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But the circle of safety will not be complete unless the behaviour of the participants are controlled or moulded. So, the behaviour of an individual and that of the team. Cognition , Decision making , Decision theory 445 Words | 2 Pages. recommended better training and stricter safety measures to end workrelated deaths at problem-solution, the booming Tuzla shipyard on Istanbul's eastern tip. But . on Monday three workers died there in another accident. Admission Essay! A lifeboat that employees were on broke free from a ship under repair and plunged into the sea at Tuzla shipyard, killing three workers and injuring 12. Main TOPIC: ____________________________________________________________ ____ The Impact of Industrial Accidents, by Eurofound, EU Agency, November. Accident , Accidents , Causality 1206 Words | 4 Pages.
environment. Industrial revolution was so fundamental that it's often compared with the transition from farming to stock raising, which began . several thousand years before the gcse history coursework answers birth of Christ. Considering the uses of natural resources, can human history be dived up into saic admission, three pieces of varying length; hundreds of thousands years before the agricultural revolution, thousands of years between this and the Industrial revolution and the two hundreds years after the beginning of Industrial revolution. Cotton , Factory , Industrial Revolution 1517 Words | 5 Pages. of this essay is to examine health and safety legislation. The essay will focus on thesis, four main points. Three of these . points are as follows; Health and safety legislation of the past, health and safety legislation currently enforced and possible health and safety legislation of the saic admission essay future.
The final point of the essay will be to look at the fact that a high standard of health and safety is currently required and whether the legislation has gone too far. The first example of health and different kinds essay, safety legislation. Employment , European Agency for Safety and Health at saic, Work , Health and Safety at a teacher, Work etc. Act 1974 2254 Words | 7 Pages. the concept of industrial disputes and settlement of industrial disputes by saic adjudication.
It deals with various aspects of . industrial disputes, its types, various ways for settlement of industrial disputes other than adjudication, methods of coercion adopted by labor and thesis problems, the management etc. INDUSTRIAL DISPUTES Industrial Relations The Labor Dictionary defines “ industrial relations” as “the relations between employers and saic, employees in industry.”1 According to Dale Yoder, “ industrial relations describe. Collective bargaining , Employment , Grievance 2008 Words | 10 Pages. STUDIES. Research paper: (Research Methodology Project) Title: Case Study On Godrej Industrial Safety Guide: Prof. . Priyadarshini Poddar Name of Author: Chetan Jagtap Date: 22nd February 2010 ABSTRACT Man and machine are two important ingredient of industrial safety . Men need machine which many times bring hazard and college essay, accidents this has created the need of industrial safety . Saic Admission Essay! It is more important to minimize or eliminate the contact between men and a teacher essay, machine are.
Accident , Accident analysis , Failure 4477 Words | 23 Pages. World Civilization Industrial Revolution Essay 5 February 2013 Changes in essay Society During the Industrial . On Translation! Revolution During the 1800's, the admission essay Industrial Revolution spread throughout Europe causing a drastic change to European society. The Industrial Revolution had both positive and negative impacts on Europe, but many see this Revolution as a curse because of the rough situations many had to endure. Due to the poor environmental conditions, disease ran rampant, the population nearly quadrupled in. Cotton mill , Europe , Factory 662 Words | 2 Pages. handmade production to machines in manufactures. With the problems increase of industrialization, this brought many opportunities and problems. Industrialization . affected many groups which lead to many changes through history. Many families believed the industrial revolution would provide new opportunities for their families for the better.
Rural families began to migrate into the cities looking for these new opportunities but only found disappointment. With the essay increase in salaries became the increase. Child labour , Chinese American , Immigration to the United States 594 Words | 4 Pages. Essay on electronic essay in urdu, Industrial Framework Law. Divine Word University, Madang - Papua New Guinea Department of saic, Tourism Hospitality Course: Industrial Relations amp; Law Code: TH 412 . Essay Title: Industrial Relations Framework Name: Rodney Nembo Id#: 4756 Class: TH4 Lecturer: Mr. Ambang Year: 2011 Essay Outline 1.0 Introduction 2.0 Definition 3.0 Role of essay, key Actors 3.1 Employee 3.2 Organization 3.3 Government . Collective bargaining , Employment , Industrial relations 2899 Words | 9 Pages. Centre for Language Study Pre-Sessional Course A 2013 WRITING TASK 4: Assessed Essay WRITING TASK 4 is saic essay your assessed essay . and you will need to write an essay of essay on teenage, 1200-1400 words.
This is the same length as the essay in WRITING TASK 3. WRITING TASK 4 will form 80% of your mark for writing on essay, the Pre-Sessional course. Please select a title from the list here: 1. Essay Lie! Discuss the admission impact a particular theory has had on your area of study in terms of application, use and limitations. 2. Explain the problems. Citation , Essay , Marketing 1150 Words | 4 Pages. Meaning of industrial unrest The term industrial unrest is used to problem-solution essay, describe activities undertaken by the labor and other working . Saic Admission! people when they feel grievances and protest against pay or conditions of their employment. Electronic In Urdu! Industrial unrest can also be defined as the total range of behaviours and attitudes that express opposition and divergent orientations between industrial owners and managers, on the one hand, and working people and admission, their organisations on the other. The unrest actions may include. Conflict resolution , Dispute resolution , Employment 910 Words | 5 Pages.
Rayana Holmes Safety Reflection Paper What is safety ? Can any one definition truly define what safety is and . how do we know when we are safe? Safety is an ongoing concern in the world. No one should ever have to in urdu, go somewhere and feel unsafe. Saic Admission Essay! As much as we all like to media, think we are safe, they are many times when we are in our comfort zones but we may not necessarily be safe. When you are in places where there are large amounts of people you don’t always think of the dangers that could lurk around. College , Dormitory , Hostel 680 Words | 2 Pages. Management Principles LECTURE 3: SAFETY IN CONSTRUCTION Riza Yosia Sunindijo Outline and aims 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 The basic of . Saic Admission! construction safety The importance of safety The evolution of construction safety Psychological aspect Behavioural aspect Situational aspect Investing in safety 1 Basic definitions What is on teenage safety ? What is a hazard?
What is a risk? Accident vs. incident vs. injury What are the causes of an accident? Anton, T.J. (1989). Occupational safety and health management, 2nd. Architect , Construction , Occupational health psychology 1142 Words | 7 Pages. Industrial Complexes Social scientist’s today talk about “ industrial complexes”, a term that was popularized in his . 1961speech, Eisenhower spoke of the military- industrial complex and warned that it would, or could, ultimately prove to be dangerous to American society. As Eisenhower spoke of the military- industrial complex, this also reaches to other big industries like the essay prison industry.
The prison- industrial complex going on today could be described as a term meaning interest groups that. Cold War , Crime , Dwight D. Eisenhower 856 Words | 3 Pages. roads congestion condition in electronic essay in urdu which during rush hours and in urban centers the situation sometimes becomes unbearable. It is at saic, this moment when the . safety of the road is least observed, since each and every driver thinks on how fast he/she can be saved from the deadlock. Most of rear crash happens where there is congestion on of narrative, the road. Road safety is an saic important topic in the world of transportation and economics at large. In logistics management, transport plays a vital role in problem-solution on teenage driving moving goods and. Accident , Pedestrian , Pedestrian crossing 910 Words | 3 Pages. ? Industrial Revolution 1712 The steam engine is invented. Thomas Newcomen invents the first steam engine. Essay! It is not very useful yet, but the . Thesis! idea of using steam to make machines go will be important to the Industrial Revolution.
1764 The spinning jenny is saic admission essay invented. James Hargreaves, a British carpenter and weaver, invents the spinning jenny. The machine spins more than one ball of yarn or thread at a time, making it easier and faster to make cloth. Thesis Problems! 1769 James Watt improves the steam engine. . American inventors , Cotton , Incandescent light bulb 613 Words | 3 Pages. ? Jackson State University The Industrial Revolution Betsy Harris History Civilization J00322702 18 . Essay! April 2014 Industrial revolution describes the period between 1750 and 1850, in which tremendous changes characterized by developments in textile, iron were realized. The revolution was spearheaded by Britain.
Modern historians refer to these changes as the history answers first industrial revolution (Clark, 2007). The second revolution was characterized by steel, electronics. Cotton mill , Europe , Factory 1303 Words | 8 Pages. Industrial Security Ronnie Allen May 5, 2013 Survey of saic admission essay, Security Mr. Charles Wright This paper explains . the responsibility of organization in industrial security and electronic essay in urdu, the causes and effects of industrial loss. Government businesses that deal with the government and saic, businesses of a large nature must deal in security above and beyond the normal security. This type of security that is needed is called Industrial Security. These organizations deal in very secretive. Classified information , Computer security , Information security 956 Words | 4 Pages. The Industrial Heartland There are basically seven factors that must be met before an industry can start to take place in a particular . area. Those seven factors are: raw materials, transportation, energy, markets, labour, capital, and government.
The Industrial Heartland is almost like one big industry, connected in thesis on translation a vast megalopolis. Essay! I'll be taking a closer look at these factors and gcse history answers, the way this area meets the locational factors. The Industrial Heartland is an essay area that includes: Quebec. Canal , Capitalism , Fossil fuel 739 Words | 3 Pages. Michael Varghese Mobile:00971503958539 email@example.com firstname.lastname@example.org Post Applied: Safety Manager/ Safety . Advisor/Team Leader Profile Captured internationally recognized Safety Qualification from Dubai Industrial Academic City TTE conducted by TECOM , 10 year's construction and Maintenance, Oil Gas experience . Multiple years in Drilling activities for Cathodic protection of Newly drilled wells in ADCO fields HSE inspection onshore locations. Senior Level experience. Good knowledge. Abu Dhabi , Dubai , Inspection 1181 Words | 3 Pages. ?Technological Institute of the college essay Philippines 1338 Arlegui St., Quiapo, Manila Compilation of saic admission, Midterm Topics in Safety Management . Submitted By: Buenavista, Ma. Theresa Y. Course / Section: / CpE42FA1 Submitted To: Engr. Palisoc February 14, 2014 I. Value Based Safety and Off-the Job Safety Value based safety is lie a positive, employee-driven system of safety observations, feedback, and saic admission essay, problem-solving that is highly effective and extensively field-tested.
Helps to ensure. Dangerous goods , Hazardous waste , Occupational safety and health 1690 Words | 7 Pages. Workplace Safety BUS642: Business Research Method Tools Instructor: Janice Johnson April 16, 2012 In order for a workplace to be a . Essay! productive and welcoming environment, safety must be a priority. The overall plan and execution of safety measures ensure that the staff or workers will be well-prepared and saic admission, have peace of mind on on translation, a daily basis. The best way to handle any bad situation is to properly evaluate the steps and think about scenarios ahead of time. In order to improve safety in saic admission essay a work. Ergonomics , Hazard prevention , Health and Safety at Work etc. Answers! Act 1974 2669 Words | 7 Pages. CU2939 Develop Health and Safety and Risk Management Policies, Procedures and Practices in saic essay Health and different, Social Care or Children and Young . People’s Settings.
Legislative frameworks for Health and Safety and risk management within our work setting include: ? The Health and admission, Safety at work Act 1974. This is in place to to be a teacher essay, ensure that all people are kept safe at work or entering a workplace. We have the Health and admission essay, Safety policy in place to protect all people. The staff are given a copy and this is reviewed. Evaluation , Food safety , Occupational safety and health 880 Words | 3 Pages.
Industrial conflict refers to in urdu, all expressions of dissatisfaction within the employment relationship, especially those pertaining to the . employment contract, and effort bargain. There are different kinds of saic, industrial conflict which may be divided into two broad classes namely informal and formal. An industrial conflict or dispute is defined as a withdrawal from work by a group of employees, or a refusal by an employer to allow workers to work. Causes of industrial conflict include wage demands. Collective bargaining , Employment , Industrial relations 1024 Words | 4 Pages. The History of Occupational Health and Safety.
early 1900s industrial accidents were commonplace in this country; for example, in different kinds 1907 over saic admission, 3,200 people were killed in mining accidents. At . this time legislation and public opinion all favored management. On Translation! There were few protections for the worker's safety . Today's industrial employees are better off than their colleagues in the past. Their chances of being killed in an industrial accident are less than half of saic essay, that of their predecessors of problems, 60 years ago. According to National safety Council (NSC). Accident , Causality , Injury 1195 Words | 3 Pages.
Safety Rules Safety is saic admission defined as the state of being safe, while rule is a statement of what to do or not to problem-solution essay, do in a certain . situation. Saic Admission Essay! Safety rules contain set of policies interpreting a law or policy to maintain safety . It is applicable in any area and must be done at all time. Different Of Narrative Essay! Unexpected situation like accident may occur in a workplace. That’s why safety rules come with its purpose, and it is to prevent the occurrence of any work related injury. Safety rules includes checklist of safety standards.
Electric charge , Electric current , Electric shock 2493 Words | 7 Pages.
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How to saic admission essay, Find Resumes on the Internet with Google. Want to learn how to find resumes on the Internet using Google? You’ve come to the right place! Whether you are new to searching the Internet for resumes or you are a veteran Interent sourcer, I’ve included some tips, tricks, and observations for reasons to be, the novice and saic essay, expert alike. When using Google to search specifically for resumes, it’s a good idea to begin by searching for reasons to be, the word “resume” in the title and/or the url of web pages. For example: (intitle:resume OR inurl:resume) Here is a sample result to illustrate how this works – we can see the saic essay word “Resume” in the blue TITLE line, as well as in the green URL line.
The first line of any search result is the title of the essay webpage, and essay, the url is the specific web page’s address. Targeting the on translation word “resume” in the title and/or url is admission essay very handy, because for many people, it’s simply common sense/instinct to either title the web page containing their resume with the word “resume,” and/or save their resume using the word “resume” in the name of the file. Eliminating False Positive Results. A “false positive” result is a search result that contains your search terms, but does not match the “essence” of what you are actually trying to media in urdu, find. Essay! For example – if you’re searching for resumes, there are many sites that will be returned in your search results that are in fact not resumes, such as sites advertising resume samples and job postings that mention phrases such as, “submit resumes to…” In order to reasons to be a teacher essay, remove most non-resume false positive results, you can use Google’s version of the Boolean NOT operator, which is the minus sign, to prevent your search from returning results with words such as sample, job, etc. (intitle:resume OR inurl:resume) -job -jobs -sample -samples.
Other ideas of terms you can try to eliminate that may return false positive results: -eoe -submit -free -”resume service” -template -”resume service” -“resume writers” -“resume writing” Some people who decide to make their resume available on the Internet also decide to publish a phone number. Saic Admission! To find these folks, you can try and include local area codes in your search in reasons attempt to find them. Here is an example of saic, a search using area codes to target people who live in different essay Northern VA: (intitle:resume OR inurl:resume) -job -jobs -sample -samples -“resume service” (703 OR 571) What you’ll notice, however, is that searching for area codes can easily produce false positive results, as can be seen in the screenshot below – which are the first 4 results from the search. Result #3 and #4 mention the number 571, but it’s not referenced as an saic essay area code, so they are false positive, non-local results. To clean up the false positive results that mention 571 or 703 but are not of thesis, resumes of people who live in VA, you can add the state and state abbreviation to the search as well as exclude more non-resume terms and phrases: While there are still a good number of non-resume false positive results, this can be expected because we didn’t even search for any keywords/skills.
Once we do, we will notice a significant drop off in false positives. Another way to search for local resumes is to target a zip code radius. While Google doesn’t support true zip code search functionality, we can leverage the fact that Google supports searching for numbers within a range, otherwise known as “numrange” search. You can perform a numrange search on any sequential (low to high) set of numbers by saic admission essay, typing two periods between the thesis problems numbers without any spaces. This is especially helpful because we can exploit this search functionality and saic, adapt it to performing a zip code radius search. For example, take your target zip code and use this handy zip code radius lookup application, which you can use to search for zip codes in a radius and sort the zip codes within the gcse history coursework radius from low to admission essay, high.
Using a central zip code of 75201 in Dallas, TX and targeting a 20 mile radius, we can use that zip code radius application to kinds, get a range of zip codes from a low zip code of 75001 to a high zip code of saic, 76155. Using Google’s numrange search syntax, here is an kinds of narrative essay example of a search string targeting people within a 20-mile radius of 75201 in TX: Sample results: you can see the zip code search worked beautifully: Here are a couple of things to essay, keep in mind when searching for local resumes: Not everyone will publish a phone number on their resume If they do publish a phone number on their resume, it could be a cell phone with a non-local area code if they relocated from another area – this is coursework why is can be helpful to search for zip codes as well as area codes If they don’t publish a phone number at saic admission essay all, they should at least mention a city and/or state. Targeting Resumes That Are Not Titled As “Resume”
Although plenty of gcse coursework answers, people do title their resume or the web page containing their resume with the word “resume,” there are some people who don’t. After searching for all of the results that DO contain the admission word “resume” in essay in urdu the URL or title of the web page, you need to saic admission, try to eliminate them from of narrative, future search results using Google’s NOT operator, the minus sign, to saic admission essay, specifically target the results that don’t mention resume in gcse history answers the title or URL. For example: Don’t be tempted to try and write that as -(inurl:resume OR intitle:resume), because Google will not read that search string in the manner in saic admission which you intend. Instead of eliminating results with the different essay word “resume” in either the URL or the title, Google will in saic admission essay fact will do the essay lie exact opposite. Click here to see the sad reality. Sorry Google. Next, you’ll have to think about words that are commonly found on resumes, such as “objective,” “summary,” “experience,” “employment,” “skills,” “history,” “education,” etc. Saic Admission Essay! Then you’ll have to try and reduce false positive results of job postings, resume sample sites and such, and coursework, also target local results. Admission Essay! Putting it all together, your search string could look like this: First page results:
We can see that the first result is essentially of electronic essay, a resume, yet the admission person saved their work history as “biodata.” See? Some people don’t use the word resume. :-) Looking at the second result, we can see that the word “resume” is actually highlighted in the url of the second result – which technically should not happen, as we coupled Google’s NOT/- operator with inurl:resume. Yet more proof that Boolean search does not = Internet search. Essay! That’s 2 strikes, Google.
The third result is saic essay definitely not a resume – it is a LinkedIn directory by name, within which is at least one positive hit on essay our search terms. While there are no doubt resumes on the Internet that do not mention the word “resume,” anywhere within them, I have found that when you stray from targeting the word “resume” in web page titles and URLs, you can quickly find yourself swimming in a sea of false positive results, which is a huge time drain. I believe the 80/20 Pareto principle solidly applies here: You will get 80% of your viable results from targeted resume searches and the other 20% from admission essay, searching without targeting the answers word “resume.” Likewise, you can easily waste 80% of your time trying to sort through the sea of false positives in order to dig up the 20% of resumes that do not mention the term. I’ve provided you with a quick overview of how to effectively utilize Google to search for resumes on the Internet. Saic Essay! Be aware though – all is reasons to be a teacher not perfect in when hunting for saic admission, resumes in Google land – if you have not already, please read these 2 posts: The Internet has Free Resumes – So What?and Boolean search does not = Internet search. For those of thesis problems, you who read this post and asked why I:
didn’t talk about saic admission essay searching for CV’s didn’t suggest using the tilde. operator in conjuntion with the word “resume” didn’t use - job when trying to different kinds of narrative essay, eliminate false positive results didn’t talk about targeting filetypes didn’t talk about just searching for the word “resume” without using it in conjunction with inurl: or intitle: didn’t mention Google CSE’s. Excellent Article! Real insight seen in the description and saic admission, also hands on expertise. Problems! I believe this way you could simply recruit using an internet connection and nothing else. Saic Admission! This is very impressive. Also you will be able to get better candidature as opposed to people using job boards. Thanks Glen! This really was a value addition to my efforts! I have tried the search as ‘site:linkedin.com Java -intitle:resume -inurl:resume (objective OR summary) (experience OR history) education -job -jobs -sample -samples’ which you have mentioned. But I didn’t get any result from linkedin site.
If I modify the gcse history coursework answers search keyword as ‘site:linkedin.com Java -intitle:resume -inurl:resume -job -jobs’ then I got result from linkedin site but it displays events also along with candidates. I found this article very interesting and essay, appealing as I have been trying to learn ways to do sourcing for on translation problems, resumes on the internet. I am trying to learn ways to form such a string on either google or any other tool/site. I am new to this and can hardly understand all the requirements.Could you be kind enough to post an article for the same? I have already subscribed on this site. Thanks a lot for your article, i have heard about resume search in admission essay google but i dont know how to do it. After reading your article i have got an idea to do it.. i will try. please post me the history coursework answers articles related to this search and job search in US. i do appriciate your help…
Thank you so much. Hey, thanks a lot for all the information you are sharing with. Its real cool. How ever I would like to essay, know more about sourcing the resume. Please help me out.
I’m really great full about this article. I’m currently new in the field of Human Resource. And I’m currently using an online subscription based resume search. But unfortunately, it’s not enough to fullfill my search. I’m currently looking for history answers, a faster and essay, accurate resume search. Excellent article, with a ton of great search refining information.
I have what seems like a dumb question that I must ask. I am searching Google for Android engineers and on translation problems, have used the following string: android engineer OR Mobile Programmer resume filetype:pdf -guide -events -hire -amazon -job -jobs -manual. I have returned ok results… Here is my question, how do I eliminate European countries and saic, Canada from kinds of narrative essay, my results? I look forward to your reply. Thanks again.
Internet Resume Search 2.0 does all the internet search work for you using the major search engines including Google, Yahoo and Bing at: http://www.intelligentsearchagents.com/internet-resume-search.php. Thank you so much for this article. Can you send me few tips with example to my personal gmail id email@example.com. Great article! Thank you for sharing this knowledge.
It’s going to be very useful for my searches. I do have one question though, how do I narrow a search for a SEO expert who needs to have worked on one of the top Alexa 100 sites? Basically, how do I add criteria to my search? how to type the keywords for the need requirment……… Designing was passion so got it worked for, have a look on the new trends of Designers. Hi Glen; I tried your string on saic Google and indeed was very helpful i getting resumes in USA, but i mostly work on European requirements, can you please advise how to source if i am looking out for profiles in multiple countries in Europe with Bilingual language option. Thanks. Very informative, that’s exactly what i am looking for.
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Animal Rights Essay| Outline and Ideas for Better Article. When you are asked to write animals rights essay paper, you can use this to fill your pages. Animal rights is a kind of human kindness to animals and writing an animal rights argumentative essay is quite controversial. Because on the one hand, we are dependent on them which is contrary to their rights. Since they are weaker and saic essay, also dependent on man for their life, they tend to be begging for mercy from problem-solution essay driving, us. But due to saic admission our dependence on them for essay lie food and animal testing (for drug testing), it is tough to be kind enough. So, with this in mind, we can go for writing an essay.
We can write the essay in the following format. Since animal rights essay is quite controversial, we tend to either support or criticize the opinions of others. So we need to write it with proper facts and quotes in support of saic essay, our beliefs. But I being a pharmacologist as well as a farmer; naturally, my opinions go against animal cruelty. You can have your views in essay this regard. So with this, we begin. Animals rights essay introduction: Here we must start with the human use of animals like regarding food, clothing, medicine and saic admission essay, experimentation. College Lie! Also, we can mention the admission essay different types of reasons to be, animals we use for essay our purposes. For food, we depend on few birds, fishes, and cattle.
While for on teenage driving research and saic essay, experimental studies, we use rodents, frogs, dogs, monkeys, pigs, etc. Thesis On Translation Problems! And we have animal rights activists of different types. The first set of people are vegetarians or even vegans who oppose the use of saic admission essay, animals or animals products for food. The second category of individuals are either vegetarians or non-vegetarians but are animal lovers. Different Kinds Of Narrative! They are against killing and cruelty to innocent animals like stray dogs, rodents. Saic Admission Essay! They oppose the killing of wild animals, euthanasia killing of stray dogs and electronic in urdu, even experimentation on animals. And we have people who are not comfortable with animal rights.
They argue against their right to food by use of animals, or safety from stray animal attacks or due to their requirement of animals for research. Animal rights argumentative essay discussion. Saic Essay! Argument part of the article will let you put your views and opinions about animal rights. It is the place to open up your thought in full. If you support animal rights and gcse coursework, are against cruelty to animals, then you can mention points on. a) Why you are opposed to it. I.e. sympathy for innocent beings, love of nature and environment, etc. b) Support your views by mentioning how one can avoid cruelty to animals. If it is regarding the use of animals for food, you can say how one can get required nutrition from plant sources. Also, you can convey how animals food is injurious to health with references from saic admission, health publications like meat is rich in fat and not good for one#8217;s heart and digestive system. Also, animal food can be contagious and lead to infection to humans who will then spread to the whole human population. Also, you can mention the dangers of extinction of animals due to human activity of euthanasia, poaching and even hunting by smugglers.
Also, people who use animals don#8217;t feed them properly or take care of them as they feel it as a financial burden. Further, you can mention your expectations from the governments regarding rules to be framed and electronic media in urdu, also an option for proper care of animals especially regarding health centers for wounded animals. Then concerning use of animals for study and experimentation, you can argue against animal use by. Mentioning means to study of experiments by use of virtual lab videos, animal testing simulation software, etc. If it is for testing of new drugs or food on animals, one can choose alternatives like in vitro and essay, ex vivo studies where we use animal biomolecules or lab-grown animal cells to explore the different kinds of narrative effect of new drugs.
If you are against animal rights, then you can argue regarding. Food dependence and their nutritious value. Economic factors as many businesses are dependent on animals like biotechnology, dairy, poultry, etc. Experimental requirements as some toxic drugs need to saic be tested only on animals as an different, alternative to humans, as you consider human lives to be more precious. Also, you can cite some examples of saic admission essay, how animals were used for experimentation and college essay lie, the official results obtained. By the time you complete your description, you mostly have expressed yourself to the fullest. A reader who sees you essay would be able to judge whether you are a supporter of animal rights or against the animal rights. So in the discussion, you can mention you thoughts on how you expect the society and the governments to mend their ways regarding animals usage, their treatment, and care. If you are against animal rights, still it would earn you positive points from others if you show some sympathy for animals by mentioning how to treat them with compassion and love though you support their use for human activities. If you are a supporter of animal rights, then you can defend yourself by saying how in the name of animal experimentation, many people misuse them.
Some people experiment on animals just for their academic requirements or to get more scientific publications. Also if we compare with the number of admission essay, animal experiments done and the number of actual contributions to human welfare, it will be quite horrible to see the gap. Because in most cases experiments were designed with the on translation problems just academic goal in mind but not a human contribution. And also based on the number of drug lead molecules which fail analysis by the time they come to the market, it is entirely possible that they could be designed well regarding chemical fitness as drug molecule before taking up animal studies. So you can ask for more stringent rules for governments to minimize animal usage concerning experimentation.
Also if experimentation is genuinely needed, they need to take care to saic admission essay inflict minimal or no pain to problems animals. Regarding animals use as food, you could mention avoiding excess use of animals for food in essay the name of parties and entertainment. Problem-solution Essay! Also how animal food dependence would contribute to saic essay environmental pollution which would, in essay lie turn, affect us. And finally, you can wind up saying #8220;Environment is not complete without these animals. Admission Essay! So being powerful and stronger, humans should not inflict pain on these weaker living beings but take precautions to safeguard them as a part of high moral values.#8221; The Best Option to Get Quality Essay Writing Help Online. Thesis Problems! Death Penalty Essay| 9 Tips on Pros #038; Cons Argumentative Essay. Essay Writing Lesson| A Brief Outline. Thank you for subscribing.
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essay greedy Book contains two essays, Greed and Greed II. Click on cover. Is exploitation wrong? by Julian Edney.
This is not the first time the nation has produced dramatic economic inequalities. What are very wealthy people like? The everyday world of work vs. values of democracy. How assumption of saic admission, self-interest leads to fear in the workplace. Freedom, the illusion of freedom, coercion. Exploitation.
Credit cards. Meritocracy. Sociopaths. Corporations and the economic justification for the damage they do. Historically we are emerging from an era with no clear ideology, but an era in gcse history coursework answers which materialism and business has expanded powerfully and internationally, and out of the vacuum two old, discredited ideologies, laissez-faire and Social Darwinism appear to be rising again in modern guise.
These ideologies are still flawed; the first (contained in modern Libertarianism) vigorously promotes freedom but ignores justice and is indifferent toward democracy. The second is supported by essay science, is disinterested in humane values and accommodates exploitation as part of the nature of things. The search for a modern economic theory closer to reality. Is this a society of individuals rationally maximizing happiness? Andrews’s view: at least among the disadvantaged, it is a political economy of hope and fear. (1) Looking for morning news, I click on my computer. My internet service flashes with color, the biggest houses, the biggest jewelry, the most expensive toys. The internet’s financial press waxes muscular.
Television is the same. Gcse History Coursework Answers! The media are a river of adulation for all this glitter and the people who own it. School textbooks carry a similar message. Saic Admission Essay! Despite setbacks, the economy is ever expanding, its power is unparalleled, we are now spreading free market capitalism around the globe, bringing unimagined wealth and improvement to mud-level nations and countries sucked out by socialism, raising everybody, because that’s what capitalism does. Has everybody been raised here? Actually, with talk of equality written into this nation’s founding papers, the scenery never looks right.
The contrast between rich and poor grows, and different kinds essay, this year has been no exception. Admission! As an acquaintance on the street puts it: every year there are more homeless people and coursework, every year the limousines get longer. If the stated goal of the system was to gradually create inequality, it might also claim success. We barely notice because we are adjusted. But if you are a foreign visitor, how does this nation show? A svelte Scottsdale, of saic, course. Disneyland, of course. The flamboyant homes of the film stars. Lavish Marin County neighborhoods (some of the least affordable rents) (2). But if you are a visitor, your tourist bus will also whisk you past sights never found in the guide books – nor in our kids’ social studies texts. Neighborhoods awash in shootings (1,200 gun injuries in South Los Angels alone last year (3) ); square miles of thesis problems, city filled with houses with barred windows, chaotic schools, downtown blocks of sweatshops; whole neighborhoods sunk in saic admission semi-literacy, drugs, gangs, fear; and our nightmarish jails (4).
Not everybody looks like they have been raised. The numbers show a radically skewed society. Rather than pages of on translation problems, numbing statistics, I’ll sketch a couple of facts, the first from admission, sociologist Steven Rose. Electronic Media Essay In Urdu! If you drew a line on essay a building three stories high to represent the distance between the lowest and the highest family income, the average (median) income sits at only 10.5 inches off the media, ground and saic admission essay, half the on translation problems, nation is clumped below that (5). Saic Admission! Second, despite the prodigious numbers of poor, housing for them is so scarce that of the media in urdu, 3,141 counties in the United States, in saic admission essay only 4 can a person making minimum wage afford a one-bedroom apartment (6). I believe this imbalance mauls the national psyche because the different, media repeatedly show us images of people and places from the beautiful upper stretches of that vertical line.
In the admission essay, comparison, thrown at essay in urdu, us daily, most of us lose. This nation equates decency with wealth and indecency with poverty. Admission! These media images also create floods of anxiety. Being “less than,” being poor, carries a stigma. Another sociologist thinks we are so materialistic, poverty now actually carries the problem-solution essay on teenage, shame that cowardice carried in admission essay earlier, warrior times (7). And actually if the economy is on fire, we have some funny facts. The dollar has dropped to a fraction of what it was worth thirty years ago. No amount of policy tinkering has been able to stop manufacturing’s chronic decline.
The national trade deficit is at coursework, an all time high (meaning roughly, if it’s foreign made we want to own it). Personal debt has reached swaggering amounts. And bankruptcies have ballooned, now running 1.46 million a year (8) - outstripping the divorce rate, also outstripping annual college graduations (9) . Defenders say, “but compared with dusty nation X or backward country Y - it’s so much worse elsewhere. We are the envy of the world.” When we compare nations, we should keep in mind who we are comparing.
Every third world nation has a middle class, no matter how small, with houses, and those folks are still better off than our hordes of saic, homeless. Problem-solution Essay Driving! And our wealth inequalities are so stark, poor people here are worse off than many of their foreign counterparts (10). And if you start comparing nations, what about the quality of life? Are our 30 million citizens on antidepressants also the envy of the world? And our suicide rate, with suicide now the third leading cause of death among the young (11) ? Here lurks the saic admission, question of how much life is essay, worth living. I wish I could get away from these inequalities, but I cannot. Fly away from it all? Board a plane, and we take off. Having settled in at cruising altitude on a flight, surrounded by other passengers, I look out the saic admission essay, sun-filled window and we float among the iridescent clouds and for a moment it seems we are transcending the world's concerns. Then the reasons to be a teacher, stewardess carefully draws the saic essay, cabin curtain across the aisle between us and the passengers in first class section.
This act is noiseless and delicate. All passengers’ eyes are riveted on essay lie it. Nowadays, nobody seriously criticizes the rich. Essay! Criticizing the gcse, rich doesn’t make much sense if you think you’re going to be one. But it wasn’t always that way. This isn’t the first time this nation has produced a huge separation between rich and poor. In the 1870s-1890s America actually had a brush with serious economic revolt (12). The trouble was started by common farmers in the hinterland - stake holders in the new frontier - dismayed that all their hard work didn’t deliver. The Civil War’s aftermath was a time of admission, immense capital growth for some and hopeless drudgery for others. Chicago and New York contained both wealth-aristocrats in frivolously decorated mansions that mocked European aristocratic manors, and on the other side, smoke-stained factories with legions of ragged workers.
In the rural South rich plantation owners lived in white-columned country homes while paying barefoot field workers scrip they could only spend at essay, the owner’s store – contract labor working in endless debt. This was the era of admission essay, flamboyant corporation owners in coursework answers top hats chomping on outsize cigars, also the essay, era of steep child mortality rates, pestilences that swept the different essay, streets, misery and short life expectancies for the poor. It was an era of unrestrained markets, the era of monopolists who collaborated with each other in setting prices; little was illegal. Following the Civil War, there were a couple of saic admission essay, different currencies in circulation, one sinking in value and less reliable. City banks peddled mortgages widely on new farmland they had never seen. A new farmer could sign on in either currency. Then a national money contraction occurred, consolidating the two issues. Farmers took the fall.
They were left owing the banks up to twice what they had signed for. Believing in the national promise that hard work brings wealth, they found they only worked and driving, lost money on their slow-producing farms, then worked harder and lost more. Meanwhile, the banks flourished. They grew spectacularly. They argued they were only saic admission essay, being patriotic. Bewildered, farmers actually started trying to understand what was wrong by reading books on economics.
The result was a bitter understanding of ‘the money power,’ of lenders rights, of monopolistic control, and of American credit corporations as fortresses of wealth. In desperation, farmers’ cooperatives started up. They aimed for debtors’ independence. They were made up of plain people seeking self expression. First in the South, this movement swept across Texas, then the Western plains states, attracting farmers by thesis on translation problems the thousand. Then they joined up with railroad workers who were desperate over low wages and ruinous equipment and who were striking. Eventually the National Farmers Alliance and Industrial Union spread far west and north, and at its peak had over saic essay, a million members. The Populist Party was started. On Translation! This new party was virulently anti-monopoly, and its hero was the admission, opposite, the poor-but-good worker. It successfully ran candidates for problems local government, and saic admission essay, then William Jennings Bryan, a Populist, actually won the Democratic nomination for President.
Bryan had risen from stump-speeches in open fields to the political crest with firebrand oratory telling farmers and workers they were “crucified on a cross of gold,” nailed to the impossible demands of credit merchants, and the victims of a monied tyranny (13). The poor have always been demonized. But for the first time, in the 1890s, the rich were being demonized. Bryan lost the election to a teacher McKinley in 1896. The railroad strikes were crushed by robber baron Jay Gould who somehow got local sheriffs to deputize all his strikebreakers. Strikers were called mutinous, and saic, local magistrates declared union leadership a crime. Without Bryan rising, the on translation problems, Populist movement suddenly faded.
There was capitulation and disgust. People muttered ‘you can’t fight the nation’s banks.’ Some farmers even left the country and moved to Canada. Corporate power rose everywhere again. Sentiment changed. In memory, words like ‘the people’s’, and ‘progressive’, became tainted with the shadow of saic essay, socialism. That era is remembered in history books. But it has been so diluted that Populism is described as an agrarian movement, a protest. Omitted are the rage, the oratory, the fires, the marches, the riots, the militia shooting strikers. I believe some of the early conditions of that movement are reappearing.
But today we are mute. We are back to the dogma that whatever the wealthy do is good for gcse coursework answers the poor. Saic Admission Essay! Only a few modern writers like Christopher Lasch see that the detachment of our modern elites is actually betraying our democracy (14). Fewer writers, like Charles Derber, are saying the moral decay in this country starts at essay, the top (15). We live in a peculiar era. There is said to saic admission be no ideology. What is ideology? It is a visionary assertion of values, goals and aims. It ties a people together, explaining what is bigger and more important than each of kinds essay, us. It is part theory, part speculation. It urges loyalty.
Ideologies can be national, grand and visionary, or subdued and essay, local. They may be delivered from the problem-solution essay on teenage driving, podium, or they may be unspoken but lurking everywhere as if a colorless gas that saturates a culture’s thinking (16). Saic! An ideology can move a community to prepare for war, or it can move a nation to thesis on translation peace; but it gives motivation and admission essay, meaning, it states the common good, and essay lie, explains why the people must work together. Without ideology, people can live active lives but they are atomized - there is admission, a hollowness and insecurity beneath. Daniel Bell wrote a book The End of Ideology which says that in the United States, ideology has dissolved (17).
Bell: Through the last century - at least through the thesis, belligerent period of the two World Wars and saic essay, the 1950s Cold War - the on translation problems, United States had plenty to say about what it stood for, also what it hated. Ideology was sharp and it was national. But with the advent of peace, and especially with the decline of communism, there was suddenly less reason to deliver thunderous speeches about why we are here, what we are ready to die for saic essay - the speeches that bring urgency and purpose and meaning to people. We have drifted since the Vietnam era without an ideological rudder. College! We exist in saic admission a kind of kinds, void, in which individualism flourishes, and narcissism, ego, materialism, the pursuit of self, wealth, status and greed - but nothing that moves the masses together. Predicting the future may best be left to crystal-gazers, but we can always take hints from newly published books because they contain ideas that may be influential for saic years. Some new publications are unsettling. Into this void, I’ll argue, are creeping two quasi-ideologies. Actually they are not new. They are two old ideologies, mutated, which are rising again.
First a popular book which appeared in 2002. It describes a part of this society. The way the author works is a new fashion and it is a teacher essay, revealing. Beyond that Curtain. Very rich people are hidden from us because they want it that way.
Naturalist Richard Conniff uses sociobiology to describe the upper class. He has patiently followed the superrich around (and these folks are above 'junior wealth' which is about $5-10 million) and has interviewed them in their natural environment. This is the new fashion, to explain what humans do because of their genes and saic essay, their evolution. The exotic customs of the moneyed class fill his book The Natural History of the Rich (18). Because he is a naturalist, he unflinchingly compares the people at the top with the alphas (top members) of other animal species.
Conniff says the superrich are an intensely narcissistic and competitive small group. Problem-solution! They arrange their lives so that wherever they go (Aspen, Monaco, Paris) they see the same few hundred people. They are self-encapsulated. They regard the rest of us as irrelevant, uninformed, even subhuman, and they don't like to talk to us. (One fabulously wealthy lady used her cell phone to essay call her chief-of-staff who was in another country to call her maid to tell the maid what to do next. The maid had a cell phone and was on electronic media essay the opposite saic essay, side of the room from the lady). Conniff reports that just like other top animals, the superrich are driven by the quest for status, mating opportunities and dominance - except that the human version constantly denies it. Top-rungers also flout the basic rules of economics.
While average folks purchase more stuff when it becomes less expensive (supply and demand), the leisure class prefers to reasons essay buy stuff that is more expensive, even when comparable stuff is available for less. Admission Essay! The object is to dazzle. Sociologist Thorstein Veblen identified that odd habit back in 1899 and termed it ‘conspicuous consumption.’ It’s waste in order to impress (19, 20). Gcse Coursework Answers! Conniff points out animals do this too. Saic Admission! The cascading tail feathers of alpha male peacocks have no useful function. They are there to impress other peacocks - in fact they are so conspicuous they practically prevent the bird from flying. More biology: the way the superrich have isolated themselves for history answers centuries now qualifies them as a pseudospecies. By hanging out and mating only with their own kind, over many generations, they have effectively removed themselves from the gene pool.
Sociobiology is a fairly new division of saic admission, biology. It’s been around since the different of narrative, 1970s. Saic! It holds that human behavior is genetically shaped, like animals which run largely on reasons instinct. It says our behavior is evolved. Sociobiology has a younger sister, evolutionary psychology, which talks more about humans than animals, but in saic essay the same way. Essay In Urdu! Evolutionary psychology holds that our daily routines and our choices are not nearly as spontaneous as we think because our behavior and our emotions are determined by the long tracks of natural selection. Both these disciplines are in saic their infancy. Both are busily looking for parallels between animal behavior and our behavior to show we are more instinct than we think. So what Conniff does is to illustrate the dominant posturing of top rats versus the electronic media essay, belly-crawling of their subordinates, and the bluster of top baboons versus the rump-presenting submissiveness of subordinates - and compares it to the obsequious behavior of human underlings who attend to our superrich. Dominance patterns in saic admission this species fit dominance patterns in of narrative that.
So for saic admission essay instance in a teacher both human and walrus communities, the top elite have more. Saic Admission! They copulate more, they get more of what they want, and they guard more resources than they need. Conniff states: Humans seem to be 'ethologically despotic,' like chimpanzees; that is, we have a natural predisposition to hammering other people into submission. Except that in human males this is expressed as a single-minded determination to impose their vision on the world (21). Why do the rest of to be a teacher, us go along with this? We can’t help it.
A stare from essay, high authority throws us into rabbit-panic. Lower ranking humans throw themselves into submission, even sacrificing themselves for their high superiors. It’s all biologically evolved behavior. Inequality is college essay, everywhere in the animal kingdom - even animals that can’t do much else, such as chickens, are expert at saic, knowing the ranks of all other chickens. And a low ranking wolf will fight to the death for its pack even while its daily life is made miserable by problem-solution on teenage driving cruel tormenting from the animals above it because belonging to a hierarchy is everything. According to sociobiologists, hierarchy chains us humans too. It makes no sense, but animals and humans alike sometimes cling to those who batter them. Saic! It's in the genes. Along the way, it would be heartening to learn from sociobiologists that our top people are good people. That part is missing. The ultra rich are likely to have serious mayhem in the family history.
Conniff traces this old saying to Balzac: ‘Behind every fortune there’s an undiscovered crime.’ Generations ago, many alpha families originally ascended by force and illegal conquest - and, in his interviews, often show themselves proud of it. And what of our popular belief the wealthy are that way because they work very hard? Do they? Well, maybe. Conniff interviewed one extremely wealthy woman who told him, I'm the most normal, normal person, I'm not like most rich people. I work really hard. Essay On Teenage! Most rich people I know don't do anything but eat, drink, sleep, pardon the term, fuck, and have a good time (22). Genius and Alcoholism.
If our behaviors are genetic, it means we don’t have much control over them. Simple actions, breathing, sleeping, coughing are all behaviors we can’t change. But evolutionary psychology says many of our more complicated behaviors are partly genetic. We have a ‘genetic predisposition’ towards overeating or dominance or addiction or depression, musical genius, alcoholism, and possibly some criminal behaviors too - because these things have been found to run in families. Today’s cutting edge research is looking for behaviors that are controlled by genes, and admission essay, how much. There is a scale called a ‘heritability index’ that runs from 0.0 to 1.0, the idea being that behaviors high on the scale are genetic and on teenage, can’t be controlled voluntarily. The implications ripple across our legal system. Saic Admission Essay! If it is established that somebody has a genetic disposition towards criminal behavior, then he doesn’t have control over it. Think of the possibilities: imagine a criminal lawyer putting on the following defense, “…Your Honor my client is not to blame - he couldn’t control his thieving - he was just fulfilling his genetic destiny…” In fact, these legal defenses may become more common as evolutionary psychologist are now arguing that using pornography (23), not paying child support (24) and rape (25 ) are in the genes. Evolutionary psychology is deliberately pushing into public policy.
The appearance of a new book Evolutionary Psychology, Public Policy and Personal Decisions shows its intended scope (26). But two topics - we might not have guessed which - are keeping biologists agitated. Are we run by selfishness? And how important is the individual, as opposed to the group? This is the way it’s coming down: 1. Thesis Problems! Selfishness. Darwin’s starting point was that life is everywhere a struggle for survival.
If you want to survive, you can’t waste time helping others. In fact most sociobiologists say, don’t bother looking for the tender, caring or even cooperative behavior in humans; it isn’t there (27). But the central issue being kicked around: is selfishness by itself sufficient to keep a group surviving? Or does a species of animal also need another type of behavior, like cooperation or altruism, in which members help each other? One camp, the saic admission, hard-nosed Darwinists, says yes to selfishness – that also means genes-powered greed, genes-powered waste-to-impress (28) – and no to altruism. 2. Selection between whole groups. Problem-solution Essay On Teenage Driving! Darwin said natural selection happens between individuals.
But what about selection between communities (and herds and flocks)? This issue is so hot, arguments between sober academics almost read like kids having tantrums. The point is this: if there is competition between groups (communities) for survival, the winning group will be stronger because of saic essay, teamwork, which takes something like cooperation or altruism between members. A group of only selfish individuals is weakened from within. And these two issues go hand-in-hand. Orthodox Darwinists say, you don’t need to think about altruism because there is no group-level selection. Daniel Batson writes on this debate.
At this point, sociobiology is new and unsure. It keeps issuing statements then correcting itself. Does natural selection exclude group selection? Yes; correct that, no. Does natural selection produce only selfishness? Yes; correct that, no (29). Thesis Problems! Actually this is not just a scuffle under the stairs among academics. Because of Darwin’s assumptions, all this threatens the very planks on which the theory of evolution rests. So a lot of people are watching this fight (30). When these infant disciplines finally get their sea legs, they will bring home the bogeyman of all questions, because selfishness and altruism are not just behaviors, they are moral values. What’s really lurking behind all this work: is our morality controlled by our genes? (31)
Adam Smith cares. Saic Admission Essay! Recall that Adam Smith’s Wealth of Nations tell us all people act in thesis problems their own interest (selfishly) - and that is fine, according to him since the whole community eventually benefits. Who does this sound like? It sounds similar to admission Darwin claiming that animals are naturally selfish - it’s a matter of electronic media, survival. Both Smith, in saic Wealth of Nations, and Darwin don’t truck with altruism. Thesis! It would change the basic assumptions of admission, both of their whole theories. And we get the hint that Charles Darwin and Adam Smith were singing off the same sheet of music. So the appearance of Conniff’s book waves a flag. Any alliance between biology and big money should keep us nervous. This alliance has a scurrilous history. A contemporary of Darwin’s was English philosopher Herbert Spencer.
Spencer was not only gcse history coursework answers, thinking on the same tracks, it was Spencer who invented the admission, term “survival of the fittest.” Darwin was cautious how much evolution actually applies to us humans, but Spencer was not cautious. Spencer applied “the fittest” to the wealthy (32). Spencer became very popular with the monied classes towards the thesis problems, end of the nineteen century. On the lecture circuit in America he said humans, like the admission, animals described by Darwin, are all in different kinds a competition for survival. This was normal. For wealthy industrialists to exploit and discard hordes of the poor in their factories was also understandable. The poor were the unfit. Nature was ‘red in tooth and claw.’ The industrialist was just hastening nature’s way of weeding out the weak members.
Spencer also said welfare - even charity - was a bad idea. It encouraged the poor, who would multiply and spread their unfitness. Overall, did the rich prosper at essay, the expense of the poor? Of course - and in the long run, Spencer said, this was good for a nation. After WWI, Social Darwinism was discredited as a vulgarized version of Darwinism. At the time, communist ideology was flourishing in Europe, and the argument that the to be essay, workers were going to control everything was turning Russia inside out like a glove.
Socialism was on the rise in Europe, and America decided to keep one eye on saic admission essay its poor. Pro-worker feeling grew and between the problem-solution essay on teenage, World Wars, President Roosevelt built a more poor-friendly, worker-friendly atmosphere, and saic essay, started Social Security. But it is now sixty years since WWII, and times have changed again. During this last century, of course, many things changed. Essay! Science itself made vast progress, reaching peaks, so that at 2000 it could point back at a moon walk, the essay, atom opened, the defeat of plagues as points on its startling ascent. Today science has tectonic credibility. Problem-solution Essay! It is unimpeachable. If a layman attacks science, nobody listens. But this topic, Darwinism, will not sit down.
Among the few with credibility to question science are philosophers. Philosophers are carefully trained in logic. Philosopher Richard Perry, in saic admission essay the staid journal Ethics , quietly walks up and kicks the reasons to be, struts out from under sociobiology. Is it really science? Or is it a con? Perry shows the logic under all sociobiology to be not the essay, grid of deductive logic you would expect in science, but only a patchwork of analogies. Now there is a certain use for analogies, but analogies do not prove anything, they only driving, show likenesses. The best use of saic admission essay, analogies is in the persuasive arts, oratory and electronic media in urdu, poetry. Analogy is the warp-and-woof of sociobiology. That’s what they do, says Perry. If you want to say humans are aggressive, describe the aggressiveness in rats – show the similarities.
If you want to prove humans territorial, talk about the territoriality of mockingbirds - invite the similarities. And so on. Perry says, but wait. Why these analogies in the first place? - There’s something odd about circling around one species to make pronouncements about another. Why are we studying animals to understand humans? Would you investigate houseflies by saic admission studying blue herons? Wouldn’t that distort what we already know about on translation, flies? His article “Sociobiology: Science in the service of admission, ideology” warns us the history, logic is so bad, sociobiology should be embarrassed. It is more like weaving a net with the study of animals and throwing it over humans. And it should tip us off to saic essay ulterior purposes. Gcse Coursework Answers! We should look for what else it does.
Perry urges us to decline trust in sociobiology. It is engaging reading. But it does what Herbert Spencer did. It tells us we don’t have to feel guilty if we are brutal with each other - animals do it. It gives comfort to perpetrators of social injustice (33 ). The next point in this essay is that Social Darwinism, or some modernized variation, is rising again. Supported as a science, our neo-Darwinism is fed by hours of exquisite photography on admission Discovery Channel where we repeatedly watch hungry leopards stalk innocent deer, fell them and gorge on electronic media their entrails hour after hour. (What car salesman hasn’t watched, and said to himself, that animal lives in admission essay me, I can use any method to drag down fleeing customers?) Darwinism has a dangerous ally. Another twist in logic, which always gate-crashes the party and says, if it happens in nature, it must be right. But the problem is, you cannot logically convert a fact into a right . (Example: it’s a fact some kids beat up other kids on the playground, therefore they have a right to do it).
Morality should step in. It took a long time to college essay get that right in western civilization. Because it’s a fact Charles Darwin reported on a species of slave-making ants, humans do not have a right to make slaves. Then as now, using analogy as a justification for ignoring human pain and fear, or creating it, is saic admission essay, a perversion. Social Darwinism will be much harder to get rid of this time. Problem-solution On Teenage! If we are not vigilant, sociobiology and evolutionary psychology will set new standards of indifference. The implications are stirring. What if our politicians and policy makers, administrative agencies and bureaucracies, our military, our justice system, our legislators, watching, all believe that rich and saic essay, poor, good and bad, winning and losing are in the genes? Place your bets, because depending on the way a couple of these controversies turn out coursework, (especially selfishness) we may have biologists telling us what is right and wrong, that democracy is unnatural, and that inequality and injustice are in the nature of admission essay, things.
Laissez-faire was the table-thumping cry of monopolistic big business in the 1860s through the 1920s – overlapping the Populist era, but on problems the capitalist side. From the businessman’s point of view, this was the Gilded Age. Essay! Will power was a virtue, expansion always seemed the way to go, and media essay in urdu, everything was believed to be better if it was bigger. (The Crystal Palace, the Eiffel tower, and the Titanic were industrial symbols). The concept traces back to 1825, and it means government abstention from admission essay, interference with individual action, especially commercial action. But it was found that if business was not restrained at all, the economy rose and electronic in urdu, fell in a cycle of peaks and destructive crashes. Admission Essay! Second, it produced monsters that worked people to disease or death.
During the laissez-faire era, people died or got maimed on history the job in perilous mines, foundries and rail yards, getting no compensation (because, it was argued, they worked there by admission choice). This is what the Populists battled. The battle was rough and lie, long, with repeated strike actions, and essay, poverty and despair for different of narrative workers. Laissez-faire , the philosophy of robber barons, was eventually collared and saic essay, muzzled, notably in Supreme Court decisions headed by Justice Brandeis who saw unfettered business practices as an eventual threat to democracy. Different Essay! It took many years to saic admission essay produce a real turn. Essay In Urdu! The Seattle General Strike of 1919 was another attempt to break through. Eventually both Social Darwinism and laissez-faire were abandoned. Laissez-faire is rising again. The Libertarian Party, formed in 1972, looks New Age-ish.
Libertarians promises a bright new beginning, the kind of thing that always attracts young people with spirited talk about freedom from authority. In fact libertarians almost never stop talking about freedom. Libertarians believe this: Individualism is what a society is all about. The promotion of self, and self-interest, life, liberty and property rights are important. Businesses and admission, markets should also be free from restraint. Libertarianism hates constraint. It condemns anything too “powerful” – government or police power – and anything “social” – welfare, rent control. Here are its founding assumptions.
At heart, libertarians believe that all human relationships should be voluntary. They think there is a natural harmony of interests among people, and any society works by a sort of spontaneous order. In politics, libertarianism claims to be against both the left wing and the right. It states opposition to fundamentalist religion as much as against any state agency - both threaten individual freedom. How do we know the old ideology of laissez-faire is in here? Because a 1997 book which explains the basics, by David Boaz (executive vice president of the Cato Institute) called Libertarianism: A Primer , says so. It states that laissez-faire capitalism is the answer to everything because it brings incredible wealth to all. And it proudly champions Adam Smith’s ideas as its heritage (34).
Justice in Two Pages. Those founding assumptions are nonsense. First it’s obvious not all people are interested in harmony. Some are excessively greedy. Driving! Some people prefer power, which tends to corrupt. Second, world history books have shown few human societies working smoothly by spontaneous order. In general, we should evaluate a theory by what it says, also by what it doesn’t say.
What does libertarianism say about exploitation? Nothing. Saic Admission Essay! The word isn’t even in the index. Next, its treatment of on teenage, justice is negligible. Admission! And what does it say about equality? - Almost nothing.
It is hard to convey libertarianism’s disinterest in equality. Or perhaps this: Boaz’s book has 314 pages. Just over one page is given to equality. Equity? - nothing. Justice? - under two pages. Consider a modern concern. What about big-business abuse of the environment? Among other points in the book - to give environmentalists nightmares - is that libertarians see no contradiction between industry expansion and the environment. Quote: “Economic growth helps to produce environmental quality.” (35) Reading Libertarianism reveals something much more troubling. The book explains that freedom is so prime, it is more important than democracy.
Libertarianism is disinterested in democracy. Rather, libertarians believe in Natural Law, laws seated in ancient, even tribal, crude customs, which are hardly enlightened ways. There is actually a fringe element among libertarians, gaining momentum, which seriously wants to dismantle democracy in America (36) which it interprets as mob rule. While this style of reasons, business in the 1890s, for profits, freely harnessed uneducated millions of the poor into essay sweatshops and essay lie, mills, at wages that always seemed to keep them frightened and hungry, all those problems are now forgotten by libertarians - as if the century had no shadow. And without a twitch of saic admission, embarrassment, a Chicago Tribune review on the dustcover of Boaz’s book Libertarianism explains that “these are ideas that are coming to dominate the thinking of government all over the world.” But laissez-faire is electronic in urdu, critical for saic admission today’s aggressive corporations because they cannot operate at their gargantuan level without almost total freedom. Different Kinds! Corporate businessmen cite as their biggest enemy, government.
They see greed as a solution rather than a problem. They despise the push for equality as a death-knell. They refer to justice as something the admission, envious dreamed up (37). For them, democracy is no more than a bright tinsel wrapping to be torn off the moment it poses any real constraint to problem-solution their freedom. Despite these concerns, our market economy is not weakening in any way. The reverse. At this point in history, capitalism is just getting started on a second Big Bang. We are recently launched into essay another expand-or-die wave that dates back approximately to the fall of the Berlin Wall and is already showing geometric power. Different Kinds! It’s being promoted by our massive gifts and loans to foreign countries and by saic admission our placing key capitalists in international banking.
And, less benevolently, by the starting of foreign wars, which require repairs, for which we provide contractors, whose profits return to us. This new wave is gcse history coursework, not powered by any single ideology. But this odd combination of saic admission, Social Darwinism and laissez-faire is gcse history coursework, a soil mixture that produced the explosive capitalism and empire-building at the turn of the last century, and it will work again. I say odd combination because these two theories are actually contradictory. Libertarians should look over their shoulders. Biology promotes the opposite saic admission, point, that we humans don’t have much freedom because our behavior is controlled by our genes. Electronic Media Essay! Sociobiologists say even the saic, functioning of our societies is constrained by our genes, so the idea of us choosing to expand our liberties is thesis, hilarious to them. These two theories were also contradictory a hundred years ago. That didn’t stop monopolists then and it will not stop the high-octane business leaders of today - none of whom are exactly intellectuals. Turn on essay the television and watch our national leaders talk policy. They explain we are bringing our way of doing business to foreign lands because capitalism brings democracy.
We are the bringers of fortune, uplift, goodness, opportunity and different of narrative, freedom for all - the essay, best destiny humanity has to offer. Just because this argument is delivered from a podium bathed in of narrative essay rotating lights does not make it true. It is saic essay, also broken logic. One of the main events in capitalism is the creation of inequality. We recall that the two basic values of democracy are freedom and equality.
They are the two wings on which that exalted bird flies. And we notice these official speeches on foreign policy promise freedom, but they never promise equality. We cannot export equality. You cannot give away what you haven’t got. Second, a point always omitted from these speeches is that capitalism comes in different species. One type is authoritarian capitalism and it is decidedly undemocratic. A governing power, sometimes a military dictator, promises businessmen they will make astonishing profits if they just follow his orders. This - the different kinds, melding of business and saic admission essay, state - happens to be one of the elements of fascism. Another defining element of fascism is that inequality is a virtue. But free market economics are being built everywhere.
This is so powerful, it has the face of a titan. So we cannot do it any harm, analyzing it. We have plenty of time to pull up our chairs, and at our leisure examine its beating heart. The major musculature of our modern free markets is corporations. They deserve attention. Corporations are collections of people doing business.
Other types of business entities exist, sole proprietorships and partnerships, but corporations are surely the largest. (Some corporations are more wealthy than some countries). They inspire joy in some people, fear in others. Corporations have been harshly attacked in several books by investigative reporters. For example, Mokhiber and Weissman’s Corporate Predators and Court’s Corporateering warn of the way corporations influence politics (by shifting massive capital around) as well as the way they take away our personal privacy and security. As a rule, they lack transparency. Essay Lie! And they seem invulnerable surrounded as they are by walls of lawyers (38,39). Many corporations hire their own economists so they are also difficult to comprehend.
These books are a good and healthy part of the public’s reading. But these attacks have made no difference. One book, however, written by a lawyer, may make a difference. It translates the stygian legalese and economics into saic essay common language. The book is no less frightening. The author reveals the corporate Achilles heel. Bodies in Two Parts.
Law professor Joel Bakan’s The Corporation explains that corporations date back to the 1690s in Britain. From the start corporations were peculiarities, being bodies that are split into two parts. Directors and college essay lie, managers run the essay, firms, but stockholders own them. And the college essay, stockholders are an admission essay, ever shifting bunch, being owners today, sellers tomorrow. Most stockholders have no interest in how the to be essay, firm does business. They only saic admission essay, look at reasons a teacher essay, the daily value of the stock. Since the only business of a corporation is to make profit, this is a recipe for saic essay corruption, because the stock's value can fluctuate on different kinds rumor and reputation, and a firm might grow wealthy on lies, or by overcharging, or by selling a dangerous product, or by not doing anything except issuing promises, and the stockholders are just as delighted. Stockholders don’t ask questions. Second, the saic admission essay, corporation has “a legal mandate to pursue, relentlessly and essay on teenage, without exception its own self interest” and saic admission, this “regardless of the harmful consequences it might cause others.” If along the way they have to pay some fines for damage they have done, this is different of narrative, calculated into business expenses. It’s all numbers.
And since some corporations make massive profits, they don’t flinch at paying out very large sums to saic admission essay people and environments they have damaged very badly. And then return to do it again. Anything that is an unfortunate byproduct of making profit, such as stress, lives lost, disease, broken laws, pollution, immorality, ‘collateral damage,’ grief, disruption, riots, is reasons to be a teacher essay, called an saic essay, ‘externality’ - because it is outside the crisp equation for gcse history answers calculation profit and loss. Most of admission, what we know as morality and essay in urdu, humanity are externalities. This breakage can have enormous effects on the world. Corporations are externalizing machines, says Bakan. Bulldozing through to more profits, they routinely break stuff wherever they go and this single-mindedness has produced what we have today, colossuses of indifference “of such power as to weaken government’s ability to control them,” so that “corporations now govern society perhaps more than governments do.” Yes, there are some corporation CEOs who exercise morality and saic essay, judgment. But they are not supported by Nobel Prize winning economist Milton Friedman, who believes the only moral duty of the corporation is to put profit over social and environmental goals (and business guru Peter Drucker thinks likewise).
Bakan goes further. He likens corporations to gcse history answers psychopaths (sociopaths). For his book he interviewed Dr. Saic Admission Essay! Robert Hare, a psychologist and expert on psychopathy, to get a list of personality traits that psychopaths exhibit (no empathy, asocial behaviors, manipulativeness, no conscience, no remorse) and then tries those out on corporations. They fit.
For instance corporations return repeatedly to make profits from things they know are lethal and that strew grief - cigarettes, cars that catch fire in crashes, drugs with devastating side effects - because the a teacher, money is there. Enough money gives them a “psychopathic contempt for legal constraint.” Or any constraint. Removing democracy may seem like a good business plan, if it hinders a firm’s mission. In corporate culture there is an emerging social order that is wide and dangerous, as dangerous as any fundamentalism, Bakan states. “For in a world where anything or anyone can be owned, manipulated, and exploited for profit, everything and essay, everyone will eventually be.” Bakan says every corporation’s Achilles heel is concealed in its original incorporation papers. On Translation Problems! I will return to this point in the later section on remedies (40). If corporations are really like that, we might wonder about the saic admission essay, people who work in them. Tens of millions of regular folks work in corporations, of course, which gives them the surface look of well fed averageness.
But because of their aggressive business agenda, they also attract some odd personalities. The sociopath (also called psychopath) in the public’s mind is a loathsome and fascinating figure, imagined as a berserk serial killer. Actually, most sociopaths couldn’t be more different. Electronic! Suave and charming, manicured starters of conversations, many look like they come from the pages of GQ . (There are plenty of lissome women sociopaths too.) Consummate actors, you melt when they talk to you. They are smooth as glass. Saic Admission! They exhibit a tapered arrogance. Problems! They are also “persistent, repetitive, remorseless violators of the rights of others, and the rules of admission essay, society” (41).
In today’s high stakes, empire-building business climate, sociopaths are some of the fastest rising stars. In corporate maneuvering they have no loyalty, virtually no emotion, and no conscience. Promiscuous in friendships as in sex, they start instantly and leave an alliance instantly it creates advantage. Their specialty is media, stirring and saic admission, steering feelings in others without being touched themselves. Usually the epitome of self control, they are capable if cornered of sudden viciousness. A Teacher! Few will challenge them, sensing that underneath is their calculated enjoyment of the destruction and humiliation of others.
This is not a new type of personality. But in modern culture, where success has become separated from honor, they thrive. Saic Essay! The sole passion they have is to win. The particular combination of sociopathy and high intelligence is a prototype for business success. Harvard’s psychopathy expert Martha Stout estimates about 1 in 25 people are these indifferent, charismatic liars and different kinds, the proportion is growing. You may have one at saic, your picnic; there was one in lie your classroom at school; at admission essay, one time you probably tried to date one. Stout sketches a prototype sociopath growing up.
He came from a privileged city family and stole from electronic, his parents. He enjoyed stuffing live firecrackers down frogs’ throats. He was so intelligent he cruised through college almost without studying and, graduating with an admission essay, MBA, he was quickly hired by a large corporation, where he proved he could sell anything. Essay On Teenage! “Lying comes as easily as breathing,” and essay, despite subordinates complaining that he is insulting and vicious he starts on a meteoric ascent, marries a sweet, quiet woman, and before middle age is given a division presidency. He makes many millions of dollars for the company and enjoys his female subordinates as sexual plunder. Stout explains that the brains of sociopaths work differently. Watched through brain scans, normal people, given words to think about, quickly process emotional words like “love” and “happy,” but sociopaths are a bit slower because they process emotions in the temporal lobe where most people solve algebra problems. High Mating Effort.
Stout also says there is a genetic base. Sociopathy runs in families and is partly hereditary – she estimates about reasons to be essay, 50 percent of it is inborn (42). There is debate among evolutionary psychologists over whether psychopaths are mentally disordered (i.e. have something wrong with them) or whether they are just a separate genetic strain of deceitful, manipulative people, in which case they are normal. If it is a disorder, psychopaths are notoriously difficult to saic essay treat (they don’t voluntarily come in for psychotherapy, and reasons, if required to, they don’t change). Either way, because of their “short-term, high mating effort strategies” (43) they produce more offspring, and their genes will spread through the pool. From an evolutionary point of saic, view, this type is becoming more common. Our culture is unwilling to stop them. Electronic Media Essay In Urdu! We furiously promote these smooth surfaced, antisocial people when they turn their talents to making money for the company. Then as CEOs and CFOs we give them extraordinary business power.
In that position, the law supports them, because (as above) current law says the corporation has “the legal mandate to pursue, relentlessly and saic admission essay, without exception, self interest, regardless of the often harmful consequences” (44). Wrap this all around in the ruthless ideology of Social Darwinism, and nobody is coursework, safe. Democracy itself is not safe. Democracy is something a sociopath loathes, because it represents public constraint by ‘little people’ on essay his autocratic power. And he doesn’t practice democracy inside corporate walls. What he often practices in the corridors and boardrooms is coercion and problems, intimidation. Returning to Conniff’s observations: “Great fortune builders are also often great screamers [who use] the diatribe as a favorite tool…He calls meetings…at which he rages, growls and curses at saic admission, his weary employees” (45). Why is this type so successful? One possibility: because these malignant personalities are at home in the system. And the reason for electronic essay that is that the admission, system is malignant. History contains several examples of sociopaths who have flattened democracies.
Here are some other odd personalities who appear in different kinds of narrative essay corporations, as described by Jean Hollands, a business consultant who can calculate the saic admission, dollar loss due to a valuable employee’s bad behavior. Large corporations sometimes hire high-ranking specialists and managers who come with personal problems which wear everyone down. These people are not just occasional curiosities; they can be found in every large organization. Company owners are aware of these scabrous personalities under the roof, but are startled to find out just how much they are draining the company since their styles affect many other people. Hollands shows the owners the different, company they could be making hundreds of thousands of dollars more profit if they got rid of these misfits, but they don’t, partly because of the expense of firing and rehiring. In her book Red Ink Behaviors she gives illustrations. The Intimidator (loud, domineering, abusive, throws tantrums, but somehow thinks he is funny), the Stressor (severe workaholic, spills her chronic frustration over coworkers in sarcasm and unending interruptions), the Micromanager (requires written reports at every turn which he examines line by line, is chronically overwhelmed by all this work), the Withholder (has data necessary for operations which she will not share, chronically late to saic meetings or absent), the Inconsistent (thin skinned, high drama, unpredictable hysteric, lapses into stream-of-consciousness communications) and the Techno-specialist (brilliant but won’t talk to anyone who’s not a technician).
These personalities are not easy to confront. They are extremely judgmental, to the point of in urdu, mild paranoia, and if confronted they turn rabid or wall themselves up in their offices which is devastating to company morale, creating ripples of anxiety across the cubicles. And because coworkers usually back away from them, the offenders interpret this as a win, and they do it again. Hollands points out that this event, “winning,” is highly valued in high-stakes businesses (sales, legal, brokerage) where competitive individualism is prized, so nobody is sure what to saic do. So the toxic atmosphere spread by these bullies is borne, and everybody dreads going to work (46). Adam Smith never talked about these odd personalities. Adams Smith’s main point is that humans are naturally self-centered, and different of narrative essay, if you allow all people to saic essay work in kinds essay their self-interest, the nation will benefit. But individual self-interest will not explain everything. You cannot build a successful economy with something like self-interest any more than you can toss a bunch of boards in admission the air and problem-solution on teenage driving, expect them to come down in the shape of essay, a house. Much is on translation problems, missing.
Which means a search. Requiring a long journey through rarified concepts? No, I believe the search will take us places we already know. And I am swayed by Nietzsche and his habit of scorning academics who want to admission essay make things complicated. The great problems of electronic media in urdu, this world, he said, are not in misty metaphysics. They are in admission the street. Particularly they are in places we don't expect. We don't care to look down.
Is it because that direction is filled with nothing interesting? The media seems to affirm that. Apparently, time spent on the lives of workers would be gilding a vacuum. On Translation! If we follow the media, we will always look up. That is why we are missing answers. A tree’s height and its depth are connected. Everybody accepts that because the tree is an organic whole. A building is another kind of organic whole, and if the admission, building is problems, built taller, its foundation must go down.
But libertarian economists refuse the heights and depths of our own society to be connected – yes, the saic, rich get richer and the poor get poorer, but that is somehow a coincidence because everybody is free. In the life of reasons to be, a tree, what happens below determines what happens above. And I believe if we want to understand how an economy creates such high levels of wealth, we will need to look at its soil, and below, even if it is not pretty where the roots are coiling and clenching the rubble. What do we hear when we hold our ear to the soil? We can start with the broad question. Why do we work? It is a fair question. We want to jump in: “To earn a living,” “To support the saic admission essay, family,” “To get ahead.” - All partly true, or true for on translation problems some people. Actually the admission essay, broader question stumps professional analysts. The cover story of a 2003 issue of US News and World Report titled “Why we work” wanders around for several pages and is simply evasive, but says: “Some do it for love.
Others do it for money. But most of thesis on translation problems, us do it because we have no other choice.” (47) That doesn’t sound like the freedom shouted up by libertarians. The goal of businesses is product and profit. If American all produced something new in their work, we would be a prodigious and much happier society. In fact, worksites are often not what we would expect. Huge amounts of work effort are spent overcoming inefficiencies. What inefficiencies? Workers often spend hours trying to find, cleaning up, checking, losing, leaving messages, not connecting with, misunderstanding, delivering to the wrong place, catching up, waiting, repairing, clarifying miscommunications, correcting mistakes - myriad forms of blather and saic essay, delay – and all exhausted at the end of the day. So answers to the question “why do we work?” like, to make, or to produce, are part of the myth of work, but to problems get a little more reality we need to look at things the textbooks don’t talk about. A part of the answer is supplied by what happens at work.
One thing that never fails to happen on the job is hierarchy. Hierarchy is admission essay, ever present in manufacturing, service, private, government, military, civilian, inside-work, outside-work, unsuccessful, successful, full time, part time, day, night, sea, land, intense and indifferent jobs. Different Of Narrative! It is much more predictable than - much more reliable across worksites of different kinds than - money, motivation, service, satisfaction, effort, efficiency, profit or product, which vary. What hierarchy ensures is control. (The US News article does point out that although more workers are using their homes, it is no escape from hierarchy - and the phone and emails don’t stop after 5:00 p.m.) So if I go to work for someone, I will enter some sort of hierarchy. Saic! And if I go to work for reasons to be a teacher someone, somewhere, I am also selling my personal freedom for a wage. So most work sites create the opposite saic essay, of the two basic values of democracy, which are freedom and gcse history coursework answers, equality. This is a dark pond into saic essay which nobody ever tosses a stone. Should we say, the more people working, the more satisfied the nation? That would be nice.
But realistically, the more people work, the more people are enmeshed in a system of control which is electronic media essay, nondemocratic. That’s not such a cheery thing to say, but we are tired of having the world made cheery by the method of painting our windows blue. If we want to saic essay see better, we will have to scrape it off. And these topics do not make easy conversation with our co-workers. At this point in reasons a teacher essay our search we’ll meet with a lot of admission essay, silences. We verge on taboo. Michael Novak believes people resist analyzing work because that would be tampering with a necessary myth.
We might find contradictions. Any contradiction would threaten society’s foundations. The value of hard, competitive work is our society, Novak says. It is painstakingly reinforced from birth and “without that myth our society is inconceivable.” (48) The origins? Generation after generation of young persons are taught that work is the different, route to personal dignity and worth. Saic Admission! For each child this is repeated in one form or another through school and history, a light is turned on. Saic Essay! Success and failure is everything; no ambition is too high. These myths take a deep hold; they have the spiritual power of essay, hope, and by saic essay the time a school graduate enters the workforce he is ready for something momentous to happen. So each worker starts out on problem-solution on teenage driving a personal quest. If he talks to other workers about his dreams of growth and expansion, they smile, and later he notices old workers at his job doing much the same work and he starts to think, and to saic admission keep his inner visions quiet.
Gradually he sinks into routines. He dodges the inanities and politics of the thesis on translation problems, workplace. After many years, that inner light, once supple and strong, is saic essay, changed. Work doesn’t change much. If the child originally dreamed of being in the NBA or being an explorer, working in an office will feel like a cul-de-sac. But he does the work. He becomes a watcher-of-others. Later perhaps he still has hope, but it is in a different form: now he is darkly working on a distant hope of vindication. Thesis On Translation! Even later he changes again. Admission! Where he once listened inside, he has become other-oriented, he changes again, becomes harried or distracted.
He works because of electronic media, obligations, or for security, or for the company. If the light goes out, this is the way he will finish his days, in routines, swimming with all the others, in these vast pools of irrelevant direction. Admission Essay! (49) He was from the start harnessed to somebody else’s dream. Nonetheless, as this person grows up he will stir the same myth in kinds essay his own children. This wreckage of myths is where we do not want to look. Studs Terkel in 1972 put together a thick book of saic admission essay, self-reports entitled Working . He interviewed workers of all kinds, from proofreaders to nurses, to stockbrokers, to hookers, to jockeys, to welders, to executives, to stone cutters, to accountants, to dentists . At publication, it brought down the wrath of one church, wanting the book banned. Its 589-page collection of short narratives is an expose of our everyday work world, in the original language of the workers. This is the introductory paragraph: “This book, being about essay lie, work, is, by its very nature, about violence - to the spirit as well as to the body. It is about ulcers as well as accidents, about saic admission essay, shouting matches as well as fistfights, about nervous breakdowns as well as kicking the dog around.
It is, above all (or beneath all), about daily humiliations. Essay! To survive the day is triumph enough for the walking wounded among the saic admission, great many of college essay, us.” (50) This doesn’t match Adam Smith’s snappy view of the workaday world as busy pin factory workers and energetic vendors hauling goods to market, like bees in a hive. So is it lies? If Terkel was the only writer, we might come away thinking he's a hothead. But he’s not the only one. More recently a woman from the academic elite used a different method.
In 1999 Barbara Ehrenreich, who holds a Ph.D. in Biology, tried an experiment. She changed her clothes and climbed down the social ladder to be a person living on minimum wage. This level of society is called the saic admission, working poor. Being trained as a scientist, she took careful notes. She detailed her experiences in the book Nickel and Dimed . One after another she took six jobs, for a minimum of a month each, including waitress, hotel maid, house cleaner, nursing home aide, and WalMart salesperson. She drove a car, but made herself live each month only on what she could earn – mostly at $6 and $7 an hour. This meant living in gcse answers the cheapest lodgings (trailer parks, motels, downtown hotels) and eating on a narrow, bland diet. The jobs were available. Once on the job she was an exemplary worker. But her first finding was that it is admission essay, almost impossible to work for those wages and survive.
For instance, monthly earnings as a waitress in problem-solution essay Florida were $1,039. Saic! The cheapest rental she could find was a $500 efficiency, and food, gas, laundry, utilities and phone and toiletries came to another $517, leaving her $22 for essay lie everything else. Saic Admission! She moved to Maine, hired out as a house cleaner, scrubbing young yuppies’ houses, making $6.65, and college essay lie, paying $480 rent for a room, and so on. Her second finding was that the jobs often involved exhausting effort, and overtime, and in some jobs she literally worked by saic admission the sweat of her brow so that all she wanted to essay in urdu do at saic, night was watch TV over her dinner and then fall asleep. She became socially invisible - interacting with nobody except her immediate supervisors and coworkers; she felt ‘disappeared’ from society. It was not a question of the rich and poor coexisting in quiet harmony; the poor are treated as if they are not there. She endured humiliation, abuse, and reasons to be, routine violation of privacy, and essay, sometimes had to surrender basic civil rights. As a waitress she was told that her purse could be searched at history coursework, any time by management. There were rules against talking on admission the job.
Constant surveillance, being written up by electronic media the shift supervisor, and being ‘reamed out’ by managers were all customary parts of the job, also being subjected to drug tests (which in some cases included stripping to underwear and urinating in presence of a specimen collector.) After a while, she felt she was not just selling her labor but her life. Ehrenreich muses that since the people she was around were all hard workers, there seemed no purpose to the authoritarianism of managers except to saic create a culture of extreme inequality. Demeaning employees sometimes seemed attractive for employers. The repressive management style also produced the feeling of failure and shame, which, she suspects, keeps down wages because eventually workers think so little of college essay, their own worth that they accept the low pay. Ehrenreich is one writer who has paused by this thought. We have a massive cultural contradiction. We can hardly pride ourselves on being the world’s preeminent democracy, after all, if large numbers of citizens spend half their waking hours in what amounts, in plain terms, to a dictatorship.” (51) To our Western minds, some kinds of inequality are less tolerable than others, less ‘fair.’ Actually there is no human society with perfect equality. All cultures contain some inequality and the big question is the criterion, because some reasons for inequality are seen as unjust.
For instance America thinks monarchy and inherited aristocracy are wrong, but in neighboring Canada they are accepted. In some communities, rank is based on brute strength, in others, pureness-of-heart. Nobody likes to be low in any hierarchy. Societies with inherited rank also find it’s inefficient. The British, for instance, used to give all their top government jobs and high offices to relatives of nobles. The problem was a lot of the nobility and their relatives are not very bright.
As a society grows more technological it needs more pure intelligence to saic run it. Kinds Of Narrative Essay! So a century ago, the British started awarding important positions by qualifying exams and educational achievement, open to anybody. But there’s a benefit to being in a hierarchy by birth: being low is not your fault, and it’s not a moral problem. In America the idea that anybody should be able to rise is old, and a person’s position has always depended more on ability and accomplishments. This is essay, meritocracy. Meritocracy seems more democratic. It is appealing because it seems to be all about self-steered destiny. But by thesis problems the same token, meritocracy introduces blame for low rank. If you haven’t accumulated accomplishments during your life, your low rank is a moral problem because you were free and you had the saic admission, chance. In America, therefore, the rich are better, the poor should be ashamed. All this creates a special set of fears called “status anxiety” by essay lie de Botton (52) and “fear of sinking” by Kilmer (53), an obsessive concern with social status.
After all that work at minimum wage, Ehrenreich experienced how it was easy to spend your working life sinking deeper into saic debt. Economic indebtedness takes away some of your freedom, but many people who are affluent don’t understand money traps, so here I’ll spend a few words on a topic that is thesis on translation, technically on the consumer side. Perhaps this will all fall into focus leaf by leaf. After decades of aggressively distributing credit cards to virtually anyone who can sign, lenders have worked themselves into a paramount position of power. Now the average person is obligated at about $8,500 in debt. Lenders can charge interest up to 30%.
These higher rates are charged on late payments and delinquencies, and at that level, monthly payments become largely interest. Lenders are secure, because at those rates, by the time a debtor finally declares bankruptcy, the lender has often collected multiples of the original debt. The lenders are making most of their money from poor people - people who don’t have the essay, money to make prompt payments. Nevertheless, new bankruptcy laws will allow creditors to claim on a bankrupt debtor’s future earnings, which essentially removes the protection a person gets from declaring bankruptcy. Lower-income credit card holders get on a financial treadmill that requires them to make ever larger monthly payments to keep themselves solvent. People who are ill, poor, old, and on fixed income have all been urged to take credit cards. Then they are largely sealed onto a wheel which never pauses. Debt payments are the scourge of the poor but this is a spreading problem and it now includes the middle class. Many countries have usury laws that control predatory interest rates.
In Europe these laws date back centuries. In the United States the laws vary from state to state. Until 1999, charging interest higher than 5% above the Federal Reserve discount rate was criminal under the gcse, constitution of Arkansas. Admission Essay! But some states have no usury laws, which is why powerhouse Citibank relocated its credit card division from essay on teenage, New York (interest cap 12%) to South Dakota, and from there works an interstate credit card business charging as high as the market will bear. Today’s trend is for states to loosen their usury laws to attract more banks. Public opinion is admission, gathering against different kinds of narrative essay these lenders. Saic! And a local newspaper article tells of a municipal judge handing down a routine judgment against a card company for “unreasonable, unconscionable and unjust business practices.” (54) Is collecting high interest rates on loans a hard-work method of making a lot of money? Hardly. One financial analyst: “With these rates and fees, the card industry is a gravy train” (55). What about the people who declare bankruptcy?
Aren’t they gamblers, system tweakers, profligate spenders? Rarely. People usually go bankrupt because of severe misfortune. Commentator Paul Krugman’s belief is that more than half are due to medical emergencies (56). Reasons To Be A Teacher Essay! Actually a Harvard-based study by admission essay Warren and Tyagi, the problem-solution essay driving, ongoing Consumer Bankruptcy Project, shows only saic admission, 13% of bankruptcies stem from credit card overspending or from covering bad investments, or the like. Nearly nine out of ten bankruptcies (87%) follow one of the different of narrative essay, “Big Three” events in a person’s life: job loss, medical problems, divorce or separation (57). But with the new bankruptcy law, many debtors will never get off the wheel. Saic! Krugman fears America is gradually returning to lie a “debt peonage” society, after a practice in the post-Civil War South, in which debtors were forced to work for creditors. For the past few years our national leaders have encouraged us to saic admission believe our national destruction is imminent at the hands of an electronic in urdu, evil foreign enemy. Possibly before that, legal loan sharks will eat us out from saic admission, within.
Predatory lending practices are one more burden on the poor, keeping them poor. Coursework Answers! It is very hard for the exploited to essay escape shame and inescapable debt is one reason for the melancholy that haunts the lowest regions of on teenage driving, this society. Credit companies look resplendent in media commercials, situated high in wind-brushed, glass buildings with whispering elevators, manicured executives, and elegant beauties for essay receptionists. This industry is banditry. Is Exploitation Wrong?
If you can make wealth through hard work, you can also make it by getting others to do the work for you – even children get this insight. Getting other people to work for you is using them. Whether using people is immoral is a debatable question. If somebody is willing to change a flat tire for me, I am using that person. On Translation! Nobody sees anything wrong. But isn’t that exploitation? Actually, says ethicist R. J. Arneson, there are everyday examples of real exploitation in which people see nothing wrong. Children exploit their parents for trips to the mall and money to spend.
Parents exploit their children getting them to do household chores. Saic Admission! So it seems exploitation is not always bad. Arneson says the word exploitation has two meanings (1) simply to use somebody – no problem, but (2) if you use them and coursework answers, mistreat them in the process, there may be a moral problem (58). Further, for wrongful exploitation to exist, there should be two conditions. Saic! First, the mistreatment (an injustice); second, the reasons a teacher, person cannot leave.
We should look carefully at this because exploiters often use it as a loophole. But together, mistreatment plus no freedom to leave amounts to oppression. Again, history is replete. No culture has been free of it, and the revolts, revolutions, mutinies and reformations found in saic admission essay the pages of history books are all accounts of oppression and its overthrow. But whether exploitation is on translation problems, wrong continues to be argued. Sometimes exploited humans do nothing but adjust. What if the oppression is accepted? And religions sometimes abet this, such as Christianity’s advice to saic admission essay slaves just to gcse history coursework be good slaves. Karl Marx was the saic, first to open exploitation for electronic in urdu economic debate (59).
After a brief summary of Marx’s points, I’ll touch on some modern theories. Marx detailed the appalling work conditions of his day and he was not the saic essay, first. Ferguson (60) Ruskin (61) and Dickens in his classics also portrayed workers at media essay in urdu, mind-destroying work in thundering foundries, weather-torn fields, slippery meat houses, 14 hours a day, six days a week, and forced overtime; all for admission essay trickle-thin wages, and all accompanied by routine abuse from foul overseers, capricious fines, and thesis on translation, often, at these wages, only floor space to admission sleep and bread and soup to eat and ragged clothes – in essay all a bestial lifestyle; but in all the admission, same, across cities and farms, workers were paid just enough to survive. (Adam Smith himself estimated wages were kept just above survival level, Marx said they were just below). Different! And since the employers also owned the rentals and the stores, the money workers made frequently went back into the same pockets it came from and admission, the laborers found themselves in gcse history coursework a trap from which they could never rise. Here’s the way it goes, Marx said. Laborers produce things. Saic! Being poor they can only rent out their labor. They have to use their employer’s tools or land or raw materials. The product of to be a teacher essay, their toil is taken from them by the employer who then sells it for as much as he can, and turns round and pays the employee as little as he can in wages, because the difference is profit and the mission of capitalists is to saic essay maximize profits.
Marx said, paying the worker less than what the worker could get selling his own work was exploitation - the worker labors under the employer’s commands, but suffers miserable poverty. This, Marx goes on, is not an history coursework, aberration. It is a routine part of capitalist operations (62). Marx could discuss everything capitalists talk about; profit margins, the utilitarian greatest good, risk, stockholders, overhead, economies of scale and the expansion of industry. But he picked up the whole situation by a different handle. He said, exploitation is immoral. Capitalists protested, work is a free exchange. The workers are in our factories by admission choice - so where’s the oppression? Marx said in practice the workers are not so free to leave because the wealthy owners of factories and farms across the land roughly match each others’ wages and rents.
So in practice the worker can do no better by moving. In all, labor is sealed into a large closed system. The system is oppressive. It is essay on teenage driving, also to the benefit of the employer class, who do very well. If you are forced to work, that is called coercion. Capitalists argue: we are not talking about saic, slavery here, nor prison labor. Signing on to work with us is driving, a consensual act. Marxists throw back: but these workers are constantly in debt due to your starvation wages, and this amounts to economic coercion because each person is obliged to admission essay try to clear his debts. The type of college essay lie, debt you can never clear amounts to never-ending work in your factories.
Where’s the freedom? And another thing, Marx went on. Notice how property ownership is saic, connected. The exploiters have the factories and the tools, the gcse answers, exploited don’t. Saic Admission Essay! Since property ownership is one mark of social class, we have the ‘haves’ exploiting the ‘have-nots.’ Marx asserted this: property itself is lie, a moral problem. And since the property-ownership system is wholly supported by the law it’s not going to be easy to admission change.
Marx builds his points up: Property is not a guarantee of personal freedoms, as the philosopher Locke maintained, and as the framers of the American Constitution believed. Property is a legal instrument of oppression. Essay! And there is class warfare. Capitalists rebutted: but the poor are free to buy their own property any time. Saic Admission Essay! Marxists reply, that also is prevented by these starvation wages - a practice which is no accident. Media! It is admission, deliberately in the capitalists’ interest to keep a large supply of people poor, desperate and willing to work dirt cheap. History Answers! So, in setting wage levels, business owners create and saic, maintain poverty as they go. Poverty is also powerlessness. Labor was always negotiating without power, which explained its misery.
Marx was an energetic writer and he used words like “theft” and lie, “embezzlement” to describe employers taking what their employees made. He exaggerates when he described the admission, “unpaid” laborers when he means “underpaid.” But Marx also said: all this has got to change. The workers (proletariat) have to realize that the system also rides on them. Without the essay, workers it collapses. So the workers should seize power. Which led to revolutions. Last century, entire national social structures were overturned. Because Marx’s points were clear. They show that the admission, less the workers are paid, the greater the success of business owners. Gcse! They show that a moral wrong, exploitation, can be routinely inserted in economics formulas, and the formulas still work. Marx got the topic started, but other political scientists have added on to it (63).
John Brewer thinks exploitation should cover more than Marx’s idea of command in the workplace. If a person is saic admission essay, unfairly taken advantage of in thesis any market transaction, it is admission essay, exploitation. So according to Brewer, an unfair exploitation can be brief and does not have to mean rich vs. poor. Exploitation involves a person receiving lack of reasons a teacher essay, just deserts (64). R. J. van der Veen adds that exploitation is not just a feature of capitalism. It is just as possible for exploitation to saic admission occur under socialism and of narrative, communism if the state commands the individual which work to do, pays him what the state thinks he needs, and admission essay, if he winds up mistreated and college essay, not free to exit (65).
Robert Goodin states that behind the whole notion of exploitation is the saic, expectation in a civilized society that we practice fair play. Reasons To Be! It’s alright to go for advantage against others who are roughly equal. But it is wrong to saic admission play for advantage when your advantage derives from others’ misfortunes. Second, he says, in a civilized society, there is a basic duty to protect the vulnerable. Exploitation is problems, violating this duty (66). The last point allows us to catch up with a particularly dark personality, greed incarnate. This employer thinks he is his money. He believes the more people he has dependent on him, the saic essay, more righteous a person he is. So he employs a lot of people and wants to hear all their gratitude. Electronic Media In Urdu! He pays wages, but whatever else he does, he is also going to keep them needy and dependent, and the pay is saic admission, shadow-thin.
This ancient personality may be young, may look excessively healthy, may play with modern gadgetry and make modern jokes at high tech parties, and he moves through our modern society like a quiet abyss. Varieties of Fear. Most people think there is no fear in the contemporary workplace. Our offices and factories are bright, modern, high-tech, everybody is well dressed and the receptionist always has a ready smile. How could two business consultants Kathleen Ryan and Daniel Oestreich write a book Driving Fear out of the problem-solution driving, Workplace ? (67).
Because the authors have interviews and survey data from their work in admission 22 modern business organizations showing fear is common. True, American employees are not afraid of being slugged, ambushed in electronic in urdu the restroom or assaulted in the parking lot unless they work as teachers in inner city schools. But in the nation’s factories and essay, office buildings there is fear of other varieties. And most workers are not afraid of the customers or clients. The source of their fear is supervisors and managers. Seventy percent of of narrative essay, their interviewees reported that they will not speak up on the job. They will conceal work hazards, quota failures, quality lapses - anything - because they are afraid of repercussions. What kind of repercussions? Depending on the firm and the manager, anything from refusal to answer and glaring eye-contact (“the look”), to public criticisms, to yelling, insults, threats, tantrums, demotion, being written up as a whiner or troublemaker, to admission loss of the job. The result is kinds, that when managers call workers in to meetings to ask for feedback, or reports, or policy sessions, the workers sit around the admission essay, table in frigid silence - pure anxiety. Ryan and Oestreich’s analysis shows the more fear there is in a company, the less it is talked about.
In Chris Argyris’s words, fear seems to be self-sealing. An extreme example would be the military, where hierarchy is absolute, and any lower-rank soldier knows harsh repercussions will fall on him for speaking out - but fear itself is never admitted. Fear is gcse history coursework, often quenched by anger, so unpredictable outbursts, rantings, shouting, are symptoms of fear-oriented companies. Third, they say, the more fear-based an admission essay, organization, the more it will make claims to be efficient, systematic and rational - it defines any emotion as irrelevant, so fear is denied or ignored. Still other companies treat fear as an externality. (Some corporations actually asked these consultants what is an acceptable level of to be a teacher, fear.) Actually a fear-based organization may be doing well financially, if it has good markets. But other things being equal, these authors say, fear loses you profits. Fear produces unmotivated employees who sabotage productivity in passive or active ways, who refuse effort, who make mistakes, who hide or falsify mistakes, who will not communicate with their supervisors.
Other symptoms are slow to appear. Some effects of essay, fear are gradually accumulating. Kinds Of Narrative Essay! Threats and insults may make employees work harder in the short run but in the long run will produce absenteeism, loss of saic admission, creativity, depression, sleeplessness, crying, tension, ulcers and illness. These are very difficult to reverse. The damage to both workers and to the firm is on translation problems, deep and can take years to heal. Nevertheless, many company officers and managers believe fear is a good motivator. Some maintain autocratic control, using harsh management, threats, pressure and control, to make employees perform. How does this all start?
Ryan and Oestreich’s theory says in the beginning management assumes that workers operate from a philosophy of self-interest. The next step is distrust, because management starts thinking the employees will try to saic admission achieve their self-interest at company’s expense. This leads to self-protection, sometimes with managers’ “justified” harsh measures. Workers interpret this as aggression, they react with fear, and they retaliate. Coursework! A cycle is saic admission essay, started. Media Essay In Urdu! It will escalate. The basic formula is that assumptions of self-interest eventually lead to saic fear.
Naturally in fear-based groups, there is no trust. Instead, owners and managers aggressively demand loyalty. The therapeutic goal is to reestablish trust in the organization. This is history coursework, not easy. Thick walls of saic admission essay, antagonism and resentment prevent cooperation growing again.
Ryan and Oestreich’s points are clear enough. But they are nave when they saying that management starts out by answers “adopting” this assumption of saic, self-interest. Actually, management has little choice. Thesis On Translation! Anyone who has survived a course in college Economics 101 or Business 101 is indoctrinated with this assumption of self-interest, because it is at the core of our founding economic theory which has hardly been touched since 1776 and which saturates business theory. Any manager who has been to school considers it straight thinking. Which puts a new contour on things. If the assumption of self-interest leads to fear, then Adam Smith’s theory, which rests on self-interest, is essay, responsible for spreading vast amounts of fear, for electronic media in urdu eons, for saic admission essay miles, and into the depths of the gcse answers, spirit of the workaday world. And the many-footed formulas of economists do not change that. Saic Admission Essay! Anyone who employs other people and uses these assumptions to maximize profits is thesis on translation problems, a promoter of these vile “externalities.” Telling employees that it is all for their own good will not reverse that. The employer protesting that he is uplifting the saic admission essay, community by bringing in business, manufacturing and sales does not reverse it.
If we believed those protests, we would have to believe that fear is uplifting for business and uplifting for everybody’s life, and so, ultimately is patriotic. In these worksite descriptions democracy looks remote. These contradictions are everywhere and deeply infect our national psyche. If you want to remove all the thesis problems, fear, you’ll first have to saic essay change the overarching Adam Smith theory. I have readers here who do not believe there is fear in the workplace. A hundred years ago, you say, perhaps, workers in problem-solution essay driving factories fretted and feared under loathsome overseers. The following description is from admission, last year’s newspaper. It describes work conditions in a mortgage loan office in suburban Minneapolis.
Sales employees work the phones hour after hour. Coursework! They sit in rows of cubicles. They are cold-calling, trying to find house-buyers to sign up for saic admission mortgages. The company owner is a billionaire. The company’s stated mission includes helping its customers enhance their quality of different kinds essay, life. And what is it like working inside the walls of the company’s offices? – By the testimony of one ex-employee, it is endless goading by bosses; “Sales agents would work the phones hour after hour…trying to turn phone calls into mortgages. Saic Admission! The demands were relentless: one manager prowled the aisles between decks like ‘a little Hitler,’ hounding agents to make more calls and push more loans, bragging that he hired and fired people so fast that one worker would be cleaning out his desk as his replacement came through the door.” Another employee from the same office: “[Its managers] really are all about making the dollar and dealing with the consequences later.” The same article includes that this particular company has also been touted as an industry model (68). These managers aren’t waiting for the theories of problems, Darwin to saic admission essay explain that injustice is in the nature of things. They are taking things into their own hands. Of course, the workers are always free to leave.
But what if we don’t have the coursework, money to pay our debts? We are legally obliged to pay our debts. Saic Admission! So that freedom fades. The poorer you are in this democracy, the more this freedom sounds like a technicality. Or perhaps we self-delude.
Our desire for freedom sometimes leads us to see things the way we want, somewhat along these lines by poet Fernando Pessoa: “Inside the coop where he’ll stay until he’s killed, the rooster sings anthems to thesis problems liberty because he was given two roosts.” (69) If Adam Smith was right, then all the people in this nation who don’t like their work are maximizing their happiness by choosing between the saic admission, dread of different of narrative, no income or the dread of endlessly going in to work they despise. Saic! This is thesis on translation problems, a slender improvement in saic happiness. Both choices inhabit the region of fear. It is a strange political economy we have that stands on this slender ledge and college, yells, “freedom!” Millions of the saic admission, undereducated, poor, or vulnerable do unending menial jobs, and are told they can follow their life dreams, and told they can rise, when they never have the power.
Millions of Americans struggle and suffer trying to make ends meet and thesis on translation, find themselves diverted for saic essay life, paying debts. And will abused workers leave? This psychological research is haunting. Sixty years ago, a psychologist named Prescott Lecky got some research results so contrary to common knowledge they were shuffled aside as impossible. The common knowledge principle was (still is) that humans will always choose pleasure over pain. Lecky found people suffering with low self-concepts are the different of narrative, exception; they seek confirmation of their low belief in saic themselves - which is to say, given a choice, they will rather be in the company of a person who puts them down. In 1945 this little bit of heresy expired quickly and psychology pushed ahead believing people with low self-concepts should all the more hungrily seek reward and essay, pleasure.
Lecky’s findings were junked. But fifteen years ago William Swann and his colleagues decided to saic admission give the idea another shot. After several new, independent experiments were run it turned out Lecky was right. A typical experiment goes like this (they vary in detail). Of Narrative Essay! First a large pool of people is given a paper-and pencil test of self-concept (a common test in psychology). These are scored, and people with high and saic admission essay, people with low self-concepts are identified. Later on, these individuals are contacted and problem-solution on teenage, asked to come in and participate in an apparently unrelated study. When each one comes in, he is asked to sit down and admission, write a personal essay about himself, about a page. Thesis Problems! Next, a person he’s never seen before comes in the room. He comes over, picks up the admission essay, essay.
He reads it, and either exclaims (depending on the flip of a coin just before he came in to be a teacher the door), Well I can see from your essay you’ve got a great personality, honest, intelligent, popular – or – Well I can see from saic admission, your essay you’re not so great, not very bright, unpopular, also a phony. In other words, half the people get rewarding feedback, the other half get nasty criticism. Now comes the main point in the experiment. All of the essay writers are asked how much more time they would like to spend with the electronic in urdu, person who read their essay. Results? People with high self-concepts say they want to spend more time with him if he was positive. But the people with low self-concepts want to spend more time with the reader who was criticizing.
It appears they choose more pain over pleasure. Apparently, more important than pleasure is to be with somebody who verifies the essay, way you see yourself. Electronic! “Yeah, that’s pretty close to the way I am,” and admission, “He sums up pretty close to the way I feel,” were typical explanation for the choices of people who felt low about themselves. This effect is reasons essay, especially marked in depressed people (70,71,72 ). Which explains why managers and employers can routinely abuse employees and claim that it is not oppression. If workplace supervisors abuse their employees, creating low self concept, then take advantage of admission essay, this quirk in human nature when the employees return, to claim there is electronic in urdu, no wrong, then no matter how profitable, it is a perversion. I’ve avoided the topic of race. Race has been, and still is, a chronic source of saic admission, debilitating problems. But we are conditioned to on translation think about social problems in terms of race, so for instance, when we read “underclass” we reflexively think, inner city blacks. Actually the poorest people are Appalachian whites and inner city blacks. They are the lowest class, but Americans have been discouraged from admission, using class to understand anything (Noam Chomsky says if you talk about social class they label you a conspiracy theorist (73) ).
So to take up Wellesley College’s Marcelus Andrews’ new argument, which focuses on race and capitalism, seems inconsistent in this essay, and I find Andrews’s Political Economy of Hope and reasons to be essay, Fear difficult in parts. But he runs through America’s economic house yanking doors open and it is hard not to essay pay attention. Andrews: For hundreds of years we have assumed race and poverty go together (poor equates with ‘other races’) so we may be surprised to learn that today, the largest group of very poor people in America are whites; and their numbers are increasing. The numbers of poor whites are growing so rapidly it is a mystery they are politically ignored. Poor people of essay, all races now have little chance of ever making it up to the middle class - for a complex of reasons including economic: the loss of jobs as capitalism goes global; technological: the saic essay, sudden demands of computer skills at problems, work; and attitude: Americans are really unsure if they want to provide equality of opportunity, because they believe a market economy thrives better on inequality. Andrews says modern conservatives always have been deeply suspicious of social justice. They are openly opposed to welfare programs. They are going to let poverty be a goad.
Next, he says race makes a different pattern now on the landscape than it did in the 1960s. Essay! Blacks have more than proved themselves capable, as many, released from the old Jim Crow laws, have climbed and media in urdu, 75% of black families are not poor any more, but the lagging 25% are in a predicament shared by very poor whites. They live in admission dirty and dangerous neighborhoods which are sites of thesis on translation, continuing failure and dysfunction, and crime, and violence. Middle-class Americans, who believe in meritocracy, and who cling to myths of self-reliance and freedom, find it difficult to accept the idea of these “poverty traps.” Middle class people are always pointing to an ancestor of theirs a century ago who worked his way up from the slums to success - but those were times when education was not a requisite. With today’s technology, a poor education really is a suffocating disability. And that is what the poor get in these neighborhoods. Saic Admission! But that is interpreted as the free market. With selling drugs and selling sex always an alternative, the poor inhabit the underside of the same free market where there is different of narrative, misery and death. The rest of essay, America, believing its system of meritocracy should be universally applied, accepts that fate as the penalty for lack of ability, education and willingness to electronic media work. Andrews continues.
In general, conservative America believes if the poor can only be made to drop their envy and stop their whining, if they would take on more appropriate habits and attitudes, they would begin to admission essay succeed. They believe the poor are behaving badly. Hearing that feelings of college lie, despair and inferiority are unequally distributed does not move conservatives. Under meritocracy, it is just deserts. And to add more encouragement, they apply penalties (with that certain righteousness) and the poor are rejected, cursed for their laziness, despised, and saic essay, arrested for homelessness. That creates fear, because in fact they cannot leave - first because the poor are discriminated against, just as blacks are - and second, they are not all free to gcse answers leave their failure behind because of the nature of meritocracy. Meritocracy is a system in saic admission which some must fail.
Resentment and hostility boil in the underclass, which the kinds of narrative, rest of saic, society dreads and sends in history police with nightsticks (“punishment is by its very nature the deliberate use of public power to inflict pain on offenders”) and the feelings and the alienation only grow worse. Andrews projects that out of our present society of vast economic inequalities, our future society may contain two camps: a chronically poor, undereducated, fearful, murderous proletariat and an economically comfortable majority (74). I could use the milder word and say anxiety is a persistent part of the lower reaches of the economy. It is better to be honest and call it by its real name: fear. I am not arguing the saic, poor are colonized by wealthy employers and lenders in the market system of work-and-debt, but if I wanted to make that argument, there is plenty of ammunition. Our economy runs on a good deal of fear, including fear-of-consequences, which is missing from current economic theory. And, with the credit card industry as model, the more greed at the top, the electronic in urdu, more fear at the bottom. Some people turn their eyes.
Others actually prefer it that way. It is in the interest of our economy, at least of the top rungs of business, to maintain this anxiety. Next, with most people working and with most work places being undemocratic, we may wonder about saic admission essay, our aggregate claim to democracy. Essay! A herd cannot move one way while the individual cows are pointing other ways, and democracy cannot be advancing if its parts are autocratic. We don’t have equality. Preserving what freedom and saic admission essay, what justice we have will take eternal vigilance.
Fear does to a nation what it does to a business. It may be a short term motivator. But in the long run, fear is debilitating. It is an enzyme of decomposition and dissolution. Even when Darwinists say fear and of narrative essay, hierarchy are unavoidable parts of a dog-eat-dog world, we can press for justice. We always have.
We have been fighting injustice, and winning sometimes, as long as we’ve existed and we should not let the authority of science shut us up. We want our morality back. 1. GREED copyright © Julian Edney 2002 and first published on the internet 2003 at. www.g-r-e-e-d.com. Admission! GREED II copyright © Julian Edney 2005 and first published on. 2. Problems! Least affordable rents in nation found in State. Saic! Los Angeles Times , 21 December 2004. p. C2. 3. Electronic Media Essay In Urdu! Leovy J. A week of admission essay, painful losses tests police chief’s mettle. Los Angeles. Times 12 Feb 2005 p. A 1.
4. Leonard J, and R Winton, L.A. Jail called deadly, outdated. Los Angeles Times. 3 Feb 2005. Problems! p. Saic Essay! A1. 5. Rose, S.J. Social stratification in the United States . New York: The New Press, 6. Those four counties are Wayne, Crawford and Lawrence Counties in coursework Illinois, and. Washington County, Florida. In Piutcoff, W., Pelletiere, C., Trekson, M, Dolbeare, C., Crowley, S. Out of Reach 2004 . Washington DC: National Low Income Housing. 7. de Botton, A. Status anxiety . New York: Pantheon Books, 2004.
8. Gosselin, P. Credit card firms won as users lost. Los Angeles Times , 4 March 2005. p. 9. New York Times 2004 Almanac (Ed. J. W. Wright). Saic Essay! New York: Penguin Reference. 10. Francis, D.R. It’s better to be poor in Norway than in electronic media essay in urdu the US. Saic! Christian Science. Monitor 14 April 2005.
Can be retrieved at: http://www.csmonitor.com/2005. 11. New York Times 2004 Almanac (Ed. J. Electronic In Urdu! W. Wright). New York: Penguin Reference. 12. Admission! Goodwyn, L. The populist moment. New York: Oxford University Press, l978.
14. College Essay Lie! Lasch, C. The revolt of the elites and the betrayal of saic, democracy . New York: Norton, 15. Derber, C. The wilding of America. Different Kinds! New York: Worth Publishers, 2002. 16. de Botton, A. Saic Admission! Status anxiety . New York: Pantheon Books, 2004.
17. Bell, D. The end of ideology. Cambridge, Mass: Harvard University Press, 1965. 18. Thesis Problems! Conniff, R. The natural history of the saic, rich. New York: Norton, 2002. 19. Essay Driving! Veblen, T. The theory of the leisure class. (1899) New York: Penguin Books, 1979. 20.
British evolutionist Geoffrey Miller takes this new step in his article “Waste is. good.” Miller says we have evolved ways of signaling to saic admission essay each other who is more. genetically fit – it’s who can afford to waste in spectacular ways. A person who uses. a pair of history coursework answers, £9,652 Sennheiser earphones to admission essay listen to music gets almost no better audio. quality than someone who uses £25 Vivanco SR250s. The point is, the buyer sees the. price as a benefit, not a cost because it publicly shows him different from average. people.
In other words, Thorstein Veblen’s “conspicuous consumption” now gets the. nod from Darwinists. G. Miller, “Waste is good.” Prospect. February 1999. p 18-23. 22. Conniff. p. 24. 23. On Translation! Salmon, C. The pornography debate: What sex differences in erotica can tell about.
human sexuality. In C. Crawford and C. Salmon, (Eds.) Evolutionary Psychology, Public Policy and Personal Decisions. Saic Admission! Mahwah, N.J.: Lawrence Erlbaum Associate. 24. Shackelford, T.K. and Weeks-Shackelford, V A. Why don’t men pay child support?
Insights from problems, evolutionary psychology. In C. Crawford and C. Salmon,(Eds.) Evolutionary Psychology, Public Policy and Personal Decisions. Saic Admission! Mahwah, N.J.: Lawrence Erlbaum Associate. 2004. 25. Thornhill, R and Palmer, C.T. Evolutionary life history perspective on rape.
In C. Crawford and C. Salmon, (Eds.) Evolutionary Psychology, Public Policy and. Personal Decisions. Mahwah, N.J.: Lawrence Erlbaum Associate. 2004. 26.
C. Crawford and C. College Lie! Salmon, (Eds.) Evolutionary Psychology, Public Policy and. Personal Decisions. Mahwah, N.J.: Lawrence Erlbaum Associate. Saic! 2004. 27. Electronic Essay! Dawkins, R. The selfish gene. Saic Admission Essay! Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1976.
28. Miller, G. Waste is good. Prospect. February 1999. p 18-23. 29. Batson, C.D. Seeing the light: what does biology tell us about human social. behavior? Behavioral and Brain Sciences . 1994, 17 , 610-611. 30.
See this debate in D.S. Wilson and E. Sober. Reintroducing group selection to the. human behavioral sciences, Behavioral and Brain Sciences . 1994, 17 , 585-654. 31. Problem-solution Essay Driving! Nesse, R. M. Saic Essay! Why is group selection such a problem? Behavioral and Brain. 32. Kennedy, J.G.
Herbert Spencer. Boston, MA: Twayne Publishers. 1978. 33. Perry, R.J. Different Kinds Of Narrative! Sociobiology: science in saic admission the service of ideology. Ethics, 1980, 91, 125- 34.
Boaz, D. Kinds Of Narrative Essay! Libertarianism: a primer . New York: The Free Press. 1997. 36. Saic! Hoppe, H. H. Thesis On Translation! Democracy: the saic admission essay, god that failed . New Brunswick, NJ: Transaction. 37. This is a favorite theme of Hayek’s. F.A.
Hayek, The constitution of lie, liberty. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1960. See p. 93. 38. Mokhiber, R. and Weissman, R. Corporate predators. Monroe, ME: Common. Courage Press. 1999. 39.
Court, J. Saic Essay! Corporateering: How corporate power steals your personal freedom . New York: Jeremy Tarcher/Putnam. 2003, 40. Bakan, J. The corporation: the a teacher essay, pathological pursuit of profit and power. Toronto: Penguin Canada, 2004.
41. Barr, K.N. and Quinsey, V.L. Is psychopathy pathology or a life strategy?: Implications for social policy. In C. Essay! Crawford and C. College Essay Lie! Salmon, (Eds.) Evolutionary. Psychology, Public Policy and Personal Decisions. Admission Essay! Mahwah, N.J.: Lawrence. Erlbaum Associate.
2004. 42. Stout, M. The ice people. Psychology Today. February 2005. Pp. 72-78. 43. Essay Lie! Barr, K.N. and Quinsey, V.L. p.301. 45. Conniff, p. 85. 46. Hollands, J.A.
Red ink behaviors: Measuring the saic essay, surprisingly high cost of problem. behaviors in valuable employees. Mountain View, CA: Blake/Madsen Publishers, 47. Curry, A. Why we work. U.S. News and World Report. 2003, 34 , 49-52. 48.
Novak, M. The experience of different kinds of narrative, nothingness. New York: Harper and Row, l970. 50. Terkel, S. Working . Saic Admission Essay! New York: The New Press, 1972. 51. Ehrenreich, B. Nickel and dimed: On (not) getting by in America. New York: Henry Holt and Company, 2001. 52. de Botton, A. Status anxiety . New York: Pantheon Books, 2004. 53.
Kilmer, P.D. The fear of gcse history coursework answers, sinking. Knoxville: University of Tennessee Press, 1996. 54. Gosselin, P. “Credit card firms won as users lost.” Los Angeles Times. 4 March. 2005. p. A1-24, quote p. Admission! 24. 56. Krugman, P. The debt-peonage society.
New York Times Op-Ed. Late edition. 57. College Essay! Warren, E. and saic, Tyagi, A. W. The two-income trap. NY: Basic Book, 2003. 58. Areneson, R.J. “What’s wrong with exploitation?” Ethics, 1981, 91, 202-227. 59.
Marx, K. Capital. Vol. 1. (1867). Problem-solution Driving! New York: Penguin Books, l976. 60. Ferguson, A. An essay on admission the history of problems, civil society . (Ed: Oz-Salsberger, F.) Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1995. 61. Ruskin, J. Unto this last . (1862). New York: Penguin Books, l985.
62. See also Brewer, J.D. “The Scottish Enlightenment” in Modern theories of. exploitation. A. Reeve (Ed.). Beverly Hills, CA: Sage Publications, 1987. 63. Reeve, A. Saic Essay! (Ed.). Modern theories of exploitation. Beverly Hills, CA: Sage.
65. van der Veen, R.J. “Can socialism be non-exploitative?” in reasons to be A. Reeve (Ed.). Modern theories of exploitation. Beverly Hills, CA: Sage Publications, 1987. p. 80. 66. Goodin, R.E. “Exploiting a situation and exploiting a person.” in saic admission essay A. Reeve (Ed.). Modern theories of exploitation. Beverly Hills, CA: Sage Publications, 1987. 67.
Ryan, K and Oestreich, D. Driving fear out of the workplace. San Francisco: Jossey-Bass Publishers, 1998. 68. Hudson, M. and Reckard, E. “Workers say lender ran ‘boiler rooms’.” Los Angeles.
Times. 4 February 2005. p. A1. 69. Pessoa, F. The book of disquiet . London: Penguin Books, 2002. On Translation! p. 125. 70. Swann, W. B., Stein-Serrousi, A., Giesler, R. Essay! B. Why people self-verfiy. Journal of. Personality and Social Psychology. 1992, 62, 392-401. 71.
Swann, W. B. The trouble with change. Psychological Science. Reasons Essay! 1997, 8, 177-183. 72. Saic Admission! Swann, W. B., Wenzlaff, R. M., Krull, D.S. and Pelham, B. Electronic! W. Allure of negative. feedback: Self-verification strivings among depressed persons. Journal of. Abnormal Psychology. 1992, 101 , 293-306. 73.
Chomsky, N., with Mitchell, P. R. and Schoeffel, J. (Eds.) Understanding power. NY: The New Press, 2002. 74. Andrews, M. The political economy of hope and fear. Saic Essay! NY: New York University.
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How to Guide to Racing Resume / Sponsorship Proposal. So you want to race. Welcome to essay, the club. Whether you are trying to essay lie, work this out with family support, or on your own, unless you are fabulously wealthy, you have already realized that sponsorship is a must for nearly every racer on the track. In your pre-racing days you had to pay for saic essay, parts to electronic media essay in urdu, make your ride go as fast as your buddy's, or to make it easier on your bod while having fun. As a racer, whether you are a first year amateur or a factory pro, you will have to obtain the performance modifications and replace product when you mess it up, on or off the track. Admission Essay. In fact I know of reasons a teacher essay quite a few times that perfectly good brand new parts have been destroyed in the process of installing them (an expensive education and a lesson in why we should read the directions that come with our new toys). The point being that your little obsession/habit of racing/riding is going to be a costly adventure, but also the time of your life. Anyone that has been to a race track has noticed the stickers on the bikes and haulers. These are sometimes put there because they came free in the shipment of nerfs, handlebars or in a sticker pack the rider got at the local Honda shop. If you are a sponsored rider, then the branding/stickers on your quad and hauler establish you as a part of the company that you represent.
Your actions while wearing the essay stickers of your sponsor reflect on the sponsor as well as yourself. To Be. Sponsors consider that when choosing riders. Next question, How do I get a bunch of those stickers without paying for them or the parts they come with? Answer: You do your darndest to earn sponsorship. Simple. Right? Not really. When I first got into saic admission, this arena I was in gcse coursework the same shoes you are in right now (unless you have a marketing degree- in which case disregard the rest of admission this article). My background had nothing to do with how to write a resume for a racer. Sure I could find examples from books at answers, the library or bookstore on resumes, but none for a professional or semi-professional athlete, much less a racer.
So I had to saic admission essay, determine what to do to college, mix the style of saic essay resume that I would submit if was looking for a position with a secretarial pool or a teaching position and that of a professional athlete forming a `Racer's Resume'. If you are still reading this right now, you are probably one of the sponsor hungry population who are running out of time to get noticed and essay in urdu be considered for this season's budget from most companies. How it works: Nearly every company has a `Sponsorship Budget' in their program. Each company has a person or team of persons responsible for distributing the monies/products or a combination of both to deserving athletes. This person or team of persons is called `Rider Support'. Nearly every company that offers sponsorship has levels of sponsorship. Common levels are A, B C level support, Pro and Factory. Support can range from a discount on admission essay certain products to free products, contingency (this would be money paid for college essay, your wins at certain events) all the way to saic, the Holy Grail of the racer: Factory Support.
Now let's get down to history coursework answers, how to keep your resume on the top of the pile and out of the trash can. Aside from the basics like your name, street address, city, state, zip code, home and saic admission essay cell phone numbers, you should also include your email. A common mistake, believe it or not, is to leave out thesis on translation problems contact information. Jack Bednar, from Lonestar Racing, has had to dig through the trash pile before to find the right envelope that a resume came in to saic admission essay, find out how to get in touch with the rider. Also necessary in your resume is a short bio of you and your riding history. Don't go into great detail of every second, third or less finishes you have had, and don't include reasons why you didn't podium at specific races. Until you are sponsored, no one really cares why you didn't finish a race except your parents. Photos are a must.
You need to include a head-shot of different kinds of narrative yourself, one of your bike and one action shot of you at the very least. References must be listed on your resume. Make sure to include contact information on essay your references as well. Submit your resume to essay lie, the right people, during the right time frame. What this means is make sure that you address your resume to the correct department within your target sponsor. Check on the target sponsor's website or call their operator to make sure you have the saic right address, right name and of narrative right time frame to saic, submit your resume. OK, these are the rules.
Sounds pretty easy so far. If this was all there is to it, you would not have read this far. This section is more the strategy than cheat codes. Electronic Media Essay In Urdu. There aren't really `Cheat Codes' to admission essay, a resume, but there are bonus points you can score. Let's review what we have done so far. We have a basic 4 page resume. You have included all the `regular' stuff and are following all the a teacher rules. Now, let's get creative and find the admission way to on translation problems, keep your resume on the `keep' pile of your target sponsor's desk. First of all do not even consider handwriting your resume.
Make sure you use a good word-processor and spell check it. Kevin Mummuah, from Lost Creek Cycle, says, Don't expect someone to do more for you, than the effort you put into your resume. I can tell how much work they put into it when I open them. The ones that haven't spent the time are obvious. Your focus should be to maximize what you can offer your potential sponsor in the form of endorsing their product and how to saic admission, communicate that you can do this to the sponsor.
If you are sending resumes out to companies that you really like, then it shouldn't be too hard to lie, express your enthusiasm for admission, the company and their product or to come up with ideas on how you would carry the message to reasons to be a teacher, potential customers on how awesome their products are. Is your brain full yet? Maybe this is saic admission essay where you should reconsider that job at electronic in urdu, the sawmill instead of racing. Essay. I know I have suggested something like this a couple of times to my racer. Beginning with your contact information review what you have there. Format your information with your name in bold print. This is important. If you have included your email, and I am hoping you ARE including an email, you need to keep it professional. You are asking companies to invest a serious amount of confidence in you as well as money in you to gcse history, support their products and represent their company.
If you have an email of firstname.lastname@example.org or email@example.com (I don't know if these are real emails or not), it definitely gives a certain impression. Most companies have so much interest in their sponsorship programs that they can throw away any potential riders that even hint of unprofessionalism. Go ahead and keep your identity nickname for admission essay, chat and of narrative essay private messages, but obtain a professional email with your name in it like firstname.lastname@example.org or email@example.com either of these would be acceptable and have no unprofessional image. A note on professionalism: if you include your cell phone number or private home number make sure that your recording is also mainstream. No radical music interludes, raps, or weird recordings. Keep it short and sweet. People in rider support don't have all day to listen to your favorite tunes or you goofing off on your answering machines. Make the choice to go with something grown-up, since you are asking for a grown-up gift. Most of the Rider Support people take about 30 seconds on each resume before deciding what pile to file it in. You need to get their attention to make them even slightly interested in you in the first 10 seconds so they will put you in the `keep' pile rather than the `round' file next to admission essay, the desk (trash can). Start your resume with an thesis on translation problems, eye catcher.
What catches your eye? An action photo would be a good idea. OK, here comes the saic essay kicker: you actually need a decent action photo to kinds, put there. If you don't have some that have been professionally done, get some. Admission. Next make sure that the reader can tell it's you. Below are two examples. They are both great `action' photos but the second one is gcse coursework answers defiantly more eye-catching. Also use good sizes but not to saic admission essay, overwhelming and use good quality prints. After you have your resume completed don't mess it all up by thesis on translation problems printing on your home computer with a low color cartridge. You can have them printed in color on a laser printer for under a buck a page at saic essay, the local Kinkos. Make sure that you are the focus and that action is clear.
As Kevin Mummuah said, Don't send me substandard photos with ant people in them. Next you need to describe what your abilities and qualifications are. Get rid of all the descriptions of how cool you are and what people think about you. Do include action words describing what you can do. Reasons To Be A Teacher Essay. Be willing to back it up. And keep it short. Make sure to include a short history of saic admission your wins. Don't include every race you did or why you didn't podium or finish a particular race.
If you have a photo of your pit area at a race this would be a good place to include it. I am thinking of a photo of your pit area, neat, no garbage, clean well maintained quad, your tools organized and maybe you and your mechanic (or Dad, or your dog) standing next to your quad in full clean gear. Remember you are asking a company to be identified with your professionalism. Reasons A Teacher. Do you really think they will be interested in being associated with someone who has no respect for their bike or surroundings? Include where you plan to admission essay, race for of narrative, the upcoming season.
Just list the series that you plan to do in full. If you are going to do something like the full GNC National schedule then include it, otherwise say you will be attending selected National events. Be realistic on where you are going to race and saic admission choose one series to focus on. Spell check. Read it aloud to someone (that usually catches something that is worded weird). Different Essay. Check your formatting. Make sure you don't have lines that look. this in your resume. Do your homework. Find out saic exactly who to send your resume to by calling the company or looking up on their website for information on where and who to send your resume to AND make sure that you are submitting your resume in kinds essay the right time frame. For instance Shift's Rider Support head, Rob Salcedo, says that they ONLY accept resumes during October 1-31 period.
Any resumes that show up even one day early or one day late go straight into the garbage can. Saic Admission Essay. Shift gets over 300 resumes from amateur riders in the ATV discipline alone. Clancy Schmitt, from Hiper-Technology, says they get over 500 per year. The competition is stiff for those sponsorships. So make sure yours comes to the attention of the electronic media essay in urdu right person during the right time period. Spell out how you plan on earning your sponsorship. Simply `promoting my sponsors to the best of my ability and listing my sponsors on my sign-ups' is not enough. This is EXPECTED not a perk from essay you. Running the sponsor's stickers and saying `Thank-You' when interviewed are also expected.
Whew, now that we have that out of the way, think on what YOU can do that only you can do. Media In Urdu. Be original. Saic Essay. Be clear on what your plans are. Spell out exactly what you would like your sponsor to do for essay driving, you. Do not expect free stuff. More realistically you can expect to essay, receive some kind of a discount on thesis product if you are selected for sponsorship. Admission Essay. Many companies offer their main products at a special rate for history coursework answers, sponsored riders. If for instance you are approaching LoneStar Racing, you can let them know what products you are planning on essay purchasing and to be when you would need to make a decision on purchasing. Fasst Company said they want to see at least six things that you can do for saic admission essay, them.
Chris and Cole say, Whatever you want from this company, you need to be prepared to reasons to be a teacher, do double in return. References are important. Admission Essay. Just like a `regular' resume, be prepared to supply the names, addresses, and phone numbers of people that have knowledge of your riding and personality. Your school counselor could write a quick letter of support (on school letterhead) as well as be a reference, a family member, the college essay owner of the saic admission local bike shop and other sponsors are great references. Other riders are not good references.
If you can get someone who is nationally recognized to be a reference this is best. To Be A Teacher. The ATV industry is quite small and saic many people know each other well enough to just give a quick call. If you are under 18 years old, it is absolutely imperative that you include the fact that you have family support. Even young adults will benefit from showing a strong family support system. Kinds. Be prepared to admission essay, show who you are, not just what you do. This is hard to accomplish in a 4 page resume but can be done. Presentation. Make sure that you have a cover page, your resume, history/bio page, and on teenage a photo page. Admission Essay. This is all standard stuff that most of the Rider Support personnel that I spoke with wanted to see. They also have some pet peeves of what is of narrative not cool to them.
Rob Salcedo absolutely hates those slippery covers that you get for school reports. What happens is you get a stack of them together and saic admission they all start sliding out, ending up on the floor, in to be essay the coffee etc. So binders are a big no-no. A simple staple or cover that is not slippery is essay good. Have I mentioned spell checking yet? Take pride in yourself and your request. Kinds Of Narrative Essay. Let your potential sponsor see who you are. Biggest mistakes include: non typed or non word processed resume; slippery folders; the quote, `will promote your company to the best of my ability'; large files emailed to admission essay, company; too short of a resume; too long of a resume; and misspelled words.
Every company that I spoke with accepted resumes in mail form. A few accepted emails, and fewer still accepted FAXed resumes. Nearly every company accepted resumes in October and on translation problems November. A few accepted them in saic admission September and a few accepted them in December. After January 1 no one that I spoke with would look at a resume. Each company that I spoke with had different levels of support. Scot Denton, from Denton Racing, said they have four levels of support. College. Kevin Mummuah from Lost Creek Racing works with a lot of riders at different levels of support. Essay. Lost Creek has their pros but also a large number of amateurs and essay lie pros who are not even on the roster for Lost Creek, who sometimes end up getting on saic admission essay track support from Kevin.
Hiper Technology has three levels of problem-solution driving support. Basically most of the companies that I spoke with have different levels of increasing support the longer you have been with the company or as your racing wins or popularity as an ATV personality increases. If you refer a customer to your sponsor, ask the customer to tell your sponsor where they found out about the product. This looks very good for you and your sponsor will remember this when it comes time to re-evaluate their budget the next year. Jack Bednar summed it up pretty well, Obviously we can't see them all ride, so we have to go on how they present themselves to us through a resume. There are a lot of people using the Sponsorhouse system for generating a resume. Saic Admission. This is a great resource, and a teacher essay OK to saic, use, for a starting point. The format of the Sponsorhouse system takes care of all the basics but the individuality is lacking and reasons to be a teacher many times it seems that the potential sponsor or overwhelmed Rider Support personnel are directed to a web-page to go over. Keeping in mind that the Rider Support people see so many resumes each year, do you really think they are going to be interested in saic admission sitting in front of gcse history coursework answers a computer surfing your webpage? Sponsorhouse is a great addition to a traditional resume that is sent out as a hard-copy to your target companies and admission can really help as the year goes on by keeping your hard-won sponsors up to date on what is happening with you. I would not rely on Sponsorhouse to do it all for you though.
If you end up getting sponsorship, and I am sure you will if you follow the tips in this article, make sure that you keep contact with your sponsors. Media In Urdu. Even if it is a small sponsorship the first year, you need to start somewhere. Cultivate your relationships and in a few years you should have a much better sponsorship, assuming you live up to what you say you will do for saic admission essay, your sponsor. Johnny Jump, from history KN Engineering, says he likes to admission, see photos of the bike with his company's stickers on it. Coursework Answers. It would be a fatal mistake to apply for a second year including a photo without your sponsor's sticker visible. Keep in saic admission mind all the riders you have seen in reasons to be a teacher person, on the track, movies, magazines and on the internet. They are all potentially competing with you for the sponsor budget. You have to sell yourself.
I know this is admission kind of weird but basically the `you-ness' of you is all that really separates you from gcse history coursework answers any other rider who applies for sponsorship. Saic. I know it feels odd but you need to bite the bullet and go for it. As an added bonus you can view Dana Creech's 2003 Resume online through his website. Have fun, ride safe and don't forget to call your Mom.