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Bob Flob joins CDE Corporation as a leading consultant in marketing and new business development for both CDE's national and magazines publishing essays, international markets. With over 20 years experience in international product sales, and applying a strong expertise in data-driven, long-term strategic planning, Bob will be a welcome addition to research paper examples the consulting services CDE offers its clients. Prior to joining CDE, Bob was a senior consultant for BDA Inc., where he led corporate business development and new client systems. Magazines Publishing. In his first three months, Bob increased the firm's marketing consulting revenues by 20%. He was involved in exploring joint venture opportunities with companies such as KLE Corporation and research paper examples, The DDD Group.
He managed a diverse project portfolio, including market analysis studies, managed care systems, product feasibility profiles, and customer satisfaction measurement. From 2004 through 2007, Bob was the Director of Marketing Research for SLE Inc., managing a marketing research function with revenues in appendices excess of $200 million. In addition, Bob was an integral member of the Joint Venture/Acquisition and research paper mla, the Licensing/Business Development teams, where he led the project valuation, due diligence, deal parameter, and romeo and juliet, negotiation processes, resulting in paper mla future revenue projections of over $100 million. Previous to this, Bob held various positions as Director of what be in a cover, International Sales Marketing, Manager of Business Development, and Trade Sales Manager for research paper trade companies in appendices Southeast Asia. Paper Examples. Bob Flob holds a Master of Business Administration degree in Marketing International Business, with a Bachelor of Science degree in Economics. He is fluent in several Asian-Indian languages, and able to conduct business in French and magazines, Mandarin. He is an active member of the Order of Omega Leadership Society. Paper Examples. Jane Doe leads XYZ Corporation's Organizational Development and Management Revitalization teams, providing clients with superior leadership during critical transition phases, including hiring professional and technical staff, implementing budget reductions, writing business plans, and installing effective management information systems.
With a strong knowledge of both cash and accrual accounting systems, Jane has been responsible for multi-fund budgets ranging from $10 million to $100 million. She has experience in all aspects of financial forecasting, resource allocation, fund management, accounting and control. Administrative expense reductions have resulted in a 30% increase in profits, while improving overall staff morale and client confidence. Jane participated in raising over $10 million in venture capital to finance various manufacturing startups and joint ventures. In 2009, Jane managed strategic planning for six public and private organizations for XYZ, including development of mission statements, clarification of objectives, coordination of planning teams, and achieving acceptance and implementation of plans.
She directed the design and magazines publishing, installation of five user-friendly and responsive executive management information systems for research paper use in multi-million dollar organizations. Jane Doe holds a Bachelor of Science degree in Social Science and should, Business. Paper Mla. She is an active member of the National Speakers Association and the Quality and Productivity Management Association. Appendices Thesis. Joe Doe , President and research paper mla, Founder of ABC Company, Inc. , has more than 25 years of parental essay, progressively responsible experience directing as many as 10,000 employees in companies with revenues in excess of $500 million. Research Paper Mla. Joe has led these companies through start-up, survival, turnaround and growth modes. Joe has spent 20 years as a chief executive officer and chief operating officer in what should a cover letter a variety of industries, including consumer durables, heavy equipment, automotive, building products, agriculture and financial services. His understanding of both domestic and international distribution channels encompasses retail sales, wholesale, OEM, catalogue sales, direct sales, leasing and government markets. Among his significant previous positions, Joe served as Executive Vice President and Chief Operating Officer of DEF Corporation, a New York-based NYSE and Fortune 500 multinational manufacturer of consumer products. Research Paper Examples. Brand names included Shyler, Flyler, and Flibber. He was President of GHI Corporation, a Chicago-based holding company, and CEO and Director of and juliet parental, International Marketing for JKL, Inc., a Philadelphia-based manufacturer of cogs and sprockets. Examples. Joe Doe holds a Bachelor of Science degree from Drake University and a Master of Business Administration (MBA) degree from Notre Dame University.
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On the Fear of Death, by William Hazlitt. A 19th-century critic once said of William Hazlitt that he was a good hater, with a keen sense of the folly and baseness of the world, and an understanding too healthy and vigorous to research paper examples mla indulge in Utopian dreams of human perfectibility. Originally published in volume two of Hazlitt's Table-Talk (1822), the essay On the Fear of Death deals squarely and unsentimentally with the brute facts of human mortality. After our hearts cease to beat, he writes, the world goes on as usual, and thinks no more about us than it did in our lifetime. by William Hazlitt. And our little life is rounded with a sleep. 1. Perhaps the best cure for the fear of death is to reflect that life has a beginning as well as an end.
There was a time when we were not: this gives us no concern--why, then, should it trouble us that a time will come when we shall cease to be? I have no wish to have been alive a hundred years ago, or in the reign of Queen Anne: why should I regret and lay it so much to heart that I shall not be alive a hundred years hence, in and juliet parental the reign of I cannot tell whom? When Bickerstaff 2 wrote his Essays, I knew nothing of the subjects of them; nay, much later, and but the other day, as it were, in the beginning of the reign of George III, when Goldsmith, Johnson, Burke, used to meet at the Globe, when Garrick was in his glory, and Reynolds was over head and ears with his portraits, and Sterne brought out the research, volumes of Tristram Shandy year by year, it was without consulting me: I had not the slightest intimation of what was going on: the debates in the House of Commons on the American war or the and juliet parental, firing at Bunker's Hill disturbed not me: yet I thought this no evil--I neither ate, drank, nor was merry, yet I did not complain: I had not then looked out into this breathing world, yet I was well; and the world did quite as well without me as I did without it! Why, then, should I make all this outcry about parting with it, and being no worse off than I was before? There is nothing in the recollection that at a certain time we were not come into the world, that the gorge rises at 3 --why should we revolt at the idea that we must one day go out of it? To die is only to be as we were before we were born: yet no one feels any remorse, or regret, or repugnance, in contemplating this last idea. It is rather a relief and disburthening of the research paper examples, mind: it seems to have been holiday-time with us then: we were not called to appear upon the stage of life, to romeo and juliet parental wear robes or tatters, to mla laugh or cry, be hooted or applauded; we had lain perdus 4 all this while, snug, out of harm's way; and had slept out on protection, our thousands of centuries without wanting to be waked up; at peace and free from care, in a long nonage, in research examples mla a sleep deeper and calmer than that of infancy, wrapped in the softest and finest dust. And the worst that we dread is, after a short, fretful, feverish being, after vain hopes and idle fears, to sink to final repose again, and appendices, forget the mla, troubled dream of life! . . . Ye armed men, knights templars, that sleep in the stone aisles of that old Temple church, where all is silent above, and where a deeper silence reigns below (not broken by the pealing organ), are ye not contented where ye lie? Or would you come out of your long homes to go to the Holy War? Or do you complain that pain no longer visits you; that sickness has done its worst; that you have paid the last debt to nature; that you hear no more of the thickening phalanx of the foe or your lady's waning love; and that while this ball of earth rolls its eternal round, no sound shall ever pierce through to disturb your lasting repose, fixed as the creative writing, marble over your tombs, breathless as the research examples mla, grave that holds you! And thou, oh! thou, to whom my heart turns, and will turn while it has feeling left, who didst love in vain, and uk, whose first was thy last sigh, wilt not thou too rest in peace (or wilt thou cry to me complaining from thy clay-cold bed?) when that sad heart is research examples mla no longer sad, and letter, that sorrow is dead which thou wert only called into the world to paper feel!
It is certain that there is romeo and juliet love essay nothing in the idea of a pre-existent state that excites our longing like the prospect of a posthumous existence. We are satisfied to research have begun life when we did; we have no ambition to have set out on our journey sooner; and magazines, feel that we have had quite enough to do to battle our way through since. Examples. We cannot say, The wars we well remember of King Nine, Of old Assaracus and Inachus divine. Neither have we any wish: we are contented to read of them in story, and to stand and gaze at the vast sea of time that separates us from phd thesis, them. It may be suggested in explanation of this difference, that we know from various records and traditions what happened in research examples mla the time of Queen Anne, or even in the reigns of the Assyrian monarchs; but that we have no means of ascertaining what is to happen hereafter but by awaiting the event, and that our eagerness and curiosity are sharpened in proportion as we are in the dark about it.
This is not at all the case; for at that rate we should be constantly wishing to make a voyage of discovery to Greenland or to the Moon, neither of which we have, in general, the least desire to do. Phd Thesis. Neither, in truth, have we any particular solicitude to pry into the secrets of research paper examples mla futurity, but as a pretext for prolonging our own existence. It is not so much that we care to be alive a hundred or a thousand years hence, any more than to have been alive a hundred or a thousand years ago: but the thing lies here, that we would all of us wish the present moment to a cover last for ever. We would be as we are, and would have the world remain just as it is, to please us. The present eye catches the present object to have and to hold while it may; and abhors, on any terms, to have it torn from us, and research examples, nothing left in phd thesis archive its room. It is the pang of parting, the unloosing our grasp, the breaking asunder some strong tie, the research examples, leaving some cherished purpose unfulfilled, that creates the repugnance to go, and magazines publishing, makes calamity of so long life, as it often is. 1 From Prospero's speech in Act IV, scene one, of William Shakespeare's final play, The Tempest (1611):
We are such stuff. As dreams are made on; and our little life. Is rounded with a sleep. 2 A fictitious character created by Jonathan Swift, Bickerstaff was later used as a pseudonym (or eidolon ) by essayist Richard Steele. 3 Spoken by paper examples mla Hamlet while looking at Yorick's skull in essay of environment Act V, scene one, of William Shakespeare's Hamlet (1601) 4 French for lost Continued on page two.
Oh! thou strong heart! There's such a covenant 'twixt the world and thee, They're loth to break! The love of life, then, is an habitual attachment, not an research examples abstract principle. On Protection Of Environment. Simply to research paper examples mla be does not content man's natural desire: we long to be in a certain time, place, and circumstance. We would much rather be now, on this bank and shoal of on protection time, than have our choice of any future period, than take a slice of fifty or sixty years out of the Millennium, for instance. This shows that our attachment is not confined either to being or to well-being , but that we have an inveterate prejudice in favour of our immediate existence, such as it is. The mountaineer will not leave his rock, nor the savage his hut; neither are we willing to research paper give up our present mode of life, with all its advantages and disadvantages, for any other that could be substituted for what be in a cover, it. No man would, I think, exchange his existence with any other man, however fortunate.
We had as lief not be , as not be ourselves . There are some persons of that reach of soul that they would like to live two hundred and research mla, fifty years hence, to see to what height of empire America will have grown up in on protection that period, or whether the English constitution will last so long. These are points beyond me. Mla. But I confess I should like to live to see the downfall of Legitimacy. That is appendices thesis a vital question with me; and I shall like it the paper examples mla, better the sooner it happens! No young man ever thinks he shall die. He may believe that others will, or assent to the doctrine that all men are mortal as an abstract proposition, but he is far enough from and juliet love essay, bringing it home to himself individually 1 . Youth, buoyant activity, and animal spirits hold absolute antipathy with old age as well as with death; nor have we, in the heyday of life, any more than in the thoughtlessness of childhood, the remotest conception how. This sensible warm motion can become. A kneaded clod 2 nor how sanguine, florid health and paper examples, vigour shall turn to withered, weak, and grey.
Or if in a moment of idle speculation we indulge in this notion of the close of life as a theory, it is amazing at what a distance it seems; what a long, leisurely interval there is between; what a contrast its slow and solemn approach affords to our present gay dreams of existence! We eye the farthest verge of the publishing essays, horizon, and research paper, think what a way we shall have to look back upon ere we arrive at our journey's end; and without our in the least suspecting it, the publishing, mists are at examples mla, our feet, and romeo parental essay, the shadows of age encompass us. The two divisions of our lives have melted into research mla, each other; the extreme points close and meet with none of should be in a cover letter that romantic interval stretching out research paper mla, between them that we had reckoned upon; and for the rich, melancholy, solemn hues of age, the sear, the yellow leaf, the deepening shadows of an autumnal evening, we only feel a dank, cold mist, encircling all objects, after the spirit of youth is fled. There is essay on protection of environment no inducement to look forward; and what is worse, little interest in research mla looking back to what has become so trite and common. The pleasures of our existence have worn themselves out, are gone into the wastes of time, or have turned their indifferent side to us: the on protection of environment, pains by their repeated blows have worn us out, and have left us neither spirit nor inclination to encounter them again in retrospect.
We do not want to rip up old grievances, nor to examples mla renew our youth like the phoenix, nor to what live our lives twice over. Examples Mla. Once is enough. As the tree falls, so let it lie. Appendices. Shut up the book and close the account once for research examples, all! It has been thought by some that life is like the what be in a cover, exploring of a passage that grows narrower and darker the farther we advance, without a possibility of ever turning back, and where we are stifled for research paper mla, want of breath at nyu paris program, last. For myself, I do not complain of the greater thickness of the atmosphere as I approach the narrow house. Paper. I felt it more, formerly 3 , when the idea alone seemed to suppress a thousand rising hopes and weighed upon the pulses of the blood. At present I rather feel a thinness and want of support, I stretch out archive, my hand to research paper examples mla some object and find none, I am too much in a world of abstraction; the naked map of life is spread out what letter, before me, and in the emptiness and research examples mla, desolation I see Death coming to meet me. In my youth I could not behold him for the crowd of objects and feelings, and what should, Hope stood always between us, saying, Never mind that old fellow! If I had lived indeed, I should not care to mla die.
But I do not like a contract of pleasure broken off unfulfilled, a marriage with joy unconsummated, a promise of happiness rescinded. Romeo And Juliet Love Essay. My public and private hopes have been left a ruin, or remain only to mock me. I would wish them to be re-edified. Research Examples Mla. I should like to see some prospect of good to mankind, such as my life began with. On Protection. I should like to research paper mla leave some sterling work behind me. I should like to have some friendly hand to consign me to the grave. On these conditions I am ready, if not willing, to depart. I shall then write on my tomb--GRATEFUL AND CONTENTED!
But I have thought and suffered too much to be willing to have thought and uk, suffered in vain. In looking back, it sometimes appears to me as if I had in a manner slept out research mla, my life in a dream or shadow on appendices, the side of the hill of paper knowledge, where I have fed on books, on writing program, thoughts, on pictures, and only heard in half-murmurs the trampling of examples mla busy feet or the noises of the throng below. Waked out of this dim, twilight existence, and startled with the passing scene, I have felt a wish to descend to the world of realities and join in the chase. But I fear too late, and that I had better return to my bookish chimeras and indolence once more! Zanetto, lascia le donne, et studia la matematica 4 , I will think of on protection of environment it. 1 [ Hazlitt's footnote: All men think all men mortal but themselves.--Young] 2 From lines spoken by Claudio in Act 3, scene one, of paper William Shakepeare's Measure for Measure : Ay, but to thesis die, and go we know not where;
To lie in cold obstruction and to rot; This sensible warm motion to become. 3 [ Hazlitt's footnote: I remember once, in examples particular, having this feeling in reading Schiller's Don Carlos, where there is a description of nyu paris death, in a degree that almost choaked me.] 4 From Jean-Jacques Rousseau's Confessions : Leave women alone, Zanetto, and study mathematics. Continued on page three. It is research not wonderful that the contemplation and should letter, fear of death become more familiar to us as we approach nearer to it; that life seems to ebb with the research paper examples, decay of blood and youthful spirits; and that as we find everything about us subject to chance and change, as our strength and beauty die, as our hopes and romeo and juliet love essay, passions, our friends and our affections, leave us, we begin by degrees to feel ourselves mortal!
I have never seen death but once, and that was in examples an infant. It is years ago. The look was calm and and juliet parental, placid, and the face was fair and firm. Research Paper. It was as if a waxen image had been laid out in the coffin, and parental love, strewed with innocent flowers. It was not like death, but more like an image of life! No breath moved the lips, no pulse stirred, no sight or sound would enter those eyes or ears more. While I looked at it, I saw no pain was there; it seemed to smile at the short pang of life which was over; but I could not bear the coffin-lid to be closed--it seemed to paper examples mla stifle me; and still as the nettles wave in a corner of the appendices, churchyard over his little grave, the welcome breeze helps to refresh me and examples mla, ease the tightness at my breast. I did not see my father after he was dead, but I saw Death shake him by appendices thesis the palsied hand and stare him in the face. Examples. He made as good an end as Falstaff; though different, as became him. After repeating the appendices thesis, name of his R(edeemer) often, he took my mother's hand, and, looking up, put it in my sister's, and so expired.
There was something graceful and gracious in his nature, which showed itself in his last act. An ivory or marble image, like Chantry's monument of the two children 1 , is contemplated with pure delight. Why do we not grieve and research examples mla, fret that the marble is nyu paris not alive, or fancy that it has a shortness of breath? It never was alive; and it is the difficulty of making the transition from life to death, the struggle between the two in our imagination, that confounds their properties painfully together, and makes us conceive that the infant that is but just dead still wants to breathe, to enjoy, and look about it, and is prevented by the icy hand of death locking up its faculties and benumbing its senses; so that, if it could, it would complain of research paper examples mla its own hard state. Parental Essay. Perhaps religious considerations reconcile the mind to this change sooner than any others, by representing the research paper mla, spirit as fled to another sphere, and leaving the body behind it. So in reflecting on death generally, we mix up the idea of life with it, and thus make it the magazines publishing, ghastly monster it is. We think how we should feel, not how the dead feel. Still from the research paper examples mla, tomb the voice of essay on protection of environment nature cries; Even in our ashes live their wonted fires!
There is an admirable passage on this subject in Tucker's Light of Nature Pursued 2 , which I shall transcribe, as by much the best illustration I can offer of it: The melancholy appearance of a lifeless body, the mansion provided for it to inhabit, dark, cold, close, and solitary, are shocking to the imagination; but it is to the imagination only, not the understanding; for whoever consults this faculty will see at first glance that there is nothing dismal in all these circumstances; if the corpse were kept wrapped up in a warm bed, with a roasting fire in the chamber, it would feel no comfortable warmth therefrom; were store of tapers lighted up as soon as day shuts in, it would see no objects to divert it; were it left at large it would have no liberty, nor if surrounded with company would be cheered thereby; neither are the research paper examples, distorted features expressions of pain, uneasiness, or distress. This every one knows, and will readily allow upon being suggested, yet still cannot behold, nor even cast a thought upon those objects without shuddering; for essays, knowing that a living person must suffer grievously under such appearances, they become habitually formidable to the mind, and strike a mechanical horror, which is increased by mla the customs of the world around us. There is usually one pang added voluntarily and unnecessarily to the fear of death, by our affecting to compassionate the loss which others will have in romeo and juliet love us. If that were all, we might reasonably set our minds at rest. Research Paper. The pathetic exhortation on what a cover, country tombstones, Grieve not for me, my wife and children dear, etc., is for the most part speedily followed to the letter. We do not leave so great a void in society as we are inclined to imagine, partly to magnify our own importance, and partly to console ourselves by research sympathy. Even in the same family the gap is not so great; the wound closes up sooner than we should expect. On Protection. Nay, our room is not infrequently thought better than our company. People walk along the streets the day after our deaths just as they did before, and the crowd is research examples mla not diminished.
While we were living, the world seemed in a manner to exist only for essays, us, for our delight and amusement, because it contributed to them. But our hearts cease to beat, and examples mla, it goes on as usual, and thinks no more about magazines us than it did in our lifetime. The million are devoid of sentiment, and care as little for you or me as if we belonged to the moon. We live the week over in the Sunday's paper, or are decently interred in examples some obituary at the month's end! It is not surprising that we are forgotten so soon after we quit this mortal stage; we are scarcely noticed while we are on it. It is not merely that our names are not known in China--they have hardly been heard of in the next street. We are hand and glove with the universe, and think the obligation is mutual. This is an evident fallacy.
If this, however, does not trouble us now, it will not hereafter. A handful of dust can have no quarrel to should be in a cover letter pick with its neighbours, or complaint to make against Providence, and might well exclaim, if it had but an understanding and a tongue, Go thy ways, old world, swing round in research mla blue ether, voluble to every age, you and I shall no more jostle! 1 Francis Chantrey's monument in Lichfield Cathedral, The Sleeping Children (1817), portrays two young sisters who died in tragic circumstances. 2 Under the pen name of Edward Search, Abraham Tucker (1705-1774) published his seven-volume master work, The Light of Nature Pursued , between 1768 and 1778. Concluded on appendices, page four. It is amazing how soon the rich and titled, and even some of those who have wielded great political power, are forgotten. A little rule, a little sway, Is all the great and mighty have.
Betwixt the cradle and research examples, the grave, and, after its short date, they hardly leave a name behind them. A great man's memory may, at the common rate, survive him half a year. His heirs and successors take his titles, his power, and his wealth--all that made him considerable or courted by others; and essay, he has left nothing else behind him either to delight or benefit the world. Research Paper. Posterity are not by any means so disinterested as they are supposed to be. They give their gratitude and admiration only in return for benefits conferred. They cherish the and juliet parental, memory of those to whom they are indebted for instruction and delight; and they cherish it just in proportion to the instruction and paper examples, delight they are conscious they receive. The sentiment of admiration springs immediately from nyu paris creative, this ground, and cannot be otherwise than well founded. Paper Mla. 1. The effeminate clinging to life as such, as a general or abstract idea, is the effect of a highly civilised and artificial state of society. Men formerly plunged into all the vicissitudes and dangers of war, or staked their all upon a single die, or some one passion, which if they could not have gratified, life became a burden to them--now our strongest passion is to think, our chief amusement is to read new plays, new poems, new novels, and this we may do at our leisure, in perfect security, ad infinitum . If we look into essay on protection of environment, the old histories and romances, before the belles-lettres neutralised human affairs and reduced passion to a state of examples mla mental equivocation, we find the heroes and thesis, heroines not setting their lives at a pin's fee, but rather courting opportunities of throwing them away in very wantonness of spirit. They raise their fondness for some favourite pursuit to its height, to a pitch of madness, and think no price too dear to pay for paper examples, its full gratification.
Everything else is dross. They go to death as to phd thesis archive uk a bridal bed, and sacrifice themselves or others without remorse at the shrine of mla love, of honour, of magazines religion, or any other prevailing feeling. Romeo runs his seasick, weary bark upon the rocks of death the instant he finds himself deprived of his Juliet; and she clasps his neck in research examples mla their last agonies, and follows him to the same fatal shore. One strong idea takes possession of the mind and overrules every other; and even life itself, joyless without that, becomes an object of indifference or loathing. There is at least more of imagination in be in a cover such a state of things, more vigour of feeling and promptitude to act than in our lingering, languid, protracted attachment to life for its own poor sake. It is, perhaps, also better, as well as more heroical, to strike at research examples, some daring or darling object, and if we fail in that, to take the consequences manfully, than to renew the lease of publishing a tedious, spiritless, charmless existence, merely (as Pierre says) to lose it afterwards in some vile brawl for some worthless object. Was there not a spirit of martyrdom as well as a spice of the reckless energy of barbarism in this bold defiance of death? Had not religion something to do with it; the research mla, implicit belief in a future life, which rendered this of less value, and embodied something beyond it to the imagination; so that the rough soldier, the infatuated lover, the valorous knight, etc., could afford to throw away the present venture, and take a leap into the arms of futurity, which the modern sceptic shrinks back from, with all his boasted reason and vain philosophy, weaker than a woman! I cannot help thinking so myself; but I have endeavoured to explain this point before, and will not enlarge further on it here. A life of action and danger moderates the dread of be in a cover letter death.
It not only gives us fortitude to bear pain, but teaches us at every step the precarious tenure on mla, which we hold our present being. Sedentary and studious men are the essay on protection, most apprehensive on this score. Dr. Johnson was an instance in point. A few years seemed to him soon over, compared with those sweeping contemplations on time and infinity with which he had been used to pose himself. In the still-life of a man of letters there was no obvious reason for a change. He might sit in an arm-chair and pour out cups of tea to all eternity. Would it had been possible for him to do so! The most rational cure, after all, for the inordinate fear of research paper mla death is to set a just value on life. If we merely wish to continue on the scene to indulge our headstrong humours and a cover letter, tormenting passions, we had better begone at once: and if we only cherish a fondness for existence according to the good we derive from research, it, the pang we feel at parting with it will not be very severe!
2. 1 [ Hazlitt's note : It has been usual to raise a very unjust clamour against the enormous salaries of public singers, actors, and and juliet parental love essay, so on. This matter seems reducible to a moral equation. They are paid out of money raised by voluntary contributions in the strictest sense; and if they did not bring certain sums into the treasury, the research paper mla, Managers would not engage them. These sums are exactly in writing program proportion to the number of Individuals to whom their performance gives an extraordinary degree of pleasure. The talents of a singer, actor, etc., are therefore worth just as much as they will fetch.] 2 In the third edition of Table-Talk (1845-46), Hazlitt's only surviving son, William, appended the following paragraph to research paper examples mla his father's essay: I will add a remark, which in some degree breaks the publishing, transition from research examples mla, life to death, and renders it less shocking to the imagination than it usually appears.
Death is thesis commonly represented as a monster that devours the whole man; the grave, as swallowing us entire; not only our future projects, but our past enjoyments as its prey, and all the pleasures of our lives collected together to make a rich banquet for the grim tyrant. But, in truth, Time has already anticipated the work of Death, and left him but half his spoils; for research paper, we die every moment of our lives. Death can only rob us of the future, the past he has no power over: our being gradually and silently slides from under us: our momentary pleasures follow each other as bubbles rise and nyu paris creative program, disappear on the water, or the paper, snow that melts as it falls: our attachments and friendships and romeo and juliet essay, desires wear out and examples, are forgotten; the objects of essay on protection of environment them are dead to us, and we outlive not only them but ourselves. Paper Examples Mla. We ourselves have drunk up the cup of life, and have left only the lees. The stroke of death does not level the stately tree with all its blooming honours full upon it, but strikes the bare trunk and crumbling branches, and a few withered leaves. A shadow is all that remains of what we were, and we drag about a mockery of essay of environment existence long after all the life is paper examples flown. It is the letter, sense of research paper self alone that makes death formidable and that hinders us from perceiving that our fleeting existence is long ago lost in of environment itself.
Hazlitt's son was with him when he died of cancer on September 18, 1830. According to paper examples mla Ronald Blythe, Bryan Proctor heard him speaking his last words in a voice 'resembling the faint scream I have heard from birds.' He was fifty-two.
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Essay on Ozone Layer Depletion: Top 6 Essays | Atmosphere | Environment. Here is a compilation of essays on ‘Ozone Layer Depletion’ for examples mla, class 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11 and 12. Find paragraphs, long and short essays on ‘Ozone Layer Depletion’ especially written for school and appendices thesis college students. Essay on the Introduction to Ozone Layer Depletion Essay on the Causes of mla, Ozone Layer Depletion Essay on the Mechanism of Ozone Layer Depletion Essay on the Antarctic and Arctic Ozone Hole Formation Essay on appendices the Effects of Ozone Layer Depletion Essay on paper examples mla the Solution to Ozone Layer Depletion. Essay # 1. Introduction to Ozone Layer Depletion : The ozone layer protects the Earth from the ultraviolet rays sent down by and juliet parental love, the sun. If the ozone layer is depleted by human action, the effects on the planet could be catastrophic. Ozone is present in the stratosphere.
The stratosphere reaches 30 miles above the Earth, and at the very top it contains ozone. The suns rays are absorbed by the ozone in research paper examples mla, the stratosphere and thus do not reach the Earth. Ozone is a bluish gas that is formed by three atoms of oxygen. The form of oxygen that humans breathe in consists of two oxygen atoms, O 2 . When found on the surface of the planet, ozone is considered a dangerous pollutant and is one substance responsible for what be in letter, producing the greenhouse effect. The highest regions of the stratosphere contain about 90% of all ozone.
In recent years, the paper examples, ozone layer has been the subject of much discussion. And rightly so, because the ozone layer protects both plant and animal life on the planet. The fact that the what letter, ozone layer was being depleted was discovered in the mid-1980s. The main cause of this is the release of CFCs, chlorofluorocarbons. Antarctica was an early victim of ozone destruction. A massive hole in paper mla, the ozone layer right above Antarctica now threatens not only that continent, but many others that could be the victims of Antarctica’s melting icecaps. In the appendices thesis, future, the ozone problem will have to be solved so that the protective layer can be conserved. Essay # 2. Causes of Ozone Layer Depletion: Only a few factors combine to create the problem of ozone layer depletion. Research Mla? The production and emission of appendices thesis, CFCs, chlorofluorocarbons, is by far the leading cause. Many countries have called for the end of paper, CFC production because only a few produce the chemical.
However, those industries that do use CFCs do not want to discontinue usage of this highly valuable industrial chemical. CFCs are used in industry in a variety of ways and phd thesis uk have been amazingly useful in many products. Discovered in paper examples mla, the 1930s by romeo, American chemist Thomas Midgley, CFCs came to be used in refrigerators, home insulation, plastic foam, and throwaway food containers. Only later did people realize the disaster CFCs caused in the stratosphere. Paper Mla? There, the chlorine atom is removed from the phd thesis archive, CFC and attracts one of the three oxygen atoms in the ozone molecule. The process continues, and a single chlorine atom can destroy over 100,000 molecules of ozone. In 1974, Sherwood Rowland and Mario Molina followed the path of CFCs. Their research proved that CFCs were entering the atmosphere, and they concluded that 99% of all CFC molecules would end up in the stratosphere.
Only in 1984, when the ozone layer hole was discovered over Antarctica, was the proof truly conclusive. At that point, it was hard to question the destructive capabilities of CFCs. Even if CFCs were banned, problems would remain. There would still be no way to remove the CFCs that are now present in the environment. Clearly though, something must be done to limit this international problem in the future. Essay # 3. Mechanism of Ozone Layer Depletion: It includes, 1. The natural process. Research Paper Mla? 2. The anthropogenic process. Atmospheric oxygen absorbs ultraviolet radiation shorter than 240 nm and photo-dissociates into two oxygen atoms. These unite with other O 2 molecules to form ozone.
During the process surplus energy of creative writing program, nascent O 3 is often transferred to the nearby molecules as kinetic energy which slightly raises the surrounding atmospheric temperature. Ozone too is effective in absorbing particular short wavelength UV radiation in the range 230-320 nm, releasing atomic oxygen. This natural mechanism, however, does not necessarily upset the ozone equilibrium because the loss of ozone caused by paper examples mla, natural process is compensated by the creation of ozone through atmospheric circulation. Thus a dynamic equilibrium existing between the production and essay on protection of environment decomposition of ozone molecules constitutes one of the most important mechanism. Research Mla? The heat generated during the reaction causes a rise in temperature of the stratosphere. Secondly, the photochemical process absorbs most of the magazines, harmful solar ultraviolet radiations of wavelength from 2000 A to paper mla, 3500 A. Hence the atmosphere is heated because of and juliet love essay, this absorption and the earth’s biosphere is shielded from research examples these radiations. Without it, life on the earth would be completely destroyed. The atmospheric layer of nyu paris creative writing, ozone surrounding us acts like a blanket, protecting or shielding us from the harmful UV radiations from the sun. So the ozone screen acts as our protective cover in cutting of the fatal UV radiations from the research paper, solar system. Ozone acts as a powerful oxidant because of its ability to remove electrons from other molecules.
It occurs as a natural component of air. It is also formed in archive, ambient air by research paper, photochemical reactions of primary pollutants. Its higher concentration is generally found in large urban areas of the world, which are characterized by automobile—dependent transportation and petroleum dependent energy production etc. Surface ozone is produced as a result of chemical reactions in the atmosphere driven by what should a cover, the action of UV radiation in the sunlight, involving both nitrogen oxides (NO x ) and volatile organic matter (VOM). While both NO x and VOMs are emitted in large amount by vehicles, other important sources of VOMs are solvents used in industrial and chemical processes. According to British scientists, this surface ozone is responsible for mla, the substantial reduction in should letter, the yields of mla, major crops like wheat and rice. What Be In Letter? The surface ozone, a secondary pollutant, can spread in research paper mla, high concentrations over rural areas. There are the other sources of ozone in the environment, such as gamma radiation used in food preservation plants, commercial UV lamps used for sterilization, high voltage electric equipments, dermatological phototherapy equipments and even in photocopying machines. Creative Writing? Ozone also occurs in air and water purification plants and oil wax, textiles and inorganic synthetic industries. We know that there are natural chemical and photochemical processes which lead to the continuous formation and destruction of ozone in the stratosphere.
The balance between these processes would result in a steady condition with a well-defined and stable ozone layer. However only oxygen chemistry cannot adequately explain the present situations. Other chemical species also play a role in determining the actual concentrations and can lead to enhanced ozone destruction. Some of these species occur naturally, while others are of recent industrial origin. The amount of some of the natural species moving into the stratosphere has been augmented in recent years by a number of human activities. Research Paper? Many of the processes, which are responsible for essay on protection, the depletion of ozone layer, share a general mechanism of the type, Here X is the reacting species. The most common of these species have been identified to paper examples, be free radicals, such as HO x (• H, • OH, HOO •), NO x (• NO, • NO 2 ) and ClO x (• CI, • CIO). Nyu Paris Creative Program? Each of these species is capable of destroying the research examples mla, ozone layer in varying degrees, depending on program altitude and the mixing ratio. For example, near the paper examples, stratosphere the HO x radicals are responsible for about 70% of the publishing essays, total mechanism of research paper examples mla, ozone destruction, including the oxygen only process. Lower in the atmosphere around 30 km, the NO x catalytic decomposition process dominates the ozone destruction mechanism.
The NO x cycle in the region just above the troposphere has been found to be responsible for love essay, about 70% of the ozone destruction, but recent studies show that this figure may be even more. The HO x radicals are generated by either of the following two photochemical reactions: where O is excited state oxygen. These reactive free radical species (• H or • OH) decompose ozone in the following manner: Production of • OH radical is largely due to research paper, the natural processes and their relative importance increases with increasing altitude. The hydrogen radical decomposes the ozone in the following way: The nitric oxide cycle contributes in a significant way in the natural destruction of stratospheric ozone in the lower region of the stratosphere: In the upper atmosphere, NO is produced by reactions involving atomic and ionic species of nitrogen and oxygen. These species are produced by the highly energetic radiation that penetrates that part of the atmosphere. Photodecomposition of N 2 is possible at altitude much greater than 30 km, producing both an electronically excited N( 2 D) and a ground state N( 4 S) atom.
The ground state nitrogen subsequently reacts with O 2 , producing another natural source of essays, NO: At altitudes of less than 30 km, additional NO is also generated via a reaction: Where O( 1 D) is excited state oxygen. The principal source of nitrous oxide is the process of research paper examples mla, denitrification in soils having high concentration of nitrate ion: The increase in atmospheric nitrous oxide (N 2 O) mixing rations is due (to some extent) to enhanced rates of denitrification resulting from greater use of nitrogenous fertilizers worldwide.
Although the mixing ratio of nitrous oxide in the troposphere is appendices thesis, steadily increasing, the production of stratospheric nitric oxide through various processes can, in a large part, be attributed to natural causes. Nitrogenous fertilizers are also responsible for much of the increase. The nitric oxide that has been generated by combustion near ground level, or even at altitudes where subsonic aircrafts fly, is not considered to be major contributor to the stratosphere, because it has a very short (about 4 days) tropospheric residence time. The CFCs and halons are entirely manmade with wide applications in air conditioning, refrigeration, aerosols, electric and metal clearing, foam blowing and modern firefighting. They act as a catalyst in research examples, the destruction of ozone layer in magazines publishing, the stratosphere.
The rate of destruction of ozone is paper, further enhanced by the oxides of nitrogen (NO x ) released from the exhausts of large fleet of supersonic aircrafts (SST). A wide range of appendices thesis, chlorofluorocarbons (CFCs) are known, but widely used are CFCl 3 and CF 2 Cl 2 , which are in use since 1930. CFCs and halons remain inactive in the troposphere and it takes about 20-40 years for these chemicals to research paper examples, travel and reach the writing program, stratosphere, but after that their intermediate product (chlorine radical) retrains active for more than 100 years. Research Examples? The travelling time for CFCs and essay of environment halons to reach to stratosphere may range from examples mla 20 to 40 years, that is, CFCs generated in the troposphere today may take 20 to essay, 40 years to paper, reach the nyu paris, stratosphere. Once these CFCs and halons reach to research paper mla, stratosphere, the chlorine and bromine atoms present in these chemicals are released as a result of publishing, interaction with UV radiations in the stratosphere. In spite of the fact that CFC molecules are much heavier than those of air, they tend to be well mixed and homogeneously distributed throughout the troposphere in the gas phase because of strong convective mixing. We know that CFCs are almost completely inert both biologically as well as chemically in the earth’s environment, including in the troposphere. Paper? Because they do not react, they circulate through the troposphere until they leak or escape into the stratosphere. On Protection? At higher altitudes they are capable of undergoing UV photolytic decomposition, as a result of being exposed to the intense flux of energetic UV radiation— CFCI3 + hv (? 290 nm) > • CFCl 2 + • CI.
The released chlorine radical is capable of taking part in the catalytic decomposition of ozone as follows: A second and paper examples perhaps third chlorine radical could also be produced by further decomposition of magazines publishing, • CFCl 2 radical, generating additional • CI radical responsible for ozone depletion— Chlorine atoms catalyse the destruction of ozone. At 30 km, the natural contributions to ozone destruction by chlorine accounts for about 10% of the total. A significant natural precursor of atomic chlorine is CH 3 Cl, which is produced biogenically from the oceans, from the research examples mla, burning of vegetation and from volcanic emissions. Once in what should a cover, the atmosphere, CH 3 Cl undergoes photochemical reaction, Other natural sources of chlorine are various forms of chlorine. Such sources as HCl released by volcanoes or CI – ions released from sea-salt spray are short-lived in the troposphere and most of them are washed out through the rainfall before they reach the stratosphere. There are other catalytic cycles also involving chlorine. For example,
Bromine (from, say halons) can also replace chlorine in the cycle and mla together these reactions account for about 60% of the routes by essay of environment, which ozone is destroyed by halogens. Examples? It should be noted that natural sources produce small amounts of atomic chlorine in the stratosphere, but there is a significant destruction of ozone by chlorine derived from the anthropogenically produced CFCs. Taking into consideration the ozone depleting CFCs and magazines publishing halons, scientists are trying to modify the examples mla, relative amounts of fluorine, chlorine and hydrogen in new compounds. Thus a common approach is to phd thesis archive, incorporate hydrogen in the structure, as in hydrochlorofluorocarbons (HCFCs) or replace chlorine and produce hydrofluorocarbons(HFCs). Increasing the paper mla, content of hydrogen reduces the inertness of the compound and in this way the lifetime of the compound in troposphere may be made short. The presence of hydrogen means that the compounds are more reactive and flammable. But the higher reactivity is a disadvantage in many applications. If the proportion of fluorine is increased at the expense of phd thesis archive uk, chlorine, then a highly stable compound will be formed because the bond energy of C-F bond is larger than C-Cl bond. This will reduce stratospheric photolysis to a very significant extent. Moreover, such compounds are excellent and research mla persistent greenhouse gases. What Be In? For compounds containing no chlorine, obviously no CI atoms can be released, so there is no potential to deplete ozone.
Increasing the chlorine content is undesirable, because the paper, ability to should a cover, destroy ozone will be higher and because compounds containing chlorine and paper hydrogen tend to be more toxic. From a combined industrial and environmental point of view, HFC-134a (CF 3 CH 2 F) is more promising. This HFC has intermediate stability and it is oxidised by thesis, the • OH radical in paper examples mla, the troposphere and has residence time of 18 years. It is neither very flammable nor have chlorine. And Juliet Essay? So it is not expected to have ozone depleting potential. HCFC-123 (CF 3 CHCl 2 ) is another replacement for CFC. It contains chlorine, but has only about one tenth ozone depleting potential of CFC—11 (CFCl 3 ), largely due to paper examples, its relatively short tropospheric life time. Halons, the appendices thesis, bromine analogues of CFCs have widely been used in fire extinguishers because of the mla, following important reasons: (a) Their high density, due to which they settle over and smother a fire at ground level.
(b) Bromine atom terminates the radical chain reactions which propagate the combustion process. Methyl bromide, used as soil fumigant, is also a potent ozone depleting substance. In fact, chemicals containing bromine are much more reactive than the chlorine analogues in terms of depletion of should a cover, ozone. Paper Mla? Because of this, ODP values for bromine compounds are very high. For example, ODP values of the halons bromochlorodifluoromethane, CF 2 ClBr (H-1211), bromotrifluoromethane, CF 3 Br (H-1301) and dibromotetrafluoroethane, CBrF 2 CBrF 2 (H-2402) are 3.0, 10.0 and 6.0 respectively. Essay # 4. Antarctic and Arctic Ozone Hole Formation: The ozone hole is actually an area of on protection of environment, thinner normal ozone. Temperature is a key factor in ozone loss, along with chlorine and bromine chemicals. In 2001, the Antarctic ozone hole reached a maximum size of more than 26.5 million sq.km – larger than the entire area of North America, including the US, Canada and Mexico combined. Mla? In the year 2000, it briefly approached 11.30 million sq. km.
In 2002, ozone hole over Antarctica was not only much smaller than what it was in romeo and juliet parental love, 2000 and 2001, but it has split into research examples mla two. Nyu Paris Creative Writing? It was measured at 15.6 million sq. km. In September 2002, a figure well below the more than 24 million sq. km spread seen consecutively during the last six years. The hole’s total column ozone was measured below 220 dobson units. Ozone depletion is an annual phenomenon over the South Pole during August and September when coldest temperatures are prevalent.
Thin clouds form in these cold conditions and chemical reactions on cloud particles help chlorine and bromine gases to rapidly destroy ozone. By early October, temperatures typically start to warm and the ozone layer starts to recover. The size and examples the duration of the hole depend on natural year to magazines essays, year variability of research examples, atmospheric conditions. In the romeo, Antarctic (and Arctic) conditions exist where spring time ozone depleting events may occur, resulting in a major loss of ozone over a relatively short time. The conditions include a complex combination of climate factors as well as accumulation of reservoir species which react vigorously to bring about research paper examples mla a major loss of ozone, especially at the onset of the first day light of the polar spring. During the long dark winter in the Antarctic, a stream of air is drawn towards the South Pole, creating a giant vortex because of intense cold and the Earth’s rotation.
The area within the vortex acts like a self-contained chemical reactor in which unique chemical processes take place. Publishing? For one thing, inside the reactor, stratospheric clouds form because of exceptionally low temperatures which exist in the absence of paper, light. The clouds are classified into romeo and juliet parental two types: (a) The polar stratospheric clouds (PSC) are formed at about 193 K and consist of about 1 µm diameter particles of HNO 3 and H 2 O in the ratio of 1: 3. (b) The polar stratospheric clouds, which are formed when the temperature decreases to 187 K. These clouds are made up of relatively pure particles of research, water-ice upto 10 µm in size. The accumulated gases— reservoir chlorine and nitrogen containing species (mainly hydrochloric acid, hypochlorous acid and chlorine nitrate) are also present in romeo and juliet parental, the vortex. During the winter, these species take part in heterogeneous reaction on the surface of PSCs and consequently release chlorine molecules and HOCl: The relatively stable situation remains until after the onset of sunlight. At that time solar radiation provides energy for the photolysis of chlorine and research paper mla HOCl to produce the chlorine radical species.
The chlorine radicals so formed are then available for ozone depletion by catalytic cycles or according to following reactions: Depletion of ozone occurs rapidly so that even in some days, ozone levels decrease dramatically to essay of environment, half or even less of their winter value. This situation persists until the air temperature rises, causing the vortex to break up and the PSCs to disappear. This occurs in mid to late spring, when chlorine radicals again become tied up by research paper mla, the formation of hydrochloric acid and chlorine nitrate, and the ozone begins to recover to pre-hole levels. In the Arctic atmosphere, as a result of the eruption of publishing essays, Mt Pinatubo in the Philippines during 1991, sulphate was found to be present at research paper examples mla higher concentrations than usual. Stratospheric sulphate is usually in the form of an aerosol and acts as a catalyst for appendices thesis, the removal of N 2 O 5 by forming nitric acid. This reaction is a means by which NO x species are removed from the polar stratosphere, thus eliminating one of the species which is associated with holding cycles that tie up chlorine monoxide radicals (• CIO + • NO 2 + M > ClONO 2 + M). Paper Examples? As a result, higher concentrations of reactive chlorine species are present, thus leading to more rapid ozone depletion. In addition, this reaction could occur to a large extent throughout the stratosphere (not just at the poles), decrease of the worldwide ozone concentration.
Essay # 5. Effects of Ozone Layer Depletion: Even minor problems of ozone depletion can have major effects. Thesis? Every time even a small amount of the ozone layer is lost, more ultraviolet light from the sun can reach the Earth. Every time 1% of the research paper, ozone layer is depleted, 2% more UV-B is able to reach the surface of the planet. Archive Uk? UV-B increase is one of the most harmful consequences of research paper examples, ozone depletion because it can cause skin cancer. The increased cancer levels caused by essay, exposure to paper examples, this ultraviolet light could be enormous. The EPA estimates that 60 million Americans born by the year 2075 will get skin cancer because of ozone depletion. About one million of these people will die. In addition to cancer, some research shows that a decreased ozone layer will increase rates of on protection of environment, malaria and other infectious diseases. According to the EPA, 17 million more cases of cataracts can also be expected.
The environment will also be negatively affected by ozone depletion. The life cycles of plants will change, disrupting the food chain. Effects on animals will also be severe, and paper are very difficult to romeo and juliet parental love, foresee. Oceans will be hit hard as well. The most basic microscopic organisms such as plankton may not be able to survive. If that happened, it would mean that all of the other animals that are above plankton in the food chain would also die out. Other ecosystems such as forests and deserts will also be harmed. The planet’s climate could also be affected by paper mla, depletion of the ozone layer. Wind patterns could change, resulting in appendices thesis, climatic changes throughout the world. Essay # 6. Solution to Ozone Layer Depletion : The discovery of the ozone depletion problem came as a great surprise. Now, action must be taken to ensure that the ozone layer is not destroyed.
Because CFCs are so widespread and used in such a great variety of products, limiting their use is hard. Also, since many products already contain components that use CFCs, it would be difficult if not impossible to eliminate those CFCs already in existence. The CFC problem may be hard to solve because there are already great quantities of CFCs in the environment. CFCs would remain in the stratosphere for another 100 years even if none were ever produced again. Despite the difficulties, international action has been taken to research paper examples, limit CFCs.
In the Montreal Protocol, 30 nations worldwide agreed to reduce usage of CFCs and encouraged other countries to do so as well. However, many environmentalists felt the magazines, treaty did “too little, too late”, as the Natural Resources Defense Council put it. Research? The treaty asked for CFC makers to only eliminate half of their CFC production, making some people feel it was inadequate. By the year 2000, the US and twelve nations in Europe have agreed to ban all use and production of CFCs. Publishing Essays? This will be highly significant, because these countries produce three quarters of the CFCs in the world. Many other countries have signed treaties and written laws restricting the use of CFCs.
Companies are finding substitutes for CFCs, and people in general are becoming more aware of the dangers of ozone depletion.