Date: 13.11.2017 / Article Rating: 5 / Votes: 486
Buyresearchpapersforsale.dehaorhan.com #Vub thesis database

Recent Posts

Home >> Uncategorized >> Vub thesis database

Vub thesis database

Mar/Sun/2018 | Uncategorized




How to Search the Dissertations & Thesis Database


Summarizing movie of the master thesis Aerodynamic interaction between a pair of counter-rotating vertical-axis wind turbine scale

Masterproef | MY VUB

Vub thesis database

Expert Essay Writers -
Master s thesis guidelines | Vrije Universiteit Brussel

APA Essay Format: Help with Writing Your Essay Paper. An APA , American Psychological Association, style is a standard of writing academic papers in vub thesis database a variety of subjects relevant to the social sciences. This allows to write essays and research papers according to the same generally accepted standard in duck soup essay Sociology, Psychology, Education, Political Science, Business and other disciplines. Vub Thesis! APA Style is notable for certain requirements related to paper format, font, margins and essays, headings, as well as referencing. We designed this page to guide you through all the peculiarities of formatting a paper in APA style . Vub Thesis Database! Learning about APA style will be a very rewarding experience for you, as you will be able to reply it in all of topics for descriptive essays, your next writing assignments. Quick Navigation through the APA Essay Format Page: The Fundamentals of an APA Essay Format.

What comprises the APA style ? Does it provide requirements only to referencing the vub thesis database, sources or to whole essay? In their published guide book, the To what extent and ensure in world politics?, American Psychological Association, provides APA standards on the following issues: Title page. Unlike MLA style which doesn#8217;t require a title page, it is vub thesis, a must in APA essay format . It usually contains such standard elements as the title of the paper, the student#8217;s name, teachers or course name, and the due date. The APA title page can be easily distinguished by the running header, the page number on the title page and two titles (a short one is followed by the full title). Abstract . Abstract is a single paragraph usually a half page long, and is written on a separate sheet. An abstract summarizing the entire paper has the same copyrights as the whole paper.

It should provide the main ideas/results of the paper and duck soup essay, mention the methodology used to achieve them. Page format . Page format recommendations in APA style concern page numbers, margins, indentation and database, spacing. On School! In-text references . The format of references in APA format is the foremost subject of student#8217;s concerns. You may pick up citations, quotations and summaries from various sources to support your statements. When you use the idea or results that are not yours, they are to be referenced correctly.

APA style approves of in-text references. The author and the year of publication should be included within the parenthesis in the essay. Page numbers also need to be mentioned when picking up lines from a book. Use of quotations . APA style recommends to database put short quotations in quotation marks. If the quotations used exceed the word limit of 40 words, then the writer should indent 5 spaces from the margin and it should be double spaced. Also, in duck soup essay case of a long quotation, quotation marks should not be used, instead it should be ended with a full stop. Headings . Vub Thesis! Though it may be not required for an essay, but if you will write a research paper or thesis in APA format you#8217;ll need to structure it. Nyu Paris Creative Writing Program! Headings are used to separate and classify paper sections. Thus use different heading styles for headings of sections and subsequent subsections. Reference list . Reference list is a must when you use in-text references, for you need to present the full information about the sources used.The reference list includes all sources used in the essay writing and cited in the paper, and it is arranged according to vub thesis the alphabetical order by author. It is also of great importance to know how exactly different sources are cited as books, journals, magazines, and essay, web pages are cited in a different way with certain requirements to each type of database, a source.

You may consider how the basic APA requirements are met in APA Essay sample . APA Essay Template (Cick the Image to Enlarge) When using APA style there are a few standards to keep in mind: double spaced; have all the margins set to one inch; it’s recommended to use the font serif typeface for 5 paragraph word the text and sans serif typeface for any labels; use 10-12 for the font size; always have page numbers; a header with the title of the paper should also be used. So, you may either format your essay in vub thesis database APA format yourself or download APA Template in rtf file from P rof E ssays.com . Our expert writers will format your paper for free when you place an order on our website. 5 Paragraph Essay! Your essay will come to database you in the APA format with a free bibliography and proper in-text citations. Other free extras that are included are a free outline, free plagiarism report and free title page. Try our services and get 15 percent off your first order! Just put the code FPE15OFF in the order form to get the discount, and request the writing, free add-ons that you need. Vub Thesis! We know the feeling, it#8217;s like a 300 lb weight on your shoulders.

The paper#8217;s due date is fast approaching, you think about the work all the time but haven#8217;t started yet and you spend hours staring at a blank piece of paper waiting for inspiration to strike while your friends are all out having fun. Duck Soup Essay! Well, that can all change in an instant. P rof E ssays.com is a reliable academic writing service service providing professional essay help. Our qualified experts genuinely understand how to write an A+ essay in vub thesis database APA Format. Use our interactive calculator to see how much it will cost you to nyu paris creative writing gain your freedom back.

Within 10 minutes, you can be out having the time of database, your life while we write an A+ paper for you and deliver it to your inbox always on time! Learn More. Why choosing us to help? P rof E ssays.com has been providing custom writing services to essays students for the past eight years. Thousands of students have benefited from our services, achieving excellence in their courses and education. The evident testimony to the excellence of our services and the trust our customers have in database us is that 65% of our customers come back with repeat orders. Your privacy is nyu paris writing program, important to P rof E ssays.com , none of your personal information or details, such as credit card or banking details, will ever be compromised or disclosed to any third party.

You are always on database the save side with P rof E ssays.com ! Click here to place your order. References are obligatory in a body of the duck soup essay, essay if you use some external sources, and especially when you cite them in the APA essay . In-text references are used instead of database, footnotes in APA format. The sources are indicated by the last name of an author, a year of publication and a page number (if possible). In-text references are put in parenthesis (round brackets) within the sentence. Thus the standard in-text reference in APA style will have the following format (Author, year) or (Author, year, page) . But there may be variations: 1. For Descriptive Essays! If you are referring to an idea from another work, summarize it findings, or tell about the authors viewpoint you are referring to the whole book and should use (Author, year) format. Database! Example : T. E. Lawrence, a British intelligence officer, became regarded as the man who was in duck soup essay charge of the Arab revolt (Thomas, 1924).

2. If you are quoting the vub thesis, source or bring in figures provided in it, you need to include the page number in your in-text reference. Like: (Author, year, page). Example : Lawrence was compared to #8220;a caliph who had stepped out from the pages of #8216;The Arabian nights'#8221; (Thomas, 1924, 16) 3. If the essays on school shootings, author or the vub thesis, year of publication is already mentioned in the sentence there is no need to To what extent UN shape and ensure in world politics? repeat this information in the in-text citation again. Examples: With Lawrence in Arabia was published in 1924 (Thomas). Lawrence of Arabia became famous due to vub thesis database the book of Lowell Thomas (1924). 4. Multiple authors reference . Extent Order Justice In World! If the source is written by multiple authors, then you should state last names of vub thesis, all of duck soup essay, them, at least in the first reference within the essay. Later in the essay, one can use the name of the vub thesis database, first author with et al for others.

Example: (Morris, Raskin, 1993) first in-text reference. (Morris et al., 1993) subsequent in-text reference. 5. In case of no author . Duck Soup Essay! In some cases the author may be an organization or department, so the stating of their name will complete the APA essay format . Vub Thesis Database! Or else the mention of the book will also fulfill the need. Titles of books in the in-text references should be italicized, titles of articles, chapters, and web pages are in quotation marks. Organization: (ProfEssays.com, 2009) Book: (The correspondence, 1914) The reference list includes all sources used in the course of the essay and creative, cited in vub thesis the paper. To What Extent UN Shape Order And Ensure! The references should always be organized in alphabetical order . This gives an organized look to the essay.

It is also important to know exactly how different sources, such as books, journals, magazines, and web pages should be shown in vub thesis the reference list. As certain requirements differ for each type of for descriptive, source: Book : Author, A. (Year of publication). Title of work: SUBTITLE. Location: Publisher. Note: if you have several books by the same author in vub thesis the reference list, you should list them in chronological order. Article : Author, A. (Year). Title of creative, article.

Title of Periodical, volume number (issue number), pages. on-line source : Author, A. A. (Year, Month Date if availiable). Title of article. Name of the web-site. Vub Thesis! Retrieved from nyu paris creative http://www.url/ on Year, Month Date. Readers and writers alike can find headings as a useful tool in writing. Aside from providing order, essay headings can function as an ID – in vub thesis database the sense that it can provide identification on the ideas that are presented below. Headings function as a guide for your readers, as it will clue them in on duck soup essay your thought flow. The APA style allows five levels of headings when writing. Level one is the first category, while the subsequent levels are provisions for vub thesis succeeding sub-categories. In the APA essay format it is topics for descriptive essays, of the utmost importance to use the titles and headings appropriately.

APA makes recommendations on the APA essay headings format, where information on database font, punctuation and position are provided, all of which can be viewed at ProfEssays.com : heading level 1: Centered, Boldface, Each Word with a Capital Letter. heading level 2: Left-adjusted, Boldface, Each Word with a Capital Letter. Essays On School! heading level 5: Indented, italicized, with a period . Note : in APA format headings #8220; Introduction #8221; and #8220; Conclusion #8221; are not required! Only the parts of the main body should have headings! Title page should be numbered in vub thesis database APA format. Essays! A “running header” should be placed in the right corner at the top of the page next to the page number.

A “running header” in APA style contains a short title of the essay. The essay title should be placed one-third of the page down from the top. APA styles requires to database write a short title first, put a colon and write the full title underneath. Author#8217;s name is usually several lines underneath. The name of the course, the name of professor, and the date of submission are printed at the bottom of the APA title page. APA regulations on abbreviations, tables and figures. You may not need it in your APA essay , but there are APA regulations on abbreviations, tables and essay, figures. Abbreviations can be used later in the essay after the full form is database, mention in the first time. This saves space, but makes a mention of the author, book or organization each time it is used. In APA papers both tables and essay, figures should be presented on separate pages, with the caption at the bottom of the page.

What to remember with the APA essay writing format. The main thrust of documenting guidelines is to vub thesis avoid plagiarism. To do so, several citing outlines have been created by many academics or groups – one of which is the American Psychological Association or the APA. As with other documenting guidelines, the APA generally recommends in-text citations. These types are enclosed in can the and ensure justice in world a parenthesis and placed immediately after the borrowed thought or idea.

When beginning with the APA essay writing format , P rof E ssays.com suggests that the student should always remember to take note of the reference material’s author(s), publication house, publication year and the page number where the idea was taken from. APA essay format may sound tricky and troublesome to some, but is database, actually an easy way to organize a written work. The APA Essay Format is entirely designed to 5 paragraph structure the flow of thoughts throughout the essay. It is database, said that the citing is complicated, but only has a few rules and guidelines that need to be followed. The format can be adapted depending on the nature and the topic of a custom essay. It particularly helps in cases where many writers are involved in essay family child the writing process at the same time, giving symmetry and a logical presentation without a miss to database the readers.

When writing an essay, citing your reference(s) is considered a critical part of the writing process. This fundamental element of writing helps students avoid plagiarism. In an To what extent can the UN shape and ensure in world politics?, academe, plagiarism is a very serious offense that can sometimes lead to expulsion. The American Psychological Association or the APA style is the database, formatting guide that is used when writing a paper on program the Social Sciences. As with all documenting styles, the APA has recommendations on essay format, headings and citing references. Information on database formatting your APA essay now easier because there are a number of on-line sites, such as P rof E ssays.com , which can provide you with key points in documentation. Anyone and any company can claim to offer its essay help, but not every company can offer high-quality and result-oriented essay help. The appropriate APA format for your manuscript. Shootings! Many professors recommend strict compliance with manuscript formatting guidelines when writing any type of academic paper. Following the format not only ensures organization for vub thesis database each essay written by an individual student, but it also provides uniformity in appearance for all students’ academic papers.

In writing a paper regarding the essay word, social sciences, APA makes several recommendations and guidelines on database the format of essays . Though these elements may seem trivialon the use of the title page, the format of headings, page numbers, margins, indentation and spacing. Though these elements may seem trivial, P rof E ssays.com believes that compliance remains a must. College essay format: writing effectively in the collegiate level. What differentiates a college essay from a high school or a junior high school essay is the nyu paris writing, level of professionalism it exudes. As more complex topics are discussed, the need for database further research becomes a necessity. Duck Soup Essay! Another important factor to consider is the vub thesis database, format of the duck soup essay, essay. APA college essay format requires thorough referencing and citing as well as structuring of the essay . Vub Thesis! While college academic papers follow the basic essay format of introduction, body and conclusion, it is important to remember that the APA college essay format must be more encompassing and more extensive. Essays On School! The APA college essay format differs from vub thesis database simple APA style so we provide specific essay help in this type of writing.

P rof E ssays.com believes that many academes actually require a five paragraph essay on the college level, where the body consumes 60% of the whole essay. P rof E ssays.com is professional and reliable essay writing service which provides 24/7 customer essay help. Write Effectively With the 5 paragraph, Right Essay Format. A standard essay format provides order to any academic paper. Though this is merely a superficial element of essay writing, its importance is undeniable, as many established documenting styles provide recommendations for the format of any academic paper. The American Psychological Association, APA, also has suggestions for your APA college essay format .

Buy Essay Online -
Defence | MY VUB

Life Lesson Essays and Research Papers. ? Life lessons #1 Loving someone doesn’t mean losing YOU. Database. True love empowers you, it doesn’t erase you. True love allows human . beings to build amazing things, by working together through passion, kindness, and good will. so be strong enough to stand alone, love yourself enough to essay, stand apart, but be wise enough to share your love and stand together when the database, time comes. 5 Paragraph Essay. #2 Getting Even doesn’t help you get ahead you will never get ahead of anyone as long as you try to get even with them. sometimes. 2002 albums , 2004 albums , 2009 albums 693 Words | 2 Pages. Life lessons are lessons that people receive to vub thesis database, help them carry on their life smoothly. These . lessons would include acquiring socialization skills and essays on school shootings etiquette and learning how to vub thesis, be effectively persistent and responsible with others. Sports can be very instructive in teaching these types of lessons . There are obvious benefits of sports such as keeping people physically fit, promoting active lifestyles, and relieving emotional stress. There are also moral benefits associated with sports. Some people.

Learning , Lesson , Life 1907 Words | 5 Pages. Annie Thermidor Life Lessons from Elizabeth Kubler-Ross and David Kessler. Main theme: In this book, Dr. Elizabeth . Kubler-Ross teamed up with end-of- life specialist David Kessler to write for first the first time about life and living. The authors present fourteen lessons passed on to us from the dying to help us deal better with the issues we face in life . Vub Thesis. Both authors consider the extent can the order, dying as great teachers because, it's when we are pushed to vub thesis, the edge of life that we see life more clearly (Kessler. A Great Way to Care , Afterlife , Consciousness 668 Words | 3 Pages. Justine Danielle Roy Jroy1 Example Essay 5/18/11 Life Lessons in the Work Place What do you think about when you . think work? People often think of long hours, tedious tasks, complaining customers, and moody bosses. Although some of topics for descriptive, these aspects may be true, the work field can teach you some very important life lessons . Learning these lessons in early adolescents will prepare you for database the ups and downs of the work experience. These lessons will help you prepare yourself for 5 paragraph word future careers. Employment , Future , Learning 1019 Words | 3 Pages.

Alchemist - Experience Is Life Lessons. Experience is vub thesis life lessons Paulo Coelho teaches in the Alchemist to always believe in oneself and to never forget what one . truly want and desire, even if it takes days, months, or years to over come the challenges that may come along the way. He also teaches people to “live and topics learn” from oneself mistakes to make the right choices at the appropriate time. In the Alchemist Santiago deals with a great amount of challenges, difficulties and tests throughout his quest to obtain his Personal Legend. Desert , Divination , Egypt 1108 Words | 3 Pages. Batangas LESSON PLAN IN HELE 4 I. OBJECTIVES At the end of learning session, the pupils are expected to: A. Vub Thesis. Identify the . Topics For Descriptive Essays. factors that may affect personal appearance. B. Explain the importance of each factor in vub thesis everyday living. C. Observe and practice health habits to nyu paris writing, keep good personal appearance.

D. Practice teamwork, participate actively in database all activities. II. On School Shootings. SUBJECT MATTER Topic: Keeping Your Personal Appearance Reference: Shaping Life through HELE. Batangas , Human physical appearance , Lesson 557 Words | 3 Pages. realized that your life isn't anything close to what you want it to vub thesis, be?

This article will give you advice on how to duck soup essay, recreate your . life . Whether your desire to change was spurred by a mid- life crisis, a near-death experience, a shattering epiphany or a painful separation, you still have time to create the life that you want. Database. [[Category:Goal Realization Problem Solving]] == Steps == ===Take an 5 paragraph word Inventory of Your Life as It Is Now=== #Write down exactly what's wrong with your life . What areas are. All That You Can't Leave Behind , Lebanon, Tennessee , Meaning of vub thesis, life 1320 Words | 4 Pages. Lesson Plan for Lesson III Subject Science Class Third class Date 25th of nyu paris creative program, May 2013 Time Ten o’clock to seven minutes . Vub Thesis Database. past ten Strand Living things Strand unit Human life Lesson Experiments on the heart. Materials/resources Colouring pencils, coloured paper, scissors, kitchen paper cardboard, sellotape, jar, balloon, skewer, two flexible straws, water, basin to To what order justice politics?, collect water spills. Objectives The child should be enabled * to locate the position of the heart in vub thesis database the body and. Blood , Debut albums , Experiment 646 Words | 3 Pages. Falcone Life Lessons Sometimes in life things happen which we have no control over. Nyu Paris Writing. It is a journey, full of . mistakes, negativity, and lessons learned.

Everybody has that one person in their life that has had a valuable affect on vub thesis database themselves. Even though we may see them as nothing but a bother, there is much more to offer. We may not realize it at first, but these occurrences make us stronger. The person who has had a negative effect on my life but has taught me valuable lessons is my cousin. Learning , Lesson , Lesson plan 626 Words | 2 Pages. The Lesson In “The Lesson ” by Toni Cade Bambara, the author writes about Sylvia’s childhood experience as a student. She is . a young-immature, uneducated, and naive kid who doesn’t know much about life , but her teacher tries to help her by giving her a lesson of reality as well to the rest of her students.

She describes her teacher as a lady, Miss Moore, with “nappy hair,” “proper speech,” and “no makeup.” Sylvia explains how she feels when she goes to family, toy store in vub thesis Fifth Avenue. For example. Conflict , Life , Protagonist 1325 Words | 4 Pages. Traditional DepEd Lesson Plan 1. Objectives 2. 5 Paragraph Essay Word. Content/Materials 3. Procedures/Strategy 4. Motivator 5. Activities . a. 1. b. 2. c. 3. d. 4. Vub Thesis Database. 6. Essays. Evaluation 7. Vub Thesis Database. Homework UbD Lesson Plan Format I. Objectives II. Topics For Descriptive. Subject Area III. Explore IV. Firm Up V. Deepen VI.

Transfer VII. Database. Evaluation 1. What do I want them to learn? 2. What’s the topic? 3. Essay Family. What do they know? What’s new? 4. Give. Costs , FIA , Lesson 1204 Words | 6 Pages. Life Science Lesson on Animals K Grade. Teacher: Ms. Caniz Lesson Plan Subject: Life Science (Animals) Grade Level: K Curriculum and vub thesis Methods I I. Standards: . LS.K: Differentiate between living and nonliving things. Group both living and nonliving things according to the characteristics that they share.

II. Prerequisites: This will be an introductory lesson to living and non-living things. Creative Writing Program. III. Behavioral Objectives: After reading the book ‘What’s Alive?’ student will be able to identify and vub thesis database sort living things. English-language films , Lesson , Lesson plan 523 Words | 3 Pages. LESSON TOPIC: Introductory lesson to self-portraits. | DATE: 28th September | YEAR LEVEL: Years 6-9 Strand 4. | INTRODUCTORY . Shootings. LESSON in a Unit of …1…… lessons (1hr) | ESSENTIAL LEARNINING AREAS: | Futures | Identity | Interdependence | Thinking | Communication | There are five areas of database, essential learning.

This topic of self-portraits comes under the thinking essential learning area. Duck Soup Essay. This essential learning develops a sense of power and creativity. This is shown through creating their own. Arts , Creativity , Idea 876 Words | 3 Pages. “Into the Wild” Life Lessons In the novel Into the Wild by Jon Krakauer, the protagonist Chris McCandless learns two very . Vub Thesis Database. valuable life lessons that he unfortunately did not get to live to accomplish.

Near the duck soup essay, end of the novel Chris is database dying from starvation. To What Extent UN Shape And Ensure. He wrote in vub thesis database one of his journal entries, Happiness only duck soup essay real when shared” (189). A life lesson Chris learns here is self-explanatory form the quote, to be happy you have to database, have to share it. To understand the magnitude of Chris' final realization. Christopher McCandless , Death , Happiness 970 Words | 3 Pages. Lesson Plan/Instructional Profile Lesson #5 Teacher Candidate Aaron Alford School Lead Hill School Mentor Teacher . Grade/Subject Music Theory 9th grade UCA Supervisor Powers Date November 3, 2012_ Time ____________ ARKANSAS CURRICULUM FRAMEWORK SLEs/COMMON CORE STANDARDS CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RI.8.7 Evaluate the shootings, advantages and vub thesis disadvantages of for descriptive essays, using different mediums (e.g., print or digital text, video, multimedia) to present a particular topic or idea C. Composer , Education , Education reform 1605 Words | 7 Pages. DIVISION OF EDUCATION Lesson Plan | Teacher . Candidate:Carl Huber | Course:SED 380 | School: | Grade:2nd grade | Subject(s): Math | Total # ofStudents: | # Students with IEP’S: | Observed by: | Date and Time: | Lesson Summary (Purpose and vub thesis Connection to Previous and Future Learning): The students have been working on extent and ensure justice count different variations of money using cents and dollar bills. In the. Addition , Assessment , Education 1277 Words | 4 Pages. Movie Lesson Plan Ideas Ways to Effectively Use Movies in Class Including movies in your lessons can help enhance learning and . increase student interest levels while providing direct instruction on the topic at hand.

While there are pros and cons to including movies in database lesson plans, there are ways that you can help ensure that the movies you choose do in fact have the learning impact you desire. The following list gives ideas for how you can effectively use films to reinforce what is being taught. Feature film , Film , Film theory 1550 Words | 5 Pages. ? 3 Life Lessons Although there are many reasons that our souls come to earth, one of the main . reasons I believe we come here is to learn a valuable lesson . If we did not learn this lesson through out a life time, our souls would come back to repeat the creative writing program, process. I believe I have learned a few lessons from vub thesis my time here on earth. One lesson I have learned is to never take things or people for granted. At some point in 5 paragraph essay our lives, we realize that we take things for granted. 2006 albums , Knowledge , Learning 643 Words | 2 Pages. Lessons from the database, classroom My decision to pursue the CELTA qualification was based on my understanding that it is the first step many . Nyu Paris. teachers take to a long and database rewarding career in teaching English to adults all over the world. Realistically, I don’t expect to leave at the end of word, this course having become a great teacher. I only expect to be exposed to the methodology and to vub thesis database, be guided on how to improve my skills for the future.

Achieving the required standard will give me the tools upon which. Class I railroad , Education , Language education 1115 Words | 4 Pages. Polytechnic University of the Philippines COLLEGE OF EDUCATION Sta. Mesa, Manila DAILY PREPARED LESSON PLAN Area: Clothing Date: . Prepared by: Christine C. Garcia I. Essay Word. TARGETS: At the end of the lesson , the vub thesis, students should be able to: 1. Identify and apply the duck soup essay, proper clothing combination that the students may use for their everyday life . 2. Vub Thesis Database. Determine the topics essays, importance of line dominance of database, figures. Essays On School Shootings. 3. Execute the proper guidelines on database choosing clothes for occasions. . Button , Clothing , Lesson 750 Words | 4 Pages. The Lessons Learned in My Career and My Future Aspirarions. The Lessons Learned in My Career and My future Aspirations In last several decades, people can see constantly development of technology. . This has affected a lot of aspects of society such as education, defence, industry and so on, especially in economy. The development of economy goes a long side with the development of technology that create a number of jobs for people. In other words, nowadays, people have a lot of essay word, choices to choose a job for them. Although many people want to work in financial. Cadet , Future , Learning 1288 Words | 3 Pages.

?A LESSON PLAN FOR ELEMENTARY ENGLISH V I. OBJECTIVES: At the end of the lesson the pupils shall be able to: a.) Identify . adverbs of time b.) Use appropriate prepositions in a given sentences c.) Actively participate in the activities II. SUBJECT MATTER: Adverbs of database, time REFERENCE: Fun in English, Language Textbook I, pp. 216-217 MATERIALS: Charts, Calendar and nyu paris creative program clock. III. Strategy/Procedure A. Preparatory Activities 1. Greetings 2. Prayer 3. Checking Attendance B. Developmental. Adjective , Adverb , Answer 533 Words | 4 Pages. Lesson Plan Date: Time: 2 Hours Topic: Application Forms Location Group No. Vub Thesis. In Class: Lesson Aims To introduce methods of on school, . effective application form completion. To develop learner writing skills and ability to independently complete standard style application forms. Lesson Outcomes By the end of the training session learners will demonstrate the following skills: 1. To draft answers to vub thesis, extended application form questions.

2. To complete a generic application form. 3. To write about themselves. Completeness , Draft , Drafting 508 Words | 3 Pages. Structured-Experience-Based Lesson Plan. STRUCTURED-EXPERIENCE-BASED LESSON PLAN COVER SHEET 1. Title : Who killed John Doe. 5 Paragraph Word. 2. Database. Learning Objectives (LO) with action . verbs: a. articulate individual opinions about social and individual responsibilities. Writing. b. explore personal values. c. participate in shared decision making. 3. Condition(s): Items you give or deny the trainees at the time they complete the performance. Given: a. background sheet b. ranking sheet Denied: a. AIDS , Classroom , Facilitator 699 Words | 6 Pages. A Semi-detailed lesson plan in English language Prepared by: Alvizo, Reo Melanie Guittera, Aianah Magumapara, Jeffany Mercado, . Vub Thesis. Khalelah Jacques Sala, Jessah Christine Level: Grade 3 Subject: English Language Lesson : Adjectives/Descriptive Words Story: The Dream Eater I. Objectives: A. Extent UN Shape In World. To identify words that describe people, places and vub thesis database things in sentences. Essay Word. B. To give examples of sentences with descriptive words.

II. Materials: sentence charts, food cut-outs, worksheets . 1 , Lesson , Linguistics 328 Words | 3 Pages. What lessons does scout learn in to kill a mockingbird. ?What lessons does scout learn in vub thesis database To Kill a Mockingbird? The whole of the part one of this novel is a series of life . Duck Soup Essay. lessons preparing Scout for the hardships she is going to face in the second part of the novel. Due to the influence of the likes of Atticus, Miss Maudie and Mrs Dubose, Scout goes from a naive young girl who thought with her fists rather than her head, into a more mature, empathetic girl. This essay is going to discuss some of the lessons Scout learns and how they impacted the way. Finch , Harper Lee , Learning 1624 Words | 4 Pages. | Lesson Length: 30 minutes – 1 hour | | . Vub Thesis Database. | |Concept: | | | |This lesson plan will serve as. Daredevil , Education , Hand 795 Words | 5 Pages. ?(General Method of Teaching) Topic Need of lesson planning (ASSIGNMENT NO 1) Submitted to Dr: Faisal Mumtaz By Aansa Siddique Roll No . 7 M.A EDUCATION Assignment submitted in partial fulfillment of essays, The requirements for the degree of MASTER OF ARTS IN EDUCATION DEPARTMENT OF EDUCATION February 2014 NEED OF LESSON PLANNING Introduction A lesson plan is a lesson “project” written down on paper.

It is only a “project” because a lot of unpredictable events occur. Education , Learning , Lesson 791 Words | 3 Pages. ? LESSON PLAN OUTLINE Name :____________________ Date:______________________ Grade Level:________________ Length:_______________________ . Topic: I. Objective: Write a behavioral objective with conditions, the database, behavior, and criteria for mastery. You may also use a non-behavioral objective if it is topics appropriate. II. Preparation Purpose: The purpose of this lesson is the reason for database teaching the word, lesson : to introduce, to give information, to help organize information, to demonstrate knowledge.

Expressive language disorder , Fruit , Learning 1364 Words | 4 Pages. Lesson Observation 1 Teacher’s name: Slusari Alexandra Observer’s name: Cebotari Tatiana Topic: Artisanship Date: 10 of vub thesis database, April Number of . students: 10 Class: VII “B” The lesson I have observed was on the topic “Artisanship”. At the beginning of the lesson the teacher put a clear set of aims to the pupils. She had a lesson plan which helped her to creative writing program, organize the lesson better. Vub Thesis Database. She used a lot of essays on school shootings, additional material. Vub Thesis. First of all at To what and ensure in world the beginning she involved pupils into the lesson by vub thesis asking pupils. Interrogative word , Lesson , Lesson plan 2179 Words | 7 Pages.

LESSON PLAN SCHOOL: Couva West Secondary YEAR: 2012/2013 TERM: One FORM: Four DURATION OF THE LESSON : 35minutes . 5 Paragraph. EXAMINATION: C.S.E.C SUBJECT: Principles of Business NO. Vub Thesis Database. OF STUDENTS: 17 AGE RANGE: 14-16 UNIT TOPIC: Internal organizational Environment LESSON TOPIC: Communication TEACHER’S NAME: Dayne Sagar GENERAL OBJECTIVES: At the end of the on school, lesson , students will; 1. Develop knowledge of communication SPECIFIC OBJECTIVES: At the end of the lesson. Communication , Gossip , Lesson 698 Words | 4 Pages. Sample Lesson Plan for English Subject LESSON PLAN School : Senior High School. Subject : English Grade/ Semester : . Vub Thesis Database. X/ II Session : 1 st Time Allotment : 2 x 45 Minutes Competence Standard : 8. Listening To respond the meaning of monologue in the of topics essays, narrative text in the daily life context. I. Basic Competence : 8.2. To respond the meaning of simple of monologue using oral language accurately, fluency, and acceptably in vub thesis daily life context in creative program the form of narrative text.

II. Indicators; . Education , Lesson , Lesson plan 1383 Words | 5 Pages. What Is A Lesson Plan? There is some confusion about what a lesson plan* is and is not. A worksheet is not a lesson . Database. plan. A handout is To what extent can the order justice politics? not a lesson plan. Database. A classroom game or activity is not a lesson plan.

In fact, there is no need for a lesson plan to ever be seen, touched, considered or dreamed of by students, and nor does it even need to exist on paper or disk, though it usually does. A lesson plan is nyu paris creative program a teacher's plan for vub thesis teaching a lesson . Nyu Paris Creative Writing Program. It can exist in the teacher's mind, on the back of an. Education , Learning , Lesson 1916 Words | 6 Pages. Lesson Planning A lesson plan is a daily plan usually written as an outline or detailed statement by the teacher for the purpose . of teaching students, sharing with colleagues and following up the particular lesson /s in her/his classroom. Vub Thesis Database. SMART Lesson Plans The success of the lesson will depend to a great extent on how EFFECTIVE the family first child, lesson is planned. The teacher through using the SMART abbreviation given below can plan and write lesson plans that are effective. S = Specific: The aims. Education , Learning , Lesson 783 Words | 4 Pages. TESOL Trinity TESOL Study Resource no 6: Lesson Planning When teaching, whether we are working from vub thesis database a course book or designing a . lesson from scratch, we need a thorough plan of where we want to go and how we want to get there. It’s a little bit like planning a journey: you need to determine what to pack, which route to topics for descriptive, take, and you need to anticipate some of the problems you will encounter along the way. As with planning for a journey, effective lesson planning is one of the most important elements.

Learning , Learning styles , Lesson 1596 Words | 6 Pages. Class to Life THINK ALOUD LESSON PLAN Standard CCSS.ELA-LITERACY.SL.1.4 Describe people, places, things, and events with . relevant details, expressing ideas and vub thesis feelings clearly. CCSS.ELA-LITERACY.SL.1.5 Add drawings or other visual displays to descriptions when appropriate to clarify ideas, thoughts, and feelings. CCSS.ELA-LITERACY.SL.1.6 Produce complete sentences when appropriate to essays on school, task and vub thesis database situation. Learning Objective What will the students know or be able to do by nyu paris creative program the end of the lesson ? SWBAT. Education , Family , Grandparent 1546 Words | 6 Pages. Lesson Plan Under the Sea Level 3. Lesson Plan Lesson Topic/Focus: Under the sea fish (includes some invertebrates) Date: 20-4-2008 VELS Domain(s): Science . Grade(s)/Year Level(s): grade 4, level 3 VEL Dimension(s): Science knowledge and understanding Duration of Lesson : 1hour to an hour and database 10mins Learning Standard(s)/Outcome(s): At the completion of this lesson students will be able to: - explain what a fish is; - distinguish which animals are called fish that are not actually fish (using the for descriptive essays, technical. Fish , Knowledge , Laboratory 1726 Words | 6 Pages. Lesson Plan About the vub thesis database, Shapes and Space by Ana Fernandez EDU 508 Instructional and Assessment Strategies . The lesson plan is an educational tool of great value and application that allows the educator correlate all the variables involved in extent UN shape order and ensure justice in world politics? the teaching process.

With the purpose of ensuring better results in the learning of the students and to achieve the educational goals. The development of a lesson plan under the vub thesis, format required by the following subject. Activity , Education , Instruction 1229 Words | 4 Pages. List of lessons learnt from Assignment 3. List of 5 paragraph word, lessons learnt from Assignment 3: There are some lessons that I have gained from the assignment 3 as described below . 1. How to prepare a presentation for database business customer, not a technical presentation. 5 Paragraph Essay Word. When preparing the presentation power point, the team made it more on vub thesis database technical presentation. After the dry-run, the team found out child that this presentation is for a client. It must be more in business context. The lesson is if we miss a target audience then we may lose a chance to get.

Context analysis , Lesson , Management 1953 Words | 5 Pages. University of Technology, Jamaica Theory Lesson Plan School: Subject: Technical Drawing Name of Student Teacher: Damion Sterling . and vub thesis Anje Walker Supervising Teacher: Mr. Nyu Paris Writing Program. Richard Samuels Date: March 14, 2013 Time: 10:00am Grade/Level: 10 No. of Students: 20 Duration of Lesson : 30 Minutes Unit Title: Surface Developments Topic of Lesson : Surfaced developments of right geometric solid. Teaching Strategy: Discussion, Explanation, Questioning. General Objectives.

Differential geometry , Education , Lesson 444 Words | 4 Pages. EDU 310 Week 3 Cooperative Learning Activity and Lesson Plan. This document includes EDU 310 Week 3 Cooperative Learning Activity and Lesson Plan Education - General Education Learning Team . Cooperative Learning Activity and vub thesis Lesson Plan Resource: University of Phoenix Material: Lesson Plan Critique Locate a lesson plan that has a cooperative learning activity to present to nyu paris creative program, your Learning Team. Vub Thesis Database. Alternatively, you may locate an existing lesson plan and duck soup essay incorporate a cooperative learning activity into it. Discuss the characteristics. Campus , College , Curriculum 525 Words | 3 Pages. DETAILED LESSON PLAN IN ENGLISH FOR GRADE II PUPILS I. OBJECTIVES: After the vub thesis database, lesson the student should be able to • . appreciate andrespect God’s creatures; both living and essays nonliving, and to develop the database, attitude of thanking • anybody for giving something, and that they may be able to use adjective to essays on school, describe persons, places, animals, ideas, and events. II. SUBJECT MATTER: Using adjectives to describe persons, places, animals, ideas, and events. REFERENCES: • English For All Times III.

A Story , Adjective , Form of the Good 1104 Words | 7 Pages. sales presentation may be similar in form to a lecture. Usually the vub thesis, lecturer will stand at the front of the extent UN shape and ensure justice, room and recite information relevant to the . lecture's content. Method is database refers to the teacher’s systematically procedures of getting the nyu paris, lesson across to vub thesis database, the child. LECTURE METHOD The lecture is topics still the most frequently used method of vub thesis database, instruction. However, presenting a lecture without pausing for interaction with trainees can be ineffective regardless of your skill as a speaker. The. Education , Lecture , Lesson 640 Words | 3 Pages.

24 students 50 minutes II. Essay Family School. RATIONALE AND BACKGROUND: The purpose of this lesson is for the students to read alternative sources about . Christopher Columbus and database express their opinion about whether he should be celebrated. The students will read an creative article about Christopher Columbus and highlight in one color the positive influence of vub thesis database, Columbus’s life and in another color the negative influence of Columbus’s life . Then, the class will discuss the duck soup essay, positives and negatives and the teacher will write. Assessment , Christopher Columbus , Columbus Day 964 Words | 4 Pages. EED 425 Week 5 Health and Physical Education Integrated Lesson Plan. Integrated Lesson Plan Business - General Business Learning Team Health and Physical Education Integrated Lesson Plan . Resources: University of vub thesis database, Phoenix Material: Integrated Lesson Plan Format and UN shape and ensure in world the TaskStream Lesson Builder located on your student website Select one state physical education standard and one state health education standard. Create a lesson that integrates instruction of vub thesis database, those content areas with the instruction of order and ensure justice politics?, a core area content lesson , such. Assessment , Educational psychology , Integral 546 Words | 3 Pages. Republic of the Philippines Department of database, Education Region IV – A (CALABARZON) Division of Quezon PANIKIHAN NATIONALHIGH SCHOOL Gumaca, Quezon e-mail: . panikihan_nhs@yahoo.com DETAILED LESSON PLAN IN ENGLISH IV I. OBJECTIVES: At the end of the lesson , the students are expected to: A. relate the poem to significant human experiences, B. Can The UN Shape And Ensure. share values learned from the poem, C. identify some figures of speech in the poem. II.

SUBJECT MATTER: A. Topic: Relating. Lesson , Lesson plan , Poetry 2027 Words | 7 Pages. Toni Cade Bambara: Lesson for Change Toni Cade Bambara was a renowned author, educator and civil rights activist. She created short stories . that drew attention and awareness to the social, political and economic issues of her time. “Bambara always insisted that social commitment is inseparable from the production of vub thesis database, art.” (Andrews, Foster and Harris 22) “The Lesson ”, published in To what can the UN shape order and ensure 1972, is a short story from the collection, “Gorilla, My Love”. This story’s purpose was to bring the social inequalities. 175 , African American , American novelists 1137 Words | 3 Pages. ?I) Life : An overview of production “The Earth is home to vub thesis database, more than 30 million different animals and plants – every single one fighting to . survive. […] the epic television series Life is the extent UN shape and ensure justice politics?, definitive exploration of our planet’s living things and vub thesis their spectacular, bizarre and essay word fascinating behaviors” (“A Landmark”, 2010). Life is a nature documentary series produced by BBC Natural History Unit that was first broadcast on BBC television from October to December 2009. Vub Thesis. The production of Life series.

BBC Natural History Unit , Camera , Cinematography 2279 Words | 7 Pages. organized. For Descriptive Essays. The paint signifies the women that Lionel is vub thesis with, and duck soup essay the brushes signify Lionel himself. The paints (women) are just tools to paint on his . canvas. The paints are all blurred together in order to show us that all of the women in Lionel’s life are blurred together- after he’s done using one, he can quickly move on to another one without much transition in between. The second iris effect is an iris in, which we see as it circles Paulette’s ankle (class discussion). Vub Thesis Database. This iris effect is. 2000s music groups , Eye , Film editing 1048 Words | 3 Pages. For every role that is performed in one's life , the antithesis of that role also is performed. As I examine my many roles that I play in . life , I realize that the majority of my time spent on essay first child this planet has been filled with learning. We all are eternal students, I guess you could say; this would at least be true in an ideal world.

And for every individual whom consumes his or herself with being a student, that person also is vub thesis database a teacher. Too often the definition of teaching gets associated with. Education , History of education , Learning 1755 Words | 4 Pages. Literary Analysis Upon The Burning Of O. ?Kaytlin Woollen Kim Harper Essay One October 19, 2014 Three Life Lessons Literary Analysis of “Upon the Burning of our . House” “Fire, Fire!” these are the cries that woke the word, poet Anne Bradstreet one ordinary night and changed her life forever. The fire inspired the poem “Verses Upon the Burning of our House”. This poem is database written from her personal experience and reflection, which is a trademark of her work. She is often referred to as America’s first “authentic” female poet. Extent Can The Justice Politics?. She. Learning , Lesson , Poetry 864 Words | 4 Pages. Level: Upper-intermediate Lesson number: 5 Date: 18/12/2014 Length of database, lesson : 60 min Tutor: Cilla Holman-Sykes Personal TP . School. Aim(s) (These may refer to vub thesis database, self-evaluation, peer evaluation or tutor feedback from nyu paris creative writing program previous lessons .) To nominate more during whole class feedback To check that learners have understood instructions Main Lesson Aim(s) (These should reflect the vub thesis database, main purpose of your lesson . These should be clear and achievable within the can the in world politics?, time allocated to the lesson and may be worded in terms.

Language , Lesson , Lesson plan 615 Words | 4 Pages. ?DETAILED ABOUT LESSON PLAN Used by beginning teacher or used in vub thesis demonstration lesson to serve as a guide for the observers. All . parts are labelled and topics essays indicated. Vub Thesis. The section under Activities is divided into essay school child, two spaces- the left side is Teacher’s activities which give the clue for what the teacher will have to say or do, while the right side is for the Pupil’s activity which indicates the pupil’s response. I. Objectives: At the end of the class period the children are expected to: 1. 2. 3. 4. II. Activity , Drug addiction , Education 1051 Words | 9 Pages. Life is a great surprise I do not see why death should not be an even greater one “Everyone knows they’re going to die… but nobody . believes it. If we did, we would do things differently….There’s a better approach.

To know you’re going to die, and to vub thesis, be prepared for first school child it at any time. That’s better. Database. That way you can actually be more involved in your life while you’re living.” (Albom 82). Morrie feels that people refuse to believe that they will come one day die, and therefore, do not lives there. Afterlife , Death , Don Piper 1880 Words | 5 Pages. Cambridge Tesol Celta Lessons from the Classroom. Cambridge TESOL CELTA 08/07/2013 Assignment 2.4: Lessons from the classroom Part One: Evaluation of my teaching practice: I . am compiling this self-evaluation report after my third teaching practice in essays shootings the classroom. My teaching time lasted 40 minutes each time, and vub thesis my class size varied between 15 and 16 students (ss) at for descriptive a time. Classes comprised a good mixture of foreign ss, representing various European and non-European nationalities and cultures. The feedback I received on all. Lesson , Lesson plan , Present 1308 Words | 4 Pages.

? Lesson plan - Cover Sheet Trainee TP Booklet Circle if you are teaching 1st 2nd 3rd 4th 5th 6th . Materials State all the vub thesis database, materials that you will use, from photocopies to duck soup essay, board markers etc. Vub Thesis. You must make sure that any and all materials are copyrighted. Handout extracted from Face-2-Face Elementary Student’s book. 5 Paragraph Essay Word. CD player and database Face-2-Face audio Aim of the lesson Write your aim in such a way so that it will focus on what the student will have done by. Classroom management , Futurology , Lesson 535 Words | 5 Pages.

a chance to speak on a subject to which they could relate to Personal Aim: To stick to extent can the order and ensure politics?, the lesson plan as far as possible! Week 1 . Week 2 Week 3 Week 4 Classroom management TTT and language grading Sensitivity to learner needs Rapport assertiveness Pair/group work Instructions Professional appearance of materials Accurate models of spoken/written English Detailed lesson plans Selecting/adapting materials Using ICQs Pace Timing Conveying meaning using a variety. Learning , Lesson , Lesson plan 762 Words | 6 Pages. Multicultural Lesson Plan Analysis. Multicultural Lesson Plan Analysis Cyndi Frawley EDU-230 Michelle Jervell December 2, 2012 Questions/Answers: 1. Are the vub thesis, . objectives aligned with academic standards? State how the lesson objectives support the academic standards. SIOP (Center for 5 paragraph essay word Applied Linguistics (CAL), 2012): Yes, this 1st grade lesson plan is aligned with the vub thesis, Common Core State Standards (CCSS).

What is a Dragonfly? Lesson Plan explains the four key standards: Reading, Speaking and essay Listening, Writing, and. Applied linguistics , Education , Learning 864 Words | 4 Pages. What Is a Lesson Plan? by Melissa Kelly Definition: A detailed description of the individual lessons that a teacher plans to . teach on vub thesis a given day. A lesson plan is for descriptive essays developed by a teacher to guide instruction throughout the day.

It is a method of planning and preparation. A lesson plan traditionally includes the vub thesis, name of the duck soup essay, lesson , the date of the lesson , the objective the lesson focuses on, the materials that will be used, and a summary of all the activities that will be used. Lesson plans are. Education , Learning , Lesson 1100 Words | 4 Pages. As proposed by Dymoke and Harrison, good lesson planning is vub thesis essential to order, successful teaching in so far as stating, `It is often the case that . Vub Thesis Database. poor teaching, classroom management and behaviour stem from lack of explicit planning` (2008, p.122) It is suggested then, that thorough planning is 5 paragraph essay word fundamental to vub thesis database, the successful learning of pupils in many ways. First. Whilst allowing the teacher to follow a process of thinking, providing a mental practice session if you like, the act of planning therefore becomes.

Education , Intelligence , Learning 2119 Words | 6 Pages.

Write My Essay : 100% Original Content -
Library | MY VUB - Vrije Universiteit Brussel

5 Tips for a Top Essay on the New SAT. The new SAT will ask students to write a longer and very different essay (if they choose to vub thesis write one at all). Earn a high score by using these 5 tips from test prep tutor and essays, Noodle Expert Karen Berlin Ishii. Database. For students taking the current SAT (which will continue to be administered through January 2016), the essay is a mandatory 25-minute challenge that begins the test. Test takers must respond to topics for descriptive essays a broad (and often rather lame) philosophical question (Is it true that the best things in life are free? or Is optimism less valuable than hard work?), usually paired with a less-than-helpful prompt explaining the writing task. Those who are well-prepared will have a few key recyclable examples in database mind – Martin Luther King, Jr., The Great Gatsby, World War II, and Macbeth are perennial favorites – and be ready to quickly cobble together a few paragraphs that include a succinct introduction, one body paragraph for each of the detailed examples mentioned in the intro, and essay family, a snappy conclusion. Then they'll sprinkle some literary fairy dust on top to database make their essays fly: a smattering of nyu paris creative, big words, varied punctuation, a rhetorical question perhaps to rouse a drowsy reader, and some quotes or statistics for extra flavor. If they write something nice and long, students who follow these rules are pretty much guaranteed a score of at least 10 out of 12; that's enough to earn a perfect Writing score as long as they can also manage great scores on the multiple-choice Writing sections.

Come March 2016, the game changes. A lot. At 50 minutes, the time allotted to the new SAT essay doubles the length of the old 25-minute one. Students will be expected to write more, and they’ll be given three pages of paper to use in contrast to the current two. Instead of being administered right at the beginning of the session, the new essay will come at database the end of the essays shootings 3-hour test. And for the first time, writing the vub thesis essay is optional, though students who are applying to selective colleges will probably need to complete it. The structure of the essay has changed dramatically, too, from persuasive to analytical. To What Extent Order And Ensure In World Politics?. Reflecting this change, students will have to do a lot more reading before they begin to write. The scoring system is also new.

Instead of a 1–6 scale representing a holistic judgment, the new essay will be evaluated along three specific dimensions — Reading, Analysis, and Writing — with scores of 1–4 for each of these sub-scores. Two scorers will grade each essay, and so these six numbers (three dimensions from vub thesis, two readers) will be combined for a final total. These scores will not be included in the old-but-new-again 1600-point final SAT score comprising Evidence-Based Reading and Writing and 5 paragraph, Math. How colleges will use the essay score in their admissions decisions is still an open question. The reading passages may come from academic articles, literature, essays, or speeches. The question accompanying the passage, however, will always be the vub thesis database same: Write an essay in which you explain how the author builds her argument and analyze how she uses evidence, reasoning, and style to support her point. The student's task, in other words, is not to develop a case for one's own opinion on the subject at hand, but, rather to evaluate the author's writing and argument. The level of difficulty of these passages is much higher than anything the College Board has previously used on the SAT. Responding to this passage and prompt is a task best fulfilled by a skilled analytical reader and a confident and fluid writer. After you've read the family first school child College Board's sample articles and questions, read the scored essay responses carefully.

Think like the SAT scorers: Begin to analyze for yourself why each essay got the database three scores it did (Reading, Analysis, and Writing). Focus on the higher-scoring examples and look for duck soup essay qualities to emulate. 2. Understand the author’s position. When you are ready to write your first practice essay, be sure you understand the passage and vub thesis database, the essence of the word author's argument — not just the database topic and your position on first school child it. Underline key transition words (such as, for example, furthermore, in contrast, however, etc.) and think about vub thesis how they contribute to the author’s overall stance.

Underline strong phrases, powerful words, and other key points as you encounter them. Think about topics essays what the author is trying to say. What supports the main claims in vub thesis database the passage? Is the evidence relevant and persuasive and laid out in a clear way? Are there particularly strong or weak points in the author's argument?

Does the passage leave out writing, important information that might persuade you as a reader? Like fine carpentry, the construction of a great essay hinges on thoughtful and database, thorough prep work. Make sure you are answering the on school actual question and not going off-course. Taking a few minutes at the beginning of the essay section to outline your response could save you precious time revising after you’ve finished drafting. Vub Thesis. Be sure to work in each of these three components explicitly in your outline, too: Reference the evidence that the author uses to support her claim. Discuss the ways in which the To what extent UN shape order in world politics? author uses reasoning to develop her ideas and argument. Address the database author's use of style and rhetorical devices to engage readers and convince them of the points in the passage. As in days of creative writing program, yore, a long SAT essay is vub thesis, still a high-scoring one, so pack those three pages as full as you can with good stuff. If you've planned well, you will have enough to say without being redundant or resorting to filler. If your handwriting is too big, practice writing smaller.

You should work on duck soup essay efficiently using all the room you have. Try not to leave any space in vub thesis database the margins except for indentations to introduce new paragraphs. Do not skip lines; they could be filled with your point-earning words! For a high-scoring essay, don't forget to use some rhetorical flourishes of your own: big words, literary devices, and even statistics and essay family first, quotations you’ve memorized as part of your test prep. Used judiciously, these tools can work to your advantage, just as they’ve worked to the advantage of the author of the passage you’ll be analyzing when you take the test.

Follow this link to find more free advice on preparing for the SAT from Noodle Experts like Karen Berlin Ishii. Once you receive your scores, use the vub thesis database Noodle college search to see what schools fall within your range. Karen Berlin Ishii, a Brown University grad, has 25 years' experience as a teacher and test prep tutor. After teaching for essay family first school The Princeton Review, she created PSAT and SAT prep courses for The British School. Now she teaches SAT, ACT, ISEE, SSAT, SHSAT and more in vub thesis New York City – and worldwide via Skype. Essays Shootings. Karen lectures on SAT and ACT prep for The Brown Club and [emailprotected], writes columns on test prep, and edits SAT, PSAT, ISEE, SSAT and GRE textbooks for Barron's and the Dummies series.

A parent of two recent college grads, Karen relates well to families' concerns about vub thesis school admissions and college testing and essay, enjoys wonderful rapport with both students and parents.

Custom Academic Paper Writing Services -
Defence | MY VUB

Corporate Social Responsibility: Strategic Implications. School of Industrial and Labor Relations, Cornell University Search for more papers by this author. Donald S. Siegel, Department of Economics, Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute, 3506 Russell Sage Laboratory, 110, 8th Street, Troy, NY 12180-3590, USA (sieged@rpi.edu). abstract We describe a variety of perspectives on corporate social responsibility (CSR), which we use to develop a framework for consideration of the strategic implications of CSR. Based on vub thesis database this framework, we propose an agenda for additional theoretical and empirical research on CSR. We then review the papers in this special issue and 5 paragraph essay relate them to vub thesis, the proposed agenda. In recent years, scholars and managers have devoted greater attention to the strategic implications of corporate social responsibility (CSR).

Consistent with McWilliams and Siegel (2001), we define CSR as situations where the firm goes beyond compliance and engages in actions that appear to duck soup essay, further some social good, beyond the interests of the firm and that which is required by law’. However, this is vub thesis just one interpretation of CSR. Numerous definitions of for descriptive CSR have been proposed and often no clear definition is given, making theoretical development and vub thesis database measurement difficult. CSR activities have been posited to include incorporating social characteristics or features into products and essays manufacturing processes (e.g. aerosol products with no fluorocarbons or using environmentally-friendly technologies), adopting progressive human resource management practices (e.g. Vub Thesis? promoting employee empowerment), achieving higher levels of environmental performance through recycling and pollution abatement (e.g. adopting an creative writing program aggressive stance towards reducing emissions), and advancing the goals of community organizations (e.g. working closely with groups such as United Way). [1] Researchers are moving beyond just defining and identifying CSR activities, to examine the strategic role of CSR in organizations. Similarly, there is growing interest among managers in the antecedents and consequences of CSR, especially for executives at multi-national, multi-divisional companies. These corporate leaders are mindful of the fact that business norms and standards, regulatory frameworks, and stakeholder demand for vub thesis CSR can vary substantially across nations, regions, and lines of business. They are also aware that their divisional managers are under constant pressure from employees, suppliers, community groups, NGOs, and government to increase their involvement in CSR. Unfortunately for both academicians and practitioners, the analysis of CSR is still embryonic, and shootings thus theoretical frameworks, measurement, and vub thesis database empirical methods have not yet been resolved.

Furthermore, this topic cannot be analysed through the lens of a single disciplinary perspective. Topics For Descriptive? Thus, it appears that CSR is fertile ground for theory development and empirical analysis such as takes place in the Journal of Management Studies . The purpose of this special issue is to vub thesis database, further the CSR research agenda by bringing together multiple perspectives. After issuing an open call for papers on the Academy of Management website and other venues, we received 32 manuscripts. Duck Soup Essay? We reviewed these papers and selected several for vub thesis database presentation at a Special Issue Workshop at the University of Illinois at Chicago. [2] Among the authors and discussants at 5 paragraph essay, the workshop were scholars from several academic disciplines (management, political science, accounting, marketing, and economics), many international contributors, and a high proportion of junior scholars. The papers presented at the workshop were critiqued by reviewers and participants and then reviewed again after the workshop. From these revised manuscripts, we selected the five best for publication in database the special issue. Several themes emerged from these studies: the relation between CSR and competitive advantage, the role of nyu paris creative differences in institutional environments in framing stakeholder expectations regarding the propensity of firms to engage in CSR, a comparison of the social desirability of the strategic use of CSR versus coerced’ CSR, the vub thesis database, role of economic, philosophical, and global corporate citizenship perspectives on essays shootings CSR, and the evolution and influence of the academic literature on CSR. The remainder of this paper is organized as follows. In the next section, we discuss a variety of theories that shed light on the strategic implications of vub thesis database CSR.

Following that, we outline an agenda for theoretical and empirical research on the strategic implications of CSR. We conclude with a brief review of each study in the special issue and its importance to our proposed research agenda. Numerous theories have been brought to can the order justice politics?, bear on the subject of CSR. We summarize selected articles on vub thesis database theoretical perspectives in Table I. Theodore Levitt could be credited with setting the agenda for the debate about the social responsibility of business in his Harvard Business Review article The Dangers of Social Responsibility’, in which he cautions that government's job is essays on school shootings not business, and business's job is not government’ (1958, p. Vub Thesis Database? 47). Milton Friedman (1970) expressed the same sentiment and added that the mere existence of CSR was a signal of an agency problem within the firm. Nyu Paris Creative Writing? An agency theory perspective implies that CSR is a misuse of corporate resources that would be better spent on valued-added internal projects or returned to shareholders. It also suggests that CSR is an vub thesis database executive perk, in the sense that managers use CSR to essays shootings, advance their careers or other personal agendas. R. Edward Freeman (1984), building on Chester Barnard's (1938) inducement-contribution’ framework, presented a more positive view of managers’ support of CSR. Freeman's stakeholder theory asserts that managers must satisfy a variety of constituents (e.g. workers, customers, suppliers, local community organizations) who can influence firm outcomes. Database? According to this view, it is not sufficient for creative program managers to focus exclusively on the needs of stockholders, or the owners of the corporation. Stakeholder theory implies that it can be beneficial for the firm to engage in certain CSR activities that non-financial stakeholders perceive to be important, because, absent this, these groups might withdraw their support for the firm.

Stakeholder theory was expanded by Donaldson and Preston (1995) who stressed the moral and ethical dimensions of CSR, as well as the vub thesis database, business case for shootings engaging in such activity. Vub Thesis? Another perspective, stewardship theory (Donaldson and Davis, 1991) is based on duck soup essay the idea that there is a moral imperative for managers to do the right thing’, without regard to database, how such decisions affect firm financial performance. Institutional theory and essay classical economic theory have also been applied to vub thesis, CSR in To what extent can the UN shape order and ensure politics? a paper by vub thesis Jones (1995). The author concludes that companies involved in repeated transactions with stakeholders on the basis of trust and To what UN shape and ensure justice politics? cooperation are motivated to be honest, trustworthy, and ethical because the returns to such behaviour are high. Institutional approaches have also been used to analyse environmental social responsibility. Vub Thesis? More specifically, Jennings and Zandbergen (1995) analyse the role of institutions in shaping the consensus within a firm regarding the establishment of an ecologically sustainable’ organization. Finally, a recent paper by Waldman et al. (2004) applies strategic leadership theory to CSR. To What Order And Ensure Justice Politics?? These authors conjecture that certain aspects of database transformational leadership will be positively correlated with the propensity of firms to topics for descriptive essays, engage in CSR and that these leaders will employ CSR activities strategically.

To the extent that firms engage in CSR strategically, this behaviour can be examined through the vub thesis database, lens of the resource-based-view-of-the-firm (RBV). RBV, as introduced by Wernerfelt (1984) and refined by Barney (1991), borrows heavily from earlier research by Penrose (1959). [3] This theory presumes that firms are bundles of on school shootings heterogeneous resources and capabilities that are imperfectly mobile across firms. Barney (1991) maintains that if these resources and capabilities are valuable, rare, inimitable and non-substitutable, they can constitute a source of sustainable competitive advantage. The first theoretical paper to apply the RBV framework to corporate social responsibility was Hart (1995), who focused exclusively on environmental social responsibility. Hart asserted that, for certain types of firms, environmental social responsibility can constitute a resource or capability that leads to a sustained competitive advantage.

Russo and vub thesis Fouts (1997) tested this theory empirically using firm-level data on environmental and accounting profitability and found that firms with higher levels of environmental performance had superior financial performance, which they interpreted to be consistent with the RBV theory. Using the RBV framework, a more formal theory-of-the-firm model of profit-maximizing’ CSR was posited in topics for descriptive essays McWilliams and Siegel (2001). These authors outlined a simple model in which two companies produce identical products, except that one firm adds an additional social’ attribute or feature to the product, which is database valued by some consumers or, potentially, by other stakeholders. In this model, managers conduct a cost/benefit analysis to determine the level of resources to devote to CSR activities/attributes. That is, they assess the demand for CSR and also evaluate the cost of satisfying this demand. The theory of the firm perspective on CSR has several strategic implications. Essays? The first is vub thesis database that CSR can be an integral element of a firm's business and duck soup essay corporate-level differentiation strategies. Vub Thesis Database? Therefore, it should be considered as a form of strategic investment. To What Can The And Ensure Justice In World? Even when it is not directly tied to database, a product feature or production process, CSR can be viewed as a form of reputation building or maintenance. A second strategic implication of a theory of the firm perspective is that one can apply the RBV logic to CSR, in the sense that it is family first child possible to generate a set of predictions regarding patterns of investment in CSR across firms and industries.

For example, we expect to observe a positive correlation between CSR and both RD and advertising (McWilliams and database Siegel, 2000), an assertion that we will explain below. Expanding on this theory of the firm perspective, we can shed further light on the strategic implications of CSR. In particular, we wish to focus on issues relating to industry evolution, market structure, firm dynamics, and the role of asymmetric information in the context of CSR. We first note that in the context of essay school using CSR to differentiate products, it is important to distinguish between two types of product differentiation. Vub Thesis? The first is vertical differentiation which occurs when most consumers prefer one product to another. Other things being equal, most consumers prefer a more fuel-efficient vehicle. Essay First School Child? In the context of vub thesis database CSR, such a situation could occur when it is clear in the mind of consumers that the product with a CSR characteristic is for descriptive better than the product without such a characteristic.

For example, a hybrid’ version of a Honda Accord generates less pollution than a standard Honda Accord. Thus, it is clear to most consumers that the hybrid car is vub thesis better than the standard model. Some consumers are willing to pay a price premium for the hybrid car, given that the social characteristic of less pollution is valuable’ to them. This type of differentiation can strengthen or maintain the reputation of the firm which adds value in addition to allowing the firm to meet a particular market demand (Fombrun and Shanley, 1990). In contrast, horizontal differentiation occurs when only some consumers prefer a particular product, but the preference is essays based on taste, rather than quality. For example, some consumers choose a particular vehicle because of the colour. This type of differentiation does not contribute to vub thesis, the reputation of the word, firm and does not allow the firm to vub thesis database, charge a premium price. Horizontal differentiation also operates for different brands. For Descriptive? For example, some consumers prefer Coke to Pepsi, while others have the opposite view. In contrast to the ease of valuing CSR attributes, consumers often find it difficult to determine if a firm's internal operations meet their moral and political standards for database social responsibility.

The level of asymmetric information regarding internal operations can be mediated by the firm itself or by activists. For instance, companies such as McDonalds, Motorola, and on school shootings Nike publish annual reports on social responsibility. One can view this activity as a form of advertising, especially for more general types of CSR. While such reports may be useful, some consumers perceive this information as biased, since it is vub thesis filtered through senior management. Fedderson and Gilligan (2001) assert that activists can play an important role in addressing this concern, by supplying consumers with information they can rely on to choose socially responsible firms. The relationship between CSR and advertising is an interesting one, which bears further reflection. Topics Essays? Several stylized facts relating to industry evolution and database the nature of advertising are useful to school, consider. The first is that we expect levels of investment in CSR to be higher for established firms in more mature industries, since the extent of production differentiation will be greater in such sectors and consumers will, in general, have more sophisticated tastes and knowledge regarding products and firms. It is clear that such companies are likely to derive greater benefits from the vub thesis, use of 5 paragraph word CSR for reputation enhancement/protection. A second point is that if some forms of CSR do indeed constitute advertising, then it is important to distinguish between persuasive CSR advertising and informative CSR advertising. Persuasive CSR advertising attempts to positively influence consumer tastes for products with CSR attributes.

It follows that this type of advertising need not be firm-specific. Informative CSR advertising merely provides information about the database, CSR characteristics or CSR managerial practices of the firm. Following Milgrom and Roberts (1986), one could also view a high level of CSR advertising (either persuasive on informative CSR advertising) as a signal of for descriptive essays product or firm quality. Another critical issue concerns the vub thesis database, nature of the market structure of the firm's industry. A key conclusion of the essay family first child, McWilliams and Siegel (2001) paper was that, in equilibrium, firms that engage in CSR will earn the same rate of vub thesis profit as firms that do not engage in CSR.

We refer to this finding as the neutrality result. This finding was misinterpreted by Piga (2002) as implying that CSR can only occur in monopolistically competitive industries, since some oligopoly models of vertically differentiated markets predict that (in equilibrium) firms selling the higher quality product (in our case, the firm that sells a good with a CSR characteristic) reap abnormal’ profits. Essay Word? A monopolistically competitive industry consists of numerous firms, some product differentiation, and relative free entry. Some examples of vub thesis such sectors are restaurants and retail establishments. On the other hand, oligopolies are characterized by a consolidated industry structure, considerable entry barriers, and substantial product differentiation (e.g. Duck Soup Essay? autos, computers). We believe that the neutrality result holds under both oligopoly and monopolistic competition. This is implied for monopolistic competition because sectors with such a structure are characterized by both horizontal and vertical differentiation, a fragmented industry structure, and very low entry barriers. Under this scenario, it is impossible for firms to use CSR to outperform rivals. Vub Thesis Database? Examples of firms in monopolistically competitive industries that engage in CSR include restaurants, hotels, companies selling organic produce, and different types of retail establishments. The neutrality result likely holds for monopolistic markets as well.

That is nyu paris creative writing program because, while some oligopoly models predict that firms producing a higher quality product earn abnormal’ returns, these findings hinge on the assumption that costs are constant and independent of quality. Vub Thesis? These assumptions were not invoked in extent order the McWilliams and Siegel (2001) model. Vub Thesis? Furthermore, recent economic models of CSR (Baron, 2001; Fedderson and Gilligan, 2001) identify an important countervailing force on the ability of companies to engage in strategic CSR in oligopolistic industries: activists who target leading firms (e.g. the attack on Nike's Asian production). This countervailing force makes it difficult for oligopolistic firms to achieve a competitive advantage through the strategic use of CSR. The question of whether firms can use CSR to essay, achieve a sustainable competitive advantage is another important question. A paper by Reinhardt (1998) finds that a firm engaging in a CSR-based strategy can only generate an abnormal return if it can prevent competitors from imitating its strategy. In competitive markets this is unlikely, since CSR is highly transparent, with little causal ambiguity. Other theoretical studies (Dutta et al., 1995; Hoppe and Lehmann-Grube, 2001) show that any early mover advantages that might be gained by offering higher quality products (recall that CSR is modelled as a quality improvement’ in McWilliams and Siegel, 2001) are eroded when competitive strategies are observable.

However, CSR may be used in the context of political strategies that result in regulatory barriers to imitation. Vub Thesis Database? One such strategy would be for duck soup essay firms to use government regulation to impose CSR on rivals who do not employ an appropriate technology, thus raising the costs of those rivals relative to the initiating firm. Marvel (1977) provided an example of this in the British textile industry in the early 1800s. The first child labour law was passed in Great Britain after the mill owners who employed modern technology banded together and lobbied for restrictions on child labour, which was used more by the older, smaller mills. McWilliams et al. (2002) applied the vub thesis, RBV framework to demonstrate how US firms can use political strategies based on extent order justice CSR to raise regulatory barriers that prevent foreign competitors from using substitute (e.g. low labour cost) technology. This discussion focused primarily on understanding CSR from an applied perspective. However, it begins to point to a broader and deeper set of research issues that have yet to be resolved. RESEARCH AGENDA ON THE STRATEGIC IMPLICATIONS OF CSR. There are numerous unresolved theoretical and empirical issues relating to the strategic implications of vub thesis CSR.

These include defining CSR, identifying institutional differences in CSR across countries, determining the motivations for CSR, describing CSR strategies, modelling the effects of CSR on shootings the firm and stakeholder groups, determining the effects of leadership and corporate culture on CSR activity, assessing the effect of CSR on the firm and vub thesis stakeholder groups, measuring the demand for CSR, measuring the creative writing program, costs of CSR and vub thesis database assessing the current knowledge base. Theoretical Issues To Be Resolved. As noted in our introduction, there is a no strong consensus on a definition for CSR. CSR has been used as a synonym for business ethics, defined as tantamount to corporate philanthropy, and considered strictly as relating to environmental policy. CSR has also been confused with corporate social performance and corporate citizenship. The lack of consistency in the use of the term CSR makes it difficult to compare results across studies, hampering our ability to understand the implications of CSR activity. 5 Paragraph Word? As other issues are resolved, we hope that they lead to the emergence of an vub thesis database agreed-upon definition of CSR.

Having a good definition of CSR, with a common terminology, would aid us in modelling the role of organizational culture and leadership in determining the importance of CSR within an organization. Researchers could analyse how changes in corporate control, particularly through merger or acquisition, affect the type and essays on school level of CSR activity within firms. Alternatively, changes in top management (CEO or team) might be examined to determine whether leadership style and characteristics are more important than corporate control/culture for predicting CSR activity. Understanding the vub thesis database, role of leadership could be extended to understanding the decision making process and how decisions about CSR activity are affected by demands from multiple stakeholders. Asymmetric information makes it difficult to study the antecedents and consequences of CSR.

Managers may perceive that many external stakeholders view CSR activity more favourably if it is divorced from any discussion of the bottom line. With this in mind, managers may not reveal the more practical motivations (such as product promotion, labour cost control and reputation building) behind their CSR activities, especially in corporate publications such as annual reports. This lack of candid information has made it difficult to essay, distinguish and discuss the different motivations for CSR, which may be private or social. The use of CSR to capture value is vub thesis database referred to as strategic CSR by Baron (2001) who points out that it is the motivation for the action that identifies socially, as opposed to essays, privately, responsible action’. That is, if the vub thesis database, motivation is to serve society, at 5 paragraph word, the cost of profits, the action is vub thesis socially responsible, but if the motivation is to serve the bottom line, then the action is privately responsible. For privately responsible actions, there may well be social benefits that exceed the cost of the action to the firm. However, this does not change the motivation, unless these social benefits are of value to managers. For example, providing day care may lower the number of juvenile crimes in a community, but the firm might provide the day care only because it increases the availability of workers and nyu paris creative program lowers the cost of absenteeism. This is reminiscent of the consideration of positive externalities associated with innovative activity. An externality is vub thesis defined as the impact of an economic agent's actions on the well-being of a bystander. Pollution is a classic example of a negative externality, while innovation (whose benefits cannot be entirely appropriated by its creator) is family a classic example of a positive externality.

While the private returns to innovation (or those that accrue to the company) may be high, the social returns to vub thesis database, innovation (through the creation of new or improved products and processes) may be even greater. Researchers need to topics, use more direct methods, such as interviews and surveys, to tease out’ less self-serving information about the motivations for CSR activity and vub thesis database improve the precision of measurement of the private and social returns to CSR. In addition to family first child, understanding the motivation for the provision of social benefits, we need to understand how the provision of these goods, through strategic CSR, affects society. An example of strategic CSR is when a firm links the provision of a public good to the sale of their (private) products (e.g. eco-labelling). Database? Bagnoli and duck soup essay Watts (2003) model this behaviour and find that the propensity of firms to engage in strategic CSR depends on two factors: the intensity of competition in the market and the extent to which consumers are willing to vub thesis, pay a premium for social responsibility. The authors conclude that there is an inverse relation between intensity of duck soup essay competition and provision of CSR. That is, in more competitive markets, less of the public good will be provided through strategic CSR. Conversely, in vub thesis less competitive markets, more of the public good will be provided. This is easy to understand, since more competition results in lower margins and, therefore, less ability to provide additional (social) attributes or activity. Conversely, less competition leads to the potential for higher margins and more ability to provide additional attributes or activity.

An analysis of the provision of essays public goods by database private firms is a welcome addition to the management literature on 5 paragraph essay word CSR, which has been primarily concerned with answering the following question: do firms do well by doing good’? Showing that a firm does well by doing good is often referred to as making the business case for CSR. While understanding the relation between firm performance and social performance is of primary importance in vub thesis database the management literature, a more thorough understanding of the shootings, CSR phenomenon requires that we take account of other stakeholders as well. These stakeholders include: customers, employees, governments, suppliers, taxpayers, community groups, and underrepresented groups. Our understanding of CSR should be extended to an examination of the strategic use of CSR activities. Fombrun and Shanley (1990) established that investing in CSR attributes and activities may be important elements of product differentiation and reputation building. Vub Thesis? McWilliams and Siegel (2001) suggest that CSR activities be included in strategy formulation and that the level of resources devoted to CSR be determined through cost/benefit analysis. Analysis of the strategic implications of CSR is hampered by cross-country/cultural differences in the institutions that regulate market activity, including business, labour and social agencies. Institutional differences lead to different expectations and different returns to activity.

For firms operating in multiple countries/cultures this complicates the process of determining which activities to engage in and how much to invest. As the knowledge base of CSR develops world-wide, we will be better able to analyse and advise on CSR. In summary, the CSR literature suffers from definitional questions that limit the future research. Distinguishing among strategic CSR, altruistic CSR, and for descriptive even coerced CSR (e.g. Husted and database De Jesus Salazar, 2006) constitutes a significant theoretical breakthrough. To What Extent Can The And Ensure Justice In World Politics?? However, until theory and research can adequately agree upon what, specifically, constitutes CSR, research will continue to vub thesis, provide a lack of consistent results.

It is to this empirical research that we next turn our attention. Problems with measurement of the costs and benefits of CSR activities continue to for descriptive, cloud our understanding of the strategic implications of CSR. Vub Thesis Database? A major impediment to essay word, empirical research is the continuing confusion over definition that we mentioned above. It is impossible to vub thesis, measure what we cannot define and, as long as we use different definitions, we will get empirical results that cannot reliably be compared. Table II presents selected empirical studies of CSR. Most of these papers focus on the relation between CSR and firm performance. Early studies used either the event study methodology (which is based on analysis of short-run changes in stock prices as a proxy for firm performance in the aftermath of a CSR-related event) or regression analysis (which uses an accounting measure of profitability, such as return on assets, as the dependent variable in a regression model that explains’ firm performance). These studies usually attempted to answer the question: do firms do well by doing good? The reported results have ranged from showing a negative relation between CSR and duck soup essay firm performance, to showing no relation, to showing a positive relation (e.g. the results of divesting from South Africa shown in vub thesis Table II). Can The Order And Ensure In World Politics?? There is little consistency in these findings.

This may be a result of inconsistency in defining CSR, inconsistency in database defining firm performance, inconsistency in samples, imprecision and inconsistency in research design, misspecification of can the UN shape and ensure in world politics? models, changes over time, or some more fundamental variance in the samples that are being analysed. McWilliams and Siegel (1997) critiqued the use of the event study methodology to measure the vub thesis database, consequences of CSR. The authors reported that the findings of event studies of CSR appearing in top management journals were unreliable, due to serious flaws in the research design and creative implementation of the event study methodology (see also McWilliams et al., 1999). They also cautioned that the use of stock price as a metric for database performance is topics for descriptive not appropriate for database studying CSR. That is because CSR is a firm level measure and many socially responsibility activities occur at the plant level or the product level. Nyu Paris Creative Writing? Another concern is that an analysis of stock price effects only relates to financial stakeholders and database it is essays clear that non-financial stakeholders are also affected by CSR activities. McWilliams and vub thesis database Siegel (2000) challenged the conventional regression model used to assess the relationship between corporate social performance (CSP), which is often used as a synonym for topics essays CSR, and firm performance. They noted that the typical regression equation estimated was misspecified because it did not include two key variables: the level of RD spending and advertising expenditure. Both of these variables have been shown to be determinants of vub thesis database firm performance and, because all three (RD, advertising, and CSP) are elements of a differentiation strategy, they hypothesized that RD and essay child advertising would be correlated with a measure of CSP. Vub Thesis? The results of McWilliams and Siegel's estimation of the correctly-specified, expanded equation demonstrated that the three explanatory variables were correlated. Thus, the model that excluded RD and advertising variables was misspecified.

Most notably, they showed that when RD and advertising were included in the model, CSP was not a significant determinant of firm performance, as had been reported in duck soup essay several widely-cited studies. Consistent with Baron's (2001) distinction between altruistic CSR and strategic CSR, Hillman and Keim (2001) conjecture that empirical tests of the vub thesis, relation between CSR and firm performance should disaggregate CSR activities into those that are strategic (stakeholder management) and those that are altruistic (social issue participation). Based on estimation of a disaggregated model, they report that there is a positive relation between firm performance (measured using market value added) and strategic CSR and a negative relation between altruistic CSR and firm performance. McWilliams and duck soup essay Siegel (2001) provide a framework for analysing CSR within the context of the theory of the firm. Vub Thesis Database? Based on this framework, they develop hypotheses regarding the nyu paris creative writing program, provision of CSR attributes across industries and market structures. They hypothesize that the provision of CSR will depend on database RD spending, advertising intensity, the extent of product differentiation, the percentage of government sales, consumer income, the tightness of the 5 paragraph, labour market, and the stage of the vub thesis database, industry life cycle’ (2001, p. Duck Soup Essay? 125). All of these should be tested empirically to see if the vub thesis database, results support the hypotheses. McWilliams and Siegel conclude that there is some level of CSR that will maximize profits while satisfying the essays shootings, demand for CSR from multiple stakeholders. The ideal level of vub thesis database CSR can be determined by cost-benefit analysis’ (2001, p. 125). While costs of providing CSR attributes may be easy for managers to determine, consumer demand (benefit) may not be. Consumer demand for CSR could be difficult to measure because CSR attributes are among many attributes of a product.

For example, a particular shampoo may have the CSR attribute that it is not tested on animals’. But, it also has a particular scent, colour, consistency, and package. On School Shootings? This makes it difficult to separate out the demand for the CSR attribute. A method for assessing how much consumers are willing to pay for a given product characteristic or feature is hedonic pricing. Hedonic pricing involves using data on actual purchases, in order to vub thesis database, determine the implicit price’ of a particular attribute. For example, new homes have many attributes, one of 5 paragraph which might be central air conditioning. Examining a large number of new home sales, with and without central air conditioning, but holding other attributes constant, it would be possible to determine how much consumers are willing to vub thesis, pay for the central air conditioning. Similarly, to determine the demand’ for not tested on duck soup essay animals’, researchers can compare sale data on vub thesis many shampoos, with and on school without the CSR attribute and database can determine how much consumers will pay for that attribute.

This information could then be used in a cost/benefit analysis of the CSR attribute. To illustrate, we return to the example of hybrid cars, which are highly fuel efficient. Duck Soup Essay? Given the high price of gasoline, it is clear that some consumers will be attracted to these automobiles because they want to save money on fuel. Others may choose to purchase a Honda hybrid, as opposed to GM hybrid, because Honda has a superior reputation for quality. Still others are willing to pay a price premium for the hybrid car, strictly because the social characteristic of less pollution is valuable’ to vub thesis, them. The beauty of the hedonic method is that it allows us tease out the value to the consumer of each of duck soup essay these three factors (fuel efficiency, quality differential, and the social characteristic of less pollution). The hedonic method is vub thesis database based on the notion that the (logarithm of the) price of a good or service is related to on school, its characteristics or features as follows: where #x25b; is a random error term and vub thesis Z is a vector of k characteristics or attributes. These attributes are typically sources of private satisfaction, such as the speed of duck soup essay a computer or the horsepower of an auto engine. The researcher typically estimates a regression, in vub thesis order to determine the values of the β coefficients.

The β coefficients provide estimates of how much customers are willing to pay for a given attribute. Some characteristics may also have social dimensions, such as aerosol products with no fluorocarbons or environmentally-friendly lighting. A major advantage of hedonics, relative to other methods (e.g. focus groups), is that it is based on observed, not hypothetical data. Hedonics have been used by government agencies and other researchers to price’ individual attributes of computers, autos, housing, land, and family first dowries. They are also increasingly being used for more abstract non-market environmental goods’, such as views, clean air, and open space. These estimates can have important managerial and policy implications, since they help managers estimate demand for social characteristics and can also be used in database national price/cost of living statistics.

The theoretical and empirical issues discussed above provide an important foundation for understanding the contributions of the articles in duck soup essay this special issue. These papers shed light on vub thesis database the definitional issues that plague this research, and nyu paris creative writing program demonstrate, both theoretically and vub thesis database empirically, how making clear, specific definitions can result in deeper understanding and guide more rigorous research in CSR. The article by Alfie Marcus and 5 paragraph essay word Marc Anderson (2006) poses an vub thesis interesting research question, especially in 5 paragraph light of our previous discussion of the strategic implications of CSR. The authors ask whether a firm's dynamic capability’ influences its competence in CSR. To address this question, they provide a novel and interesting application of the RBV framework to the case of CSR.

In the vub thesis database, theoretical section of the duck soup essay, paper, the authors make two important points. The first is that they distinguish between business and social competencies. They also consider a general dynamic capability’, a term coined by Ghemawat (2001), which describes such activities as enhancing the absorptive capacity of the firm, benchmarking, and experimentation. The authors examine their research question using a detailed firm-level survey in the US retail food industry. Specifically, they surveyed 806 grocery stores/chains with operations in North America as of 1997. The results indicate that a general dynamic capability has a positive influence on a firm's competence in supply chain management, which is vub thesis a key business competence in this industry. However, a general dynamic capability does not appear to have any influence on a firm's competence in environmental management, which is nyu paris creative writing program a key social’ competence in this industry. The authors conclude that their findings suggest that the factors driving competitive advantage are different than those that influence CSR. Jonathan Doh and Terrence Guay (2006) assess the role of differences in the institutional environments of Europe and the USA in explaining expectations regarding the propensity of firms to be socially responsible. As such, the paper is an interesting synthesis of neo-institutional and stakeholder theory. It is a qualitative analysis, consisting of vub thesis database three case studies.

Specifically, the authors assess the roles that US and To what and ensure justice politics? European non-governmental organizations (NGOs) have played in influencing CSR policies in database three areas: the trade and regulation of genetically-modified organisms (GMOs), pharmaceutical pricing and distribution policies, and duck soup essay international environmental agreements such as the Kyoto Protocol Treaty. The case studies reveal the role of institutional differences in database these two regions in influencing government policy, corporate strategy and NGO activism related to CSR. Specifically, the authors find that these factors play an essays important role in determining how CSR is perceived and implemented in the USA and Europe. Database? A key implication of the nyu paris writing program, Doh and database Guay study is nyu paris writing that any cross-country comparison of the propensity of firms to database, engage in CSR should take into account these institutional differences. In the next article, Bryan Husted and Jos de Jesus Salazar pose another interesting research question: is it better for firms to act strategically with respect to extent can the order justice politics?, CSR than to be coerced into making such investments? More generally, the authors analyse the conditions under which firms can maximize profit and enhance social performance. As such, they take the theory of the firm perspective on database CSR seriously, since they conduct a cost/benefit analysis of social responsibility. This technique was proposed by McWilliams and topics for descriptive essays Siegel (2001). Husted and vub thesis De Jesus Salazar model this cost/benefit analysis under three scenarios concerning the firm's desire to engage in CSR: altruism, coerced egoism’, and the strategic use of CSR. Altruism describes the case when firms sincerely want to topics for descriptive essays, be socially responsible, without regard to how such activities affect the bottom line. Coerced egoism occurs when firms act in a socially responsible manner only vub thesis when they are compelled by regulation (and other factors) to do so.

The strategic use of CSR is defined as instances where there are clear benefits to the firm for engaging in CSR. The authors employ standard microeconomic analysis to determine the duck soup essay, optimal level of vub thesis social output that results under each of these cases. They demonstrate that both society and firms are better off when firms use CSR strategically than when they are coerced into making such investments. This is a conclusion that would make Adam Smith smile. In the next paper, Duane Windsor (2006) examines different perspectives on CSR. As noted earlier, CSR is still an embryonic concept in the academic literature. To What Extent Order And Ensure Justice In World Politics?? Windsor's essay is a tour-de-force on the evolution on three opposing perspectives on CSR: economic, philosophical, and vub thesis database global corporate citizenship. Duck Soup Essay? As he defines it, the economic viewpoint focuses on the firm's ability to use CSR as a tool to create wealth, implies minimal government intervention to promote CSR, and advocates that the firm adopt prevailing business ethics. On the other hand, the vub thesis database, philosophical perspective results in moral reflection on CSR and should lead to higher levels of To what extent UN shape justice CSR and other forms of altruism. He also notes that this view supports active government intervention to promote CSR, as well as policy initiatives that strengthen stakeholder rights.

The global corporate citizenship perspective seems to fall somewhere in between the economic and philosophical views, although this perspective can be used instrumentally to enhance market opportunities and vub thesis the firm's moral reputation. First? The author concludes by discussing the implications of vub thesis database each of these perspectives for CSR scholarship. This special issue concludes with an article by 5 paragraph word Andy Lockett, Jeremy Moon, and Wayne Visser (2006), which assesses the status of CSR research in the management literature. Specifically, they assess the focus and nature of CSR research and the use of the vub thesis, accumulated knowledge in management and family first school related fields. Vub Thesis? The authors also attempt to determine the key intellectual influences on nyu paris the field of CSR and whether CSR research has a dominant paradigm. Their empirical analysis is based on data on CSR-related publications and citation analysis over the period 19922002.

The authors identified CSR-related articles in the following journals: Academy of Management Journal , Academy of vub thesis database Management Review , Administrative Science Quarterly , Journal of Management , Organization Science , Strategic Management Journal , Journal of Management Studies , Harvard Business Review , Sloan Management Review , and California Management Review . They analysed both the articles cited in these CSR-related papers and the citations that CSR-related articles generated in other journals. They found that the field’ is in duck soup essay a continuing state of emergence’, a term coined by Thomas Kuhn (1962). That is, based on its overall profile in vub thesis database these leading management journals and the citations these articles generate, CSR lacks a dominant paradigm. This is an obvious call to action for concerned researchers. It is this state of emergence that we hope to advance with this special issue.

The papers here exemplify the variety of 5 paragraph essay word perspectives that have been brought to bear on CSR. They also demonstrate an increasing ability to clearly define the construct of CSR (albeit not necessarily all agreeing on the definition) and build strong theoretical arguments and high-quality empirical studies that will provide an effective springboard for future research in CSR. We thank participants at the April 2004 University of Illinois at Chicago/International Centre for Corporate Social Responsibility Workshop on Corporate Social Responsibility, Ann Buchholtz, Steve Floyd, Mark Shanley, and Mike Wright for their insightful comments on a previous version of this paper. The second author also gratefully acknowledges financial support from the School of Humanities and Social Sciences and vub thesis database the Lally School of Management and Technology at Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute. For the benefit of non-US readers, the United Way is a global network of non-profit, philanthropic organizations. In the USA, many employees (especially those working for large organizations) donate a small fraction of their salaries to topics for descriptive essays, United Way, which is then distributed to a specific charity (or charities) that is vub thesis part of the network. The workshop was jointly sponsored by the College of Business Administration at the University of Illinois at Chicago and the International Centre for creative Corporate Social Responsibility (ICCSR) at the University of Nottingham in the United Kingdom. See Kor and Mahoney (2004), Lockett and Thompson (2004), and Rugman and Verbeke (2004) for an excellent series of database articles on Edith Penrose and the resource-based view of strategic management. Issue online: 10 January 2006 Version of record online: 10 January 2006.

Abowd, J. , Milkovich, G. and Hannon, J. ( 1990 ). The effects of human resource management decisions on shareholder value . Industrial and Labor Relations Review , 43 , 203 36 . CrossRef | Web of Science® Aupperle, K. , Carroll, A. and Hatfield, J. ( 1985 ). An empirical examination of the relationship between corporate social responsibility and profitability . Academy of To what can the UN shape justice Management Journal , 28 , 446 63 . CrossRef | Web of Science® Bagnoli, M. and Watts, S. ( 2003 ). Selling to socially responsible consumers: competition and the private provision of vub thesis database public goods . Journal of Economics and Management Strategy , 12 , 419 45 . Nyu Paris Creative Writing Program? CrossRef | Web of Science® Barnard, C. ( 1938 ). The Functions of the Executive . Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press. Barney, J. ( 1991 ). Firm resources and vub thesis sustained competitive advantage . Journal of Management , 17 , 99 120 . CrossRef | Web of Science® Baron, D. ( 2001 ). Private politics, corporate social responsibility and integrated strategy . Journal of Economics and Management Strategy , 10 , 7 45 . Duck Soup Essay? CrossRef | Web of Science® Carroll, A. ( 1979 ). Database? A three dimensional model of corporate performance . Academy of Management Review , 4 , 497 505 . CrossRef Clinebell, S. and Clinebell, J. ( 1994 ). The effect of essay first school advanced notice of plant closings on vub thesis database firm value . Journal of essay school child Management , 20 , 553 64 . CrossRef | Web of Science® Doh, J. P. and Guay, T. R. ( 2006 ). Corporate social responsibility, public policy and NGO activism in Europe and database the United States: an institutional-stakeholder perspective . Journal of Management Studies , 43 , 1, 47 73 . Wiley Online Library | Web of Science® Times Cited: 49 Donaldson, L. and extent can the UN shape order in world politics? Davis, J. H. ( 1991 ). Stewardship theory or agency theory: CEO governance and shareholder returns . Australian Journal of Management , 16 , 49 64 . CrossRef Donaldson, T. and Preston, L. ( 1995 ). The stakeholder theory of the corporation: concepts, evidence, and implications . Academy of Management Review , 20 , 65 91 . CrossRef | Web of Science® Dutta, P. K. , Lach, S. and database Rustichini, A. ( 1995 ). Better late than early: vertical differentiation in the adoption of shootings a new technology . Vub Thesis? Journal of Economics and Management Strategy , 4 , 563 89 . Wiley Online Library | Web of Science® Feddersen, T. and Gilligan, T. ( 2001 ). Saints and markets: activists and the supply of credence goods . Journal of extent can the UN shape order and ensure politics? Economics and Management Strategy , 10 , 149 71 . Database? CrossRef | Web of Science® Fombrun, C. and Shanley, M. ( 1990 ). What's in a name? Reputation building and essay corporate strategy . Academy of Management Journal , 33 , 233 58 . CrossRef | Web of Science® Freeman, R. Vub Thesis Database? E. ( 1984 ). Strategic Management: A Stakeholder Perspective . Englewood Cliffs, NJ: Prentice Hall. Friedman, M. ( 1970 ). Extent Can The UN Shape Order Justice In World Politics?? The social responsibility of business is to increase its profits . New York Times Magazine , September, 13. Ghemawat, P. ( 2001 ). Strategy and database the Business Landscape . Upper Saddle, NJ: Prentice Hall. Web of Science® Times Cited: 101 Hart, S. ( 1995 ). Duck Soup Essay? A natural resource-based view of the firm . Academy of Management Review , 20 , 986 1014 . CrossRef | Web of vub thesis Science® Hillman, A. and To what extent UN shape order and ensure justice in world Keim, G. ( 1995 ). International variation in the business-government interface: institutional and organizational considerations . Academy of Management Review , 20 , 193 214 . CrossRef | Web of Science® Times Cited: 48 Hillman, A. and Keim, G. ( 2001 ). Shareholder value, stakeholder management, and social issues: what's the bottom line? . Strategic Management Journal , 22 , 125 39 . Vub Thesis? Wiley Online Library | Web of Science® Hoppe, H. and order Lehmann-Grube, U. ( 2001 ). Second-mover advantages in dynamic quality competition . Journal of Economics and Management Strategy , 10 , 419 33 . CrossRef | Web of Science® Husted, B. W. and De Jesus Salazar, J. ( 2006 ). Taking Friedman seriously: maximizing profits and social performance . Journal of Management Studies , 43 , 1, 75 91 . Wiley Online Library | Web of Science® Times Cited: 34 Jennings, P. and Zandbergen, P. ( 1995 ). Ecologically sustainable organizations: an institutional approach . Academy of Management Review , 20 , 1015 52 . CrossRef | Web of Science® Jones, T. ( 1995 ). Instrumental stakeholder theory: a synthesis of ethics and vub thesis database economics . Academy of Management Review , 20 , 404 37 . CrossRef | Web of Science® Kor, Y. and Mahoney, J. T. ( 2004 ). Edith Penrose's contributions to the resource-based view of strategic management . Journal of Management Studies , 41 , 183 91 . Wiley Online Library | Web of Science® Kuhn, T. ( 1962 ). Essay Word? The Structure of Scientific Revolutions . Chicago, IL: University of Chicago Press. Levitt, T. ( 1958 ). The dangers of social responsibility . Harvard Business Review , SeptemberOctober, 41 50 . Vub Thesis Database? Web of Science® Lockett, A. and Thompson, S. ( 2004 ). Edith Penrose's contributions to the resource-based view of strategic management: an alternative perspective . Journal of Management Studies , 41 , 192 204 . Wiley Online Library | Web of Science® Times Cited: 20 Lockett, A. , Moon, J. and Visser, W. ( 2006 ). Corporate social responsibility in management research: focus, nature, salience and To what extent and ensure justice sources of influence . Journal of Management Studies , 43 , 1, 115 35 . Wiley Online Library | Web of Science® Times Cited: 38 Marcus, A. A. and Anderson, M. H. Vub Thesis Database? ( 2006 ). Essays? A general dynamic capability: does it propagate business and social competencies in the retail food industry? . Journal of Management Studies , 43 , 1, 19 46 . Database? Wiley Online Library | Web of nyu paris writing Science® Times Cited: 13 Marvel, H. ( 1977 ). Vub Thesis Database? Factory regulation: a reinterpretation of early English experience . Journal of Law and Economics , 20 , 379 402 . CrossRef | Web of Science® McGuire, J. Writing? , Sundgren, A. and vub thesis Schneeweis, T. ( 1988 ). Corporate social responsibility and firm financial performance . Academy of Management Journal , 31 , 854 72 . CrossRef | Web of Science® McWilliams, A. and Siegel, D. ( 1997 ). Event studies in management research: theoretical and duck soup essay empirical issues . Academy of Management Journal , 40 , 626 57 . CrossRef | Web of Science® McWilliams, A. and Siegel, D. ( 2000 ). Corporate social responsibility and vub thesis database financial performance: correlation or misspecification? . For Descriptive? Strategic Management Journal , 21 , 603 9 . Wiley Online Library | Web of Science® McWilliams, A. and Siegel, D. ( 2001 ). Corporate social responsibility: a theory of the firm perspective . Academy of Management Review , 26 , 117 27 . CrossRef | Web of database Science® McWilliams, A. On School Shootings? , Siegel, D. and vub thesis database Teoh, S. H. ( 1999 ). Issues in the use of the event study methodology: a critical analysis of corporate social responsibility studies . Organizational Research Methods , 2 , 340 65 . CrossRef McWilliams, A. , Van Fleet, D. D. and To what UN shape order and ensure justice in world politics? Cory, K. ( 2002 ). Raising rivals’ costs through political strategy: an vub thesis extension of the essays, resource-based theory . Database? Journal of Management Studies , 39 , 707 23 . Wiley Online Library | Web of Science® Milgrom, P. and Roberts, J. ( 1986 ). Advertising as signal of product quality . Journal of Political Economy , 94 , 796 821 . Duck Soup Essay? CrossRef | Web of Science® Orlitzky, M. Vub Thesis? , Schmidt, F. and Rynes, S. ( 2003 ). Corporate social and financial performance: a meta-analysis . Organization Studies , 24 , 403 41 . CrossRef | Web of Science® Times Cited: 273 Penrose, E. ( 1959 ). The Theory of the Growth of the Firm . New York: Wiley.

Piga, C. ( 2002 ). Essay Family? Corporate social responsibility: a theory of the firm perspective. Vub Thesis Database? A few comments and some suggestions . Academy of Management Review , 27 , 13 15 . On School Shootings? Web of Science® Posnikoff, J. ( 1997 ). Disinvestment from South Africa: they did well by doing good . Contemporary Economic Policy , 15 , 76 86 . Wiley Online Library | Web of database Science® Reinhardt, F. ( 1998 ). Essay? Environmental product differentiation . California Management Review , 40 , Summer, 43 73 . CrossRef | Web of Science® Times Cited: 54 Rugman, A. M. and Verbeke, A. Database? ( 2004 ). A final word on shootings Edith Penrose . Journal of vub thesis database Management Studies , 41 , 205 17 . Wiley Online Library | Web of Science® Russo, M. and UN shape justice in world politics? Fouts, P. ( 1997 ). A resource-based perspective on corporate environmental performance and profitability . Academy of Management Journal , 40 , 534 59 . CrossRef | Web of Science® Siegel, D. Vub Thesis? ( 2001 ). Do British companies really need a minister to make them socially responsible? . Parliamentary Brief , 7 , 7 8 , Special Supplement on essay family child Business and database the Community. Teece, D. , Pisano, G. and Shuen, A. ( 1997 ). Nyu Paris Creative Program? Dynamic capabilities and strategic management . Strategic Management Journal , 18 , 509 33 . Wiley Online Library | Web of Science® Times Cited: 2351 Teoh, S. , Welch, I. and database Wazzan, C. ( 1999 ). The effect of socially activist investment policies on the financial markets: evidence from the South African boycott . Journal of Business , 72 , 35 89 . CrossRef | Web of Science® Waddock, S. and Graves, S. ( 1997 ). The corporate social performance financial performance link . Strategic Management Journal , 18 , 303 19 . Wiley Online Library | Web of Science® Waldman, D. , Siegel, D. and Javidan, M. ( 2004 ). CEO transformational leadership and corporate social responsibility ’. Working paper, Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute. Wernerfelt, B. ( 1984 ). A resource based view of the nyu paris writing, firm . Strategic Management Journal , 5 , 171 80 . Wiley Online Library | Web of Science® Windsor, D. ( 2006 ). Corporate social responsibility: three key approaches . Journal of Management Studies , 43 , 1, 93 114 . Wiley Online Library | Web of Science® Times Cited: 33 Worrell, D. , Davidson, W. and Sharma, V. ( 1991 ). Vub Thesis Database? Layoff announcements and stockholder wealth . Academy of Management Journal , 38 , 662 78 . Child? CrossRef | Web of Science® Times Cited: 62 Wright, P. and Ferris, S. ( 1997 ). Agency conflict and corporate strategy: the effect of divestment on corporate value . Strategic Management Journal , 18 , 77 83 . Wiley Online Library | Web of Science® Articles related to the one you are viewing. 1 Suska Dreesbach-Bundy , CSR und Corporate Volunteering, 2018 , 353 CrossRef 2 Merryn Paynter , Abdel K. Vub Thesis? Halabi , Alan Lawton , The Goals of Sustainable Development, 2018 , 193 CrossRef 3 Jonathan Pryshlakivsky , Cory Searcy , A Heuristic Model for Establishing Trade-Offs in Corporate Sustainability Performance Measurement Systems, Journal of Business Ethics , 2017 , 144 , 2, 323 CrossRef 4 Gerrit Willem Ziggers , Advances in Dairy Products, 2017 , 438 CrossRef 5 Simone Ruchdi Barakat , Jo o Maur cio Gama Boaventura , Edilson Fernandes Polo , ALINHAMENTO ESTRAT GICO DA RESPONSABILIDADE SOCIAL CORPORATIVA: UM ESTUDO DE CASO NO SETOR BANC RIO BRASILEIRO, REAd. Revista Eletr nica de Administra o (Porto Alegre) , 2017 , 23 , 1, 206 CrossRef 6 Craig D. Macaulay , Orlando C. Richard , Mike W. Peng , Maria Hasenhuttl , Alliance Network Centrality, Board Composition, and Corporate Social Performance, Journal of Business Ethics , 2017 CrossRef 7 Manuel Larr n Jorge , Francisco Javier Andrades Pe a , Maria Jose Muriel de los Reyes , Analysing the inclusion of duck soup essay stand-alone courses on ethics and CSR, Sustainability Accounting, Management and Policy Journal , 2017 , 8 , 2, 114 CrossRef 8 Matthew T. Vub Thesis Database? Luth , Donald J. 5 Paragraph? Schepker , Antecedents of corporate social performance: the effects of task environment managerial discretion, Social Responsibility Journal , 2017 , 13 , 2, 339 CrossRef 9 Wen-Chi Sun , Hua-Wei Huang , Mai Dao , Chaur-Shiuh Young , Auditor selection and vub thesis database corporate social responsibility, Journal of Business Finance Accounting , 2017 Wiley Online Library 10 Trianasari , Gede Adi Yuniarta , Balancing Development and Sustainability in duck soup essay Tourism Destinations, 2017 , 189 CrossRef 11 Matteo Fuoli , Building a Trustworthy Corporate Identity: A Corpus-Based Analysis of Stance in Annual and Corporate Social Responsibility Reports, Applied Linguistics , 2017 CrossRef 12 Hannah Oh , John Bae , Sang-Joon Kim , Can Sinful Firms Benefit from Advertising Their CSR Efforts? Adverse Effect of database Advertising Sinful Firms’ CSR Engagements on Firm Performance, Journal of Business Ethics , 2017 , 143 , 4, 643 CrossRef 13 Yuan Yuan , Gaoliang Tian , Louise Yi Lu , Yangxin Yu , CEO Ability and 5 paragraph essay word Corporate Social Responsibility, Journal of Business Ethics , 2017 CrossRef 14 H l ne de Burgh-Woodman , Alessandro Bressan , Angela Torrisi , Comparative Perspectives on vub thesis database Global Corporate Social Responsibility, 2017 , 138 CrossRef 15 Jayesh D. Patel , Dharmesh D. Gadhavi , Yupal S. Shukla , Consumers’ responses to cause related marketing: moderating influence of creative program cause involvement and skepticism on attitude and purchase intention, International Review on Public and Nonprofit Marketing , 2017 , 14 , 1, 1 CrossRef 16 Young-Joo Ahn , Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR) of Small Enterprises in vub thesis Hospitality and Tourism Industry, Journal of Distribution Science , 2017 , 15 , 7, 73 CrossRef 17 Avishek Bhandari , David Javakhadze , Corporate social responsibility and extent justice capital allocation efficiency, Journal of Corporate Finance , 2017 , 43 , 354 CrossRef 18 Chiara Amini , Silvia Dal Bianco , Corporate social responsibility and database Latin American firm performance, Corporate Governance: The international journal of business in society , 2017 , 17 , 3, 403 CrossRef 19 Andrija Bari#x107; , Corporate social responsibility and stakeholders: Review of the 5 paragraph essay word, last decade (20062015), Business Systems Research Journal , 2017 , 8 , 1 CrossRef 20 M nica L pezPuertas-Lamy , Kurt Desender , Mircea Epure , Corporate social responsibility and the assessment by auditors of the risk of material misstatement, Journal of Business Finance Accounting , 2017 Wiley Online Library.

Copyright 1999 - 2017 John Wiley Sons, Inc. All Rights Reserved.