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The Complete Essays of Montaigne | Translated by Donald M Frame

Complete essays of montaigne frame

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The complete essays of Montaigne / translated by Donald M Frame

araby theme essay Sample Essays Analyzing James Joyce's Short Story Araby The content consists of brief but condensations of the action of the story. The content tells your reader what happens. Remember that you cannot relate all the action. Your outline willhelp you select only those points necessary to your reader's understanding of your interpretation of the work. Study the complete essays of montaigne frame summary essay below to discover its organization. Note the proportion given in each paragraph to summary and to interpretation. Theintroduction identifies the work and the author. Then, following back-ground information about the story, the writer states his thesis. Internet And Technology? In the bodyof the essay, each topic sentence points to a specific block of action or adevelopment in the story. The content of each paragraph is devoted to asummary of essays frame, a selected block of action, and the last sentence of each para-graph evaluates and interprets the action described.

This process-summary followed by interpretation-continues through each paragraph tothe conclusion of the essay. It is the interpretation that gives meaning andsignificance both to the story and to the essay. In the critique example essay that follows, note the use of quotations and how each aids understanding and imparts asense of the style and manner of the work. James Joyce's Araby: Summary of an Epiphany. Each of the fifteen stories in James Joyce's Dubliners presents aflat, rather spatial portrait. The visual and symbolic details embeddedin each story, however, are highly concentrated, and each story culmi-nates in an epiphany. In Joycean terms, an epiphany is essays, a momentwhen the essence of a character is revealed , when all the forces thatbear on his life converge, and we can, in that instant, understand him.Each story in write art essay the collection is centered in an epiphany, and eachstory is concerned with some failure or deception, which results in re-alization and disillusionment. Araby follows this pattern. Themeaning is revealed in a young boy's psychic journey from first love to despair and disappointment, and the theme is complete frame, found in the boy'sdiscovery of the essay tok 2011 discrepancy between the real and the ideal in life. Essays Of Montaigne? The story opens with a description of North Richmond Street, ablind, cold . .. silent street where the houses gazed at one an-other with brown imperturbable faces.

It is a street of write art essay, fixed, decaying conformity and essays frame, false piety. The boy's house contains the samesense of a dead present and a lost past. Write Art Essay? The former tenant, a priest,died in the back room of the house, and his legacy-several old yel-lowed books, which the boy enjoys leafing through because they areold, and a bicycle pump rusting in the back yard-become symbolsof the intellectual and religious vitality of the past. Of Montaigne Frame? The boy, in themidst of movie, such decay and spiritual paralysis, experiences the confusedidealism and dreams of first love and his awakening becomes incom-patible with and in essays of montaigne frame ironic contrast to the staid world about him. Every morning before school the boy lies on the floor in thefront parlor peeking out through a crack in the blind of the door,watching and waiting for the girl next door to emerge from her houseand walk to school. Write Art Essay? He is shy and still boyish. He follows her, walkssilently past, not daring to speak, overcome with a confused sense ofsensual desire and religious adoration. In his mind she is both a saintto be worshipped and a woman to be desired. His eyes are often fullof tears, and one evening he goes to the back room where the priesthad died. Clasping the palms of his hands together, he murmurs, 0love!

0 love! in a prayer not to God, but to the concept of love andperhaps even to the girl, his love. Walking with his aunt to shop onSaturday evenings he imagines that the girl's image accompanies him,and that he protects her in places the most hostile to romance. Inthe mixed symbolism of the Christian and of montaigne, the Romantic or Orientalmyths Joyce reveals the epiphany in the story: These noises con-verged in a single sensation of life for essay tok 2011 me: I imagined that I bore mychalice safely through a throng of foes. He is unable to complete frame talk to thegirl. Drifting away from his schoolmates' boyish games, the boy hasfantasies in his isolation, in the ecstasy and pain of first love. Finally the girl speaks to the boy.

She asks him if he is internet essay, going toAraby. He replies that if he does he will bring her a gift, and fromthat moment, his thoughts upon the mixed imagery of the saintly lightupon her hair and the potential sensuality of the white border of apetticoat, the boy cannot sleep or study. The word Araby cast anEastern enchantment over him, and then on the night he is to go tothe bazaar his uncle neglects to return home. Neither the aunt noruncle understands the complete essays frame boy's need and anguish, and thus his isolationis deepened. We begin to see that the story is write art essay, not so much a story oflove as it is a rendition of the world in which the boy lives. The second part of the story depicts the complete essays boy's inevitable disap-pointment and essay tok 2011, realization. Essays Of Montaigne Frame? In such an atmosphere of blindness-the aunt and essay, uncle unaware of the boy's anguish, the complete of montaigne frame girl not con-scious of the boy's love, and the boy himself blind to the true natureof his love-the words hostile to romance take on ironic overtones.These overtones deepen when the boy arrives too late at the bazaar.It is closing and the hall is in darkness. He recognizes a silencelike that which prevades a church after a service but the bazaar isdirty and disappointing. Two men are counting money on a salverand he listens to the fall of the essay coins. A young lady, bored withhim and interested in two men who are flirting with her, cheapensand destroys the boy's sense of an Eastern enchantment.

His love,like his quest for a gift to draw the complete of montaigne frame girl to him in internet and technology essay an unfriendly world,ends with his realizing that his love existed only in his mind. Thus. the theme of the story-the discrepancy between the real and essays of montaigne, theideal-is made final in the bazaar, a place of tawdry make-believe.The epiphany in which the boy lives a dream in spite of the ugly andthe worldly is brought to its inevitable conclusion: the single sensa-tion of life disintegrates. The boy senses the falsity of his dreams andhis eyes burn with anguish and anger. Essay #2 Using Setting and Atmosphere. Remember that setting is usually a part of essay tok 2011, atmosphere and that atmo-sphere consists of the prevailing tone of the work and its resultant meaningor effect.

Some works will not warrant an essay devoted to setting and at-mosphere; others, like Joyce's Araby, will be so profoundly dependentupon a particular setting that to ignore its importance will be to miss muchof the meaning of the of montaigne work. Dream Versus Reality: Setting and Atmosphere in James Joyce's Araby Convinced that the Dublin of the 1900's was a center of spiri-tual paralysis, James Joyce loosely but thematically tied together hisstories in small business plans Dubliners by means of their common setting. Each of thestories consists of complete essays frame, a portrait in essay of environment which Dublin contributes in some wayto the dehumanizing experience of modem life. The boy in the storyAraby is intensely subject to the city's dark, hopeless conformity,and his tragic yearning toward the exotic in the face of drab, uglyreality forms the center of the story. On its simplest level, Araby is a story about complete essays a boy's first love.On a deeper level, however, it is a story about the example world in complete frame which helives-a world inimical to write art essay ideals and dreams. This deeper level is in-troduced and developed in several scenes: the opening description ofthe boy's street, his house, his relationship to his aunt and uncle, theinformation about the priest and complete of montaigne frame, his belongings, the boy's two trips-his walks through Dublin shopping and his subsequent ride toAraby. North Richmond Street is essay tok 2011, described metaphorically and of montaigne, presentsthe reader with his first view of the boy's world. The street is blind; it is a dead end, yet its inhabitants are smugly complacent; the housesreflect the attitudes of their inhabitants.

The houses are imperturba-ble in the quiet, the cold, the dark muddy lanes and darkdripping gardens. The first use of situational irony is introducedhere, because anyone who is aware, who is not spiritually blinded orasleep, would feel oppressed and endangered by North RichmondStreet. Jackie Robinson Chicago? The people who live there (represented by the boy's aunt anduncle) are not threatened, however, but are falsely pious and dis-creetly but deeply self-satisfied. Their prejudice is dramatized by theaunt's hopes that Araby, the complete essays of montaigne frame bazaar the jackie robinson contest boy wants to complete frame visit, is not14some Freemason affair, and by robinson essay contest chicago, old Mrs. Mercer's gossiping overtea while collecting stamps for some pious purpose. The background or world of blindness extends from complete of montaigne, a generalview of the street and its inhabitants to the boy's personal relation-ships. It is not a generation gap but a'gap in the spirit, in empathy and conscious caring, that results in internet essay the uncle's failure to arrive homein time for the boy to go to the bazaar while it is still open. Theuncle has no doubt been to the local pub, negligent and indifferent tothe boy's anguish and complete essays of montaigne, impatience. The boy waits well into the eveningin the imperturbable house with its musty smell and old, uselessobjects that fill the rooms. Essay? The house, like the aunt and uncle, andlike the entire neighborhood, reflects people who are well-intentionedbut narrow in their views and blind to complete essays of montaigne frame higher values (even the street lamps lift a feeble light to the sky).

The total effect of jackie contest, such settingis an atmosphere permeated with stagnation and isolation. The second use of symbolic description-that of the dead priest and his belongings-suggests remnants of a more vital past. The bi-cycle pump rusting in the rain in the back yard and the old yellowedbooks in complete the back room indicate that the priest once actively engaged in real service to God and man, and further, from the titles of thebooks, that he was a person given to both piety and write art essay, flights of imagi-nation. But the priest is dead; his pump rusts; his books yellow. The effect is to deepen, through a sense of a dead past, the spiritual and intellectual stagnation of the present.Into this atmosphere of frame, spiritual paralysis the boy bears, withblind hopes and romantic dreams, his encounter with first love. In theface of ugly, drab reality-amid the curses of laborers, jostled bydrunken men and bargaining women-he carries his aunt's parcelsas she shops in essay tok 2011 the market place, imagining that he bears, not parcels,but a chalice through a throng of foes. The noises converged in asingle sensation of life and in a blending of Romantic and Christiansymbols he transforms in his mind a perfectly ordinary girl into anenchanted princess: untouchable, promising, saintly. Setting in thisscene depicts the harsh, dirty reality of life which the boy blindly ig-nores. The contrast between the real and the boy's dreams is ironi-cally drawn and clearly foreshadows the boy's inability to essays of montaigne frame keep thedream, to remain blind. The boy's final disappointment occurs as a result of his awaken-ing to the world around him. Small Business Floor? The tawdry superficiality of the bazaar,which in his mind had been an Oriental enchantment, strips awayhis blindness and leaves him alone with the realization that life andlove differ from the dream.

Araby, the symbolic temple of love, isprofane. The bazaar is dark and empty; it thrives on the same profitmotive as the market place (two men were counting money on asalver); love is represented as an empty, passing flirtation. Araby is a story of first love; even more, it is a portrait of aworld that defies the ideal and the dream. Thus setting in this storybecomes the true subject, embodying an atmosphere of spiritual pa-ralysis against of montaigne, which a young boy's idealistic dreams are no match.Realizing this, the boy takes his first step into adulthood. INSTRUCTIONS. It is possible in an essay to write about an isolated symbol-onewhich seems unusual, or appealing, or particularly apt.

More often,though, you will deal with a central or recurrent symbol (like water inThe Great Good Place). If you write about an isolated symbol, your thesis should be a strong statement of the existence of the symbol in the work,and, the body of your essay should be composed of statements that actuallyconstitute evidence of the existence of the essay on protection symbol. Essays Of Montaigne? As you develop paragraphs in the body of the and technology essay, make clear your reasons for ascribing the symbolic significance you do, show the function of the symbol in the work, and frame, above all, prove that awareness of the symbol enriches understanding or appreciation of the work. The Central Symbol of the Church in Joyce's Araby Joyce's short story Araby is filled with symbolic images of a church. It opens and closes with strong symbols, and in the body ofthe story, the images are shaped by the young), Irish narrator's impres-sions of the effect the Church of Ireland has upon the people of Ire-land. The boy is fiercely determined to invest in someone within thisChurch the robinson essay contest chicago holiness he feels should be the natural state of all withinit, but a succession of experiences forces him to see that his determi-nation is in vain. At the climax of the story, when he realizes that hisdreams of holiness and love are inconsistent with the actual world,his anger and anguish are directed, not toward the Church, but to-ward himself as a creature driven by vanity. In addition to the im-ages in the story that are symbolic of the Church and its effect uponthe people who belong to it, there are descriptive words and phrasesthat add to this representational meaning.

The story opens with a description of the Dublin neighborhoodwhere the boy lives. Strikingly suggestive of a church, the image shows the ineffectuality of the Church as a vital force in the lives ofthe inhabitants of the neighborhood-the faithful within the Church.North Richmond Street is composed of two rows of houses withbrown imperturbable faces (the pews) leading down to the tall un-inhabited house (the empty altar). The boy's own home is set in agarden the natural state of which would be like Paradise, since it contains a central apple tree; however, those who should have caredfor it have allowed it to of montaigne frame become desolate, and the central tree stands alone amid a few straggling bushes. At dusk when the boy and hiscompanions play in the street the lamps of the street lift their feeblelanterns to the sky of critique example, ever-changing violet (timid suppliants to thefar-away heavens). Since the complete frame boy is the narrator, the inclusion ofthese symbolic images in the description of the setting shows that theboy is sensitive to the lack of spiritual beauty in his surroundings.Outside the main setting are images symbolic of those who donot belong to the Church. The boy and his companions go there attimes, behind their houses, along the dark muddy lanes, to where the rough tribes (the infidel) dwell.

Here odors arise from the ash pits--those images symbolic to James Joyce of the moral decay of his nation. Even the house in which the youthful main character lives addsto the sense of small business floor, moral decay. The former tenant, a priest (now dead),is shown to complete have been insensitive to the spiritual needs of his people.His legacy was a collection of essay tok 2011, books that showed his confusion of thesacred with the secular-and there is evidence that he devoted hislife to gathering money and complete essays of montaigne frame, furniture. He left behind no evidenceof a life of spiritual influence. Despite these discouraging surroundings, the boy is essay, determined to complete essays find some evidence of the loveliness his idealistic dreams tell himshould exist within the Church. Small Business Floor Plans? His first love becomes the complete essays frame focal pointof this determination. Internet Essay? In the person of Mangan's sister, obviouslysomewhat older than the boy and his companions, his longings find anobject of worship. The boy's feelings for the girl are a confused mix-ture of sexual desire and of sacred adoration, as examination of theimages of her reveals.

He is obsessed at complete essays, one and the same time withwatching her physical attractions (her white neck, her soft hair, themovement of the brown-clad figure) and with seeing her always sur-rounded by light, as if by a halo. He imagines that he can carry herimage as a chalice through a throng of foes-the cursing,brawling infidels at the market to which he goes with his aunt. Allother sensations of write art essay, life fade from his consciousness and he is complete essays, awareonly of his adoration of the blessed image. He spends his days feel-ing her summons to his foolish blood, a summons that is both astrong physical attraction and a strong pull to essay the holiness missing inhis life and in the lives of the people he knows. In all his watching ofher he is of montaigne, thankful that he can see so little, as men of his Churchhave ever been filled with holy dread to look upon the Virgin. When the girl finally speaks to him, her words are of ordinary concerns: she asks if he is going to Araby, a bazaar in another part ofthe city. But the boy's imagination seizes upon the name Araby andinvests its syllables with an Eastern enchantment in which his soulluxuriates.

Araby becomes a place where his soul can find the mysti-cal beauty lacking in movie his own mundane Church. The girl cannot at-tend the bazaar because of a retreat her convent is having that week.As a consequence the boy feels a summons that has symbolic over-tones of a holy crusade: he is determined to go forth to complete essays frame the en-chanted place and bring back a gift worthy to lay at the feet of his adored one. The aunt and uncle with whom he lives are insensitive to hisburning need to fulfill his crusade. They are presented as persons living decently within the confines of their Church rules, but lacking avision of concerns higher and holier than mechanical conformity torules. They do, finally, though, provide the write art essay florin to of montaigne allow him to go to Araby. Alone, he makes his way to the place of essay on protection of environment, Eastern enchantment.When he arrives, he is struck by a silence like that of a church.This is followed by another image that calls up the image at the be-ginning of the story, that of the aisle leading to an altar. Essays Frame? In this case,it is a hall leading to the booth displaying porcelain vases (chalicesfor the Eucharist), and flowered tea sets (the flowers on the altar).The great jars guarding the stall can be interpreted as symbols of themysticism standing guard over essay the Church.

For the boy, the girl attending the stall, like Mangan's sister, be-comes an object of faith. Of Montaigne Frame? But when she speaks-again like Mangan'ssister-her words are trivial and worldly. In a sudden flash of insightthe boy sees that his faith and his passion have been blind. He sees inthe two men counting money on a salver a symbol of the moneylen-ders in the temple. Jackie Contest? He allows the pennies to fall in complete his pocket.

Thelights in the hall go out; his church is in darkness. Tears fill hiseyes as he sees himself a creature driven and derided by vanity,whose foolish blood made him see secular desires as symbols oftrue faith. In this moment of disillusionment he feels that he himselfis at fault for being so bemused by his ideals that he failed completelyto see the world as it is. He has discovered in small business his Church and in love(both traditional symbols of complete essays frame, ineffably sacred loveliness) only a shoddyimitation of true beauty. Understandably his disillusionment causes him anguish and anger. Using Myth and Archetype.

The heart of myth is rooted in religion, in attempts to explain creation, thesoul, and of environment, man's place in the world. A discussion of essays of montaigne, myth, therefore, mustbe preceded by your discovery of its presence in a work; and for your dis-cussion to be meaningful, you must understand the origin or source of theideas you decide to ascribe to write art essay myth. (In Araby, we perceive the clearpresence of a reference to of montaigne frame Christianity.) Remember that archetype can be generously applied to a num-ber of man's values, dreams, and beliefs, but that myth comprises only apart of archetype. Archetype is a much larger term, and essay tok 2011, if you perceivesome universal experience in a literary work, it can quite logically form apart of our racial past. Essays Of Montaigne Frame? Family, marriage, war, peace, the need to be lovedand to live forever: these are patterns, emotions, and internet, drives we share withour ancestors. They change little with time, and each generation respondsto them with deep emotions. The presence of archetype in a work givesthat work added importance and an essay defining the archetype, its effectand resultant added meaning will be of value to readers who may have re-sponded but have not discerned why. To write an essays frame, essay using myth and on protection of environment, archetype, determine how theirpresence influences and reveals the meaning of the work. If myth or arche-type becomes the basis of a work (as they do in Araby), an essay point-ing out their meaning will provide you with a ready-made thesis.

Orderingthe development of your essay will become relatively simple, for the stagesof the reenactment of the archetypal pattern will direct your presentation.If, on the other hand, the use of myth does not form the basis of the complete frame entirework, but is movie, only an enrichment of another pattern, your order of develop-ment will be somewhat more complex. Complete Essays Of Montaigne Frame? In this case you will need to deter-mine the precise function the single use of the floor plans mythic element serves andthen center your thesis on this function. The Lonely Quest of James Joyce's Araby Probably no other twentieth century short story has called forthmore attention than Joyce's Araby. Some universality of experiencemakes the story interesting to readers of all ages, for they respond in-stinctively to an experience that could have been their own. It is apart of the instinctual nature of man to long for what he feels is thelost spirituality of complete essays of montaigne frame, his world. In all ages man has believed that it ispossible to search for and find a talisman, which, if brought back, willreturn this lost spirituality. The development of theme in Araby re-sembles the internet archetypal myth of the quest for complete of montaigne a holy talisman. In Araby, Joyce works from a visionary mode of artisticcreation-a phrase used by psychiatrist Carl Jung to write art essay describe the,'visionary kind of literary creation that derives its material fromthe hinterland of man's mind-that suggests the abyss of time sepa-rating us from prehuman ages, or evokes a superhuman world of con-trasting light and darkness. It is a primordial experience, which sur-passes man's understanding and to which he is therefore in danger ofsuccumbing.

1 Assuredly this describes Joyce's handling of the mate-rial of Araby. The quest itself and its consequences surpass the un-derstanding of the young protagonist of the story. He can only feelthat he undergoes the experience of the quest and naturally is complete essays frame, con-fused, and at the story's conclusion, when he fails, he is anguishedand angered. His contrasting world of light and darkness containsboth the lost spirituality and the dream of jackie robinson essay chicago, restoring it. Because ourown worlds contain these contrasts we also feel, even though theprimordial experience surpasses our understanding, too. It is complete, true, as a writer reminds us, that no matter the work,Joyce always views the order and disorder of the world in terms ofthe Catholic faith in which he was reared. 2 In Araby, however,there is, in addition, an overlay of of environment, Eastern mysticism. Complete Essays Of Montaigne? This diversity of background materials intensifies the universality of the experience.We can turn to the language and the images of the jackie robinson essay contest story to see howthe boy's world is shown in terms of these diverse backgounds. There is little that is light in the comer of Dublin that formsthe world of the story, little that retains its capability to complete essays frame evoke spiri-tuality.

North Richmond Street is blind; the houses stare at one an-other with brown imperturbable faces. The time is winter, with itsshort days and its early dusk. Only the on protection boy and his laughing, shoutingcompanions glow; they are still too young to have succumbed tothe spiritual decay of the adult inhabitants of of montaigne frame, Dublin. But the boysmust play in dark muddy lanes, in dark dripping gardens, neardark odorous stables and ashpits. Movie Critique Example? Joyce had said of Dubliners,the collection of stories from which Araby comes, that he intendedto write a chapter in the moral history of my country and I choseDublin for the scene because that city seemed to me the complete frame centre ofparalysis. 3 The images of the story show us that the spiritual envi-ronment of the boy is paralyzed; it is musty, dark. Everywhere in his dark surroundings the boy seeks the light. He looks for it in the central apple tree-symbol of religiousenlightenment-in the dark garden behind his home. The gardenshould be like Eden, but the tree is overshadowed by the desolationof the on protection garden, and essays, thus has become the tree of spiritual death. Helooks for light in movie critique example the room of his home where the former tenant, apriest, had died, but the only objects left by the priest were books,yellowed and of montaigne, damp.

Here, too, the quest has failed. No evidence ofspiritual life remains. Decay and internet and technology essay, rust have taken over all the treasures the complete priest had laid up on earth for himself. Into this world of darkness appears a girl, Mangan's sister. Be-cause of her the boy feels a surge of hope that now in her love he willfind light.

Even though he has never spoken to her, except for a fewcasual words, her name is like a summons to write art essay all his foolish blood.His youthful imagination sees her always surrounded with light; sheis the contrast to his dark world. She becomes an image to him of complete essays, allthat he seeks. That image accompanies him even in places the robinson essay chicago mosthostile to frame romance: the market and the streets, among the drunkenmen and bargaining women, amid the curses of labourers, the shrilllitanies of critique example, shop-boys. In this unlikely place occurs what Joyce calls an epiphany, which to him means a sudden spiritual manifesta-tion, when objects or moments of inconsequential vulgarity can betransfigured to something spiritual.4 The boys says, I imagined that Ibore my chalice safely through a throng of foes. Plainly he has feltthe summons to complete essays of montaigne frame cherish the holy, the light, in this dark world ofthose who are hostile to the sacred. Essay Tok 2011? However, what he feels is beyond his understanding. His lovefor the girl is part sexual desire, part sacred adoration. He is, he says,confused. Essays Of Montaigne Frame? He loses interest in his school and in everything about him; hethinks of nothing but the girl. He can see her dark house, herbrown-clad figure touched by lamp-light.

He feels that he has foundone image of holiness in his world of robinson chicago, lost spirituality. Of Montaigne Frame? If he can gainthe girl, he feels, the light will be restored to his dark existence. In his one conversation with her she reveals that she cannot goto Araby, a bazaar she would like to attend. She suggests that itwould be well for him to go. He speaks impulsively: If I go I willbring you something. Movie Critique? His opportunity has come. He can go toAraby-his soul luxuriates in the very syllables of the mysticallymagic name-and he can bring back a talisman to secure his favorwith her. The lost light of his world will be restored. Undoubtedly, as a writer suggests, Araby is Arabia, which is associated with thePhoenix, symbol of the renewal of life. 5. Over half the story is concerned with the delays and frustrationsin his plans for his quest, and with his final journey to the en-chanted place, where the complete essays of montaigne talisman will be procured. Significantly, he must go to Araby alone.

The train is deserted; when throngs of buy-ers try to press their way onto the train the porters move them back,saying this is a special train for the bazaar. Floor Plans? All who go on a questfor the high and the holy must go alone. Arriving, he finds the bazaar nearly empty. He recognizes a si-lence like that which pervades a church after a service. The churchis empty; it is not attended by complete essays of montaigne, the faithful.

Two men count money ona silver salver. The young lady who should attend him ignores himto exchange inane vulgarities with two young gentlemen. Suddenly from the trivialities here the boy experiences anotherepiphany, a sudden showing forth in which his mind is floodedwith light, with truth. He can see the and technology essay parallel that exists between thegirl here and his girl; he can see his feeling for her for what it is-physical attraction. Her brown-clad figure is one with the drabworld of North Richmond Street. Here, instead of Eastern enchant-ment, are flimsy stalls for buying and selling flimsy wares. His grailhas turned out to be only flimsy tea sets covered with artificial flow-ers. As the upper hall becomes completely dark, the boy realizes thathis quest has ended. Of Montaigne Frame? Gazing upward, he sees the vanity of imagininghe can carry a chalice through a dark throng of foes.

1 Carl G. Jung, Modern Man in small floor Search of a Soid. trans. W. S. Dell and CaryF. Baynes (New York, 1933), pp. 156-157. 2 William Bysshe Stein, Joyce's 'Araby': Paradise Lost, Perspective, X11,No.

4 (Spring 1962), 215. 3 From Letters of James Joyce, Vol. Complete Essays? II, ed. Richard Ellmarm (New York,1966), p. 134. Robinson Essay Chicago? 4 James Joyce, Stephen Hero (New York, 1944), pp. 210-211. 5 Marvin Magalaner, Time of Apprenticeship: The Fiction of Young JamesJoyce (London, 1959), p. Essays? 87.

USING POINT OF VIEW. If we draw an essay, analogy of a multistoried house withwindows on all sides, we can understand that a person's view of the worldcan vary greatly, depending on which window he views it from; whether heis outside looking in; or whether, distantly, he looks at essays of montaigne frame, the house and the surrounding countryside simultaneously. Certainly our view of write art essay, a characterwill depend upon our position in relation to the scene, just as his view islimited by the author. Henry James considered the complete of montaigne positioning of both characters and narrator crucial to fiction, and in recent years (in fact since his detailed studiesof point of view) critics have considered the artist's use of point of view the write art essay central focus for interpretation. Look at the questions point of view provokes.

Does the essays of montaigne viewpoint allow for irony? Does it limit sympathy or does it evoke greater sympathy? Does it causeattitudes to essay on protection of environment be formed? What are they? Does choice of this particular nar-rator or persona influence the of montaigne frame reader's view of the situation? How? Does itcontrol imagery and symbolism? In your conclusion, reaffirm your thesis by showing the overall effec-tiveness of the movie example point of view on the work. Did the work gain much or littlefrom its use?

Study the following essay to better understand how point ofview in Araby frees language, achieves psychic distance, and intensifiesthe experience portrayed. THE IRONIC NARRATOR OF JAMES JOYCE'S ARABY Although James Joyce's story Araby is told from the of montaigne frame first per-son viewpoint of its young protagonist, we do not receive the impres-sion that a boy tells the story. Essay Tok 2011? Instead, the complete of montaigne narrator seems to be a manmatured well beyond the write art essay experience of the complete of montaigne story. The mature man re-minisces about his youthful hopes, desires, and frustrations. Morethan if a boy's mind had reconstructed the events of the story for us,this particular way of telling the story enables us to perceive clearlythe torment youth experiences when ideals, concerning both sacredand earthly love, are destroyed by a suddenly unclouded view of and technology essay, theactual world. Because the man, rather than the boy, recounts the experi-ence, an ironic view can be presented of the institutions and personssurrounding the boy. This ironic view would be impossible for theimmature, emotionally involved mind of the boy himself. Only an adult looking back at the high hopes of foolish blood and its resul-tant destruction could account for the ironic viewpoint. Throughoutthe story, however, the narrator consistently maintains a full sensitiv-ity to his youthful anguish. From first to last we sense the reality tohim of his earlier idealistic dream of complete of montaigne, beauty.

The opening paragraph, setting the write art essay scene, prepares us for theview we receive of the complete essays conflict between the loveliness of the ideal andthe drabness of the actual. Descriptive words show the narrator's con-sciousness of the boy's response to beauty and the response of theneighborhood people, who are blind to beauty: North RichmondStreet is blind; its houses, inhabited by decent people, stare un-seeingly at one another-and all this is under a sky of ever-changingviolet, in a setting of jackie essay contest chicago, gardens marred by the odours of of montaigne frame, ash-pitsand dark odorous stables. The boy's own house, which had form-erly been inhabited by a priest, is small business floor plans, placed in a garden like that ofEden. It is a place of potential holiness, shown to us in the irony ofthe garden's barrenness and the priest's worldliness: the garden hasnow only a central apple tree and complete of montaigne, a few straggling bushes; thepriest had died and left behind him evidence of his preoccupationwith secular literature and with collecting money and furniture. Into this setting appears a figure representative of all that isideal, the girl. The narrator shows us in robinson a subtly ironic manner thatin his youthful adoration of Mangan's sister she is, confusedly, theembodiment of all his boyish dreams of the beauty of physical desireand, at the same time, the complete essays embodiment of write art essay, his adoration of all that isholy. In his dark environment Mangan's sister stands out, a figure al-ways shown outlined by light, with the power to set aflame in him azeal to conquer the complete of montaigne frame uncaring and the unholy. Her image, constantlywith him, makes him feel as though he bears a holy chalice througha throng of foes-the Saturday evening throng of drunken men,bargaining women, cursing laborers, and all the others who have noconception of the mystical beauty his young mind has created in thisworld of material ugliness.

He is robinson essay, alone as a boy, the man narrator shows us, with his viewof the possible loveliness of the world. Even the essays of montaigne aunt and uncle withwhom he lives are callous to jackie robinson his burning need to go to the bazaar,which looms in his imagination as a place of complete frame, mystical Eastern en-chantment, to critique example purchase a gift worthy of his loved one. Essays? Looking back,the narrator can see that his uncle had been concerned with his daily,worldly tasks, his aunt with maintaining a decent observance ofthis day of our Lord, although she does not want him to be disap-pointed in his wish to go to the bazaar. From the vantage point ofmaturity the narrator can realize that the aunt and the uncle perhaps once possessed an awareness of the write art essay romantic, an awareness that hassince been clouded by the drabness of North Richmond Street. Like Stephen Dedalus of Joyce's Portrait of the complete of montaigne frame Artist as aYoung Man, the boy, then, must seek for the high, the inviolate, byhimself. And, also like Stephen, he finds instead the world. Internet Essay? When heenters Araby the boy sees its resemblance to an emptied church, andthat is the irony so far as maturity can view it: Araby is not a holyplace because it is not attended by the faithful. He has come alone on a deserted train; the bazaar, full of spu-rious wares, is tended by uncaring people who leave him even morealone than he had been before; the young lady who should havewaited on him ignores him to of montaigne frame joke with two young men. The younglady's inane remarks to the young men have a ring in the memory ofthe mature narrator reminiscent of his adored one's remarks. Both areconcerned with the material, the crass. The narrator can, with his backward look, supply us with twoapprehensions: one, the fully remembered, and thus fully felt, anguishof a too sudden realization of the disparity between a youthful dreamof the mystic beauty of the world and his actual world; and two, theirony implicit in a view that can see the dream itself as a vanity.

In his brief but complex story, Araby, James Joyce concen-trates on character rather than on plot to reveal the ironies inherentin self-deception. On one level Araby is and technology essay, a story of initiation, of aboy's quest for the ideal. The quest ends in failure but results in aninner awareness and complete of montaigne frame, a first step into manhood. On another level thestory consists of a grown man's remembered experience, for the storyis told in retrospect by a man who looks back to a particular momentof intense meaning and essay tok 2011, insight. As such, the boy's experience is complete essays of montaigne frame, notrestricted to and technology youth's encounter with first love. Rather, it is a portrayalof a continuing problem all through life: the incompatibility of theideal, of the dream as one wishes it to be, with the bleakness of complete frame, real-ity. This double focus-the boy who first experiences, and the manwho has not forgotten-provides for write art essay the dramatic rendering of astory of first love told by a narrator who, with his wider, adult vision,can employ the sophisticated use of irony and symbolic imagery nec-essary to reveal the story's meaning. The boy's character is complete of montaigne, indirectly suggested in the opening scenesof the story. He has grown up in the backwash of a dying city. Sym-bolic images show him to be an contest, individual who is of montaigne, sensitive to the factthat his city's vitality has ebbed and left a residue of essay of environment, empty piety, thefaintest echoes of romance, and only symbolic memories of an activeconcern for God and essays of montaigne frame, fellow men.

Although the young boy cannot ap-prehend it intellectually, he feels that the street, the write art essay town, and complete essays of montaigne, Irelanditself have become ingrown, self-satisfied, and unimaginative. It is a. world of spiritual stagnation, and as a result, the boy's outlook is se-verely limited. He is ignorant and jackie robinson, therefore innocent. Lonely, imagin-ative, and isolated, he lacks the understanding necessary for complete frame evalua-tion and perspective. He is at first as blind as his world, but Joyceprepares us for his eventual perceptive awakening by tempering hisblindness with an unconscious rejection of the and technology essay spiritual stagnation ofhis world. The boy's manner of thought is also made clear in the openingscenes. Religion controls the lives of the inhabitants of North Richmond Street, but it is a dying religion and receives only lip service.The boy, however, entering the new experience of first love, finds hisvocabulary within the experiences of his religious training and the ro-mantic novels he has read. The result is an idealistic and confused in-terpretation of love based on quasireligious terms and the imagery ofromance.

This convergence of two great myths, the Christian with itssymbols of hope and complete of montaigne frame, sacrifice and the Oriental or romantic with itsfragile symbols of heroism and escape, merge to form in his mind anillusory world of mystical and ideal beauty. This convergence, whichcreates an epiphany for the boy as he accompanies his aunt throughthe market place, lets us experience with sudden illumination the tex-ture and content of his mind. Business Floor Plans? We see the futility and stubbornness ofhis quest. But despite all the evidence of the dead house on complete, a deadstreet in a dying city the boy determines to bear his chalice safelythrough a throng of foes. He is blindly interpreting the world in theimages of jackie robinson, his dreams: shop boys selling pigs' cheeks cry out in complete of montaigne frame shrilllitanies; Mangan's sister is saintly; her name evokes in him strangeprayers and write art essay, praises. The boy is extraordinarily lovesick, and fromhis innocent idealism and stubbornness, we realized that he cannotkeep the dream. Complete? He must wake to the demands of the world aroundhim and react. Thus the first half of the story foreshadows (as the manlater realizes) the boy's awakening and disillusionment. The account of the boy's futile quest emphasizes both his lonelyidealism and his ability to achieve the business floor perspectives he now has. Thequest ends when he arrives at the bazaar and realizes with slow, tor-tured clarity that Araby is complete, not at all what he imagined. It is tawdryand dark and thrives on the profit motive and the eternal lure itsname evokes in men.

The boy realizes that he has placed all his loveand hope in a world that does not exist except in essay on protection of environment his imagination. Hefeels angry and betrayed and of montaigne frame, realizes his self-deception. He feels he isa creature driven and derided by vanity and the vanity is his own. The man, remembering this startling experience from his boy-hood, recalls the moment he realized that living the dream was lost asa possibility. That sense of loss is intensified, for its dimension growsas we realize that the desire to, live the internet and technology essay dream will continue throughadulthood. At no other point in complete essays the story is characterization as brilliant asat the small end. Joyce draws his protagonist with strokes designed to let usrecognize in the creature driven and derided by essays of montaigne frame, vanity both a boywho is initiated into knowledge through a loss of innocence and aman who fully realizes the incompatibility between the beautiful andinnocent world of the imagination and the very real world of essay chicago, fact.

InAraby, Joyce uses character to embody the theme of his story.

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Donald Frame (Translation of The Complete Essays of Montaigne)

La Crash Scene Analysis Essays and Research Papers. ? Film Scene Analysis On Racism Depicted In The Movie Crash January 13th, 2014 Class: Introduction to essays of montaigne frame Social . Psychology In the film Crash we are given a picture of all different kinds of social and multicultural differences, giving us an eye opening and often disturbing examples of racism that damages our society. The scene I have chosen to analyze is between 18:30 – 21:05 minutes in the movie Crash . Cameron and Christine are a black well off couple. They experience. Black people , Gender role , Miscegenation 1334 Words | 7 Pages. The issue that discussed in floor the movie is essays of montaigne frame, about the racist problem The scenes that highlights these issues : During the on protection of environment night , two black . man(Anthony and of montaigne frame, Peter) walk out from write art essay, coffee shop and they discuss about the bad attitude of the waitress that who is black women and one of the black man was keep influencing another black man that in nowadays society , the BLACK and complete of montaigne, WHITE was in different classes and standard , the BLACK will get eject by the WHITE . At the moment , one pair of the WHITE couple. African American , Black people , Human skin color 993 Words | 3 Pages. Racial Motives Crash exposes viewers to clashes between social and movie example, cultural differences.

This clash of differences is what sets . Crash into complete of montaigne motion. The movie Crash seems to internet and technology aim for a realistic every day exposure of racial interactions. Crash focuses mainly on the racial interactions between two or more characters. These interaction are usually driven by some racial stereotype or prejudice. What makes Crash unique is that you get to see from both race perspectives on complete essays frame, how these interactions come. African American , Black people , Human skin color 1485 Words | 4 Pages. Depth Analysis of the Movie Crash paper will provide a broad analysis of the essay tok 2011 movie Crash , and yet a specific picture of visual narrative techniques and audio . techniques. Complete Of Montaigne Frame? The categories contributing to the nucleus and major movie components are theatrical elements, cinematography, editing, and sound.

The Academy Award winning movie Crash is a story about society's controversial subjects projected in an in your face depiction of lives that in some way or another, cross. Depth Analysis of the Movie Crash The over-all theme of. Cinematic techniques , Citizen Kane , Don Cheadle 2037 Words | 7 Pages. ? SOCIOLOGICAL ANALYSIS OF CRASH (2005) Sociology is the write art essay systematic study of human society and social interaction. Sociologists . study these human societies and their interactions in complete of montaigne order to develop theories of how human behavior is shaped by group life and how, in on protection of environment turn, group life is of montaigne frame, affected by individuals. Directed by write art essay, Paul Haggis in 2005, crash is a movie full of essays of montaigne, sociological issues such as race, social class, and small, gender. Essays Of Montaigne? Crash makes us see how group life is affected by movie, individuals and essays frame, how. Anthropology , Human , Police 1211 Words | 4 Pages.

Scene Analysis - Across the Universe Across the Universe is essay tok 2011, a social commentary on the state of the government and the nation . during the time of the Vietnam War. Complete Essays Frame? Romantic and familial relationships, such as the critique example one between Lucy Carrigan amp; Jude, provide a backdrop along with the sweeping soundtrack courtesy of complete of montaigne, The Beatles. The anti-war theme becomes evident during the movie critique example “I Want You (She’s So Heavy)” scene which occurs at an Army Induction Center in New York City. Max Carrigan, the brother. 2003 invasion of Iraq , Conscription in the United States , Recruits 935 Words | 3 Pages. confronting our privilege. So, “ Crash ” is essays of montaigne frame, white supremacist because it minimizes the reality of white supremacy.

Its faux humanism and write art essay, . simplistic message of complete of montaigne frame, tolerance directs attention away from a white-supremacist system and undermines white accountability for essay tok 2011 the maintenance of that system. We have no way of knowing whether this is the conscious intention of essays of montaigne, writer/director Paul Haggis, but it’s emerges as the film’s dominant message. While viewing “ Crash ” may make some people, especially. African American , Black people , Discrimination 1976 Words | 6 Pages. The Movie 'Crash' Sequence Analysis. Crash : Editing and Comprehension Paul Haggis’s Crash was released in 2004; it dissects the theme of racism and how individuals . of on protection of environment, different ethnicities can all intertwine in complete a society. Characters of various race are introduced at a rapid pace to viewers quite early in the film. Critique Example? It is not until later that the connections and social tensions between the characters are successfully revealed. Of Montaigne? The continuity of the editing is write art essay, a key component to connecting the essays of montaigne frame plot, and allowing it to advance in a cohesive. Cut , Don Cheadle , Earth, Wind Fire 833 Words | 3 Pages. Brian Dragan Com 200 Dr.

Susan Kilgard 10/1/12 Film Analysis Paper #1 Crash This movie Directed by Paul Haggis who also . directed Academy Award Winning Million Dollar Baby and had also won an Academy Award for this movie as well puts a twisted story in this film. This movie symbolizes what goes on internet, in the world today in regards to essays of montaigne racism and essay, stereotypes. He tries to make a point on how societies view themselves and frame, others in the world based on their ethnicities. This movie intertwines. African American , Blame , Culture 1151 Words | 3 Pages. Anthony and Peter, leave a coffee shop and discuss racism in our society. They pass by small business floor plans, a middle-class white couple, LA District Attorney Rick . Cabot and essays of montaigne, his wife Jean. She clings to her husband, and Anthony points out that they’re the ones who should feel threatened, as they are the only black men in a sea of white people. They pull out guns, run up to the couple, and carjack them.

The scene switches to a white LAPD officer talking to a black insurance representative about his father. He reveals his racism. African American , Black people , Miscegenation 1415 Words | 4 Pages. Crash Film Analysis This movie gives a lot of points of view about different situations that people might face every day. . Situation which involve problems that most of movie critique, us never notice. The movie is particularly divided into sub stories that fall under different categories that explain the nonverbal behavior. I selected three situations that capture my attention because most of the time we never think about these issues as problems. The first one is the complete frame relationship between mother and jackie robinson contest chicago, son. The second. Family , Human , Humans 956 Words | 3 Pages. to be told by of montaigne, advertisers. This medium allows for maximisation of the creative potential.

Brand History Shangri- La is write art essay, a premier hospitality . provider founded in 1971 in Singapore. Its name was inspired by complete essays of montaigne frame, James Hilton's legendary novel Lost Horizon, which encapsulates a placid haven in and technology the Himalayas mountains, called Shangri- La , which cast a spell on its residents. Complete Essays Of Montaigne? Today, Shangri- La composes of over 70 deluxe hotels and resorts in key cities in Asia Pacific, Canada and the Middle East. Apart from. Advertising , Brand , Hotel 1623 Words | 5 Pages. 12-20-12 Crash Stereotypes The movie Crash is a film that begs audiences to question all the essay discrimination and all the . wrongs that occur and are often unseen by the general public. Crash tells joining stories of whites, blacks, Latinos, Asian, Iraqis, cops and criminals, the rich and the poor, all defined in one way or another by racism. The plot revolves around the city of Los Angeles, a city surrounded by violence and fear.

The issue of racial stereotyping is highlighted in complete essays of montaigne frame Crash when characters. African American , Black people , Ethnic group 1086 Words | 3 Pages. chosen to analyse a scene from the film Rashomon by Akira Kurosawa. I will be discussing in particular the on protection of environment scene where the complete of montaigne . Woodcutter wanders through the woods and jackie robinson chicago, discovers the body of the samurai. This scene is vital as we are introduced to complete frame the scenario which will be the focus of the rest of the movie.

Kurosawa utilizes a number of write art essay, interesting techniques that contribute to the film’s experimental nature, which I will be discussing in this analysis . The establishing shot of this scene is a low-angle. Akira Kurosawa , Cinema of Japan , Film editing 825 Words | 2 Pages. children. Essays Of Montaigne? Instead of selling them like they were brought over to the country for, he decided to let them go free. Jackie Robinson Essay Contest Chicago? This showed a very caring and sensitive . side of Anthony that we didnA?a‚¬a„?t get to see in the beginning of the movie. Complete Essays Of Montaigne? Identify a scene in essay the film that offered a good example of complete essays frame, perception and emotion A??’E? I believe a good example of essay tok 2011, perception and emotion was when the Persian store owner went to the Mexican locksmiths house to get revenge because he believed the locksmith is the. Culture , Husband , Mother 860 Words | 3 Pages.

Multiculturalism in Crash Crash is highly ambiguous in the depiction of multiculturalism in essays frame American society. Almost all the . Internet Essay? ethnicities depicted in Crash question the perception others have their particular group, but at complete frame the same time affirm the different stereotypes surrounding their ethnic group. For example, one of the business floor plans black characters (‘Anthony’) remarks that they should be afraid in a white neighborhood, due to their group’s association with crime. Complete Essays Frame? Following this intelligent observation. Ethnic group , Multiculturalism , Race 912 Words | 3 Pages. Bullet Boy: Scene Analysis Bullet Boy, a 2004 British Social Realism film, directed by Saul Dibb has narrative that portrays a . distressing an emotional tale of race, gangs and gun crime London. The film follows the life of a young man named Ricky, who has recently been released from prison, and portrays effect he has on the lives of those around him. The scene I will discuss is a montage between the main character named Ricky, and his friend Wisdom.

The scene is about Ricky, planning an business floor plans, escape. Audience , Audience theory , Close-up 944 Words | 3 Pages. number: (914) 376-7745 (h)—Please call between 8 a.m. and 8 p.m. Office hours: By appointment Monday-Friday An introduction to the language of film, this . course familiarizes students with the key elements of cinema: narrative, cinematography, mise-en- scene , editing, and sound. Focusing primarily on fictional narrative films, the course explores the essays ways in which filmmakers employ the basic elements of cinema to business reveal character, convey plot and theme, and create meaning. Both “Classical” Hollywood style.

Academic dishonesty , Film , Final examination 1764 Words | 6 Pages. ?Macbeth Scene Analysis : ENG3U1 Summative Macbeth, a film directed by Patrick Stewart from the inspiration of Shakespeare’s . enduring play is the most effective portrayal of act III, scene IV, since the film captured the actions of the main characters in an accurate representation of the original play. The film demonstrated the scene precisely from the props to essays the convincing emotional outbursts of all the main actors and supporting actors depicted. Similarly, some filmmakers often use stories. Acting , Actor , Emotion 923 Words | 3 Pages. North By Northwest Scene Analysis. North By Northwest Scene Analysis One of the final scenes in critique example the film “North By Northwest,” most easily recognized . Complete Of Montaigne Frame? as the matchbook warning scene , conveys a significant amount of meaning in a small window of chicago, time.

What makes the matchbook scene an complete of montaigne, excellent scene to evaluate is the essay tok 2011 large number of various film techniques that are used to complete essays portray its meaning and message. The scene , located towards the small business floor end of the film, creates a rising action to climatic level of complete of montaigne, suspense in the overall storyline. Alfred Hitchcock , Audience , Camera angle 932 Words | 3 Pages. Analysis of Scenes of Atonement Film. Atonement- Analysis of Scenes The scene starts with a long shot of the three characters walking on a path in the . reeds towards the camera. The reason a long shot is used is to establish the setting of the essay of environment characters. Complete Essays Of Montaigne? It cuts in to a close up of Robbie to show his emotion as he realises they have made it to on protection of environment the sea. Complete Frame? It cuts to critique an medium high angle aerial long shot as the of montaigne characters are running through the reeds to show the true desperation of the men. Example? While they are running the music playing is. Close-up , Film editing , Film techniques 1839 Words | 4 Pages. Chelly Lee African American History Movie # 1 Crash “We’re always behind this metal and complete of montaigne, glass.

It’s the sense of touch. I think we miss . that touch so much that we crash into each other just so we can feel something.” Debuting in 2004, Crash , was a movie that definitely touched on several aspects of race, gender, ethnicity, and write art essay, social classes of individuals living in Los Angeles, California. (Haggis) Not only were there racial issues concerning African Americans, but ethnicity issues were. African American , Black people , Ethnic group 857 Words | 3 Pages. ? Analysis of the Banquet Scene : Act III Scene iv After reading Act III of the text, return to scene . iv for a closer analysis . Let the chart below guide your reading, and be sure to complete of montaigne justify your answers to the questions using specific detailed evidence from the text. Essay On Protection Of Environment? Examine the text: When Macbeth learns that Banquo has been assassinated but Fleance has escaped, he uses figurative language to describe his state of mind. Essays? He says, “Then comes my fit again: I had else been perfect; whole as the. Banquo , Cognition , English-language films 720 Words | 3 Pages. Film Analysis Essay on Crash (2004) The movie “ Crash ” - from director and producer Paul Haggis - pictures one day in the lives of various characters in Los Angeles, all of them . from different social and racial backgrounds but nevertheless connected and intertwined throughout the story. The movie’s story is being told in a mostly chronological way, except that it puts one scene to the very beginning of the film and then cuts back to the day prior, indicated by the visual text “yesterday”.

In this first sequence, detectives Graham Waters. African American , Black people , Discrimination 790 Words | 3 Pages. ? GE3401 – TB2 Exploring English Cinema Scene Analysis “Scattering Donny’s Ashes” . Scene in The Big Lebowski (Joel and Ethan Coen, 1998) Student Name: Fan Ho Nga, Gloria Student ID: 52948216 “Scattering Donny’s Ashes” Scene in The Big Lebowski (Joel and Ethan Coen, 1998) The Big Lebowski (1998) by the Coen Brothers is no doubt a comedy film about friendships between three bowling buddies with differing personalities who met and stuck. Burn After Reading , Coen brothers , Fargo 1508 Words | 5 Pages. Scene Analysis – The Assassination of Jesse James by The Coward Robert Ford The Assassination of Jesse James breached new . Essay? heights in the western genre. It is unique in its narrative style and conventions, challenging the norms of the classic western, leading way to a whole new perception of complete, it. Its excessively dramatic overtones reveal a part of the robinson contest Western world that is so scarcely portrayed, diverting people’s general ideas about it. The film’s narrative focuses on essays, a dying hero as opposed to movie a. Gang , James-Younger Gang , Jesse James 998 Words | 3 Pages. Conflict, Racism, and Corruption an in-Depth Analysis Into the Movie Crash

In 2006 the movie Crash won the complete Academy Award for Best picture and received outstanding reviews from critics across the country. Movie Critique Example? Director . Complete Of Montaigne? Paul Haggis was stunned that his picture won such acclaimed awards. Haggis surely thought Ang lee's Brokeback Mountain would have taken the award for best picture. This shows that the American people and robinson essay contest, the academy thought Haggis's movie had pointed out real issues that are relevant in today's society. An analysis of the complete essays movie Crash reveals three main reasons. Academy Award for Best Picture , African American , Black people 969 Words | 3 Pages. Challenging and thought-provoking, Paul Haggis' Crash takes a provocative, unflinching look at the complexities of racial tolerance in . contemporary America. Diving headlong into the diverse melting pot of post-9/11 Los Angeles, this compelling urban drama tracks the volatile intersections of a multi-ethnic cast of characters' struggles to overcome their fears as they careen in and out of one another's lives. In the gray area between black and on protection, white, victim and complete of montaigne, aggressor, there are no easy answers.

Black people , Miscegenation , Race 2457 Words | 6 Pages. Citizen Kane Scene Analysis The scene we’re analyzing starts off with a shot of the on protection of environment New York Daily Inquirer. Complete Essays Of Montaigne? It’s . a close shot, taking up the entire screen. I feel this close up is to show the essay tok 2011 viewer that the essays frame newspaper company is going to be the write art essay primary focal point for Kane, and his two partners at this point in complete essays of montaigne the film. After the close up, the camera pans down to show Kane and internet and technology, Leland sitting in a car looking up at the building. Kane says “Take a good look at it Jedidiah, it’s going to look a.

Bernard Herrmann , Close-up , Long shot 1286 Words | 3 Pages. The Las Vegas Housing Market Crash of 2006. Las Vegas Housing Market Crash of 2006, who is to blame? By Tina Beach In the United States, the lending industry’s lack . of aggressive monitoring was a big part of the housing market crash of 2006. Essays? The Las Vegas housing market, once a booming industry in 2003 to 2005, is on protection of environment, now one of the top 3 cities in foreclosure properties. I sat with Suzanne Pashnick to get her take on what happened, who is to complete of montaigne be blamed and what can be done for essay tok 2011 the city to recover.

Suzanne has been in the real estate. Debt , Fixed rate mortgage , Money 1931 Words | 5 Pages. Crash analysis Haggi’s 2004 ‘ Crash ’ is essays frame, a film that explores the different dimensions of human nature and how . quick humans are to judge a person based on their physical appearance and the stereotypes associated with them. Set in Los Angeles post 9/11, the film is a vignette of over a 36 hour period and explores the themes of movie example, appearance vs. reality, racism and stereotypes and lastly fate. In specific reference to the cloak scene , which involves Farhad( the Persian shopkeeper) confronting. Gun , Human , Human physical appearance 402 Words | 2 Pages. Aircraft Crash Survival Analysis and complete essays of montaigne, Design. SFTY 435 Aircraft Crash Survival Analysis and Design Final Examination Return completed exam to instructor by small business floor, 10:00 PM on 11 . Essays? December 2012. Send to email: Name: Provide an essay tok 2011, essay type answer for the following questions. 1. Describe the complete essays of montaigne frame effect plowing can have on crash forces when the impact surface is soft soil.

Earth gouging and scooping of soil occur when the structure makes initial contact with the ground which minimize the acceleration and force levels to which the structure. Aircraft , Electrical engineering , Electrical wiring 1365 Words | 5 Pages. ?The film Crash takes its audience through multiple characters lives and illustrates just how much evil there is in the world today. While . taking the audience on this ride of emotions, it teaches us to realize it is never too late to redeem one’s self and change. Race played a big part in the negative actions against each other throughout the film, but it also focused in on relationships not just between husbands and small floor, wives but also with friends, family, authority, and society. I chose to follow. 1990s drama films , 2007 singles , 2008 singles 654 Words | 2 Pages.

?Laura Ortegate Section 3 FORMAL ESSAY OUTLINE I. Introduction Thesis statement: The movie Crash shows some racial and social differences . between the characters Rick Cabot and complete of montaigne frame, Anthony. II. Crash presents the socio economic lifestyle between Rick and Anthony, and how it is influenced by their race, their appearance and dress. Rick is a white man, that dress up with elegant suits and essay tok 2011, transport in a wagon Anthony is an Afro-American, he dresses with width clothes and people discriminate him because. Bourgeoisie , Marxism , Middle class 1677 Words | 7 Pages. To what extent do you agree that films offer insight into society? The film Crash directed by Paul Haggis offers valuable insight into complete of montaigne our . Internet And Technology? modern society. Complete? Crash is and technology, set in LA and complete essays of montaigne frame, allows us to consider a range of ideas about essay tok 2011, how we function in a multicultural, diverse modern setting. Complete Of Montaigne? Haggis presents a complex series of interactions between people who represent a cross section of society. Essay Tok 2011? He offers insight into essays frame our relationships, our judgement and acceptance of each other, the way we respond to. Abuse , Close-up , Conklin Shows 944 Words | 3 Pages.

? “ Crash ” Character Analysis Emily Nostrant SUNY Fredonia 2015 The character I chose to analyze was Jean Cabot, . Essay On Protection? who was played by Sandra Bullock. I feel that she really embodies all the topics we have talked about in complete essays class so far. The first time we see her, she and her husband, are heading to write art essay their car. While walking she catches a glimpse of two African American males and holds on to her husband harder and gives them a slightly disgusted look. She thinks that because she is a white. Race , Racism , White people 1634 Words | 7 Pages. techniques in the Nunnery scene in William Shakespeare's play Hamlet. All of the essays of montaigne frame points I am going to cover have been expressed through . different mediums for example in film and televised dramatic plays where the concept of Hamlet’s anger or use of nunnery is perceived to be different through artistic licence and also I will talk about the themes raised during the scene like corruption, deception, passion and betrayal Throughout all the movie example adaptations of the complete of montaigne frame Nunnery scene , deception is a pivotal. Characters in Hamlet , Gertrude , Hamlet 1554 Words | 4 Pages. Crash a film by Paul Haggis “moving at essay tok 2011 the speed of life, we are bound to collide with each other” As you watch the film, think about complete essays of montaigne, . Small Business Floor? answer the essays frame following questions. 1. What was your overall reaction to this movie?

What emotions did you find yourself feeling during this film? Why? It amazes me how people can be so racist. I was angry when the and technology essay white cop searched the women the way he did. Then the guy that sells guns didn’t want to see the man a gun because of his race.

Then the DA’s. Black people , Miscegenation , Race 784 Words | 3 Pages. Everything but the Brain: Scene Analysis. EVERYTHING BUT THE BRAIN ACT 2 SCENE 7 ACT 2 SCENE 7; PAGE 57 Flashback to complete of montaigne Elaine’s childhood with Father again Same situation . as Act 2 Sc 6, but the roles are reversed Father’s idea of a game is not Elaine’s idea of a game Father insists on using physics to make Elaine eat her porridge even though it is not fun to her as a child ? Father is quite forceful and not patient with Elaine - He wants to get the job over and done with ? Father asks Elaine what she wants to be, but Elaine answers what. Audience , Family , Mother 641 Words | 6 Pages. Scene Analysis: North by Northwest. The Shooting Scene : North by jackie robinson contest, Northwest In the film North by Northwest (1959), directed by Alfred Hitchcock, is about a successful new . Complete Essays? york advertiser is accused of being a government agent by a iniquitous group of spies, who pursue him cross country while he tries to stay alive and clean up the mess that’s been made. There is a superb use of mise-en- scene within this film, especially the gun shot scene , that catch the viewers attention, and make a much more noteworthy movie.

The significance. Emotion , Love 1483 Words | 4 Pages. $150million cost through Singapore Tourism Board (The Straits Times, 2007). With such encouragement from the government, Shangri- La has not . Essay Tok 2011? much to fear, especially in a politically stable country such as Singapore. In such a well-governed country, there has never been demonstrations of displeasure or anything interruption of businesses. With peace and prosperity, not only essays of montaigne frame, Shangri- La , but the essay tok 2011 industry will enjoy the complete fruits of the growth in floor plans tourism supported by the government.

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is more an emotion driven act than a critical, objective exercise. Crash is one of the movie example few English movies, out of the tons I’ve watched this . year, that really touched an emotional chord. Of Montaigne? CRASH - ’’Moving at the speed of life, we are bound to jackie robinson essay contest chicago collide with each other.’’…This is the tagline for frame the movie. This movie is set in Los Angeles and explores tense racial relations amongst the various communities that exist in LA . Crash is an ensemble piece in movie critique example which the stories of different characters intersect. Discrimination , Don Cheadle , Film 949 Words | 3 Pages. Textual Analysis About Stereotype in essays of montaigne frame Crash. Textual Analysis about movie example, Stereotype In Crash I think this movie is the best movie to demonstrate stereotype. In this movie, . Complete Of Montaigne? everyone is stereotyped and everyone stereotypes others.

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shared by all humans. * Crash directed by Paul Haggis presents to us an intertwining story set within the streets of of montaigne, LA , . confirming and challenging racial stereotypes and at the same time reflecting the ever existing good and dark side of human nature. * Human nature drives us all to view “the other” as bad, evil and small business floor, untrustworthy, it is complex and every man, despite differences holds the underlying values buried deep into our subconsciousness * In the complete essays of montaigne frame film crash , Haggis has successfully. Human , Human nature , Humans 985 Words | 3 Pages. Act 2 Scene 2 Line: 0 – 40 In this passage from line 0-40 in the act 2 scene 2 of the novel Macbeth written by jackie robinson chicago, William . Shakespeare. This passage pretty much talks about how Macbeth went to King Duncan’s room while the servants are drunk and murdered King Duncan. Essays Of Montaigne Frame? This is one of the most important scenes in this novel. I will organize my speech by going down the lines of the text. There are two characters in this passage, which are Macbeth and Lady Macbeth.

Throughout this passage Lady Macbeth. Duncan I of Scotland , King Duncan , Macbeth 909 Words | 2 Pages. ?Paul Haggis’ Crash : The Evaporation of White Accountability March 10, 2009 in Articles | Tags: crash , crash movie, . institutional racism, paul haggis, racism, structural racism, white accountability, white supremacy @page P “I was taught to small business floor see racism only in individual acts of meanness, not in invisible systems conferring dominance on my group,” writes Peggy McIntosh in her essay “White Privilege: Unpacking the Invisible Knapsack” (McIntosh). This invisibility. Discrimination , Institutional racism , Race 1597 Words | 3 Pages.

Crash: Character Analysis of Officer Hansen. The movie Crash is an interesting look at essays frame a variety of perspectives regarding the write art essay interaction and socialization of several different groups of . people and how sometimes their intentions can be misconstrued. In the movie, Officer Hansen proves to be a specially interesting character. Hansen is a white male who seems to of montaigne have grown up in a fairly typical environment and doesn't stand out from the essay on protection of environment normative views of an individual coming from his social grouping. Complete Essays Of Montaigne? Unlike his partner Officer Ryan, Officer.

Black people , White people 1374 Words | 4 Pages. Marketing Analysis Case Study: LA Shampoo. Management Case Study Analysis “Can This Brand Be Saved” SONGSAWATDICHAI Thanaporn Student ID Number: 52113609 Professor Lailani L. . Alcantara June 24, 2014 Case Study Analysis “Can This Brand Be Saved” Introduction La shampoo introduced in 1975. It is a high quality and more expensive product than its competitors. La Shampoo had “a stylist image” which targeted at women between the age of 15 and 30. Business? La Shampoo has the same marketing strategy and same slogan over year. La Shampoo’s basic products. Advertising , Brand , Brand equity 1174 Words | 4 Pages.

STUDIES: Film Music Assessment 1: Research Essay Crash (2004) – Composer: Mark Isham Crash is a film directed by Paul . Haggis and was released in 2004. The film depicts various social and political themes, the strongest being the issue of racism in the larger societies of the US. Mark Isham composed the score for the film; his work mostly consisting of smooth, ethereal and other-worldly sounds. The scene in analysis consists of a car crash in which Officer John Ryan, a racist white cop who. Automobile , Emotion , Mark Isham 1818 Words | 5 Pages. Crime Scene Analysis: Personal Experience.

Forensic Fingerprint Analysis Kaplan University Abstract Little is known about the decision-making processes of homicide detectives or crime . scene investigators. Complete Essays Frame? Within the essay tok 2011 lines of this paper I will be responding to complete of montaigne a homicide scene at a convenience store/gas station at 3 a.m. Within this store I will find a deceased victim with an apparent gunshot wound in the chest along with eight different visible items where I have to address the different process I will use at the scene on internet and technology essay, each item listed. Cigarette , Fingerprint , Parking 1544 Words | 2 Pages. FILM SYNOPSIS: In Crash , a simple car accident forms an complete frame, uncompromising foundation for essay the complex discovery of complete frame, race and prejudice. Paul . Small Business Plans? Haggis' overwhelming and incredibly thought provoking directorial debut succeeds in bringing to essays of montaigne the forefront the movie example behaviours that many people keep under their skin. And by thrusting these attitudes toward us with a highly deliberate, reckless abandon, Haggis puts racism on the highest pedestal for our review. There is no better place for complete essays frame this examination than.

Discrimination , Don Cheadle , Minority group 1022 Words | 3 Pages. Romeo and Juliet Film Scene Analysis. Romeo and on protection of environment, Juliet Film Scene Analysis Paper All around the world people often refer to Romeo and Juliet as one of the complete essays frame most . romantic love stories of all time. However, after reading the book, it’s obvious that there are many misconceptions about the story. In reality, it’s about a four-day relationship between a 17 year-old and write art essay, a 13 year-old that results in complete of montaigne six deaths.

Yet there are still too many to count recreations of Romeo and Juliet. Movie? One may ask, why is that? It’s because it teaches such a. Characters in Romeo and essays of montaigne frame, Juliet , Death , Juliet Capulet 1125 Words | 3 Pages. Radical critical analysis TILL THIRTY AT HOME Ljubljana, 1.6.2011 In . autumn I am moving with my parents to a new house in Brezovica. I will be twenty-four years old.

It worrys me, it is of environment, choking me, I am gathering wall tiles, I don't want to have wall tiles, I am getting panic attacks, I hate the architect, shower stall is complete of montaigne, too small, the ceiling is too low, the wardrobe room is not right. I am a spoiled, thankless brat. All. Slovenia , Young , Youth 2917 Words | 7 Pages. afraid to small floor awaken to reality. Their only opportunity to understand one another is by unintentionally crashing into frame one another. Jackie Contest Chicago? However, when they . crash , their emotions are driven by essays, fear which prevents them from essay tok 2011, awakening from their reality. Dreams are often deferred due to fear. Fear of the unknown and facing reality. Each character in the film, Crash has a fear of other people unlike themselves. They find it difficult to leave their border space and enter the comfort zone of others.

There is. African American , Baltimore , Democratic Party 2476 Words | 6 Pages. The movie Crash , created by complete essays of montaigne, Paul Haggis, incorporates the many struggles faced by today's racial stereotypes, into a collage of various . interconnected, cultural dilemmas encountered by the film's multi-ethnic cast. Most people are born with good hearts, but as they grow up they learn prejudices. “ Crash ” is a movie that brings out bigotry and racial stereotypes. The movie is set in Los Angeles, a city with a cultural mix of every nationality. The story begins when several people are involved in a.

African American , Black people , Miscegenation 1050 Words | 3 Pages. Crash the movie example Movie, Crashing Into Prejudice. Crash the Movie Crashing into of montaigne frame Prejudice Angela Rupp Fort Hays State University AUTHOR’S NOTE: . This essay was written for the course Multiculturalism in robinson contest chicago a Democratic Society (IDS350) at Fort Hays State University. Instructor: Ms. K. Kerrigan Crash the complete frame Movie Crashing into Prejudice Numerous movies have been produced for society that address racial prejudice and robinson essay contest, stereotyping. The movie Crash is just such a movie. However, this movie. African American , Black people , Prejudice 1396 Words | 5 Pages. Marketing management | La Martina | Case Write-up | PROBLEM STATEMENT Lando Simonetti founded La Martina for the purpose of . producing and selling functional polo equipment, focusing on controlled growth, limited availability, and embodying the polo lifestyle. Originally developed for polo players, the initial customer base of La Martina was comprised of polo players, teams and clubs.

This niche market, with only 7,000 to 8,000 professional players and 20,000 casual players worldwide, is frame, concentrated. Brand , Brand management , Marketing 1618 Words | 5 Pages. Justin Gonzales A Promise to Return Poetry Analysis Essay 3-1-2013 A Promise to Return Is there anybody there? said the Traveller, . knocking on the moonlit door; and his horse in the silence champed the grass of the forest's ferny floor (De La Mare, 1-4) and in a dreamlike manner, the scene is set. The Listeners by Walter Del La Mare is a dark and spooky poem with an unexpected ending. It is essay on protection of environment, about a traveller who rides through an of montaigne, eerie forest in the middle of the night in search of.

Alliteration , Assonance , Atmosphere 1035 Words | 3 Pages.

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A Chalkboard, Playground Equipment, and Mirror in essays of montaigne frame, Flowers for Algernon. From the time we encounter Charly until he is essay tok 2011 told of his operation, every thing Charly does are for frame, reasons unknown to critique, him, but are required for survival in the human world. Charly has no emotional association with the chalkboard except that he relies on it for remembering his routine. By observing Charly, it is complete essays noticed show more content The chalkboard is a significant attribute in Charly's life because it gives stability and makes him feel important. Before the operation, Charly really did not consider himself important. Charly wants to be loved and accepted, but is unable to tell anyone his deep inner feelings, because he is not intelligent enough to essay tok 2011, form the correct words. As his process of intelligence increases, Charly is very much unbalanced between the intellect and emotional levels and once again, a misfit is created. While in the classroom, Miss Kinnian has Charly complete the assignment on the chalkboard. Charly then turns the chalkboard over so Miss Kinnian can solve a question that Charly had put on the other side. The turn of the chalkboard is relevant to the change of of montaigne Charly.

This change is the write art essay understanding that a progressive transformation into the intelligent world has occurred in Charly. Although Charly is becoming increasingly intelligent, the complete of montaigne use of the chalkboard becomes less of internet and technology a tool for him. Charly recognizes the importance of his intelligence and the significance of complete essays of montaigne frame why he was chosen to have the operation, but does not understand the consequences. The potential outcome of his intelligence will help the future of mentally retarded people. Reading books on philosophical issues Flowers for Algernon has been recognized by many administrators due to the fact that it would make an critique example, effective focus for reading and discussing in English class. Of Montaigne Frame! For this reason, Flowers for Algernon has been used extensively throughout both middle and high school classes. Flowers for business floor plans, Algernon appears on complete essays of montaigne, reading lists, including the American Library Association’s Outstanding Books for the College Bound, the National Council of critique example Teachers of English Books for You, and frame various others, as well. (http://fofweb Flowers For Algernon - Comparing And Contrasting Essay examples. The theme for the film and novel of Flowers for Algernon was intolerance. Intolerance can be defined as a lack of tolerance for a person.

Throughout the novel, Charlie was mistreated by people who did not give him the small patience he needed. Charlie was shown a great deal of intolerance when the workers at the bakery turned against him. He had always been a dedicated, hard worker at the bakery and Mr. Donner fired him because the other men felt inferior towards him. Complete Of Montaigne Frame! “All of a sudden you’re a big shot Questions and Answers: Flowers for Algernon by Daniel Keyes Essays. an eye-Q of 68 had that thing like I had it. I dont know what it is or where I got it but he said Algernon had it too”(9). Movie Critique! Algernon was anti-social, intelligent, and complete of montaigne frame possessed motivation, not by choice, but by force.

He did not volunteer, but was chosen. His intelligence and motivation was measured by how many times he could solve the maze, which measured how much cheese he would consume. “Algernons motor-vation is the chees they put in his box” (9). “to solve a problem with a lock that changes A variety of methods can be used to structure the jackie contest chicago reading and essays frame discussion (i.e., whole class discussion, think-pair-share, independent written response, group work, etc.) Text Dependent Questions Text-dependent Questions | Evidence-based Answers | Using evidence from Progress Report 1, who is internet Charlie Gordon? | He says, “My name is Charlie Gordon. I am 37 years old and 2 weeks ago was my birthday.” Based upon his writing and the fact that he says, “They can make me smart” we can infer that he Computer equipment can become obsolete as a result of technological advancements, for example: - Increasing micro processing speed -- from 80386 to essays of montaigne, 80486 to and technology essay, Pentium I, II and now III generation systems; - Increasing memory capacity to support faster microprocessors and frame expanded storage requirements; - Internet developments that cannot be accessed using older systems; - New and expanding operating systems and software that cannot run on older systems; - Advancements in form to the sound bouba. Mirror neurons may be what allow humans to be so abstract. By linking different systems through abstraction we are capable of mapping one system to robinson contest, another, as seen in the boubba-kiki effect. 8- The mirror neuron hypothesis: Mirror neurons malfunction in people with ASD disrupting their ability to frame, understand what others are experiencing. Write Art Essay! 9- The researchers in complete essays of montaigne, this experiment hypothesize that multisensory integrative brain systems including a mirror like system in jackie essay, Broca’s Equipment Insurance Analyisis Essays. policy by the property all-risk policy. Complete Essays! Their coverage is in fact different. Moreover, ITSC has a special role of initiator and coordinator of Hong Kong Internet Exchange (HKIX). This fuels the importance of having a special computer and electronic equipment policy solely for ITSC, in floor plans, addition to the property all-risk policy covering university-wide properties.

Last but not least, we end our report by a hypothetical case illustration. It mainly illustrates the coverage and claim amount calculation. (2) the liability of the partnership, Fab Flowers to Peggy, if any, and why. The partnership will be held responsible because the tort happened during the course of business. Of Montaigne! The damaged to Peggy happened during business hours when Fran was driving the partnership’s truck. In addition, If Fran was driving his personal vehicle, or for personal pleasure, he would be the only one liable for the tort. B. Explain (1) the personal liability of Ben to movie critique example, Peggy; The book stated that, any person, including Mao wanted to complete essays frame, remove this threat immediately in write art essay, order to consolidate his control over the intellectual masses and thus launched the Hundred Flowers campaign. After months of receiving petty criticisms, Mao announced that criticism was the ‘preferred’; this launched a massive effort by the intelligentsia to reform the party and even fix the flaws of Mao. Mao received millions of letters, and in 1957 Mao exposed all the critics as ‘rightists’. The majority were publicly humiliated and discredited while And it All Began with a Flower Essay. seen, held or witnessed these events.

If you haven’t, Cancer has not been a part of your life. In the beginning, Cancer grows and roots inside of you. Complete Frame! You become more tired each day, and you aren’t diagnosed until “the flower” has bloomed. You soon need an aid to take care of “the flower”. When you try to remove the plant, you find it harder than you expected.

If you have let the Cancer’s flames rage for too long, it might be too late all ready. Soon all that is left is the essay of environment once sturdy frame you used

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Create your free Business Plan now. Make an essays of montaigne frame, investment-worthy business plan easily with our free template. Select a Industry Fill in the Form. Complete your Business Plan. Print and Download For Free. Business Plans: Writing Guides, Downloadable Templates, and Samples. Updated February 15, 2017 by Legal Templates. 1. Free Business Plan Template Download.

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It also offers a comparison of your company and your direct and indirect competitors. Of Montaigne? Chapter 4: Customers and Market Analysis: The customers and market analysis page indicates your target customer segments, what needs you are filling for of environment, them , and the latest trends among these consumers in terms of growth and behavior. Chapter 5: Marketing and Sales: The marketing and sales chapter allows you to describe how you will sell your product/service. Particularly what are your company’s strategies for positioning, pricing, promotion and complete of montaigne frame, distribution. Chapter 6: Strategy and Implementation: This chapter will give you an opportunity to set the key milestones that help establish a timeline of on protection of environment progress towards your goals. Additionally, it includes subsections like SWOT analysis, competitive edge, and strategic alliances. Chapters 7 + 8: Financial Plan, Sales Forecast, Financial Statements: In the final two chapters, entrepreneurs must define and calculate the financial variables that will go into the creation/expansion of complete essays of montaigne your idea, including its expenses, your anticipated sales forecast, personnel plan, cash flow assumptions, and more. If you are purchasing an existing company, you should also include the business purchase agreement in your plan. What’s included in movie critique example, the template with sample text: In the second download, we give you a completed ice cream shop plan to reference. Each section gives an example of what you should write.

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How to Write the essays frame, Executive Summary. The executive summary contains all of the movie critique, essential information about essays frame what makes your business strong and worthy of investment . It covers the major highlights of the rest of your plan’s chapters. The goal is to briefly tell your reader what your company will do, where you want to internet essay, take it, and why your business idea will be successful. If you are seeking financing, the executive summary is frame, your first opportunity to grab a potential investor’s interest. The executive summary will be the first chapter of your business plan, though it’s actually the small business floor, last section that you should write . First, you’ll need to complete essays of montaigne frame, do heavy research to ensure that your plan is sound before you can write the executive summary. This section will be different depending on if you are an established business or a new startup. A startup company’s executive summary will need to contest, be interesting and convincing to capture the attention of investors.

Your company will lack the essays of montaigne, historical data and trends that existing companies are able to provide, but there are strategies to robinson essay chicago, mitigate these factors. First, you’ll need to briefly explain who you are, the background of your management team, and your reasoning behind starting a business in your chosen niche. Secondly, you’ll need to demonstrate that you’ve done quality research that supports how you’ve conceptualized your business. Investors know that talk is cheap – do you have the data and analysis to back up your claims? Even in a standard plan, the executive summary for an existing business has no set template, although there are several suggested guidelines that you can find around the web. We suggest the following basic template – feel free to add or subtract sections according to your own needs: Summary Management Team Products and Services Customers Marketing and Sales Financial Forecast Financing Requirements (optional) Describe the purpose of the plan (e.g.; to raise a specific amount of debt financing to expand a store location) as well an overview of the complete essays frame, company (name, location, company type, products sold, founder(s) and founding date). Describe the key milestones or objectives that you want to achieve with this business (these are the tangible results in which you use to prove success of the venture). This statement should be concise and to the point.

Summarize the members of the management team, including highlights of essay tok 2011 their expertise and experience . Describe how each member contributes to essays, the success of the organization. Keep this section brief, as you will go into more detail in internet essay, the Products and Services section. Products and Services. Describe the products and services you are providing and who the competitors are within the complete essays frame, industry . Keep this section brief, as you will go into more detail in the Products and Services section. Describe whom your customer groups are and whom your key customers are , as well as how you will market to them. Keep this section brief, as you will go into more detail in the Market section.

Describe briefly how you will market your product or service. Summarize the write art essay, major points in complete essays of montaigne, the Marketing and Sales chapter, which may include market positioning, pricing, promotion, and distribution. Summarize the most important points from the essay contest chicago, Financial Plan section here. This should include your sales forecasts and projected expenses as well as the logic behind the projections. If you are a new company, describe when you expect to complete essays of montaigne, turn a profit . If you are an critique, existing company, highlight past financial performance. 7. Financing Requirements (Optional)

Summarize the amount of equity and/or debt financing that you are seeking, when you need it, the use of the funds, and complete essays of montaigne frame, when you expect to on protection of environment, reach your next milestone event and/or start paying back the loan. Essays Frame? Keep this at write art essay, an overview level , as you will go into more detail later on of montaigne, in other chapters. Note: This is essay tok 2011, a complex question that you cannot answer until you complete your plan, so it is highly recommended you work your way through the entire writing process first . In particular, complete the financial planning process before attacking this section. Only then will you be able to identify the amount of money you will need to raise. With these sections fleshed out, you’ve finished your executive summary.

How to Write the Company and Financing Chapter. The company and finance section of your plan is important, because introducing the management team is critical for both start-ups and established companies alike. Investors will use this information to gauge the future likelihood of success. Company and Financing Sections. Company Overview Management Team Required Funds (optional) Exit Strategy (optional) Mission Statement (optional) Company History (optional) Location and Facilities (optional) There are many variations and approaches on how to lay out the various components of a business plan. Our approach for the company overview section is to provide the reader with the company’s legal information, address and frame, a brief description of the robinson essay chicago, company’s history. Since there are follow up sections in this chapter that over complete of montaigne frame go the company’s location and small, history in more detail, you will want to keep this short (2-3 sentences). A BRIEF PRIMER ON COMPANY TYPES.

The optimal company type is best determined by a credible Attorney. Complete Of Montaigne? The primer below is meant only to internet and technology, explain the broad differences between the most common company types. A sole proprietorship, according to complete essays of montaigne frame, the IRS: “A sole proprietor is someone who owns an unincorporated business by him or herself.” While the write art essay, most simple to set up and the most common, there is a significant drawback: you will be personally liable for any obligations. So for example, if you sell someone a cupcake and essays of montaigne, they sue you because they found a hair in it, and essay tok 2011, you lose in court, the creditors can legally go after your personal possessions – such as the roof over your head. A partnership, according to the IRS: “A partnership is the relationship existing between two or more persons who join to carry on a trade or business.

Each person contributes money, property, labor or skill, and expects to share in complete essays of montaigne, the profits and movie critique, losses of the company.” A partnership has certain advantages compared to complete essays of montaigne, a LLC, such as not needing to essay tok 2011, file formation documents when setting up a partnership, and not needing to file dissolution documents if dissolving the complete essays of montaigne, partnership. However, similar to sole proprietorships, partners in a partnership have unlimited liability for the company’s debts and liabilities. Limited Liability Partnerships (LLPs) LLPs are different from critique example, traditional partnerships in complete frame, that there are two classes of partners: (1) General partners that have full management and control but also full personal liability and (2) Limited partners that have no personal liability beyond their investment in the partnership interest. Jackie Contest? Limited partners are often times “silent partners” that wish to invest in complete essays of montaigne, the venture but limit their exposure to liability.

A corporation is a separate legal entity owned by shareholders. A corporation is commonplace for businesses that anticipate seeking venture capital financing. The downside to a corporation is the essay tok 2011, problem of “double taxation” since the corporation’s profits is taxed at the corporate level, and then any dividends distributed to essays, shareholders are then taxed again at essay, the personal level. You can elect a special tax status with the IRS to have your corporation not be taxed at the corporate level (instead, it would be taxed as a pass-through entity). Some of the essays of montaigne frame, drawbacks include not being able to have more than 100 shareholders , and not being able to have non-US citizens/residents. A popular choice among many small businesses , a LLC limits the member’s personal liability and only taxes profits at the individual level (acts as a pass-through entity). Describe the movie critique, type of company you plan to open, along with the of montaigne frame, registered name you plan to jackie contest chicago, use. Explain your rationale – for example, if you are starting a company where you plan on seeking venture capital financing, then you will want to start a C-Corporation as majority of VCs will insist on complete of montaigne frame, this legal structure. If you have a home office/no dedicated business address. Include your current office setup and floor plans, your future office plans once your company expands, if applicable. For start-ups, and complete essays, especially those seeking financing, the Management Team section is especially critical.

With the business floor, lack of history, there is little investors can go by to of montaigne, gauge the business, future success of a venture. The question lenders and investors will ask: Why should we trust your team with our money? You must demonstrate your team’s ability to execute on essays of montaigne, the stated goals. To accomplish this, you should highlight: Background of each member of the management team (education, relevant work experience, etc.) Roles and responsibilities within the essay on protection, company. Tip: Don’t include details about complete members of the Management Team that are not relevant to the reader. Everything presented should reinforce why your team is the right team to execute on the company’s vision. If you have an established business the information you want to present is the same. Keep in mind, however, that you also want to write art essay, demonstrate that your team has the capability to manage growth of the complete essays frame, company. As a company grows from start-up to established business, the management team must also change.

They must be able to business plans, manage employees, institute standardized systems, and ensure the business’s ability to scale operations while keeping profitability stable. If you already have a Board of Directors and/or Advisory Board, list these individuals and a brief description. In a publically trading company the Board of Directors is complete, elected by essay, the shareholders and is the of montaigne, highest authority in the management of the company. Write Art Essay? For our purposes (context of complete of montaigne a private company that is most likely a startup or small but growing business), a Board of Directors is small business plans, comprised of investor(s), founder(s), CEO and of montaigne frame, independent board member(s) who have substantial business and and technology, industry experience. A Board of complete of montaigne frame Director’s typical responsibility is to set broad policies for the company, determine compensation for company management, and approve annual budgets. An advisory board is a group of business leaders that can help guide your company and provides it with assistance when needed.

Choose individuals with knowledge in your industry and are willing to play a role in your company . While some advisors are compensated, it comes down to a case-by-case basis, frequently depending on how much time the member is committed to your company. Tips on building your Advisory Board: Choose a well-respected and movie, well-known individual as the essays frame, first member of essay tok 2011 your Advisory Board. This will help you to recruit other members of the complete of montaigne, Board. Choose individuals that have strengths and relationships your business will need. As your business evolves, so will the members of essay tok 2011 your Advisory Board. Complete Essays Of Montaigne? Feel free to write art essay, shake up the line up over essays of montaigne time. In this section you will tell the reader how much money you need to essay contest, raise, what you are going to use it for, and how you got to the requested amount. Important note: This is a complex question that you cannot answer until you complete your plan, so it is highly recommended you work your way through the entire writing process and in particular, complete the financial planning process. Only then will you be able to identify the amount of money you will need to raise. There are two primary financing options: equity and debt.

The primary difference between equity and debt financing is that debt financing is essays of montaigne, essentially a loan that is backed by your assets or via a personal guarantee. Essay Tok 2011? If your company is already in existence and complete, has trading history, then you may also secure a loan off of your receivables. In contrast, equity financing is and technology, essentially you exchanging a stake in your company for a specific sum of money from an investor . Therefore, the amount you are able to raise from investors comes down to complete, how much they value your company. There are three fundamental questions every savvy investor will ask you: Cool idea, how do you make money with it? How much money do you need, and why and when? What do you think your company is worth?

If you are seeking financing (regardless of write art essay its equity or debt), that most likely means that your financial model shows your company taking a loss in the initial stages, followed by break-even and subsequent profitability. The money you are seeking to raise will simply allow you to complete essays, have enough cash to cover the initial period where you will be taking a loss so that you can eventually make a profit. This is example, a simplification; you may be raising money to complete of montaigne frame, further grow your company, which may already be profitable. Or you might use the financing to get your product to the next stage in its product development lifecycle (i.e.; milestone event). Movie Critique? But the general concept is the same; the investment you are seeking bolsters your company’s cash position , allowing it to grow revenue and/or profitability. Cool idea, how do you make money with it? / How much money do you need, and why and when? The financial statements provide the answer to the first two questions (which is why we recommend you complete your plan first). To answer how much money you need, analyze the essays of montaigne frame, cash flow statement to determine the cumulative cash flow. The lowest point on this curve will tell you what your maximum financing needs are , and at essay tok 2011, what point in time.

What do you think your company is worth? The third question is much harder to answer, especially for complete essays frame, a new company. At the end of the day it really comes down to what an essay on protection, investor thinks your company is worth (which is complete essays, more art than science). However, there are three popular methods of valuing a company that can help you come up with a valuation to facilitate the and technology essay, negotiation. Cost approach (asset based approach) The cost approach seeks to complete of montaigne, determine a company’s value by analyzing the market value of its assets. In other words, in this approach the company is worth the jackie essay contest chicago, sum of essays frame all its assets if they were to be liquidated . Internet And Technology? This approach may be appropriate for some industries such as real estate where the asset value may actually be worth more than the going concern value (present value of future cash flows generated by the asset). However, for many companies the value of its branding and essays of montaigne frame, reputation, along with its ability to essay tok 2011, generate profits, will exceed the value of its assets. The market approach seeks to determine a company’s value by analyzing recent sales of essays of montaigne similar assets, with the theory that valuations of similar companies can serve as a good proxy. This is a common approach in essay, the real estate industry.

The income approach seeks to determine a company’s value by using its expected profit over time and then placing a value on that future stream of income in today’s terms . Since there is inherent uncertainty with a future stream of income, there are numerous ways to discount that expected income to account for risk. Now you have all the pieces to complete essays frame, complete the equation. And Technology? You have the amount of money you need by looking at cumulative cash flow. You also have an idea of how much money your company will be worth. Equation to determine how much equity you should offer: Equity to offer = Company Valuation / Money needed. If raising debt, you are not exchanging equity for of montaigne frame, cash. Instead, you should focus on the loan’s interest rate and payment schedule. Make sure you will be turning a profit that is both large enough and soon enough to ensure there is no delinquency on write art essay, servicing the essays of montaigne, loan.

For equity financing, answer the following: Investment amount needed When you need it How much time it will buy you / When you expect to turn a profit or get to the next milestone event % of essay of environment equity offered and at what company valuation (you may wish to keep exact figures vague in order to further negotiate) Exit strategy. For debt financing, answer the essays of montaigne frame, following: Loan amount needed When you need it When you will be able to essay tok 2011, pay back the loan The amount and frequency of loan payments. In addition to the information above, you should also summarize how you plan to use the funds.

The level of detail should be at complete frame, a high level ; if the investor or lender wants to see expenses in more detail that will be available in the Appendix within the internet and technology, Profit/Loss statement. Construction of new kitchen: Kitchen remodeling, March 1, 2014, $25,000 Kitchen hardware, April 1, 2014, $50,000 Total Loan Amount: $75,000. If based on your financial model you anticipate relatively small yet variable expenses month to month, a line of credit may be a good choice. With a line of credit you draw upon it when you require the funds and pay interest immediately on the money as it is borrowed.

It works very similarly to a credit card in complete of montaigne frame, that you typically have a pre-set limit to how much you can borrow, the major exception that since you may be able to secure the essay tok 2011, line of credit with assets, you may be able to get better terms. In the Quick Start Guide we briefly went over of montaigne the different strategies available and how thinking about your company’s eventual exit will help shape your business model. Write Art Essay? It’s recommended you review the complete essays of montaigne, Quick Start guide and write art essay, practice that exercise. Depending on your company, there are various exit strategies available, including: Selling your business Passing it down through the family Taking the complete, company public (IPO) Liquidation.

If you are seeking equity financing, then your investors will pay close attention to this section. Angel investors and VCs demand a large return on their investment since they are taking a large risk by investing into your company. Therefore, you need to include detailed information on how you intend to sell the company or take it public. Demonstrating a large market opportunity. If investors are going to take a big risk, they demand a big return. You need to demonstrate your business has the write art essay, potential to essays of montaigne frame, either take substantial market share from an incumbent competitor, or create a new market. Investors like to be in hot, growing industries such as biotechnology, mobile e-commerce and healthcare. These are all industries that have huge upside growth potential and ones that investors are more inclined to invest in. Solving a larger company’s problem.

If your exit strategy is to write art essay, sell your company to a larger company, then identify how your company’s product solves that larger company’s stated problems and/or goals. For example, Apple’s mapping software is playing catch-up to Google Maps. Complete Of Montaigne? If your company can help Apple improve its software, your company would become an attractive acquisition target. The mission statement reflects the core purpose and vision of the company. It’s a statement your employees and customers can get behind. Some tips on writing a well-crafted mission statement: Keep it short. 1-2 sentences max. On Protection Of Environment? Don’t use “fluff” words.

Make the statement mean something. A mission statement, if done well, should encapsulate both what the company does (what it sells) as well as the culture/vision/purpose. Examples of Fortune 500 firms that really get it right: A. BRISTOL-MYERS SQUIBB COMPANY (PHARMACEUTICALS) Mission Statement: “To discover, develop and deliver innovative medicines that help patients prevail over serious diseases.” Why it’s great: The keywords “discover, develop and complete frame, deliver” demonstrate the company’s capability to in delivering an end-to-end solution. By using the words “innovate” and write art essay, “prevail over serious diseases” it serves as a rallying call for their thousands of employees that what they are doing is (1) cutting edge and complete essays of montaigne frame, (2) has a higher purpose then themselves. Mission statement: “ We will be the easiest pharmacy retailer for customers to use.” Why it’s great: In one short sentence, the company has managed to (1) describe what it sells (2) how it will win in the marketplace.

It is a pharmacy retailer and and technology essay, it will solely focus on making itself easier for complete, the customer to use (that could mean so many things, such as innovating online to internet, fulfill prescriptions to improved customer service within their stores). Example of poorly written mission statements. A. FORTUNE 500 FOOD AND BEVERAGE COMPANY. Mission statement: “ The Company’s primary objective is to maximize long-term stockholder value, while adhering to essays frame, the laws of the write art essay, jurisdictions in which it operates and at all times observing the highest ethical standards.” Why it’s horrible: It does not serve as a rallying call for employees, suppliers, or partners. Its objectives are obvious (what company does not want to complete essays, maximize value) and borderline absurd (are there companies that do not want to adhere to local and jackie essay contest chicago, federal laws)? Lastly, it does not mention what the company actually does. B. FORTUNE 500 VEHICLE PARTS SUPPLIER. Mission Statement: “ We are committed to attracting, developing, and keeping a diverse work force that reflects the frame, nature of small business floor plans our global business.” Why its horrible: While a diverse workforce is certainly not a bad thing, only stating that as the company’s mission statement is ineffective, lacks direction or focus, and completely misses the complete frame, point of having a mission statement. This is predominately for businesses that have previous trading history, but can also be used by robinson essay contest, new companies that want to complete essays, highlight relevant history on how the company came to existence, work completed to movie, date, milestones achieved, etc.

Some information you may want to include: Start date First location First product/service Significant milestones/events. Reminder: keep in mind that there is no set rule as to the level of detail you want to include. This is dictated by the relevancy of the complete, information to essay tok 2011, the reader and essays of montaigne frame, how this information helps strengthen your plan’s ability to essay tok 2011, build credibility for your company. Every company is made of milestones. Milestones for a business are achievements that demonstrate the of montaigne frame, business is on the right track. They are best when quantifiable and essay on protection of environment, measureable. For example, achieving a working prototype of your product, or getting to break-even, are both huge milestones that showcase your ability to execute and complete of montaigne frame, reduces subsequent risk of your company. Key concept: The more uncertainty that you can take off from the table, the better valuation you can get for your business. For businesses that have a retail or manufacturing component, this is an important section of essay on protection of environment your plan. Information you may want to include:

Size (e.g.; in sq. ft.) Location/Address Other notable facts, such as equipment at the facility. Location is important for a large number of retail businesses, whether you are a restaurant or purveyor of consumer products. Complete Essays? If possible, provide statistics about the retail location you have chosen or are planning to choose. Describe the lease terms you are able to secure, and if there are any laws that protect the plans, lessee from unreasonable price increases. You can read a detailed article about complete of montaigne what to look for in a lease agreement here.

Provide detailed information on the manufacturing facilities. For example, your operation may require a reliable source of electricity and water. Describe how the facility provides the essay tok 2011, business with these resources. If the facility is pre-existing equipment or structures that can be leveraged, make mention of essays of montaigne frame that. Location can be an important aspect of your business even if you are not in movie, retail or manufacturing. For example, you might want to open your software company in essays of montaigne frame, Silicon Valley as that provides a competitive advantage from an employee recruitment and fundraising perspective. If you operate out of of environment a home office. Describe your future expansion plans, including expected date of complete frame expansion.

Upon completing these sections, you will then be finished with the company and financing section of your business plan. Writing the Products and Services Chapter. The products and services chapter of your business plan should be written clearly and movie critique example, descriptively, to help give investors a comprehensive understanding of the bread and butter of your business. Your products and services section should include the following sections. Products and Services Chapter Sections.

Products and Services Competitors Sourcing and of montaigne, Fulfillment (optional) Technology (optional) Intellectual Property (optional) Future Products and Services (optional) Your products and services are the essay tok 2011, lifeblood of your business – it’s what your customers need, and if you get this right, everything else will follow . Commonly referred to as “product lift”, which essentially means getting the secret sauce working. It means that customers want to buy your product/service, and you are filling a need that was previously not satisfied. Thinking in terms of benefits vs. features. What is the complete of montaigne, consumer really buying? For example, a person buying a Rolex watch is not only buying a device to tell time, but the jackie robinson essay chicago, prestige and status that comes with a luxury product. Think about what end benefit your product/service delivers.

Of course, the complete of montaigne frame, functional aspects of your product/service are also important. Depending on what you are going to critique, sell, think through the features it will provide, packaging, design, branding, quality, and other aspects that help position and/or differentiate it from competing products/services. You may have heard the business adage that acquiring a new customer is indefinitely more expensive then keeping an existing customer. Frame? One of the reasons this is true is the potential to sell additional add-ons, upgrades and substitute products/services to existing customers . Business? Think about how you can drive incremental revenue. Whether it’s via subscriptions, repeat business, or annual contracts, you may be providing products/services that generate a recurring revenue stream. This is a good thing, because (1) your revenue can be more predictable and stable (2) you are maximizing earning potential . Think how you can generate recurring revenue, which is essays of montaigne, expressed with a metric called Lifetime Value per customer. You will complete the price you want to set your products/services in the Financial Plan chapter, and we also have a section for essay tok 2011, you to describe your pricing strategy; however it is advisable to start thinking about complete essays of montaigne how you want to price your products/services.

Competitive analysis is an jackie robinson contest chicago, extremely useful tool and one that should be revisited often as the competitive landscape changes over complete frame time. It starts with competitive analysis. Background (location, history, ownership) Financials (revenue, profitability) Products (product line, services, patents, licenses) Marketing (channels used and robinson, budget, pricing, alliances/affiliates) Personnel (headcount, notable executives, compensation, job openings) Market share Strengths, Weaknesses. Tips on how to perform competitive analysis. The Internet makes this much easier then in days past.

Some ideas: Google search using keywords that your customers would use to complete of montaigne frame, find you Look up industry association websites Look up directories such as Yahoo or Crunchbase Use Indeed.com to find your competitor’s job openings Competitor’s websites Find your competitor’s management team members on LinkedIn. Not only do you have to worry about small business floor current competitors you can see, but you have to be vigilant and frame, be on the lookout for essay of environment, new entrants. For example, a company that already sells to your customer base may see your industry as a logical next step. You should consider the likelihood of new entrants high if: The industry sees high margins (its super profitable) There is unmet demand (more customers then suppliers) There are no major barriers to entry (does not take much to start competing) There is future growth potential (such as mobile apps) Much of this is common sense – if you see a market opportunity that no one is competing in yet, don’t expect that you will be alone for long. Sourcing is simply the process of procuring goods and services from complete essays of montaigne frame, suppliers that are required for your company to write art essay, make its products or deliver its service.

Some things to essays of montaigne, consider when choosing and managing your suppliers: Cost: This is an obvious one – the write art essay, lower the complete essays of montaigne, price, the jackie contest, higher your profit margins will be. Payment terms: The longer you have to pay your suppliers, the more working capital you have on hand. Reliability: You must consider how reliable your suppliers are and what would happen to your ability to operate if they cannot deliver. Scalability: As your business expands, will your suppliers be able to meet your needs? Fulfillment is complete essays, simply the process of how your company delivers its products/services, from point of sale to internet and technology essay, delivery. There are several popular fulfillment options:

Engineer to essays frame, order: the product is designed and built to essay tok 2011, customer specifications (e.g.; large construction projects) Build to order: the product’s design is standardized but manufacture of final product is based off of customer specifications (e.g.; aircraft and yachts) Assemble to complete essays, order: the product is assembled to the customer’s specifications using pre-fabricated components (e.g.; Chipotles burritos, Dell computers) Make to stock: the product is and technology essay, manufactured in quantity based on expected sales of the product (e.g.; retailers) If you are going to be selling physical products and expect to hold inventory, then you should pay very close attention to how you forecast the amount of frame inventory you need to meet your projected sales. Too little inventory and you may not be able to essay on protection of environment, meet demand. Too much inventory and complete essays of montaigne, you tie up all of your cash on of environment, excess inventory. Some key points: Have accurate sales forecasts. Use historical sales data if you have it, and make sure you account for seasonality. Have accurate inventory tracking.

Use bar code scanning or equivalent to ensure there are no data entry errors. Utilize inventory management software. QuickBooks, Sage, and a plethora of other vendors provide a cloud-based solution for you to manage and maximize your inventory levels. Technology in complete essays of montaigne, today’s business environment is becoming more and more important and serves as a source of competitive advantage. Take Wal-Mart or FedEx as two examples of companies that provide services (low-cost products and write art essay, shipping), but utilize technology as a critical means of delivering those services.

Wal-Mart uses a sophisticated supply chain management IT system to ensure its low prices. FedEx uses technology to optimize delivery routes and times, which enables it to ship to practically every corner of the complete of montaigne frame, globe, seamlessly and with very low error rates. Think about how technology plays a part in essay on protection of environment, your business and if it is critical to your business operations. If technology is complete, critical to business, your business operations, then you must think about your disaster preparedness and contingency planning . Depending on complete essays of montaigne frame, your business, you may want to internet, create back-up copies of data and software, routine security checks, and securing physical assets. Complete Of Montaigne Frame? What would happen if you lost access to the technology? Think about alternatives that you could utilize. For example, if you license a piece of software and later down the road decide that the cost is too high, is there a competitor who can license you an alternative? If you have exclusive rights to internet, a technology, either through a patent or through an exclusive license agreement, this is of montaigne frame, a great competitive advantage and one that you will want to critique, describe in detail.

There are two types of intellectual property that may be applicable to a business: industrial property (such as patents and complete of montaigne frame, trademarks), and copyright (such as novels and movies). If you have intellectual property that you want to protect, it is write art essay, advisable that you seek the professional advice of a good Patent/IP Attorney , since this is of montaigne, a great way to provide a barrier to entry for your business. Intellectual property type 1: Industry property. These include inventions (patents), trademarks and industrial designs (trade secrets, trade dress). If you have any proprietary process or technology then it is recommended that you apply for a patent to protect your invention. You should apply for a trademark for your company name and logo as well. Intellectual property type 2: copyright. These include literary and artistic works such as novels, poems and plays, films, musical works, artistic works such as drawings, paintings, photographs and sculptures, and architectural designs.

In 2011, counterfeit copyrighted and trademarked goods were a $600 billion dollar industry worldwide. Enforcing your intellectual property may be feasible from a legal point of and technology essay view, but many times is not practical in practice. For example, Microsoft cannot possibly prosecute every single instance where its popular operating systems are copied and downloaded. IP and your employees and complete essays, contractors. It is just as important to secure your intellectual property in relation to your employees and contractors. Everyone should be required to sign an invention assignment agreement, which basically states that the company owns all works produced while contracted by the company. In addition, you may consider handing out serialized notebooks for employees to use , so that if there is write art essay, ever a conflict as to whom owns a piece of complete essays of montaigne intellectual property, there is a physical record. If you have future products and services planned, it is a good idea to describe the write art essay, product roadmap and strategy behind it . A key concept is complete essays, that of product lifecycle, which describes the stages of the life of a product. During this phase, your product will incur heavy promotional costs as you get the word out. Write Art Essay? You may discount the price of the product to encourage new customers. During this phase, you may focus on expanding your product to new segments in the marketplace, and expand the product line (for example, with new colors or other variations).

During this phase, you are enjoying the fruits of your labor. Of Montaigne? You may add new features to your product to stay competitive and to further differentiate your product from competitors. Marketing spend for your product starts to dissipate as sales of your product are in steady decline. After including all of this information, you’ll have completed the write art essay, products and services chapter. Writing the Customers and Market Analysis Chapter. The customers and market analysis chapter will give you an opportunity to describe what your customer segments are, what needs you are filling for them, and how these groups of complete frame customers are trending in terms of growth and behavior. This chapter also includes any regulatory restrictions specific to your industry. Customers and Market Analysis Sections. Market Overview Market Needs Market Trends (optional) Market Growth (optional) Industry Analysis (optional) Key Customers (optional) In the market overview section you are going to calculate the total market (referred to as Total Addressable Market) for your products, and then the segment of that market your business can capture. Total addressable market can be thought of in several distinct levels.

At the highest level is an estimate of the total market given 100% saturation. Another way of critique looking at this is what would be the complete essays of montaigne, total market if one company had 100% market share. Once you have the essay tok 2011, total addressable market, then you can estimate what percentage of this you can realistically capture. This, of essays frame course, is much harder to predict with accuracy. So the important thing to remember is to utilize strong sources for essay of environment, your assumptions. For example, lets say you plan to open a high-end steakhouse in downtown Miami. Essays Of Montaigne Frame? To calculate your total addressable market, you might count how many high-end restaurants are in the downtown area and research the average annual sales for each restaurant. Then multiply the two to get the total sales for all high-end restaurants.

This would be your total addressable market. Using the example above, we can then drill down to the next level and determine what percentage of the movie, market you can realistically capture. You might assume that you will take an equal share of the complete of montaigne, market, thereby decreasing all other competitor’s shares in the market. Or you might offer cheaper prices, which you assume would take a larger percent of the market. Whatever your assumption, make sure it is well documented and of environment, logical. To obtain jaw-dropping product-lift you must solve a difficult and painful problem for essays of montaigne, the customer. And if there are competitors, you must solve the problem better than them, and enough so that customers are willing to switch to your company. Describe what problem your product is solving. If you are targeting multiple customer segments, make sure you go into detail on on protection, how your product serves each customer segment.

Describe how your solution better solves customer’s pain points then your competitors. We as consumers are inherently lazy. We do not want to go through the time and cost of switching from of montaigne frame, one company’s product/services unless it is compelling enough, which is dependent on the switching cost. For example, there is virtually no cost to switch from Coke to Pepsi. On the other hand, there is high switching cost associated with migrating from a Mac to a PC. To overcome this problem, describe how your product either is movie example, able to overcome customer’s inherent adversity towards switching products, or if your product is able to reach new customers and bypass switching costs altogether (in other words, instead of taking customers away from your competitors, you are creating a new market for your products). Understanding market trends at the macro level is critical for various aspects of your business. A growing or shrinking market is described in more detail in complete essays frame, the market growth section. Below are some of the other factors that will affect market trends: The overall economy has a disproportionate effect on some businesses. Essay Contest? For example, dog-walking services usually see a decline in sales as households reduce spending on complete frame, non-essential purchases.

Government regulations and policies can completely alter an internet essay, industry, so it is imperative that you are up to date on upcoming changes. For example, the Jobs Act of 2012 allowed for the first time non-accredited investors to complete of montaigne frame, participate in private placement of securities. This in turn has created a new market for crowd-funding websites to emerge to connect startups with all types of investors. You may be in an industry where political conditions have an impact on the bottom line. For example, if you count the write art essay, Dept. of Defense as one of your clients, then the across-the-board budget cuts (i.e.; Sequestration in the Budget Control Act of 2011) would surely have a negative effect on essays, your business. If you build your business on top of critique a technology platform that will soon be replaced with a more cost affordable, powerful, and easier to use technology, then that will surely put you in essays frame, a less advantageous position.

Knowing technology trends is valuable in ensuring you are gaining a competitive advantage through the use of technology. Your customers may change their sensitivity to price depending on a variety of factors, including competition, macroeconomic conditions, and changing consumer tastes. Keeping an eye on this trend will ensure you optimize your pricing strategy. Market growth, mathematically, is simply measuring the change in market size from one time period to the next (usually in years). So if the essay tok 2011, market in the first year was $100 million and $150 million the second year, then the market can be said to have grown by 50%. You will find that measuring market growth using historical market size data is much easier then forecasting market growth.

Utilize publically available data sources, trade publications, market research firms, and government agencies to find much of this research. Being able to essays of montaigne, demonstrate a market is write art essay, growing is obviously important – for complete of montaigne frame, example, the market for Blackberry accessories is clearly a declining market. Most investors and lenders will not want to essay tok 2011, see a new business chase after dwindling customers. On the other hand, the market for Apple and Samsung phone accessories have seen great growth and will continue to grow as those companies continue to add new customers. Your industry is defined as the group of companies that are related to you in terms of what you sell/how you derive your revenue. For example, Ford and Nissan are both in the automotive industry. Ford and Nissan’s market (i.e.; customers) would be the end consumers who buy their cars. You will want to describe your industry name/classification (SIC/NAICS Code), which can be found on the Dept. of Labor website. Understanding your industry’s dynamics is imperative to knowing it’s profit potential and attractiveness. A popular framework for conducting industry analysis is Porter’s five forces analysis, which analyzes an industry’s competitiveness (and therefore attractiveness). By performing this analysis you will have a clear picture of your competitors and how your company fits within the complete essays, competitive landscape.

If your industry has low barriers to entry and low switching costs, then expect increased competition, as there is little standing in the way for new entrants to write art essay, enter the market and complete essays, compete. If your industry is supplied by contest chicago, very few suppliers with little alternative but to source from those suppliers, then expect downward pressure on complete of montaigne frame, your margins. If your industry only has a small number of buyers, or there are many alternative products to small business floor plans, choose from, then expect downward pressure on your margins. If there are many substitute products in frame, your industry and the switching costs between them are low, then expect substantial competition. An industry is very competitive if there are many competitors about the same size, there is little differentiation between competitor’s products, and it is mature with little growth (so the only way to grow is to movie, take a competitor’s market share). Although your product may cater to many different sets of customers, you want to complete essays of montaigne, focus on a select group that will be the most likely to purchase your product/service and account for of environment, the lion’s share of your company’s revenue. For many businesses, you will soon realize that a large portion of your revenue comes from a small percentage of your customers. For example, Starbucks may realize their key customers are white-collar business types that purchase a cup of coffee every day, versus the student type that comes in complete frame, once a month. When you can name your key customers. If you are in a business where volumes are low and prices are high, then you should be able to name your key customers individually.

In this case, you should describe in movie critique, detail your relationship with each of them separately. If you’ve filled out this chapter, congratulations. Complete Essays Of Montaigne? Doing market research and customer analysis is a complicated and time consuming task. Write Art Essay? Time to move on of montaigne, to the next chapter! Writing the Marketing and Sales Chapter. The marketing and write art essay, sales chapter gives you an opportunity to complete frame, describe how you will manage your sales force and write art essay, what sales activities they will conduct in order to close sales. Overview Positioning Pricing Promotion Distribution. In this section, summarize your marketing plan, being sure to include:

Positioning: Are you going to be the lowest cost provider or provide a differentiated product? Pricing: How will you price your products/services? Promotion: How will your market your products/services? Distribution: Where will your product/services be available? Tip: It will be easier to write this section after you complete the subsequent sections as the complete essays, overview section summarizes key findings from the other section. Keep this section at the summary-level, as you will go into further detail in the subsequent sections. Describe how you position your company within the competitive landscape.

Will you compete on robinson essay contest chicago, price, or will you differentiate your offering and stand out from your peers? For example, Wal-Mart positions itself as the low-cost provider in an industry, while Apple designs premium products to reach the luxury end of the market. Provide your product/service at the cheapest price point in the marketplace. There are three primary ways to achieve this: Economies of essays frame Scale: For example, being able to turn more tables in a restaurant or produce more widgets in a factory. The more you are able to produce from your asset, the cheaper it becomes. It will also be harder for critique, your competitors to enter the market since you have fixed assets and experience that requires a large investment. Low operating costs: Keeping costs down across all aspects of the business, including: Standardization: Limited customization Outsourcing: Outsourcing labor to complete essays frame, low cost production centers Thrift: Limiting advertising and RD spend Optimized supply-chain: By lowering inventory and negotiating with suppliers, companies can substantially improve their profitability and cash flow. Making your product/service unique by targeting a specific segment of the market is write art essay, a compelling strategy, especially if: Your customers are not price sensitive The market is competitive Your are targeting a specific niche You can provide a product/service that is not easily copied.

You can also achieve differentiation through branding and marketing – for complete frame, example, Starbucks sells premium coffee at a premium price point, primarily through the strength of their branding and not through the taste of their coffee. Determining the optimal price for your products/services will require you to write art essay, think through several factors: If you are going shooting for the low cost provider strategy, then you will want to price yourself accordingly. Essays Of Montaigne? Likewise, if you are going for the luxury end of the market, then a higher price is internet essay, often times a proxy for of montaigne, quality. How price sensitive are your customers? If your customers are making their purchase decision primarily based on jackie essay, price, then you will want to be sensitive to essays of montaigne, this. The price you set must be high enough to small plans, over your costs so you can turn a profit. There are, of course, exceptions. Of Montaigne Frame? For example, you might want to achieve economies of scale by essay, maximizing units sold, or you might be maximizing revenue to achieve dominant market share.

There may be regulatory/legal constraints on how much you can charge. For example, payday loan vendors are restricted in how much they can charge their customers. Looking at what your competitors charge can give you a understanding of what current customers are accustomed to paying and will likely be willing to pay for your products/services. There are price points that consumers are psychologically more accustomed to, such as amounts ending in of montaigne frame, .99 or .95. In this section, you move from business, describing your marketing plan onto how you will convey your marketing message to your intended audience. Complete? What marketing channels will you utilize to reach your target customers?

Depending on your business, traditional media may be an write art essay, important component of your complete marketing toolbox. These would include television, radio, billboards, flyers, etc. In today’s environment few companies can afford not to have a strong online presence. There are a myriad of options available. Each marketing channel must be carefully measured for effectiveness, as online marketing can quickly add up and consume a small business’s entire marketing budget. A website is a key component of your digital marketing efforts as it will be the destination in essays, which your online leads will first visit. Some online marketing options include: Search engines (i.e.; Google, Bing) Directories (Yelp, Angies List) Daily deals (Groupon) Email marketing Social media (Facebook, Twitter) Word of mouth marketing is by far the most profitable and powerful marketing channel available to any business. On Protection Of Environment? New customers that are referred to your business are more likely to purchase and more likely to of montaigne, continue referring your company.

There are ways to boost word of mouth marketing, especially with the advent of social media. For example, asking a satisfied customer to movie, like your business on frame, Yelp and small business plans, Facebook will potentially reach hundreds of their contacts, all with one click. Integrating social media into of montaigne your word of write art essay mouth marketing strategy is invaluable for every business. Blogging/Becoming a subject matter expert. Having a leading voice in your industry will help your business gain credibility from customers, suppliers, partners and competitors. You can start by participating on public forums and blogs related to your business and adapting the adage “give more to get more”. How will your products be available? On one end of the frame, spectrum is direct marketing, whereby you sell directly to your customers. Movie? Or if you manufacture your products, you might sell through distributors, who in turn sell to essays of montaigne frame, retailers, who in turn sell to consumers. Three common models: Product is business floor, stocked in essays of montaigne frame, mass-market distribution channels.

Examples include soft drinks, magazines, etc. Product is specialized and essay tok 2011, sold through specialized channels. Examples include nautical computers and frame, tooling/machinery. Product is only sold through an exclusive channel. Examples include luxury products such as high-end motorcycles or designer handbags. The Internet presents an unparalleled opportunity to reach customers directly, as well as working with online channel partners to reach and sell to customers. Writing the Strategy and small business, Implementation Chapter. The strategy and implementation chapter will give you an opportunity to define the complete of montaigne frame, key milestones that mark meaningful progress towards your goals. Write Art Essay? It also includes sections that further elaborate on your competitors.

Strategy and complete essays, Implementation Sections. Milestones SWOT Analysis (optional) Competitive Edge (optional) Strategic Alliances (optional) Milestones are the write art essay, key events that demonstrate progress is essays of montaigne frame, being made , such as completing the company’s first prototype or breaking even. These provide a tangible way to measure the success of the business venture. Milestones are so incredibly important to a business yet are one of critique those things that can be easily overlooked. Why are milestones so important?

Because they are a way to measure meaningful progress of a company that in effect, makes that company less risky (and therefore more valuable). A new company has an extremely high-risk profile – but as it meets tangible milestones, such as completing a prototype or breaking even, the company’s risk decreases. It becomes more apparent that the venture will succeed. Investors and lenders will be looking at what milestones your company has reached in order to create a fair valuation. Milestones might include: Assembling company team First working prototype Filing/receiving patent or other IP Securing physical location for store First paying customer Breaking even Turning a profit* *If you can demonstrate not only turning a profit, but also sustaining that profit, then that is a huge milestone. SWOT Analysis is a useful technique for understanding your company’s strengths and weaknesses , while identifying both the opportunities open to your business and the threats it faces.

Strengths and Weaknesses refer to internal factors in your company, such as: Employees and staff Physical assets such as equipment and facilities Financial assets. Opportunities and Threats refer to external factors facing your company, such as: Market trends Regulatory and of montaigne frame, legal Macroeconomic conditions Competitors. Competitive edge can be bucketed into four primary areas: cost, differentiation, innovation and robinson contest, operational effectiveness. Are you providing a product/service at a lower cost then your competitors? This is a straightforward competitive edge that is very difficult to frame, deliver. Providing the internet and technology, lowest cost may require operating on razor thin profit margins or heavy investment in fixed costs in complete of montaigne frame, order to achieve economies of scale.

Are you providing a product/service that your competitors are not offering or cannot offer? This is movie example, a common strategy whereby you provide differentiated value in order to better serve customers and/or reach a portion of the market that may be under-served. Are you leapfrogging your competition and complete essays, providing a notably superior or new product/service? Popularized by the book “Blue Ocean Strategy”, creating new demand in an uncontested market space is a powerful business strategy. Do you provide superior time to market or customer service? For example, your customers may be willing to internet and technology, pay a higher price for better customer service . Nordstrom’s is an example of a company that uses superior customer service as a competitive advantage. Forging strategic alliances is a commonplace occurrence in complete essays of montaigne frame, business.

There are a wide variety of alliances you might encounter, with various parties in which you do business. Even if you do not have any alliances, there may be an opportunity for a partnership in the future and jackie essay, that should be included in this section. You might have a supplier who has a disproportionate amount of influence and essays, power of your business. Striking a partnership in this case may decrease those risk factors and example, provide a competitive advantage over your competitors. You might have a large portion of your revenue coming from several key customers. Essays Of Montaigne? Inking an exclusive agreement to lock in revenue would, for instance, give you predictable cash flow. It is not uncommon to small business floor, partner with competitors under certain circumstances – for frame, example, to set standards for the industry or to essay, help further adoption of a technology.

For example, Sony and Panasonic partnered together to increase the adoption of complete essays of montaigne frame Blu-ray DVDs. Aligning your brand with another company is frequently used, especially if both brands are targeting the essay contest chicago, same demographic. For example, Samsung is the essays of montaigne, official sponsor of the essay tok 2011, Olympic games and will provide free mobile phones to all Olympic athletes. Upon completing these sections, your strategy and complete of montaigne frame, implementation chapter will be finished. Writing the Financial Plan, Statements, and Sales Forecast Chapters. Writing the financial plan, financial statements, and sales forecast will be the most difficult part of essay tok 2011 your entire plan. Complete Of Montaigne? It requires making a large number of intelligent assumptions about the size of the essay of environment, market you can realistically target, and the costs associated with making your product or rendering your services. These sections are the red meat of your plan — these are the chapters that any seasoned angel investor or venture capitalist will dig into to make sure they know they’re making a solid financial investment.

Chapter 7: Financial Plan and complete essays frame, Sales Forecast Sections. Sales Forecast Personnel Plan Budget Cash Flow Assumptions Loans and Investments Starting Balances Historical Financials Key Metrics for critique example, Success. Define the price in which you will sell your products and complete, services, the cost it will take to produce or sell the product/service, and the number of units you will sell. Be conservative when making your estimates on the number of units you will sell, ensuring you have a reasonable methodology when making your forecast. It is highly recommended that you first complete the following sections as they lay the foundation for defining the sales forecast. Products/Services section: Defines what you will sell and at what price point; also seeks to define the production cost Target Market section: Defines the size of your target market and what quantities you can sell. Tip: Your sales forecast should sync with your Sales and Marketing plan.

For example, if you plan on hiring several sales people nine months from the start of your business, you should forecast an increase in write art essay, sales thereafter. This is the price you will sell your products/services. Fixed price: Suitable for most sales forecast modeling Price changes over time: The price of your product/service may increase/decrease in price over time for complete essays of montaigne, several reasons: Keep up with inflation Keep up with increased cost of raw materials or components Seasonal product – discount to offload excess inventory Promote new product – discount upfront to encourage sales, then increase later. This is the direct cost of producing your product/service (at the unit level). Otherwise known as cost of goods sold (COGS).

Fixed costs: Suitable for jackie chicago, most sales forecast modeling % of sales: A good way to forecast costs; as sales increase you can set the cost as a % of sales on a sliding scale. Costs vary each month: The cost of your product/service may increase/decrease in essays of montaigne frame, price over robinson essay chicago time for several reasons: Economy of scale: the more units you produce, the essays of montaigne, cheaper it becomes to produce them Bargaining power: the small, more units you buy from complete essays frame, your supplies, the write art essay, cheaper they become Seasonality: cost of raw materials may fluctuate based on time of year. This is the expected number of units you will sell. My units are constant: Not particularly suitable as most businesses will expect to have some growth over time. Units sold changes over time: The quantity sold of your product/service may increase over time for several reasons: Growing market share Finding new markets. Sales tax requirements vary by country and by complete of montaigne, products/services sold. In the United States, there is no sales tax at the federal level; however, many states levy selective sales tax on particular goods or services. Example? Check with your state department of taxation if you are required to collect sales tax. If yes, you collect the of montaigne, sales tax from your customers and then remit the tax to the state each year.

If the individual assumptions used for internet essay, each component of the sales forecast is accurate, so will the overall sales forecast. You should be able to explain where each number comes from, citing studies/research that validates your assumptions. The costs of hiring personnel are often the largest expense of any business. In this section, you will enter forecasted employees and contractors you plan to hire. The number of complete essays of montaigne frame personnel you plan to hire and at small business floor, what time is more of an art then a science. Essays? Too much staff too soon and business floor plans, you’ll burn through your working capital. Too few staff and you’ll run the risk of alienating your customers and partners when you can’t deliver. A good way to think about your personnel plan is to complete frame, think about the milestones you want your business to accomplish and what personnel are required to essay tok 2011, get your business there. Complete? You can always revise your estimates, so start off with your best estimate and essay tok 2011, come back to this section later.

Tweak as needed so that your business model demonstrates profitability within your target time frame. The type of company you are building and the financing required also makes a big difference in your staffing plan. For example, if you are seeking venture capital that mean you are going to want to hire and complete of montaigne frame, scale quickly in order to generate large revenues. Conversely, if you are seeking debt financing, you want to operate as lean as possible and internet essay, maximize profitability so you can service your loans. Fixed amount: Suitable for most situations. Changes over time: You might want to define a compensation plan for sales personnel that have an annual bonus component, for complete essays frame, example.

Employee: If choosing employee you will have to consider certain employee taxes and other considerations. Contractor: If selecting contractor, ensure that you are classifying said contractor correctly. Floor Plans? In the United States, for example, you are legally required to provide employee-type benefits in certain situations even if you classify the personnel as a contractor. If hiring employees, you will be responsible for complete, additional costs such as (but not limited to) payroll taxes, worker’s compensation and example, health insurance, paid time off, training and travel expenses, vacation and sick leave, pension contributions and other benefits. This is referred to the burden rate, which provides a truer picture of essays of montaigne frame total labor costs than payroll costs alone. Burden rate only affects employees and not contractors. Internet And Technology Essay? If unsure what to enter, 15% is a fair estimate. Explain the assumptions and methodology used to define the personnel your business plans to retain, including how you came up with your compensation figures and burden rate.

For example, you might explain that as you plan to hire several sales people to coincide with the release of a new product. Enter expenses you plan on incurring for your business. A good way to make sure you capture majority of your business’s expenses is to think through costs associated with each functional area of your business, such as product development, marketing and operations. Complete Essays Frame? Categorize expense into groups, such legal and administrative, rent and leases, and telecommunications. Do not include fixed asset expenses (assets whereby you derive value from for more than 12 months) such as a company van or computers. You will enter these in the next step. Advertising Expense Amortization Expense Auto Expense Bad Debt Expense Bank Charges Cash Over and Short Commission Expense Depreciation Expense Employee Benefit Program Freight Expense Gifts Expense Insurance – General Interest Expense Professional Fees License Expense Maintenance Expense Meals and Entertainment Office Expense Payroll Taxes Printing Postage Rent Repairs Expense Salaries Expense Supplies Expense Taxes – FIT Expense Utilities Expense Gain/Loss on Sale of Assets. Enter long-term asset expenses here. Long-term assets are comprised of two types: tangible and example, intangible assets.

Fixed assets are tangible assets that provide value for more than 12 months, such as a company van or computers. Fixed assets are depreciated over its useful lifetime. This is an accounting method that allows the complete essays of montaigne frame, business to allocate the costs of the asset over its life by contest chicago, gradually reducing its value. Common fixed assets: Land and Buildings Motor vehicles Furniture Office equipment Fixtures and fittings Plant and machinery. Intangible assets are long-term assets that are not physical in nature. Intangible assets are amortized over its useful life. These might include: Intellectual property (items such as patents, trademarks, copyrights, business methodologies) Goodwill Brand recognition. Enter other short-term assets here, which most likely will be any prepaid expense that lasts for less than 12 months. Besides prepaid expenses, other current assets also include short-term investments and securities that are likely to turned into cash within a year.

A prepaid expense can be described as such: A 12-month office lease is signed with the total lease amount of essays frame $12,000 being paid upfront. Classifying this as a regular expense would not be accurate because then the PL Statement and Cash Flow Statement would both show the $12,000 as a one-time upfront payment on write art essay, the month it which it was made. This type of expense is better described as a prepaid expense, since the use of the office is spread out over a 12-month period of time and can be considered an asset on the Balance Sheet that is expensed over time. By classifying this as a prepaid expense (or an complete of montaigne frame, amortized short term asset) then the floor plans, PL Statement would show the $12,000 prepaid expense spread across 12 months at $1,000 each month, while the essays, Cash Flow Statement would reflect the $12,000 payment on month in which it was made. Under Assets, the Balance Sheet would then show the amount of Prepaid Lease that is jackie robinson essay contest chicago, remaining at the end of the accounting period. Enter an estimate for income taxes you expect to pay, which should be a summation of federal, state and local income tax. Do not include other taxes such as property tax (should be entered as a separate expense) or employee-related taxes (this is covered in the Personnel Section as the Burden Rate). As this is only an estimate, 100% accuracy is not required (if unsure what to essays of montaigne, enter here, use 20%). Dividends and distributions (for corporations and LLCs/partnerships, respectively) are payments to the company’s shareholders/owners, taken from the company’s profit. Dividends are typically paid out at the end of the on protection of environment, fiscal year, while distributions can be given out at the discretion of the owners.

You may want to set this to zero initially and see how the complete essays, financials of your business model work out; then you can work backwards and floor plans, determine how much of retained profit you want to distribute to owners/shareholders. Here you can explain any regular costs that are associated with running your business. What are the monthly or ongoing costs that you must pay to keep the business up and running? For example, this could be paying monthly utilities and rent expenses for your office space, insurance, or any marketing or advertising costs. For a start-up, remember that there are always up-front costs or one-time costs associated with getting things started, so be aware of any of these expenses and include them in your budget. Accounts receivable is defined as sales that the company has made but has yet to collect the money from the purchaser. Of Montaigne? Most companies operate by allowing some portion of their sales to be on credit. These types of sales are usually made to frequent or special customers who are invoiced periodically, and allow them to avoid the hassle of physically making payments as each transaction occurs. You want your accounts receivable to be as low as possible to increase your cash flow. Defining what percentage of your sales will be on credit.

You want this percentage to be as low as possible, while keeping in mind that for some businesses it is preferential to write art essay, provide some credit to your best customers. Defining how long it will take to complete essays of montaigne, collect payment. Of the customers that you provide credit to, you need to define when they are to pay you back. The faster, the better your cash flow will look like. It is internet, typical to complete frame, provide net-30, which is movie example, 30 days. Accounts payable is defined as short-term debt owed to suppliers and banks.

It is to complete essays of montaigne, your advantage to negotiate longer payment terms with your suppliers, as it will improve your cash flow. When looking at accounts receivable (what is owed to movie, you) and accounts payable (what you owe), the key thing to remember is that you want to complete essays of montaigne frame, be paid as soon as possible, and you want to pay others as late as possible (cash on hand is king). Defining what percentage of your purchases will be on credit. You want this percentage to be as high as possible, as that will improve your cash flow. However, ensure you are able to pay your vendors on the purchases made on credit. Defining how long it will take to and technology, collect incoming payments.

How many days will it take, on average, to complete frame, collect incoming payments? Select the typical number of days between when you make a credit sale and when the robinson contest chicago, payment arrives. Keep in essays, mind that shortening this period can vastly improve your cash flow. If your business will sell physical products and essay tok 2011, you plan on keeping inventory on hand, then you need to define how many months of complete essays of montaigne frame inventory you wish to keep on hand. Essay Tok 2011? The more months of inventory you hold on hand, the more cash is tied up in inventory. Essays Frame? This will affect your cash flow. How much inventory should you carry? The ideal amount varies from industry to internet and technology essay, industry, and business to business. A good place to find more information is trade associations for your industry. In order to improve your company’s inventory management, you will need to start by collecting good records on your inventory.

Using inventory turnover rate as an indicator. Inventory Turnover Rate = Costs of essays of montaigne frame Goods Sold (COGS) / average cost of inventory on hand. A low inventory turnover rate means that you may have too much inventory on hand. Understanding and managing cash flow is very important to any business. The time period for credit sales and movie critique, payments may depend on essays of montaigne, your suppliers or your industry. Paying and getting paid later rather than earlier can entirely change your cash flow projections. You can utilize this section to jackie contest, explain any assumptions about cash flow, including details on the time period in which you will make and receive payments.

How did you come to these assumptions and how will it affect your business? When taking out a loan, you borrow an amount of essays money (principal) from essay tok 2011, a lender, and are obligated to complete essays of montaigne, pay back at a later time (usually in installments). You will typically pay interest on the loan. If you are seeking a loan then enter the amount, as you want to forecast the financials assuming you have secured the loan. Personal vs Commercial Loans. For many small businesses, taking out a personal loan to essay, finance growth is commonplace. These might include credit cards, home equity line of credit (HELOC), and installment loans. If you have an existing small business, commercial loans can be obtained, which are based on a variety of factors. Secured vs Unsecured Loans. A secured loan is a loan in which you pledge some asset (equipment, property, etc.) as collateral. Unsecured loans (credit cards, personal loans) are not secured against a borrower’s assets.

Interest rates will be higher for unsecured loans versus secured loans, for essays, obvious reasons. If you have a pre-existing loan, then you can specify those details in the Starting Balances section. A line of credit is similar to a loan with the difference being that interest is not charged on the part of the line of credit that is unused, and the borrower can draw on the line of credit at any time that he or she needs to. If you are seeking a line of credit then enter the amount, as you want to forecast the financials assuming you have secured the line of essay on protection of environment credit. The line of credit may be classified as a demand loan, which means that any outstanding balance will have to complete, be paid immediately at the financial institution’s request. Investments include injections of essay cash into essays frame the business from you, other shareholders or owners, or investors. This typically refers to equity investments where investors contribute cash to the business in exchange for equity (ownership). In this section, you can describe how your business will be funded. If you are a startup, it is likely that the internet and technology essay, money you make from sales will not cover all your business expenses so you may need additional sources of funding, such as taking out of montaigne, a loan, receiving investors’ capital, credit lines, or other ways of borrowing money.

What type of funding will you acquire? At what point in your plan are you expecting these funds? For existing businesses only. Write Art Essay? The starting balances will be used to essays of montaigne frame, adjust the internet and technology essay, balance sheet to take into account your company’s financial history. Important: all starting balances should be entered as they are at the start of your plan. Enter starting balances for assets: Cash Accounts Receivable Inventory Other current assets Long term assets Accumulated depreciation.

Enter starting balances for liabilities: Enter starting balance for Capital and Earnings: Enter your Recent Sales: One month before start date Two months before start date Three months before start date Four months before start date Five months before start date Six months before start date. If you are an existing business, you can enter past financial data here. This is optional and will be used to calculate historical financial ratios in the Financial Statements section.

For each year of essays frame your company history , include: $ Sales $ Gross profit $ Income from operations $ Net profit $ Current assets $ Current liabilities $ Inventory $ Total assets $ Total liabilities $ Total owner equity. Every business model has several key metrics that management can use to see if the business is write art essay, healthy. Essays Frame? For example, a restaurant might use the number of tables it can turn per night and the average revenue per dinner. Essay? Think about what levers make the most impact to your business. You will want to essays of montaigne, continuously track and critique example, monitor these metrics to complete essays of montaigne, ensure your business model is working. Chapter 8: Financial Statements Sections. Profit and Loss Statements Balance Sheet Cash Flow Statement Financial Ratios.

The Profit Loss (i.e.; income statement) shows your revenue, expenses, and internet and technology essay, profit. It is the most common of the three reports as it provides a view into the company’s projected “bottom line”. The statement here is complete essays of montaigne, a read-only display, calculated automatically from the information you entered in the Sales Forecast, Budget, and Personnel Plan sections. If you wish to edit or change any information, you may do so by going back to those sections. The statement here will update automatically. The balance sheet gives a snapshot of jackie your company’s financial position at a given point in time, usually the last day of a fiscal period. It is called a balance sheet because assets (what you own) will always equal the complete essays frame, sum of your liabilities (what you owe) and stockholder’s equity (your investments from stockholders plus money that your business earned that is put back into small plans running your business). The balance sheet here is a read-only display. If you wish to change the balance sheet, you can do so by going back to the builder in the Financial Plan section.

If you are an existing business, you have the essays frame, option of adding starting balances under the Financial Plan section. The cash flow statement displays the cash inflows and outflows from your operating, investing and and technology essay, financing activities. Complete Of Montaigne? Rather than providing an small business plans, overview like the complete essays of montaigne frame, balance sheet, the cash flow statement will measure the change in cash during a period. In other words, how much money did you start and end up with? The statement here is a read-only display. You can go back to edit the sections in the Financial Plan section in order to change the accounts affected in the cash flow statement. The Financial Ratios section gives a general overview of the jackie robinson contest chicago, health of your business. The report here is complete essays of montaigne frame, a read-only display. If you wish to jackie robinson essay contest chicago, change any of the information, you may do so by editing the relevant financial information you’ve entered previously.

The ratios here will update automatically. The Liquidity Analysis shows how solvent your company is, or how easily convertible to cash is the company in case. This is important in determining the frame, ability of the business to meet its obligations, or paying off what it owes in write art essay, debt. The Profitability Analysis shows the overall performance of the company in its ability to frame, make a profit. Write Art Essay? The ratios show how much of sales revenue is actual profit after taking costs and expenses into account. The Debt Ratio shows how much of the business’s assets are financed by debt and how much of the business’s assets are financed by complete essays frame, stockholders’ equity. The Investment Measures show ROI (Return on write art essay, Investment) which is the percentage of the return (net profit) of the business divided by the cost of the investment.

The most common method of complete essays calculating ROI is to divide net profit by total assets. Finishing these chapters represents a massive achievement in completing your business plan. It is by far the critique, most difficult chapter, as it requires doing somewhat complicated math to generate accurate financial statements. Complete Of Montaigne? In all likelihood, you will need to hire an expert or accountant to help you create an accurate and detailed plan that adheres to essay tok 2011, realistic outcomes. To finish it off, you’ll need to write an appendix and a glossary of terms. Your appendix will be a more detailed version of the financial statements detailed in this chapter, and complete essays, your glossary of terms will simply define the terms of your business that an investor may not understand. Upon including those chapters, your plan will be complete. Feeling inspired to start a business, but don’t know how to write a plan? We have a sample database of plans that you can look through to learn the different chapters and sections necessary to attract equity investments and loans. Although our examples are specific to each industry, keep in mind that every plan will be unique depending on your location, your customer base, and and technology, your own vision, so these will only serve as a starting point for you and your dream.

Click the images to view our full business examples. 4. The Pros and Cons of Downloading a Business Plan Template. 1. Complete Frame? Write with confidence — you won’t be forgetting any important information. Using this free template can help you write your own plan, without the hassle of write art essay figuring out complete, how to order your chapters, or the worry of write art essay feeling like you might be missing a section. We provide the entire bare bones skeleton of a business plan within this Microsoft Word .doc download. After you download it, it’s up to you to flesh out the details and ensure that each section is as well researched and essays of montaigne, intelligently conceived as possible. 2. Movie? Step-by-step writing guide and frame, writing samples included. Our plans come with a complete how-to guide with examples from jackie robinson essay, our professional business plan samples to help steer you through your writing. 3. Completely free – no hidden costs, just download and start writing.

This plan is completely free. You may encounter other people or websites on the Internet charging a price to download the complete essays frame, guide. Do not purchase them – there is no benefit at all to purchasing a pre-fabricated plan. None of the information will be relevant to your company, and you’ll be gaining nothing but the order and structure of the plan – something that you could easily research and re-create on your own. Sound good? Keep in mind that while this guide may give you a better idea of how a it should be structured, that represents only about 5% of the write art essay, heavy lifting of writing an actual the complete document. Don’t forget that every plan needs well structured elevator pitch.

1. You’ll have to do complicated business planning math and calculations yourself — or pay an complete, expensive rate for someone else to do them. You’re going to jackie robinson essay, have to do the financial calculations, plans, and forecasts that a plan should offer to attract investment — all by yourself. Complete Essays Of Montaigne Frame? Creating these sections requires years of training, math skills, market knowledge, and movie critique, investment savvy. This requirement is beyond the scope of most peoples’ abilities, which is complete essays, why entrepreneurs turn to professional writers and accountants to do the heavy lifting for them. Keep in movie critique example, mind: You may have a brilliant idea, but until you’ve subjected your product/service to meticulous research, and calculated your potential market as conservatively as possible, your business idea will be nothing but empty words and blather to a seasoned investor. 2. You’ll need to manually create visual graphs and charts to make the calculations easily understandable. You’ll need to take the numbers you calculated and complete, create attractive graphs, charts, and tables for your plan. Making your data attractive and easy to comprehend is essay on protection of environment, no easy task. Professional planning software can not only do the calculations for you, but will also turn them into relevant graphs, charts, and tables presented in the appropriate order, according to essays frame, how equity investors and bank loan officers expect to see them.

3. A basic template won’t allow you to track your business’ progress. You won’t be able to keep your company’s information up to date easily. Small Floor? One of the major benefits of complete of montaigne using software is essay tok 2011, that you can continually update your numbers based on essays frame, your real expenses and earnings, allowing you to track the progress of and technology your business easily and without a major hassle. Nonetheless, we encourage you to complete, download this document and write art essay, get started with writing out your product/service concepts and marketing plan. Complete Of Montaigne? If or when you encounter the financial sections, we’ll be looking forward to helping your progress through the major obstacles of writing a successful strategy that will help you get funding for your ideas. Crafted by licensed attorneys Updated regularly Applicable to all 50 states. Create your free. Business Plan Template document in only 5-10 minutes! Copyright 2017 Legal Templates LLC.

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Make an investment-worthy business plan easily with our free template.