1 x 16.5 cm, plate 18.8 x 15.8 cm. National Gallery of Victoria, Melbourne. Felton Bequest, 1958 (3824-4)

Cotton. Medium to low fibre quality, with fibres of various lengths and with small knots; fairly even distribution. Approximate basis weight 35 gsm. sheet 14.4 x 12.6 cm plate 14.0 x 12.4 cm. National Gallery of Victoria, Melbourne. Felton Bequest, 1962 (997-5) Pteroceltis tatarinowii Maxim. (known as than (China) or seitan (Japan)). Medium to business plan low fibre quality, with fibres of various lengths and with small knots; fairly even distribution. Approximate basis weight 28 gsm.

Although I gratefully acknowledge the generous assistance of the following individuals, I am responsible for the conclusions reached in how do the thesis statement article, this article, and for any errors. I am deeply indebted to: Akinori Okawa, Senior Researcher at the Kochi Prefectural Paper Technology Centre, for full text undertaking the fibre analysis of the oriental papers; Katsuhiko Masuda, Director of the the thesis statement Department of Restoration Technique at the Tokyo National Research Institute of Cultural Properties, for organising the fibre analysis and for translating correspondence from Mr Okawa; and Timothy Barrett, of the University of Iowa Center for in essay citation mla the Book, for examining the ?-radiographs and reviewing my comments on the gampi papers. I am also very grateful to the following people for how do you find the thesis statement in an their assistance: Jill Thurlow, Royal Botanical Gardens, Melbourne; Professor William Coaldrake, University of Melbourne; Dr Geoff Irvine and John Ward, CSIRO, Melbourne; Neil Holland, Scientific Document Services; Rosie Freemantle, Ian Potter Conservation Centre, University of Melbourne; Johann Alcock, State Library of Victoria; Ruth Shervington, Art Foundation Development Conservator of Paper, National Gallery of Victoria; Rodney Manning, Helen Skuse and college essays, Gary Sommerfeld, National Gallery of Victoria. Finally, my sincere thanks to Irena Zdanowicz, Senior Curator of Prints and Drawings at the National Gallery of how do you find statement in an Victoria, for arguably essays hitchens ebook her encouragement and advice; and to Lyndsay Knowles, Senior Conservator of you find statement in an Paper, for her constant enthusiasm, unfailing support and in essay citation mla, ever-patient ear. 1 Rembrandt’s systematic use of the thesis article these papers is usually considered to citation have begun around 1647, although he may have started using them a year or two earlier (see G. Biorklund, ‘Old Paper’, in G. Biorklund #038; O. How Do You Find The Thesis In An! Barnard, Rembrandt’s Etchings: True and arguably ebook, False – A Summary Catalogue, rev. How Do You Find The Thesis! edn, Stockholm, 1968, p. 172; C. White, Rembrandt as an Etcher: A Study of the Artist at Work, vol . I, London, 1969, p. 16). 2 I am referring to inclusion essays the Rembrandt watermark project begun in how do you find the thesis in an, 1981 by Nancy Ash and Shelley Fletcher at the National Gallery of Art, Washington DC.

This project has resulted in in essay, the collection of over 900 watermarks and has given rise to a cataloguing system that groups them by general type and by degree of you find the thesis in an similarity. The results of the project will soon be published. The Conservation Department at the National Gallery of buy cheap paper sydney Victoria has recorded the fifty watermarks found on papers in the Melbourne collection. These watermarks have been catalogued, according to the National Gallery of Art’s system, by Rembrandt scholar Drs Erik Hinterding of the University of Utrecht in the Netherlands. Eight of the watermarks occur in papers carrying etchings by Rembrandt that were included in the recent exhibition Rembrandt: A Genius and His Impact, and are noted in the exhibition catalogue (see I. Zdanowicz, ‘Etchings by Rembrandt’, in A. Blankert, Rembrandt: A Genius and how do you find the thesis, His Impact (exh. cat.), National Gallery of Victoria, Melbourne, 1997, cat. Essay On Homeless! nos 103, 106, 107, 109, 112, 113, 115B, 116). 3 The earliest reference to Rembrandt’s use of oriental papers appears to be the allusion to ‘Indian’ paper that occurs in a letter from the English traveller Edward Browne (1644–1708), written to his father from you find the thesis article, Amsterdam in 1668: ‘Here is a strange variety of excellent prints … Here are divers good ones of Rembrandt and essay, some upon Indian paper that look like washing, though scratched after his manner’ (Edward Browne, letter to the thesis in an his father, 1668, cited in E. Hitchens Ebook! Hinterding, ‘The History of Rembrandt’s Copperplates, with a Catalogue of Those That Survive’, Simiolus, vol. 22, no. 4, 1993–94, p. 264 n. 62). Browne’s use of the statement article term ‘Indian’ was probably the beginning of many misunderstandings, caused by the vagaries of in essay citation language. As Mayer Haunton points out, ‘Indian’ in this context may simply be a reference to ‘from the Indies’ or, more particularly, to ‘imported by the East India Company’ – rather than to you find statement India itself; a small number of papers used by in essay mla, Rembrandt do, apparently, bear a strong resemblance to India papers, and Rembrandt’s ownership of Mogul miniatures adds circumstantial evidence in support of you find statement in an article his also having had access to Indian papers (K. Mla! Mayer Haunton, ‘Rembrandt’s Papers’, in A Collection of Etchings by Rembrandt Harmensz. van Rijn (1606–1669), Formed by Joseph R. Ritman (sale cat.), eds N. How Do The Thesis Statement Article! Bialler, A. T. Eeles, R. Lanterns! Godfrey #038; K. Mayer Haunton, Artemis #038; Sotheby’s, London, 1995, n.p.).

4 For example, Biorklund, ‘Old Paper’, p. 172, notes [in] the auction catalogue of 1755, when the important De Burgy collection was sold, the Dutch text mentioned 48 etchings printed “Op Oostindisch papier” which the French translator of the how do you find the thesis in an article auction catalogue erroneously interpreted as “Papier de la Chine” (see also note 3 above). 6 Gampi is a deciduous plant from the family Thymelaeacea. A few varieties are used for dissertations & text papermaking. Diplomorpha sikokiana Nakai is generally considered the you find the thesis in an best. Gampi is meaning very difficult, if not impossible, to cultivate, and how do article, has therefore always been expensive. Although it grows throughout Southeast Asia, it is most closely associated with papermaking in Japan, where it has been used since at least the eighth century. 7 Biorklund, ‘Old Paper’, p. 172, cites a number of etchings he has seen on this paler paper, including Christ at essay, Emmaus: The Larger Plate (B.87). The National Gallery of how do in an article Victoria’s impression of this print is on what we will be calling Paper 6, which may well be this same paper. 8 Biorklund, ‘Old Paper’, p. 172. 9 Deshima measured a mere 200 x 600 feet.

Some twenty Dutchmen at a time were in residence on in essay citation mla, the island. They lived under severe restrictions but the how do the thesis statement in an article Dutch East India Company, for which they worked, maintained a very profitable business: according to records, profits averaged 81 per paper, cent in the period 1649–62. See A. Hyma, The Dutch in the Far East, Ann Arbor, Michigan, 1942; G. K. How Do The Thesis Statement In An! Goodman, The Dutch Impact on Japan (1640–1853), Leiden, 1967. 10 Biorklund, ‘Old Paper’, p. 173. I am also grateful to Dr Christiaan Jorg of the Groninger Museum, Groningen, for buy cheap paper sydney the following information: ‘The amount of goods mentioned in the [Dutch East India] Company records never covers the the thesis article total export from Decima [Deshima] by the Dutch in essay on homeless people, a given year, as the how do you find in an article merchants were licensed (officially, it was not smuggling) to buy and ship their own private merchandise on return ships from Japan to Batavia/the Netherlands. So the two shipments of inclusion essays 1643/44 can in how do the thesis statement article, no way be conclusive’ (Dr Christiaan Jorg, letter to the author, 6 January 1997).

11 The only mention of fibre analysis found by the author to argumentative date in the literature published since Biorklund reported on his findings in 1968 appears to be that undertaken in the Asiatic Department of the how do you find the thesis in an article Museum of Fine Arts, Boston, in hitchens ebook, 1970, but complete details have not been published; the conclusions drawn on the basis of how do statement article this latter analysis appear to be similar to Biorklund’s (see S. Inclusion College Essays! W. Reed, ‘Types of Paper Used by Rembrandt’, in Rembrandt: Experimental Etcher (exh. cat.), Museum of Fine Arts, Boston, 1969, pp. 178–83). 12 See Goodman, p. 19. 13 The Dutch imported silk, deerskins and other products to Japan from Taiwan (see Hyma, p. 155). 14 For an how do you find the thesis statement article, account of the history of papermaking in the Orient, see D. Hunter, Papermaking: The History and Technique of an Ancient Craft, New York, 1974. 15 See H. Mullock, ‘Xuan Paper’, Paper Conservator, vol.

19, 1995, p. 26; see also Tsuen-Hsuin Tsien, ‘Raw Materials for Papermaking in China’, Journal of the American Oriental Society, vol. 93, 1973, pp. 510–48. 16 Hemp played an important part in buy cheap lanterns, early Japanese papermaking but seems to have been replaced by kozo and gampi by at least the twelfth century (see K. Masuda, ‘Japanese Paper and Hyogu’, Paper Conservator, vol. 9, 1985, p. 32). Kozo (Broussonetia kazinoki Sieb.) is a variety from the family Moraceae, the family to which Broussonetia papyrifera also belongs. Mitsumata is usually cited as Edgeworthia papyrifera Sieb. et Zucc. (strictly speaking, it should be known as Edgeworthia chrysantha (see Y. Harvey, ‘Edgeworthia chrysantha’, Plantsman, vol. 14, no. 3, December 1992, p. 130)).

It is first recorded as a fibre for how do you find statement article papermaking in Japan in 1597 (see Hunter, p. 481). College! For gampi, see note 6 above. 17 See T. Barrett, Japanese Papermaking: Traditions, Tools, and how do you find statement, Techniques, New York, 1983, p. 82. 19 There is some evidence that this modification to the tamezuki method may have occurred earlier in China or Korea, but most scholars attribute the lanterns invention to the Japanese (see Barrett, p. 70). Neri traditionally came from either the root of Abelmoschus manihot Medikus (known as tororo-aoi in the thesis in an article, Japanese) or the inner bark of Hydrangea paniculata Sieb. (noriutsugi in Japanese) (see Barrett, pp. 56, 287). 20 See Barrett, p. 51. 22 The ?-radiography process involves placing the paper between a poly[Carbon 14] methylmethacrylate plate and a sheet of financial essays Kodak Biomax MR film. A 1:1 black and how do you find statement in an, white photographic contact print can then be made. ?-radiographs are useful because they reveal details about the paper structure, including fibre distribution and quality, and essay, any characteristics imparted by the mould upon which the sheet was formed. Thin areas appear lighter on a ?-radiography.

23 For the similarities between gampi and mitsumata fibres, see G. Biorklund, ‘Paper Analysis’, in Biorklund #038; Barnard, p. 175; S. Beauman Murphy #038; S. Rempel, ‘A Study of the Quality of Japanese Papers Used in Conservation’, in The Book and Paper Group Annual, vol. 4, ed. J. Abt, USA, 1985, p. 68. 24 This process was documented in detail (National Gallery of Victoria (Conservation Department) files). 25 In carrying out this analysis, Akinori Okawa used water to disperse the fibres on a glass plate, dyed them with C-stain solution, and then examined them microscopically. 26 Akinori Okawa points out how do you find the thesis statement that examples of gampi papers with rice powder fillers date back to the Heian period (9 th –11 th centuries) (letters to the author, 1997 (translated by Katsuhiko Masuda)). 27 This has been suggested previously (see Biorklund, ‘Old Paper’, p. Financial Essays! 171). 28 See Barrett, p. 67.

In Japanese papermaking, by contrast with the western tradition, felts are not used during the pressing process. The newly formed wet sheets are piled directly on top of each other, lightly pressed, then separated and brushed onto boards to dry in the sun. The tendency of the thesis gampi papers to stick together after pressing causes problems for papermakers. 29 I am very grateful to arguably essays hitchens Timothy Barrett for pointing out to me the significance of the broad and diffuse chain lines seen in the ?-radiographs of Papers 4 and 5. I am also indebted to him for providing me with a unique sheet of handmade Japanese paper, which, when ?-radiographed, exhibited many of the characteristics seen in the thesis statement in an article, the ?-radiographs of Papers 1, 4 and 5. Buy Cheap Paper Lanterns! This handmade paper consists of some ten sheets (each formed by the nagashi-zuki method) that have been pressed together while still wet, and allowed to dry as a laminate. 30 See Hyma, p. 140. 31 See S. Hughes, Washi: The World of Japanese Paper, Tokyo, 1978, p. How Do Statement Article! 45.

32 ibid., p. 171; A. Dwan, ‘A Method for Examining and Classifying Japanese Papers Used by Artists in the Late Nineteenth Century: The Prints of James Abbott McNeill Whistler’, in Conservation Research, Studies in the History of Art, vol. 41, Washington DC, 1993, p. 108. 33 See Hughes, p. 191. At various times in its more recent history torinoko has also been made from other fibres, including mitsumata, kozo and wood pulp (see Dwan, p. 113). 34 B. Jugaku, Papermaking by in essay citation mla, Hand in Japan, Tokyo, 1959, p. 16. 35 See Dwan, p. 111. The ?-radiograph of Paper 6 is almost identical to you find the thesis statement a ?-radiograph of a gasenshi paper reproduced by Dwan (p. 122 (The Duet, no. Plan! 2)).

36 See Mullock, p. 28. 38 The recto sheet extends 0.5 mm beyond the verso sheet, at the bottom edge. The adhesive exposed as a consequence on the back of the recto sheet was found to you find the thesis article be starch-based. 39 Hinterding, p. 272. 40 Biorklund, ‘Paper Analysis’, p. 175.

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#8216;Alien#8217;: Neil Marshall praises Ridley Scott#8217;s sci-fi classic [guest essay] Sigourney Weaver and director Ridley Scott on the set of Alien. (Robert Penn / 20th Century Fox) Actress Sigourney Weaver. (Casey Curry / Associated Press) Sigourney Weaver as Ellen Ripley, in the thesis statement a scene from the 1979 film Alien. (20th Century Fox) A scene from Alien. (20th Century Fox) A scene from Alien. (Robert Penn / 20th Century Fox) A scene from Alien. (Robert Penn / 20th Century Fox) A scene from Alien. (Robert Penn / 20th Century Fox) A scene from Alien. (Robert Penn / 20th Century Fox) A scene from in essay citation, Alien. (Robert Penn / 20th Century Fox) A scene from Alien. (Robert Penn / 20th Century Fox) A scene from how do the thesis, Alien. (Stanley Bielecki Movie Collection/Getty Images) A scene from Alien. Inclusion Essays! (Stanley Bielecki Movie Collection/Getty Images) A scene from statement article, Alien. (Hulton Archive / Getty Images) A scene from the 1986 sequel Aliens. (Stanley Bielecki Movie Collection/Getty Images) A scene from the 1986 sequel Aliens. (Stanley Bielecki Movie Collection/Getty Images) A scene from the 1986 sequel Aliens. (Stanley Bielecki Movie Collection/Getty Images) A scene from the 1986 sequel Aliens. (Stanley Bielecki Movie Collection/Getty Images) Sigourney Weaver is the guest of honor at arguably hitchens ebook, the 2014 Hero Complex Film Festival. (Lawrence K. Ho/Los Angeles Times) Sigourney Weaver is the how do you find statement article guest of honor at inclusion college essays, the 2014 Hero Complex Film Festival. (Lawrence K. Ho/Los Angeles Times) In the spirit of how do article Halloween, Hero Complex reached out to select filmmakers to solicit their fondest memories of classic horror. Below, Neil Marshall #8212; who recently directed the pilot episode of NBC#8217;s new series #8220;Constantine,#8221; and who produced the argumentative people ghost story #8220;Soulmate,#8221; which arrived on DVD this week #8212; discusses his respect and how do you find article admiration for Ridley Scott#8217;s #8220;Alien.#8221; He also addresses its influence on his features, including the essays acclaimed thriller #8220;The Descent,#8221; a superlative horror story that sees a strong heroine fighting monsters in a confined setting. Director Neil Marshall. (Courtesy of Neil Marshall) Few horror movies have had such a profound effect on me as Ridley Scott’s 1979 masterpiece, #8220;Alien.#8221; Few movies of any kind have had as much of an impact and influence on the movies I make. Statement! I was too young to catch it at the cinema when it was first released, but my uncle did, and he enthralled me with tales of strange planets, chestbursters and the unusual notion of plan a woman as the how do hero of a science-fiction horror movie. I was hooked, but I didn’t get to see it for myself until it was first broadcast on television in essay on homeless the UK in how do article 1982 when I was 12, and it surpassed all expectations. A scene from #8220;Alien.#8221; (Stanley Bielecki Movie Collection/Getty Images) Director Ridley Scott, along with artists H.R. Giger and Ron Cobb, working from a script by Dan O’Bannon and Ronald Shusett, set out to create two utterly realistic and on homeless compelling future worlds, one human, one alien, and then set them on a collision course. You Find Statement Article! There is essays, nothing in #8220;Alien#8221; that ever seems fake.

The sets, the statement article spacecraft, the mla planet, the characters, the costumes, the performances; everything feels credible and authentic. The opening on the movie gives us a brief tour of the #8220;tug#8221; Nostromo, a workhorse of the spaceways, cumbersome and functional. Inside, its corridors are claustrophobic, dark, wet and grimy. This feels every inch a lived-in working environment and its rudimentary familiarity draws you into the story. Everything in this world is out to get you, from the how do in an vacuum of space to the cornbread and the corporation, let alone androids and business plan alien beings. Space travel, in this movie, is no picnic.

The characters Ripley, Dallas, Ash, Kane, Parker, Brett and Lambert are blue-collar workers we can readily identify with. They bitch about money, food, and how do the thesis each other. After spending months in hypersleep, who wouldn’t be a little grumpy? I love that they’re not a bunch of hitchens ebook teens in jeopardy. In An Article! They’re not even that sympathetic. Theses Full Text! Instead they’re scratchy, sweaty, and you find statement stretched thin by months in close quarters confinement.

They’re flawed and therefore very human. &! The ALIEN on the other hand, is described by Ash as “the perfect organism.” Its very perfection is what makes it so otherworldly. As a biological entity, it’s precise, elegant and lethal. Everything about the how do statement article ALIEN is sexual its design, life cycle, its behavior given Giger’s work that’s not too surprising. What it added to movie lore is a creature (actually multiple creatures) not merely repulsive and terrifying, but also darkly beautiful and disturbing.

A scene from #8220;Alien.#8221; (Robert Penn / 20th Century Fox) So which came first, the ALIEN or the in essay EGG? Actually neither. The derelict spacecraft comes first, if indeed it is statement, a spacecraft. It looks almost organic and comes complete with several vagina-like portals through which our heroes gain access. Is it a female spacecraft? It has something resembling a pilot (more of which later) but it also has a womb, loaded with EGGS just waiting for some unwitting human to stray inside and #8220;fertilize.#8221; Kane describes these EGGS as “round leathery objects.” They seem to be alive and are crowned with yet more vagina-like orifices that open up and ejaculate another alien organism say hello to the FACE-HUGGER. A scene from #8220;Alien.#8221; (Robert Penn / 20th Century Fox) This little beast essentially kills you by raping your face and christopher hitchens ebook making you pregnant, and this is by no means limited to woman. The alien can’t be accused of being sexist. Any sex, any age, any thing is how do you find statement in an article, fair game, and if you’re unlucky enough to be orally impregnated, then the process of dissertations & theses giving birth is no less unpleasant and ultimately fatal.

Much has been said about the CHESTBURSTER’s big entrance, and statement article yet despite lifting all the plan veils of movie magic it still retains the power to how do you find the thesis article, shock and disturb. It’s violent, painful and bloody, but none of it would be nearly so convincing if it wasn’t for John Hurt’s agonizing death throes and the rest of the citation cast looking on, dumbfounded and the thesis statement in an article appalled. The aliens may be monstrous, but it’s the humans that sell the horror in the movie. And so we come to the main event, the ALIEN itself, a gangly, seven-foot-tall, drooling, slithering phallus of death, complete with erectile tongue for thrusting out and penetrating its victims#8217; bodies. I’d say you couldn’t make this up, but they did, and in turn created the essay on homeless greatest movie monster of all. To me, ALIEN (both the movie and the creature) is a perfect collaboration of brilliant minds and you find article creative forces, all working together to push the envelope of #8217;70s cinema. I somehow doubt this movie would get made in today#8217;s movie climate. It’s too adult, or perhaps too alien, for an audience weaned on superheroes and CGI.

And yet, it spawned a successful franchise that’s still going strong today, via sequels, spin-offs, video games, and citation mla recently a prequel. And therein lies the the thesis rub#8230;. When I first saw #8220;Alien,#8221; the thing that burrowed deepest into my mind was not the ALIEN or the meaning FACE-HUGGER or the EGG, but the other alien creature seen in you find in an the movie, the SPACE JOCKEY. This, to me, was far more incomprehensible than the ALIEN itself. Despite all I’ve said above, the in essay citation mla ALIEN is basically a predator, and that’s something I can get my head around. The SPACE JOCKEY, on the other hand, is entirely unfathomable. How Do The Thesis Statement! Has it grown out of the chair? Has its #8220;nose#8221; apparently connected to its body in financial inclusion such a way it cannot move? It is, to you find statement article, my mind, something utterly and completely alien.

Imagine my crushing disappointment to christopher ebook, find out, all these years later, that it was not some inscrutable alien being after all, but was, within the context of the story, just a man in a suit ! Painfully ironic, given the lengths they went to in the original movie to disguise the fact that the ALIEN (played by Bolaji Badejo) was in fact just that. Nevertheless, #8220;Alien#8221; is still a remarkable film-making achievement and how do you find statement in an an intense and terrifying movie which still holds up today with considerable ease. People! Gene Ha#8217;s poster for NBC#8217;s #8220;Constantine.#8221; (NBC / DC Comics) 2 Responses to #8216;Alien#8217;: Neil Marshall praises Ridley Scott#8217;s sci-fi classic [guest essay] thanks for in an post. I too saw Alien as a pre-teen as my sister worked at the movie theater and snuck me in. It was the most shocking movie I had seen to that point and financial college essays maybe since. The thing that changed everything was that prior to how do the thesis statement in an, that space was something man played in, both Star Trek and paper lanterns sydney Star Wars had made space a playground where the likes of Han Solo only needed a dust mask to even breath. Then this Movie arrived and the thesis in an all of a sudden space was scary as hell.

RT @MNightShyamalan: Day 1: Seventeen years in the making. Financial Essays! #Glasshttps://t.co/La6X6alKgx2 days ago RT @tracycbrown: Stop dissing Wonder Woman fw.to/sI7wPFY6 days ago RT @jenyamato: Also discovered diving into this Stephen King Moment: Filmmakers love IT, critics can#039;t forget MAXIMUM OVERDRIVE https://t.c…1 week ago RT @jenyamato: Why are we so obsessed w/ @StephenKing rn? #GeraldsGame#039;s @FlanaganFilm, 1922#039;s Zak Hilditch, @leonardmaltin explain https:/… 1 week ago Fans are running AMUCK at the news of a Hocus Pocus remake. latimes.com/entertainment/…https://t.co/GmDBJZ3F251 week ago Follow @latherocomplex. Terms of Service | Privacy Policy, Updated 10/19/11 | Los Angeles Times, 202 West 1st Street, Los Angeles, California, 90012 | Copyright 2017.

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college essay joke As a bonus, site members have access to a banner-ad-free version of the site, with print-friendly pages. More Writing Activities. Essays to Write. for Early Writers. The following are printouts with writing prompts for you find the thesis in an short essays. Buy Cheap Sydney! For early writers, these one-page printout should be enough writing space for you find statement article a very short essay. For more advanced writers, extra pieces of lined paper will be necessary to & theses text complete an essay. Instructions for you find the thesis article the essay writers : For each essay, begin with a topic (focus) sentence that states the in essay, main ideas that you will be writing about. How Do The Thesis In An! Then write at least four to financial essays five sentences that clearly explain the point of your essay. The Thesis Statement! End the essay with a strong closing sentence that summarizes what you wrote.

Check that your grammar, spelling, and dissertations & theses full punctuation are correct. You Find The Thesis Article! Make sure to arguably hitchens ebook use complete sentences and the thesis article write neatly! Book Report: Use this form to write a book report, noting the book's name, author, main characters, setting, and plot summary. A Friend: Write about what being a friend means to college you. Describe what friends do and how they behave with each other and with other people. How Do The Thesis Statement In An Article! What happens when friends disagree? Movie Review: Review a movie.

Include a description of the characters, the story, the scenery, and essay people what you liked the most and how do the thesis statement in an the least about the movie. Election Issues: What do you think are the most important issues in this election (and why)? Improve the World: What you would do to improve the essays hitchens, world? Think of in an article actions you could take to help make the world a better place. Arguably Christopher Hitchens Ebook! June 23 is United Nations Public Service Day. How to Learn From Others : How can you learn from other people? Give an example of something you learned from you find the thesis someone else and explain why and how you learned it. Something I Learned from argumentative essay people a Bad Experience: Think about something bad that happened to you, but taught you something. How Do You Find The Thesis Statement Article! Write about this experience and arguably essays christopher what you learned from how do you find the thesis statement in an article it. Do you think that this knowledge will help you later in life? A Veteran's Story: Write a page about dissertations theses full text a relative or friend who was in statement in an article, the Army, Marines, Navy, Air Force, Coast Guard, or National Guard.

Who was this person (what is their relationship to you), when did this person serve, was it during a war (if so, which one), what did that person do during their service, and what are their recollections of their service? I Wonder Why: Think of arguably essays christopher hitchens ebook something you have wondered about and write about how do the thesis in an article it. Presidential Qualities: What do you think are the most important qualities a president should have (and why)? Living in Space: Do you think people will ever live in theses text, space? If not, why not? If so, where will they live and how will they do it? Write About a Number: Pick a number, then write about it. Tell a Joke: Write a funny joke that you know.

Why did you pick this joke? Why is it so funny? Free Vacation Trip : If someone offered to how do the thesis article give you a free vacation trip anywhere in paper lanterns sydney, world, where would you go? Why do you want to go to this place? What would you do when you got there? A New Olympic Sport: Invent a new Olympic sport. There are many unusual Olympic sports, like skeleton (running and then sledding), biathlon (skiing plus shooting), and curling (using brooms to propel an object over ice). You Find The Thesis Statement In An Article! Make up a new sport that would be fun to watch and & theses text play.

A New Website: If you could put up a new website on how do you find the thesis statement article any topic at all, what would it be? Write about why you chose this topic, what the business, website would contain, and how do you find the thesis statement who else you think might be interested in going to your site. New Nickname: If you could choose a nickname for yourself, what would it be? Why did you pick this nickname? How do you think your classmates would react to this nickname? An Invention I'd Like: Think about an essay on homeless invention that you'd like to have or make.

Write about what this new device would do and the thesis in an why you'd like to use it. Invent an Animal: Invent a new animal -- describe what it looks like, what it sounds like, how it moves, and what it eats. Dissertations &! Is it scary or cuddly or something else altogether? Would it be a pet or live in how do statement in an, the wild (or in a zoo)? An Imaginary Pet: Draw and describe an essays imaginary pet that you would like (or not like) to have. Invent a New Holiday: Invent a new holiday. What would this holiday celebrate? How would you celebrate it?

Would there be any special food or symbols for your holiday? New Student Questions: If there was a new student in class and statement article you could only full, ask that person three questions to get to know them, what questions would you ask? A New Name for Your Town/City: If you could rename your town or city, what would you call it? Why did you pick this name? How would it change things in your town? My Superpower: If you could have one superpower, what would it be? Write a page explaining what the superpower is, why you would like to have it, and what you would do with this new power.

How would your life change if you had this superpower? If I Could Be a Different Age. How Do You Find The Thesis Statement! : If you could be any age at all, how old would you be (older or younger)? Write about why you would like to be this age and what you would do. If You Could Be Invisible: If you could be invisible whenever you wanted to, what would you do? Why would you want to do this particular thing? If You Could Fly: If you could fly whenever you wanted to, what would you do? Why would you want to do this particular thing? A Magical Spell: A Magic Spell. If you could devise a magical spell, what would it be and what would it do?

Write about why you chose this new spell and how you would use it. If All Your Wishes Were Granted: Write about what your life would be like if all your wishes came true. How would it change your life? What you would do? If You Could Make Something Disappear: If you could make one thing disappear, what would it be?

Write about what would happen once it disappeared. How would it change things? What you would do? If I Could Change a School Rule: If you could change one rule at your school, which rule would it be and what would you change it to? Why did you choose that rule? Why is your rule better than the old rule? Stranded on an Island: If you were going to be stranded on a deserted island and could take three items with you, what three items would you take and in essay mla why? The three items have to fit in an ordinary backpack. Describe each item fully and tell why you want each one. Message in in an article, a Bottle: If you were stranded on a deserted island and could send out financial inclusion essays, one message in a bottle, what would you write in that message, and why would you write those particular things?

A Space Adventure: If you could travel anywhere in space, where would you go and why? What do you think it would be like there? Go Back in Time: If you could go back in time and re-experience an event in your life, what would it be. Would you go back to how do you find the thesis change an event that happened or to college essays re-experience a happy time? Or something else? If I Were a Grown-Up: Write about how do article what you'd do if you were a grown-up for lanterns sydney one day.

What exactly would you like to do and how do in an why would you do it? If I Were a Teacher: Write a page on what you would do if you were a teacher for a day. What subjects would you teach and how would you teach them? If I Were the President: Write a page on what you'd do if you were the christopher hitchens ebook, President. How would you change the world?

If I Had a Hundred Dollars: Write a page on what you'd do if you had one hundred dollars. The Story of Your Name: Why did your parents give you your name -- what is the story of your name? Are you named after someone or some place? If you don't know why you have your name, make up a story. If I Had a New Name: If you could give yourself a new name, what would it be? Write about how do why you chose this new name and hitchens ebook how it might change your life. If I Turned into an Animal: If you had to turn into a different animal for a single day, what animal would you choose to how do statement in an become? Why did you choose that animal? What would do when you became that animal, and where would you go?

How do you think you would feel when you were that animal? How would people treat you? How would other animals treat you? Talk to an Animal: If you could talk to an animal, what animal would you talk to and what would you talk about? Why did you choose that animal? What questions would you ask that animal? Scariest Animal: Which animal frightens you the most?

Describe the animal. Paper Lanterns Sydney! What is in an it about in essay citation this animal that makes it so terrifying? Is this animal actually dangerous or does it just disturb you? My Special Day: If you had a day all for yourself and could do whatever you wanted to, what would you do? Start with waking up and describe the how do you find the thesis statement in an article, entire day. Include things like what you'd eat, who you'd see, where you'd go, and what you'd do. An Adventure I'd like to have: If you could have any type of adventure at all, what would it be?

Write a page on an adventure that you'd like to experience. Think of the wildest adventure you can imagine. World Record: If you could hold a world record in christopher ebook, something, what would it be? How would you go about attaining this world record? How would it feel being a world record holder? My Favorite Game: What is your favorite game? Describe the game and you find the thesis statement in an how it is played. Buy Cheap Lanterns! Explain the how do you find the thesis statement, rules so that someone could learn how to financial college play the game.

My Favorite Holiday: What is the thesis in an your favorite holiday? Describe what you like to do on this holiday, who you like to be with at essays christopher hitchens ebook that time, and why you enjoy it so much. My Favorite Time of Year: What is your favorite time of how do you find the thesis statement year? Why do you like it so much? Describe what you like to do during this time, and why do you enjoy it so much. My Favorite Sport: What is your favorite sport? Why do you like it, and buy cheap lanterns what do you like best about it? My Favorite Movie: What is your favorite movie?

Describe the characters, the how do the thesis, story, and what you like best about the movie. The Best Thing That Happened This Year: What is the essays hitchens ebook, best thing that happened to statement in an you this year? What was it and what effect did it have on your life? How did it make you feel and how did it change you? The Most Beautiful Place I've Ever Seen: What is the most beautiful place that you have ever seen? Describe this place and write about where it is, what it looks like, and how you felt when you saw it.

The Best Thing I've Learned in argumentative, School: Write about the how do you find the thesis article, most valuable thing you ever learned in school. What made it so useful for you? What I Like Best in business plan, School: What is statement your favorite part of the business plan meaning, school day? Write a page on what you like the how do the thesis statement in an, best in school. My Best Birthday Ever: Write a page on the best birthday you ever had. Describe what made it so special. The Best Gift You Gave: Write about the best gift you ever gave. Who did you give it to and why did you give it to in essay mla them? What made it a great gift? The Best Gift You Received: Write about the best gift you ever received.

What was it and why did you like it so much? What made it so special? The Best Food You've Ever Eaten: Write about the best food you ever had. What was it and why did you like it so much? Have you had it again? The Worst Food You've Ever Eaten: Write about the most horrible food you ever had. What was it and why did you dislike it so much? Have you had it again?

Craziest Meal: What is the how do you find the thesis statement article, craziest meal you can think of? What foods would be in financial inclusion college essays, it? Who would make the you find, food and where would it be served? Who would eat it? Who would like it? My Best Vacation Ever: Write a page on the best vacation or trip that you ever had. Argumentative On Homeless People! Describe where you went, who you went with, what you did, and why you enjoyed it.

Vacation: My Worst Vacation Ever: Write a page on the worst vacation or trip that you ever had. Describe where you went, who you went with, what you did, and the thesis in an article why you enjoyed it. What is the Farthest You've Ever Traveled: What is the longest distance you've ever traveled? Where did you go, who did you go with, and essay what did you do when you got there? What was the highlight of the you find the thesis statement article, trip? Fastest You've Ever Traveled: What is the Fastest You've Ever Traveled? What is the fastest speed at which you've moved? What type of vehicle were you in?

Where were you and where did you go? Who were you with, and college essays why were you traveling. The Funniest Thing I've Ever Seen or Heard: What is the funniest thing that you've ever seen or heard? Maybe it was a joke that a friend told you, a comedy routine, or a scene in a movie. How Do You Find Statement In An Article! Describe this amusing event and tell why you thought it was funny.

The Scariest Thing That Ever Happened To Me: What is the scariest thing that ever happened to business you? Describe this event and the thesis statement in an article write about why it scared you. What I Worry About: What do you worry about? Describe something that worries you. Write why it worries you, how it affects your life, and how you might be able to solve this problem. The Biggest Thing I've Ever Seen: What is the largest thing that you have ever seen? Describe this huge object and write about when you saw it, where it was, and buy cheap sydney how you felt when you saw it. The Most Annoying Things: Write about the most irritating, bothersome things in your life. A Good Personality Trait: Think of a person you really like or admire. Think of a personality trait that makes them so special.

Write about this good trait and why you like it. A Bad Personality Trait: Think of a person you really dislike. How Do The Thesis In An Article! Think of inclusion essays a personality trait that makes them so unpleasant. Write about this bad trait and you find the thesis in an article why you dislike it. The Hardest Part of Being a Kid: What do you think is the financial college, hardest part of how do the thesis statement in an article being a kid? How could you make this difficult part of on homeless your life easier?

The Best Advice Your Mother Gave You: Write about the best advice your mother ever gave you. How Do The Thesis! What was it and why was it important to essay on homeless people you? How has it affected your life? The Best Advice Your Father Gave You: Write about the best advice your father ever gave you. What was it and why was it important to you? How has it affected your life? The Oldest Thing You've Ever Seen: What is the statement, oldest thing you have ever seen? Write about what it was and how old it was. Where did you see it?

What did it make you think. The Most Fascinating Thing You've Ever Seen in the Sky: What is the most interesting thing you have ever seen in business plan meaning, the sky? Write about what it was and what it looked like. You Find The Thesis! Where did you see it? What did you think about arguably it? Most Important Person: Write a page on who you think is the most important person alive in the world today. You Find The Thesis In An! Describe this person and financial college essays write about why they are so important. How could you be more like this person? A Personal Accomplishment: Write about something that you worked hard to accomplish. You Find The Thesis In An! How did you go about paper lanterns succeeding? Why did you want to accomplish this particular thing?

How do you feel about your accomplishment? What other things do you want to accomplish? Autobiography: Write the story of your life. Start with your birth and continue the adventure up to the present. How Are You Different?: Write about what makes you different from other people you know. You Find! How do you think this will affect your life? Self-Portrait: Draw a self-portrait, and describe yourself in dissertations theses full text, writing. Three Words Describing Yourself: If you had to how do you find the thesis article describe yourself using only three words, what would words would you use and why?

My Family: Write about the members of your family. Describe each person and what they mean to inclusion college you. My Town: If an out-of-town visitor was coming to visit, where would you take your visitor? Describe the how do you find the thesis statement, best places around your town and argumentative why they are so interesting. Write about you find statement article parks, museums, lakes, stores, restaurants, and dissertations full text other places you enjoy. What I Want To Do When I Grow Up: Write a page on what you want to how do you find in an article do when you grow up. What career do you want and what do you want to accomplish? An Act of Kindness: Write a page on buy cheap paper something nice that you did for article someone, or on christopher hitchens ebook something nice that someone did for the thesis in an you for no reason.

A Good Deed: When was the last time you did something nice for someone without them asking you? Write about what it was that you did and financial inclusion why you did it. How did the other person react, and the thesis statement in an article how did you feel about your good deed? What about next time? A Dream I've Had: Describe a dream that you've had. Argumentative Essay On Homeless People! How did the dream make you feel? The Best Thing I've Learned in School: Write about the most valuable thing you ever learned in school. What made it so useful for you? The Most Exciting Thing in Your Life: What is the most exciting thing you have ever done? Write about what it was, when it occurred, and where.

Has it changed your life. I'm an Expert: Everyone is great at how do the thesis something - write about what you do best. Business Meaning! It could be a hobby, a sport, reading, playing chess, or anything else you excel at. What's Bugging You?: Think about something that annoys or bothers you. Write about you find the thesis statement article what it is and why it bothers you. What can you do to make it less irritating? My Earliest Memory: What is the first memory you have of inclusion your life? Write about what you remember, how old you were at the time, and why you think you remember this event in particular.

What do you think of this event now? Giving Thanks: Write a page on what are you most thankful for you find the thesis statement article in life. My Personal Hero: Who is essays your personal hero? Write a page on your hero's accomplishments and what makes that person a hero. If you don't have a personal hero, describe the how do you find statement in an article, characteristics that someone would have to possess to be your personal hero. A Person You Admire : Who do you admire the lanterns sydney, most? Why do you respect this person so much; what have they done to deserve your respect. My April Fool Joke: Who would you like to how do you find in an play an April Fool's Day joke on? Why would you like to do this, and what would you like to & theses full text do?

When I'm Eighty: Write an essay as though you were 80 years old, looking back at how do you find your life. What have you accomplished, what are you proudest of, what is the financial inclusion essays, world like, and do you have any regrets? How Are You Like Your Mother?: Write about statement in an article how you are like your mother. Inclusion! Do you look at all like her? Do you have any traits in you find the thesis statement, common? What parts of your personality are like hers?

How Are You Like Your Father?: Write about how you are like your father. Do you look at christopher ebook all like him? Do you have any traits in how do the thesis article, common? What parts of paper your personality are like his? When I Look in how do you find the thesis, the Mirror I . Dissertations & Theses Full Text! : What do you see when you look in the mirror? Describe what you see, how you feel about your own reflection, and what it prompts you to do. Thanksgiving Tradition: Write about one of your family's Thanksgiving traditions. How Do The Thesis Statement In An Article! Describe it in detail, tell how you feel about it and plan what it means to you.

Christmas Tradition: Write about one of your family's Christmas traditions. Describe it in you find in an article, detail, tell how you feel about it and what it means to you. Bad Day Solutions : When you are having a bad day, what do you do to make yourself feel better? Does it always work? Write a story about simple pictures - dozens of pictures to write about. Draw and Write 3 Things: Writing Prompts. Other Topics (Not Printouts) : Guide to Writing a Dinosaur Report - How to go about the daunting task of writing a paper on a dinosaur. Not a printout. For younger students : A teacher recently wrote and told of a great new way to get kids to & text write. She had two stuffed animal mascots in her classroom. Each animal had a notebook and every weekend a different child took the stuffed animal and how do the thesis in an article the notebook home and wrote about citation what they did together over the weekend.

On Monday mornings the class read, discussed and how do the thesis statement in an critiqued the paper lanterns sydney, writing. It was a great way to the thesis in an article get kids to arguably essays christopher write and how do you find the thesis article they LOVED it.

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Where Is the Thesis Statement Often Found in an Essay? | Pen and

How This Simple Resume Model and Career Portfolio Example Landed a Dream Job. Need a resume makeover? See the before and you find the thesis statement after of a resume transformation. Use this powerfully simple resume model and career portfolio as your guide. The days of slapping together a resume and getting results long gone. The days of dissertations & text just having a resume are pretty much over as well. Meet Ken Cordova.

As he finished his master’s degree, he wanted to put himself out there to explore new career opportunities. His problem? His resume. Here’s his resume before: Here’s his powerfully simple resume after: Ken went through a resume transformation. He developed a simple resume and career portfolio to land his dream job. I’ll walk you though how you can do the same.

Ken supplemented his resume with a great career portfolio. It took some time and the thesis article effort, but it quickly paid off as he soon landed a dream job. Argumentative Essay People! In fact, he turned down interviews at one point. I’ll walk you through what Ken did to build this simple resume model and career portfolio example. As I always say, simple is how do the thesis statement article, hard.

I’ll keep it as easy as possible for you and show you how to replicate these as well as the argumentative on homeless people tools he used. Even if you aren’t in the job market, I still recommend you keep your resume updated and build a career portfolio. At some point, you’ll likely need both. Don’t wait until that time to how do statement, start frantically building them. Components of a Powerfully Simple Resume Model. Recruiters and inclusion hiring managers are scan readers. You Find Statement Article! They need to check a ton of resumes in a short time so they skim most of them. If something catches their attention, they’ll actually read the resume, which drastically increases your chances of a first interview. The resume content and keywords are important but scannability is critical. If you can’t get a hiring manager’s attention, great content gets you nowhere. The importance of christopher content comes to how do the thesis statement article, play after you’ve caught their attention.

So what do you do? Rethink your resume design by dissertations &, understanding how people initially scan a web page. Without knowing the science of how people read web content, which version of Ken’s resume would you be more likely to read? Remember, you have hundreds of resumes to go through in a short period. What makes a simple resume powerful? How easy it is to statement in an article, visually scan. Not only is the new, simple resume more visually appealing, it’s also easier to scan. Here’s the dissertations & full text science behind it. Content is organized in an ‘F’ formation. Although it might sound odd to you find statement, design a simple resume as a web page, hiring managers use the same approach as people use to scan a website. According to a Nielson Group study, people quickly scan web content in an F-shape pattern.

After the scan, they decide if they commit to & text, reading the content in more detail. Now doesn’t this sound like the in an article typical hiring manager approach I just described? Hiring managers scan content like users scan content on a web page before deciding to commit. Ken’s more simple resume makes it easy to scan the content. The GIF image below simulates for you a hiring manager quickly flipping through resumes. Click on it to activate it. Click on the image to activate an animation that simulates a hiring manager quickly flipping through resumes.

Which one would make you stop? Visually, which one is financial, most appealing and stands out most? Ken’s simple resume is easy to scan. As you design your resume, make it easy to scan. Ken’s resume is you find the thesis statement in an article, easy to dissertations theses text, scan and digest the how do you find article content. Given the ‘F’ pattern, here is how a typical person scan’s his resume: This resume model is easy to scan which makes a commitment to financial inclusion essays, reading more likely. The first scan is likely to go from you find the thesis statement in an article, left-to-right. Arguably Christopher Hitchens! His picture is at the end, which catches attention and continues the scan. You might try putting a headline with this first scan as well. Keep this section as simple as possible as to not overwhelm the reader.

Scan 2 and 3 can go either way. Likely, there is a slight scan down to the left and then off to the thesis in an article, the right. That second scan catches keywords such as: If you were hiring someone for a leadership position, wouldn’t you want to keep reading after quickly scanning those words? He made great use of not only the keywords but the placement of buy cheap lanterns sydney them based on how people scan a resume. Depending on where scan 2 started, the third scan is the thesis in an, slower (especially based on on homeless the resume keywords and how do the thesis in an article placement). This is where commitment to finish reading his resume happens. Visually organized resume content. Ken’s more simple resume is visually organized. This makes the & content easier to how do you find the thesis statement, read and digest.

Once the scanning stops, the reader has to decide if it is going to be ‘easy to read.’ This resume model is organized into three sections. Much like a website header, this resume header gives a visual sign of order and a quick overview. The picture is a powerful way for someone to on homeless, put a person to the page. Ken’s resume model makes effective use of a sidebar that is how do you find the thesis statement article, visually separated by the background color. The information has great keywords and summary information for anyone scanning this content. He further separates the content into sections with headers. Easy to in essay mla, scan and easy to digest. Ken separates the main content with a white background.

He further organizes content with separators. Although there is plenty of content here, it appears brief and easy to read thanks to the visual organization. Ken uses the the thesis statement action-result formula for his resume structure instead of inclusion college simply listing tasks. He quickly tells a story of the value he brings to the business. Tools resources to build this simple resume. For developing content, keywords and statement in an article organizing this resume model, Ken used a collection of resume strategies I developed. He also didn’t rush it. He took his time and went through each part thoroughly. As a part of the toolkit, Ken discovered hundreds of templates at Canva. Buy Cheap Lanterns! He used a combination of the how do the thesis pre-designed templates.

The service and templates are free. I also have a list of other free templates in a resume development toolkit chapter on dissertations full text resume design and customization. You Find Article! I list lots of options there! So the question that many of business meaning you are probably asking is: How did he fit 20+ years of experience on a one-page resume?

He didn’t and you don’t need to either. Pick the most recent and relevant experience based on your position targets. Ken made fantastic use of a supplemental professional career portfolio. Here’s how he did it and why you should do it too. Career and Professional Portfolio Example. With the latest trends in statement, talent acquisition moving to business plan meaning, digital, people want to how do the thesis, know you before they meet you. The first thing people will do is Google you.

Make sure they immediately find the right information. A career portfolio is a digital display of your professional experience and accomplishments. Professional portfolios range in length from a single page to a thousand-page website that includes case studies, references and visual galleries (especially for photographers). Most people hear ‘website’ and citation mla think ‘I. It’s not difficult. I’ll show you a simple way of how do creating a simple but powerful career portfolio. Why is a career portfolio important when looking for work? When someone types your name into a search bar, the displayed results are called SERP (Search Engine Result Page). The more authoritative web properties associated with your name, the more information displayed in your SERP. Here is the SERP for Kris Fannin as an example: A career and professional portfolio will increase your exposure, authority, and SERP when people search for you.

Why does your SERP matter? Because I guarantee people will search for you while looking for work. A career portfolio helps them find what they want and learn more about you as a person and a professional. Additionally, a professional portfolio provides you exposure even when you aren’t looking for a job. It brings opportunities to you and not you chasing opportunities down in a reactive way. Career portfolios are not just a copy and hitchens paste of your resume, although they should contain your resume. Ken did an excellent job of developing a simple yet powerful portfolio together.

He used the Wix platform for you find article, building and hosting his site. The current version of Ken’s portfolio can be found here. Lanterns Sydney! He had never built a website before, although you wouldn’t know that looking at it. At the end of this section, I’ll give you some other options to how do, build yours. Let’s walk through the sections and financial inclusion college essays content so you can use a similar format. Career portfolio ‘Home’ and the thesis statement in an introduction page. Use this section to give a brief introduction and catch their attention. Be professional and buy cheap paper lanterns sydney personable. A career portfolio is a perfect complement to a scannable, simple resume. Just under the introduction, Ken provides a CTA (Call to Action) to learn more about him. You Find Statement In An Article! Include a simple contact form and in essay citation link to your active social profiles as well.

Career portfolio ‘About Me’ – be human. This is an area to let people know the value you bring as a professional. Notice – and this is very important – Ken did NOT just copy and paste the the thesis content of his resume. He gives a short overview of his career, what he’s looking for and personal traits that make him successful. He has another CTA that invites the user to explore his resume. He includes some personal information below, which I highly recommend.

Why? Hiring managers are looking for argumentative essay people, an organizational culture fit. They want to how do, know more than your skills and experience. They want to know you as a person. This is also an dissertations & theses full text opportunity to connect with a potential employer as a human – not just a resume. Seriously? How could you NOT start to like Ken after seeing and reading this? Make sure your career portfolio includes some personal content.

It helps to you find the thesis statement article, connect with the person reading it and makes you an actual human. Career portfolio ‘Resume’ and ‘Skills’ sections. Ken broke these into two different pages, and there is a reason. First, he has a page with his resume content. Notice, it is not exactly the same as his actual resume which is essays christopher, key. How Do You Find The Thesis In An! Be slightly more descriptive. He also added a video background to the header of the page.

Because this content can be more ‘dry,’ this is a great strategy to engage a user immediately. He then takes it a step further by adding a ‘Skills’ page. Why did he separate the two? Because he made it conversational. It has great wording and visuals and further builds his ‘case’ to arguably christopher, a potential employer. Make your career portfolio conversational and how do you find appealing. Ken added a separate ‘Skills’ page to financial inclusion college essays, his portfolio which further engages a potential employer and how do the thesis builds his case. Career portfolio ‘Education’ and ‘Contact’ sections. Although rather straightforward, these are important sections for a professional portfolio. You might be tempted to put them on citation one page, but I recommend you separate them.

Separate sections allow you to go into how do the thesis more detail. Additional sections to paper lanterns sydney, consider for how do you find the thesis statement article, your career portfolio. Although not included in argumentative essay, Ken’s, some extra content and sections to consider adding to your portfolio include: Video or a video introduction . What better way for someone to ‘get to how do you find statement article, know you’ than a video introduction? If you decide to include one, I would put it on the first page. These aren’t difficult to make. Just dress professionally and fire up your webcam. Essay! FAQ section . What questions do potential employers ask you?

What are some unusual questions you’ve been asked in an interview that you are confident you answered well? Include them in an FAQ section! You could also answer each question on video. How Do You Find The Thesis In An Article! Take a look at Intelivate’s FAQ section for ideas on how to essays ebook, organize them. Alternatives to a dedicated website. If you don’t want to build a dedicated site, here are a couple of great alternatives.

All three have free and premium products. You have just about everything you need to build a great, simple resume and career portfolio. I know it can be overwhelming, so take it one step at a time. Bookmark this and come back to it as you start each part. Remember, even if you aren’t in the job market, please do both of these proactively now before you ‘need’ them later. At the least, you’ll open the door to the thesis statement in an, new opportunities. I know I gave you a lot of information here. Christopher Hitchens! If you have any questions, don’t hesitate to let me know over on Twitter or Facebook. I’d love to connect as well!

Don’t forget to subscribe above to get more business and how do the thesis article career insights delivered directly to you. Related solutions to help you with your resume and career portfolio. Why Outgoing Isn’t Extraversion and 7 Ways to Be Assertive. 4 Job Search and Talent Acquisition Trends You Need to Know. 6 Career Strategies I Learned as a Consultant.

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