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Reggae research paper

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Rasta or RASTAFARI? . Secular (illuminati?) "Music Industry" & Sin Of GOLDEN CALF

Pseudo-RASTAS, Secular (illuminati?) "Music Industry" & Sin Of GOLDEN CALF -- taken from the Debtera: Ras Iadonis Tafari

Free reggae music Essays and Papers

Reggae research paper

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Reggae and Rastafari studies Research Papers - Academia edu

arguementation essay Sure, you’re a lover not a fighter. I am too. But that doesn’t mean that you can avoid writing your argumentative essay! Since you have to write an argumentative essay, you might as well learn how to write it well, right? I’ve said it time and time again—there’s nothing worse than staring at reggae, a blank page. Writing Hobby. Putting together an argumentative essay outline is the perfect way to turn your blank document into reggae research paper, a ready-to-use template. All you have to do is world essay fill in the blanks! In this blog post, I’m going to share with you how to create an reggae research argumentative essay outline. At the end, I’ll give you a downloadable skeleton outline you can use to get started.

Structure of the Argumentative Essay Outline. That’s not so bad! There’s really nothing to be afraid of. Here’s how your argumentative essay outline would look if you turned it into a pretty picture: Each of these four sections requires some important elements. College Essay. Let’s break those down now. Argumentative Essay Outline Section 1: Your Intro. Your introduction is where you lay the research paper, foundation for rambler samuel johnson your impenetrable argument. It’s made up of a hook, background information, and a thesis statement. Reggae Research. 1. Hook. Your first sentence is comprised of a “hook.” Don’t know what a hook is? A hook is a sentence that grabs your reader’s attention just like a good Jackie Chan movie grabs the attention of a martial arts fan.

Let’s say I’m writing an argumentative essay about why American people should start eating insects. My hook could be, “For those interested in improving their diets and world without the environment, say ‘goodbye’ to eating chicken, fish, and reggae beef and ‘hello’ to eating silk worms, crickets, and caterpillars.” If you’re having trouble coming up with a good hook, I recommend reading my blog post How to Write Good Hook Sentences. 2. Background information. Computers. The next part of your intro is dedicated to offering some detailed background information on your topic. Research. Try answering the following questions: What is the issue at hand? Who cares? Where is this issue prevalent? Why is hobby it important? For example, “Insects are abundant, nutritious, and environmentally sustainable. Paper. Currently, people in the United States shun the writing, idea of eating insects as part of their diets, favoring instead less nutritious and research paper environmentally destructive food options, such as beef and pork. The UN recently issued a statement calling for more world citizens to embrace the endnotes for an essay, many benefits of research paper, eating insects.” 3. Thesis.

Your thesis typically makes up the last sentence of your intro paragraph. This is rambler johnson where you clearly state your position on the topic and give a reason for your stance. For example, “A diet of insects can help fix problems related to starvation, obesity, and climate change, and therefore, United States citizens should learn to rely on a variety of insects over chicken, beef, and fish as their main source of protein and reggae paper nutrition.” Notice the word “should” in essay answer, my thesis statement? Using this word makes it clear I’m taking a stance on the argument. You’ll also notice that my thesis statement sets up the three claims I’m going to expand on later: a diet of insects can help fix problems related to starvation, obesity, and research paper climate change. Let’s talk about adding those claims to our argumentative essay outline now. Argumentative Essay Outline Section 2: Developing Your Argument. Now that you have filled in the general points of your topic and outlined your stance in the introduction, it’s time to develop your argument. In my sample outline, I show three claims, each backed by three points of evidence. Offering three claims is just a suggestion; you may find that you only have two claims to make, or four.

The exact number of claims you choose to include doesn’t matter (unless, of course, your teacher has given you a specific requirement). What matters is that you develop your argument as thoroughly as possible. 1. What is essay a claim? A claim is reggae a statement you make to essay, support your argument. For example, “Bugs are highly nutritious and eating them can fix the problem of hunger and paper malnutrition in the United States.” Great! So I’ve made my claim. But who’s going to believe me? This is where evidence comes into simplified format, play. Paper. 2. What is endnotes for an essay evidence? For each claim you make, you need to provide supporting evidence. Evidence is factual information from reliable sources.

It is not personal knowledge or anecdotal. For example, “Researchers at reggae research paper, the Food and Agricultural Organization of the United States state that ‘Termites are rich in protein, fatty acids, and other micronutrients. Fried or dried termites contain 32–38 percent proteins.’“ My outline shows three pieces of evidence to essay, support each claim, but you may find that each claim doesn’t necessarily have three pieces of evidence to back it. Reggae Paper. Once again, the exact number doesn’t necessarily matter (unless your teacher has given you instructions), but you need enough evidence to make your claim believable. Once you have gathered your evidence to persuasive, support your claims, it’s time to add the reggae paper, next important element of your argumentative essay outline: refuting your opponents’ arguments. Let’s talk about essay johnson, that now. Research. Argumentative Essay Outline Section 3: Refuting Opponents’ Arguments. In this section, you state your opponents’ views and then offer a rebuttal. For example, “Opponents of endnotes for an essay, insect eating from the Beef Council of America say that it is too difficult and time consuming to catch crickets, so it is not easy to gather enough food for reggae a meal, whereas a cow is simplified essay format large and contains a lot of meat for many meals.” Oh diss! We know the Beef Council just wants us to keep eating McD’s hamburgers and skip the paper, cricket soup. (By the way—I just made that up. The Beef Council did not say that.

In your essay, make sure to without, use real facts.) Now it’s time to set the opponents straight with a refutation that is full of hard evidence and reggae research paper that will bring them to persuasive, their knees. For example, “According to researchers Cerritos and Cano-Santana, the best time to research, harvest crickets is to catch them in the hour just before sunrise when they are least active. What’s more, it is easy to develop the essay, infrastructure to farm crickets in a way that is more sustainable than cattle farming.” Booyah! The Beef Council has been served (crickets). Once you have refuted your opponents’ viewpoints, it’s time to sail to the finish line with your conclusion. Argumentative Essay Outline Section 4: Conclusion. In your conclusion, you are going to accomplish two important tasks. 1. Restate the importance of your issue.

Similar to research paper, what you did in simplified, your introduction, you want to restate why this topic is critical. For example, “Simply by reggae, incorporating insects into rambler essay, their diets, U.S. citizens can improve the sustainability and nutrition of the American diet.” 2. Paper. Paint a picture of the college answer, world if your argument is (or is not) implemented. Reggae Research Paper. In the final part of your conclusion, make your audience think about the ramifications of your argument. What would happen if people started eating insects as a staple of their diets? For example, “The world would be a better place if more people ate insects as a part of persuasive essay on greece, their diets. Fewer people would go hungry, more people would get the paper, vitamins, minerals, and micronutrients they need to live healthy lifestyles, and our planet would be relieved of the burden of an unsustainable food system.

Closing with a clear picture of the world as you would like it to be can leave your reader convinced that your argument is valid. Download the persuasive, Argumentative Essay Outline Template. Download this skeleton Argumentative Essay Outline to get started. Reggae Research Paper. Before you go off into persuasive, the sunset and use my outline template, make sure that you are following the guidelines specific to research paper, your course. While this is rambler essay samuel johnson a pretty standard outline, there are other ways to outline your argumentative essay. Reggae. If you’re interested in learning more about argumentative essays, I suggest reading The Secrets of a Strong Argumentative Essay. Want even more knowledge? Check out this argumentative essay infographic! If you’re looking for some ideas, check out these argumentative essay examples. When you have your argumentative essay and outline ready to go, you can always have one of our awesome editors give it a second look.

Psst. For An. 98% of Kibin users report better grades! Get inspiration from over 500,000 example essays. About the Author. Naomi Tepper is a former Kibin editor, the former content manager for the Kibin blog, and forever a word nerd. wow this was really help full.

Super! I#8217;m really happy to help. #128578; Hi I have a 20 minute presentation to do on the history of cognitive-behaviour therapy. Don#8217;t know where to begin. Reggae Research. Is this the same as doing an argument. This sounds more like an expository essay. Rambler Essay Johnson. An expository essay (or presentation in your case) has the reggae research paper, goal of informing the audience on a specific topic. Usually you don#8217;t take an argumentative stance for or against these topics. For more information on expository writing visit: hi i need some help on an argument . The topic is internet a guide or a distraction. i hope u can help. Simplified. Do you think the internet is a guide or a distraction? I would suggest writing a thesis statement like this: You could focus on arguing for the internet: #8220;The internet is a useful guide as shown by evidence 1, evidence 2, and reggae research paper evidence 3.#8221; OR you could focus on arguing against the internet: #8220;The internet is an annoying distraction as shown by evidence 1, evidence 2, and evidence 3.#8221; OR, and this is the best option, you could focus on arguing how to essay, best use the internet:

#8220;The internet can be both a useful guide as shown by reggae research paper, evidence 1 and rambler essay johnson evidence 2, but it can also be an annoying distraction as shown by evidence 3 and reggae research paper evidence 4. It is important to set personal limits on web use including solution 1, solution 2, and solution 3.#8221; Personal limits could include things such as limiting yourself to viewing only specific websites during work/study hours, limiting overall time online, and other things like that! Hi Liz, well first you need to on greece, pick a side. What do you think? Should they have their licenses revoked? Then you need to come up with a few reasons for why you think this. Can you find any examples of research paper, how this tactic has worked (or hasn#8217;t worked). For An. What about reggae, people who lose their licenses for persuasive essay on greece other (criminal) reasons, is paper this type of punishment effective?

Why or why not? Come up with approx three claims to support your side. Find some evidence to support your claims. Lay out how each of the two authors approach the topic of the Crusades. What do they have in common? What is different? Super happy to help! thank you so much for this! You are welcome so much! Thanks for reading. #128578; Hi, I am writing an argumentative essay on freedom of world without computers, speech rights and reggae paper the 1st amendment and I have two sides of the argument.

I am for freedom of speech if it doesn#8217;t harm other people and I have some cases where the supreme court are avoiding the laws stated in hobby, the amendment but I#8217;m on reggae research paper, the court#8217;s side of simplified essay format, restricting inappropriate speech in reggae paper, a school environment. How should I start out my argument? I think you need to rambler johnson, combine your two perspectives into one focused argument. Do you, perhaps, want to argue that inappropriate speech in reggae paper, a school environment is actually harmful to other people? That way, it falls into your first argument (pro-free speech as long as it#8217;s not harmful) quite nicely. Good luck! it has helped a lot #8230;#8230; great work. Thanks! Glad you liked it. Without Essay. #128578; Thank you very much :)) You are welcome!

Thanks for reading #128578; HI, I am writing an argumentative essay on how different governments should provide additional funding to increase awareness of human trafficking, prevent human trafficking, and help victims who have been trafficked. I am not sure where to start from. Hisome of these example essays on human trafficking may give you ideas on how to paper, get started: Hi, I am writing an argumentative essay on how is social media like Facebook or Twitter beneficial or harmful to its users? I am not sure how to start from there. Hi Rosie you might find inspiration on how to get started by reviewing some of these example essays on essay, social media: Hi, i was wondering if in the conclusion of the essay you need to reggae, end it with a question, something for the reader to continue to world computers essay, think about reggae, after reading or is it unnecessary? Great question! Asking a larger question is definitely one great conclusion technique.

Some teachers/profs really like this, while others prefer that you tie everything up with a neat little bow. Simplified. I recommend you check out this post on the topic of conclusions: This helped a lot! Thanks, love how its broken down. Reggae. I have a question though.

Should the conclusion have its own paragraph or can I include the conclusion with opponents argument? I definitely recommend giving your conclusion its own paragraph. You don#8217;t want to leave your readers hanging on to just your opponent#8217;s argument! You can learn more about writing conclusions in simplified, this post: Helped me to help my students #128578; I was wondering if you can show a sample essay with these elements in use? Thank you #128578; Awesome! I love to hear that. Reggae Research Paper. That#8217;s a really great idea#8230; and one that I intend to implement in essay, upcoming blog posts. Reggae Research Paper. However, at this time I don#8217;t readily have access to a knock out example. Naomi. HELP.

I am having a hard time with my argumentative research essay on drug testing to essay writing, receive state benefits a.e. T.A.N.F, food stamps.. Research Paper. I#8217;m getting so frustrated and I dont have any idea where to world without computers, begin.. I found it very useful! Thanks a lot #128512; You#8217;re welcome a lot! Thanks for reggae reading. #128578; thanks helped me a lot luv your work 3. can u do a website on essay samuel, argumentiv wtiting starters plz im a begener. Reggae Research. OMG. THX so much this helped a ton. You are so welcome! Thanks for reading. #128578; You#8217;re welcome!

Wow that#8217;s a great idea for an essay. Very intriguing. is this guide ok for an eight grader test. Yasss#8230;This blog is persuasive on greece reliable#8230;Thanks ? Woot! Glad you like it. #128578; I#8217;m happy to hear it. #128578; Thanks for your comment. I have to write an reggae research paper argumentative. research essay about the career of my choice, which is persuasive sports marketing. Research Paper. I#8217;m not sure what type of arguments I need to make. Am I defending my choice of careers? Am I talking about it#8217;s importance in the world? It#8217;s just something I am interested in so I am not sure how to write an argumentative paper about it. Rambler Essay. I have to reggae research, write an argumentative research essay about the career of my choice, which is sports marketing.

I#8217;m not sure what type of essay writing hobby, arguments I need to reggae paper, make. Rambler Essay Samuel Johnson. Am I defending my choice of careers? Am I talking about it#8217;s importance in the world? It#8217;s just something I am interested in so I am not sure how to write an argumentative paper about research paper, it. Hi thereI#8217;d double check your assignment for clues on how to rambler samuel johnson, approach this. If there really aren#8217;t any additional clues, I would go with your first instinct to defend your choice of careers. Reggae Research Paper. Why are you interested? Is the pay worth it?

What makes you cut out for writing this career in particular? A thesis statement might look like: Sports marketing is the perfect career choice for reggae paper me as it will allow me to use my strengths in XYZ, make a decent income, all while keeping me interested and engaged. World. Then use the rest of your essay to fill out reggae research paper, those key points. Thanks! That#8217;s helpful. Here#8217;s what the assignment says: #8220;In your argumentative research essay, you will a) conduct research about endnotes, a successful and realistic career of reggae paper, your choice, b) use this research and accompanying commentary and rhetoric to create an argument that you will eventually present and defend to a group of peers. This assignment serves to without computers essay, create a foundation for personal statements, resumes and CVs, and reggae even interviews in which you will be asked about your chosen career path and its significance to you. The evidence you collect during your research should support and justify your pursuit of any given career.#8221; Do you think I will be on track if I use your suggested thesis? YesI do. Short Answer. You#8217;ll also want to find some hard facts and statistics to support your claims.

For example, dig up how much it will cost for you to reggae research paper, get your degree and weigh that against simplified essay format, your potential income. You#8217;ll want to start with a clear thesis statement. I assume that when you say you are pro-Hungary this means that you feel the reggae, country shouldn#8217;t be required to essay writing hobby, accept refugees? If so, your thesis statement might look something like this: Hungary should not be required to accept Syrian refugees because of reason 1, reason 2, and reggae research reason 3. Orif you think the college, country should help. You would start with a thesis like this: Hungary should be required to accept Syrian refugees because of reason 1, reason 2, and reason 3. Glad to help! Thanks for your comment.

Hi ! I need help in writing a good thesis statement on the advantages and disadvantages of using a cell phone. Please help. Reggae Research. I need to essay johnson, submit it on thursday. Plz Plz help. This one is pretty straightforward.

You can frame it like this: Cell phone use has many advantages such as A, and B, but some disadvantages such as C. Or you could flip it: Cell phone use has many disadvantages such as A, and B, but some advantages such as C. Fill in A, B, and C with your actual research. Thank you so much Naomi. This is reggae research paper a great help. Hi ! I need to write a thesis statement on the topic, #8216;Element of computers essay, hamartia in Hamlet, Love song of J Alfred and Agamemnon. I need a thesis statement on research, this.

I have written Unable to take the correct decision at the right time can lead to a tragic end. To be able to make that correct decision one must have the confidence otherwise it can have a tragic end as it happened to the protagonists in Hamlet, Agamemnon and The Love song of J. Alfred. Do you think this is ok, if not can you help me please in writing a good thesis statement. Thank you. I think you have the right idea, but your version is unclear and a bit repetitive. Samuel. How about this edit? Being unable to reggae research paper, make the right decision at the right time can lead to a tragic end, which is rambler johnson exactly what happened to the protagonists in Hamlet, Agamemnon, and The Love song of J. Research Paper. Alfred.

Thank you Naomi so very much. This is great. Answer. I can go ahead now. You#8217;re welcome, Rachel! First you#8217;ll need to reggae paper, come up with a thesis statement.

For example: Public schools should be divided by essay samuel johnson, sex because of reason 1, reason 2, and reason 3. Then choose reasons that you can support with evidence from research, your research. this really works thanks. Glad it worked for you, Rose! Thanks for persuasive essay your comment. Thanks but I#8217;m having trouble coming up with a good topic that is strong and worthy to reggae research paper, be argued but not boring. I want to do something that isn#8217;t a popular topic like is texting and driving bad anu advice. thank you so much. I have to write an argumentative essay on on greece, Poverty and Illiteracy. I have already looked up my citations.

But I don#8217;t know how to break down my citations. Could you help me please? I#8217;m not sure whether you need to write APA, MLA, or some other type of reggae, citation, but I have some blog posts that can help: MLA is how I need to write it. Oh lordy this blog is ammmaaazzzinnnng. Why thank you! I appreciate you readinnnnnng! can you send me your project on my email [emailprotected] Ikr like wowww #8230;I am so grateful to reach up on it. can u send me your project on my email [emailprotected] . I#8217;m supposed to create an argumentative essay that Rome was a superior society to simplified format, Han China. Thank you so much. I think this is research paper super helpful. Now my next problem is if I can fit it all onto world without essay, one page. (That#8217;s the reggae research paper, limit our teacher gave us. he wants to college essay, see if we can make brief statements that speak many words with little words written) Funnyis that a common assignment this month?

You#8217;re not the first student to reggae research, ask me about this Romans v Hans. A topic that large is going to be very difficult to explore in a single pagebut hey, it#8217;s a good exercise in concision. In any caseat the risk of sounding sales-ythe Kibin editing team is really good at meticulously cutting an essay down to simplified, size if you end up going over reggae that one-page limit. You can learn more about our editing service here: I really don#8217;t understand the refuting part. When you refute something, you take your opponent#8217;s argument and rip it to shreds. So for essay hobby example, say your opponent#8217;s biggest argument is that Donald Trump is the best candidate for U.S. president, you could counter that argument by pointing out that he has zero experience in politics. Research Paper. hello again. I don#8217;t know if you got my resent reply but I was trying to ask and see if you could give me a little advice on rambler essay samuel, some good resources involving work laws for teens. This is reggae research paper really helped a lot.

I was able to do my argumentative essay after reading this. It also explained clearly what I was looking for. Thank you! 3. You are so welcome! Glad to essay writing, help. Reggae Research. #128578; thanks a lot! this helped me create my english paper!

Sweet! Love to endnotes for an essay, hear that. #128578; Thank you so much. You saved my last semester of college! (From a French canadian currently having English Classes) Hey! Thanks for the great comment. You really made my day! I wish you the reggae research, very best in rambler samuel johnson, your English classes. Woot! Happy to help. #128578; Fantastic! So happy to hear it. #128578; I#8217;m writing about reggae research paper, functionalism and Weberianism.

Compare and contrast them and discuss briefly how concepts from the two theories contribute to the knowledge of persuasive, health practitioners. Please hook me up!! Love this blog. What email address I can sent my essay to research paper, get fix? And how long do I have to wait to get it back. Thank you. Hi Trinh Le, I love that you love it. #128578; Thanks for short the comment. To have an essay edited, please visit us here: Our editors can have your essay back in as few as 3 hours (depending on word count). Reggae. I#8217;m in love with this blog.

I was totally dreading the argumentative essay outline but now I#8217;m kind of pumped thanks to your (absolutely hilarious) examples! Awesome! I love hearing this. Writing can be fun as long as you don#8217;t actively dread it. #128578; THANK YOU SO MUCH PLEASE WISH ME LUCK FOR MY ENGLISH EXAM TOMORROW SINCE ARGUMENTATIVE IS GOING TO BE INCLUDED IN THE EXAM TOMORROW I SHOULD#8217;VE ADD THE EVIDENCE FOR THE CLAIM HAHAHAHA O??? Thanks for reading! #128578; This saved my life. Thank you so much! Sweet! Happy to be a lifesaver. I need this argumentative essay for tmm#8230; if crickets should be added to lunch school I need a sting essay I#8217;m in 11 grade my opinion is yes crickets should be added. Hi there, the world without computers, outline in this post should help you a lot!

As for your thesis statement, you could write something like: Crickets should be added to the school lunch menu because they are both nutritious and inexpensive. For the research, rest of your essay, talk about how you know they are nutritious and inexpensive (hint, do your research!). I never understood the way my teacher taught this until I found this blog. It has helped me write a better argumentative essay. Thanks. You#8217;re welcome!

Thanks for reading. #128578; Awesome! I love to hear feedback like this. Thanks for reading! Thanks a lot mate helped me so much. Super! Happy to help. Rambler. You#8217;re super welcome! Happy to paper, help.

Thank You sooo much for this blog. This has given me a chance to structure my assignment even better. THANKS xx. Thanks so much for reading! Happy to help. I#8217;m writing about rambler johnson, functionalism and Weberianism.

Compare and contrast them and research discuss briefly how concepts from the two theories contribute to the knowledge of persuasive on greece, health practitioners. Please hook me up!! Your topic is reggae paper a bit over essay my head, but you may be able to reggae paper, get the creative juices flowing by using our compare/contrast thesis statement generator: You#8217;re welcome! Thanks for reading. My name is Haley and i have to do an essay argumentative essay for LA and my topic is#8230;#8230;..In what situations, if any, does a woman have a right to reggae research paper, an abortion? what should i put as a hook? The hook you choose will definitely depend on your stance on the topic. Persuasive Essay On Greece. If your paper is pro-choice, you could start with a shocking statistic about the number of reggae research paper, women who go through illegal/dangerous abortions during times and places where abortion is illegal. If your paper is pro-life, you might start with an emotional appeal about the life of an unborn fetus being cut short.

This is very helpful. Endnotes. I was having trouble getting started on writing but now I feel a lot more confident in my subject. Thanks for the breakdown. Happy you found it useful. Thanks for reggae paper reading! Glad to hear that! M hving trouble with introduction on smoking restriction. Can you help me with introducing on smoking restriction topic and thesis as well.

I#8217;m going to assume that you are taking a stance in favor of smoking restriction. A hook would be a shocking statistic about the health risks of college essay short answer, secondhand smoke to research, non-smokers. Here is a good source to for an, get you started: A thesis statement framework might look like this: Smoking restrictions are critical to reggae, public health due to reason 1, reason 2, and reason 3. Computers Essay. You might also try our thesis statement builder: Naomi! youre amazing! this has really clarified this topic for me. thank you! Well, thank you, Neil! This comment was a great way to start my Friday. #128578; Wow, this is really good. I have been reading about academic reading and reggae paper writing every day for 9 wks. I have to essay format, write a 1200-1500 word argumentative essay for my 1st university assessment. Research Paper. This is by far the rambler samuel johnson, most helpful article I have read. Well done and thanks. Heaps.

Fantastic! Happy to help. I have to write a argumentative essay and the topic is: Should Homeland security and the CIA treat terrorist better? Aren#8217;t they people too? I#8217;m not sure what exactly im suppose to do or how to start it. thank you ms.Naomi that was really helpful. Do you add in a rebuttal for each of your points?? That is certainly one way to approach an argumentative essay. Take an opponent#8217;s view on each of paper, your arguments and then crush it with your rebuttal.

Or, if you follow the outline I gave you in format, this post, just include a section to crush one or two common opponent arguments. Reggae Paper. Thank you, this was very helpful and in persuasive essay, the same time funny! good way to reggae, make interesting!! This was very helpful, but I still have some hesitation, my last important paper is an endnotes for an essay Argumentative Research, and this will be my first one. I already have a thesis chosen and I#8217;m just kinda confuse about what facts I need to collect, but its just getting information that will back up my thesis,correct? Hi thereyes, as long as you have a good defendable thesis, you should be able to find sources to support your stance. Here is a blog post about making sure your sources are credible: Thanks for answering but I#8217;m having a difficult time trying to find and discern what will be helpful in my paper. My paper being about Human Rights specifically Minority/Indigenous Rights. This was so helpful!

But, I do have a couple of questions. Is there a secret to writing a killer hook? What is the best way to state your claim in research, the introduction? You might need to also read these posts: Thank you so much for the helpful info. I definitely owe a get out of jail free card. Awesome, I could definitely use it. #128578; Seriously very usefull tips i like it #128578; How many paragraphs is this? The argumentative essay outline is 6 paragraphs as it stands, but you can definitely alter it to suit your purposes by adding or subtracting body paragraphs as needed.

Usually your hook sentence is separate from your thesis statement. The hook is the first sentence in johnson, the intro paragraph, while your thesis statement is typically the reggae research, last sentence in this paragraph. Sometimes you will add some background information too. So an intro is Hook-background info-thesis statement. Here#8217;s a revision of endnotes essay, your sentence: ADD A HOOK SENTENCE OR TWO HERE. We live in 21st century, and many gender roles are outdated and shouldn#8217;t affect our lives in reggae research, the ways they did before. Writing Hobby. One of these outdated gender roles is the idea that only reggae paper, boys can ask girls outgirls should be able to essay hobby, ask boys out too. this is very useful#8230; but I can not write argument for my research paper (my topic is the research, racism in america and rambler essay how effect to people ) can you help me , please. Research. Racism in America is persuasive a huge problem and a huge topic. I think your first step is to narrow your research focus. First, which specific problem of racism will you be looking at? Racism against a particular minority group?

In a specific region or city? Are there studies that show the reggae, effects in these groups and regions? What are some common findings/themes? Here is essay writing hobby another post specifically about writing a research paper: This blog is Amazing! Very helpful! But my question is that did you really have to reggae, use #8220;eating insects#8221; example? I was having a hot n sour soup while reading this.

Ha! I#8217;m so sorry to have ruined your supper. #128578; I think I was inspired to write this post after a bug flew into my mouth while I was riding my bike to work#8230; nutty and a bit bitter. Thanks for reading! This is absolutely incredible! I greatly admire your work and format accomplishment! I am a teacher that is paper writing a textbook with Creative Commons licensing for my school district using CK-12 as the platform. Essay On Greece. With all due respect, I would really love to speak with you about possibly including some of the information on the Kibin site, particularly this post, as a properly attributed contribution to my 6th Grade Reading Language Arts textbook. If you would not mind getting in research, contact with me, my email is [emailprotected] or simply reply to essay writing hobby, this comment. Reggae Research. @naomi_tepper:disqus. Hi AlishaThanks for your kind comment. Endnotes Essay. I#8217;m totally in favor of you using the content from this post in your textbook with attribution.

Best of reggae research, luck on this very important project, and if you need to discuss, you can easily reach me at [emailprotected] You#8217;re going to have to take a stance for or against school uniforms and offer credible evidence to support your stance. For An. I#8217;d suggest reading this post on how to reggae paper, write a thesis statement : Thank you for writing all these helpful hints! I#8217;m currently writing one for college with the persuasive essay, topic of legalizing lane splitting for research paper motorcycles. I just finished writing found your blog which is helping me make sure I did everything correctly #128578; thank you!! Fantastic!

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So glad you found it useful, Dana! Thanks for essay reading. Thank you this saved my butt. Paper. Sweet! So glad we could help #128578; Is this good for simplified an argumentative essay titled ( Animals in Captivity )??

Have you thought why animals roar,cry, weak, looking upset? And why caged birds sing? In 2014 a research from Harvard University showed that 10,000 animals from different species around the world. die every year out of loneliness, violence, shortage of food and air and reggae research lack of simplified format, freedom. Animals are living organisms as humans and plants and need a lot of rights that we should put them in consideration.

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Reggae and Rastafari studies Research Papers - Academia edu

sam haywards resume 3.3 Families of the Moody Blues. MOODIES FAMILIES - Originally compiled by reggae research, Thomas E. TR Ruddick, who wrote this introduction: The Moody Blues, as a band, are less reclusive in the 1990s and beyond than they were in the 1970s--but they're still extremely private sorts of simplified, fellows. As a Moodies fan, I've an average (I think. Reggae Paper. ) amount of curiosity about their backgrounds. Since there's no authorized biography, except for a few unreliable entries in Rock Encyclopedias, I started to assemble this genealogy.

I've meant to include all who have appeared on stage with the Moodies (except, of course, those union musicians who comprised the various festival orchestras). I admit that this approach leaves out for an essay some important people and adds some obscure ones (Doug Lock, Rod Clark) but at least it's precise. I have recently added some of the producers and symphonic arrangers to reggae paper, fill some of the gaps. The information is not always reliable. Essay Writing. Any questionable information here is reggae, marked (?).

Birth years for these men are particularly frustrating to computers essay, verify. When I'm not certain, I've listed the most credible date first, followed by others in (parentheses). Reggae Paper. I've placed stars *** before the names of endnotes essay, those with songwriting credits. If you think you can improve the information, please contact me at Please cc: the maintainer of the reggae research FAQ with the same information: Linda B. World Without Essay. ( - remember to reggae research paper, substitute @ for at in the e-mail addresses. College Essay. My thanks to reggae research, the countless Moodies fans who've shared information with me so far, especially the persuasive on greece keepers of this FAQ, for paper, their indispensable input and editing. SOME GENERAL TIDBITS: The four current Moodies are all naturally athletic. In the early days, the band and its buddies would regularly beat the regular Cobham team in essay, football (soccer for the US audience); Justin Hayward set a sprinting record in his school days; and Graeme and John are competitive golfers. The four long-standing members of the band are also dog lovers. They are essentially self-taught as musicians, none claiming any special training beyond piano lessons or school band activities in childhood.

FOUNDING MEMBERS - The 5 original Moody Blues. 1964-1966: the period of rhythm blues, novelty tunes and Go Now. ***CLINT WARWICK , bass, voice. b. Albert Eccles, June 25, 1940, in Birmingham. parents: Albert and Violet. first wife: Christine (married mid-60s, divorced 1967) son Paul (b. before 1966 d. 1996) owner/operator of a meat company. son: Lee (b. before 1966) managing editor of reggae, a graphic design company. grandsons: Sean and Gary. second wife: ? (divorced) Formerly with local Birmingham band The Rainbow.

Helped to create the on greece Moodies in 1964 but quit the band in August 1966, became a carpenter and lived near Birmingham. Eccles began his comeback by reggae paper, meeting with fans at the May, 2000 concerts at the Royal Albert Hall. In 2002 he launched a now-defunct website at simplified, and on research paper March 14, 2002, released a CD single, My Life, The Waltz, which is available only from the website. He passed away May 15, 2004. ***MICHAEL THOMAS PINDER , piano, mellotron, guitar, synthesizer, cello, voice. b. Dec. 27, 1941, in Birmingham. parents: Bert Thomas and Gladys Pinder.

sisters: Maisie, Monica. first wife: Donna (married around 1970; divorced sometime after '72) son: Daniel (b. College Answer. Nov. 23, 1971. Electric bassist) married Sarah. grandson: Will (b. Reggae Paper. 2001) second wife: Taralee (married early 1980s) son: Michael Lee (b. early 1979) son: Matthew (b. early 1981) plays bass and provides backing vocals for a California band called The Velvet Jones Pinder played in El Riot and the Rebels with Ray Thomas and John Lodge in the early 1960s, and worked in a mellotron factory. Later he and Thomas played in a group called the Krew Cats (or Crew Cats), working in many of the German pubs where the Beatles started out.

Unfortunately, the Krew Cats went broke and essay Pinder and Thomas wound up walking back to England. Reggae Research. It was third time lucky for Pinder after he co-founded the Moody Blues. He relocated to California around 1974, and quit the Moodies in essay, 1978 after recording Octave . He worked as a consultant for Atari computers through the 1980s and research paper finally returned to the recording studio to produce new solo albums and two award-winning spoken word albums of children's stories. He admires the work of Joseph Campbell (mythology professor who was featured on a series of PBS television shows and who consulted on scripts for the second and third Star Wars movies). He recommends that we all read Diet for endnotes for an essay, a New America by reggae paper, John Robbins. ***GRAEME EDGE , percussion, electronics and spoken word. b. 4:00 am Mar. Writing Hobby. 30, 1941, in Rochester, Staffordshire. father: (d.

November or December 1999 former music hall singer) mother: (pianist for silent movies) first wife: Carol (former model) (m. Reggae Paper. Jan. 1, 1969; divorced mid-1970) daughter: Samantha Zara (b. mid-1969; m. July 20, 1996 resides in Hong Kong) granddaughter: Tiger Olivia (b. Nov. Persuasive Essay On Greece. 29, 1997) granddaughter: Jade (b. May 27, 2000) second wife: Sue (former typist) (m. mid 1970s; divorced mid-1980s) son: Matthew (b. Research. around 1976 works in banking in London) third wife: Commander Amanda (m. Essay Hobby. Aug. 13, 1998, after being engaged since around 1991)

Edge started out in Birmingham as a manager for other bands (manager meant that the research band could practice in your home). He filled in when a drummer in essay, one of his bands quit suddenly. Prior to the Moodies, he played in reggae research, Gerry Levene and the Avengers in Birmingham (along with Roy Wood, later of Electric Light Orchestra). Essay. He was also employed as a draughtsman and a pioneer in research, the use of without computers, electronic drums. Paper. Graeme is the only founding member still active in without computers, the Moodies. His many hobbies include sailing (especially deep-water craft), golf, war films, aquariums, ultra-light aircraft, sci-fi and reggae research he's a confirmed Trekkie.

***RAY THOMAS , flute, harmonica, sax, oboe, tambourine, voice. b. Simplified Format. 5:30 am Dec. 29, 1941, in Stourport-on-Severn. youngest of 4 (?) siblings. wife Gillian Jary (m. 1969; divorced around 1981) son: Adam (b.

May 2, 1973) daughter: Anna (nicknamed Nancy?) (b.?) grandson: Robert Nathan (b. 2:51 am, Jan. 17, 1997, California, USA) grandson: Marcus Dylan (b. May 28, 000) Thomas played in El Riot and the Rebels and the Krew Cats before founding the Moodies. He also worked as a toolmaker.

Ray retired from the Moodies after the fall 2002 tour. Hobbies include fishing (fresh and saltwater), gardening and reggae paper cooking (all cuisines). ***DENNY LAINE , lead guitar, harmonica, ukulele, mandolin, banjo, lead voice. b. Brian Hines, Oct. 28, 1944, in simplified essay format, a boat off the Jersey coast.

first wife: Joanne JoJo Alice Patrie (married Nov. 5, 1978) daughter: Heidi Jo Hines (d.o.b. ?) reports having a total of 5 children with 4 different women- most recent Significant Other: Helen Grant (b. 1964; lived with Denny 1987-96. daughter: Lucienne (b. 1987) He fronted Denny Laine and the Diplomats in Birmingham (one bandmate was Bev Bevan, later of Electric Light Orchestra). Co-founded the Moodies, then in reggae research, 1966 he departed for a series of moderately successful musical ventures (Balls, Ginger Baker's Air Force, some solo albums) and a sojourn in Spain where he was influenced by flamenco. His greatest post-Moodies success came in Paul McCartney's Wings, during their glory years from the without computers mid-70s to 1980.

Since Wings broke up following McCartney's arrest for research, marijuana in Japan, Denny has worked as a solo artist. MOODIES, MARK II. 1966-78, after the departure of rambler samuel johnson, Laine Warwick: The Flower Power years. ROD CLARKE , bass. Replaced Clint Warwick on bass for part of 1966. Reggae Research Paper. There are a few TV clips with Clarke performing in the band and a concert review in essay, Kink (a Dutch magazine) which pictures him, but, he was quickly replaced with John Lodge. ***JOHN CHARLES LODGE , bass, acoustic guitar, cello, voice. b. morning of July 20, 1942 or 1943, in Birmingham (Although the research paper official website lists his birth year as 1945, Ray Thomas mentioned in an interview ( The Other Side of Red Rocks DVD, see Section 8.1) that when they were first in a band together, Ray was 15 and John was 14.) wife: Kirsten (b. Writing. Denmark; m. Research Paper. July 31, 1968) daughter: Emily (b.

May 18, 1970; has been employed by the Monty Python company, is a scuba diver and in essay on greece, 2001 participated in the BT Global Challenge yacht race on reggae the VERITAS) son: Kristian (b. May 27, 1972; marketing professional; formerly worked for Threshold records; reputedly a fine soccer player; and had a leading role in the 1999 critically lauded play Four Dogs and essay a Bone. Produced the Access All Areas video for the Moodies. (See Section 8.1. Lodge, when he was just a young lad, formed El Riot and the Rebels with Thomas and Pinder. He probably would have been the original bass player in paper, the Moodies but, instead, devoted 1962(?)-66 to studying metallurgy at essay, Birmingham Tech. He played briefly with other bands after commencement (Carpetbaggers, The Falcons, and the John Bull Breed - under the name, Johnny Storme). As the reggae bassist that Pinder Thomas would have wanted in the first place, John was almost automatic as Clint Warwick's replacement. Lodge enjoys travel (especially in the American west), wine, tennis and, especially, golf; he's played in several pro-am tournaments and has produced a cassette describing how musical rhythms can help the golfer's swing.

John also launched his own website in 2000 at ***DAVID JUSTIN HAYWARD , lead guitar, sitar, voice. b. 8:00 am Oct. 14, 1946, in rambler johnson, Swindon. father: Fredrick Hayward (b. Paper. 1910; d. 1969) mother: Gwendolyn (Binks) Hayward (b. World Computers Essay. 1918; d. Jan 1, 2000) brother: Richard (b. March 1945; d. 1986 at age 41) nephew: Galen; m. Rosa, 1996. sister: Teresa (b. 1955?) wife: Ann Marie Guirron (b.

Jan 2, 1944; m. Research. Dec 19, 1970; respected amateur golfer) daughter: Doremi Celeste (b. Dec 3, 1972; m. May 14, 2005 to Sean Vaardall, a writer, in St. Format. Ives, Cornwall; American Studies degree from Birmingham, former VH-1 intern) Hayward was earning his keep as a musician while still in research paper, secondary school, attaining some regional recognition in the trio All Things Bright. College Essay Answer. His parents (teachers, both of them!) discouraged him from dropping out of high school at 15. So he completed his O levels, and at 16, and joined pop veteran Marty Wilde and his wife Joyce (parents of vocalist Kim Wilde) in the Wilde Three, and research stayed with them for about two and a half years. Around this time, he reportedly did a short stint as a sales representative for a building supplies firm.

A brief solo career in 1966 ended after he responded to an anonymous ad in endnotes for an essay, Melody Maker for reggae paper, a guitarist. The advertiser turned out to be Eric Burdon, who was re-forming the college essay answer Animals. Burdon didn't audition Hayward but passed his extra resumes along to the Moodies when he learned they needed a new guitarist/vocalist. Paper. Justin's was the persuasive on greece first and only resume that Thomas/Pinder/Edge examined. He joined in September 1966, and reggae the rest of the band (and their fans) have been thanking fortune ever since. Justin's hobbies include regular exercise, cooking, watching football (soccer to Americans) and riding (though he does less since he divested himself of a thoroughbred farm sometime between 1977 and essay writing 1987). Justin also launched his own website in 2000 at ***PETER KNIGHT , conductor, composer, arranger. b. June 23, 1917, in Exmouth, Devon; d. August 1985. In 1967, Knight was asked to arrange, in reggae research, a rock format, Dvorak's A New World Symphony featuring the Moodies.

Instead, he wrote, arranged and conducted the London Festival Orchestra's contributions to the Moodies Days Of Future Passed . Knight also contributed orchestrations for John Lodge and Justin Hayward's album Blue Jays (Nights Winters Years, I Dreamed Last Night and simplified Maybe); and Justin Hayward's solo albums Songwriter (One Lonely Room and Stage Door) and Moving Mountains (The Best Is Yet To Come and Who Knows). Knight also worked with, among others: the Carpenters, including their concert with the Los Angeles Philharmonic Orchestra; Barbra Striesand on research her Striesand and Other Musical Instruments ; and Roman Polanski's movie, Tess. TONY CLARKE , producer. b. 1941 in Coventry, England. Produced the Moodies from 1966's Fly Me High through Octave in samuel, 1978. The band considered him the sixth Moody Blue. Clarke also produced many songs on reggae Moody members solo albums, including: Songwriter (Justin Hayward); Blue Jays (Justin Hayward John Lodge); Natural Avenue (John Lodge); and Kick Off Your Muddy Boots (The Graeme Edge Band). After his relationship with the Moodies ended, Clarke recorded special effects for the movie Supergirl; produced Clannad's Legend album; and essay short answer worked with Rick Wakeman and Nicky Hopkins, among others.

Tony has a website at b. Oct. 22, 1920; d. May 31, 1996. In the interview portion of the DVD An Audience with Justin Hayward at paper, the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame (see Section 8.1), Hayward mentions that Leary sat in on tambourine during the Elysian Park Love-in (November 1-2, 1969). MOODIES, MARK III.

1979 - 1991, following departure of Michael Pinder: The Moraz Years or Hired Gun Years - Part 1 ***PATRICK MORAZ , keyboards. b. June 24, 1944, in Morges, Switzerland. daughter: Raina-Alegra (b. around 1977; mother's first name Liane) wife: Diane (m. Persuasive On Greece. around 1978; separated around 1994) son: David (b. Nov 24 or 27, 1980) Moraz broke into paper the rock scene in Yes as the replacement for johnson, Rick Wakeman, appearing on only one Yes album, Relayer . Mike Pinder's departure after the research Octave recording sessions led to selecting Moraz to play keys on the 1978 tour. Although never legally a member of the simplified essay format band, he remained as chief keyboard player for the Moodies Keys of the reggae Kingdom album and left in 1991. While with the essay format Moodies, he released solo albums and composed film scores for reggae, the psychological thrillers genre.

Since leaving the Moodies, he's continued as a solo artist and also toured with jazz musicians. Essay. An announcement-only mailing list was created to provide information about reggae, Patrick Moraz's music activities to his fans and friends. Messages are sent as news becomes available. Sign up at PIP WILLIAMS , producer. b. October 7, 1947, in Hillingdon, England. Produced the writing Moodies Long Distance Voyager (their most immediately successful album) and The Present albums.

Williams has also worked with the reggae research likes of Status Quo, Al Green and simplified Kiki Dee. DOUG LOCK , guitar technician. Toured with the group in reggae research paper, the early 80s, his primary job was to keep Justin's EES Gibson and Strat in fine working order. However, the band had him play second guitar parts from essay format offstage in the early 80s, and he contributed bits here and there to The Present (see Section 5.2) WENNDY MACKENZIE , female backing vocalist. Toured with the band, 1986 - 87 and reggae research is now working as a vocal coach. Her website at lists Justin Hayward and Melissa Manchester among her vocal students. JANIS LIEBHART , female backing vocalist.

Toured with the band 1986 - 87 and is now singing backup to Michael Bolton. TONY VISCONTI , producer. b. April 24, 1944, in Brooklyn, NY. first wife: Siegrid; divorced. second wife: Mary Hopkin; divorced. third wife: May Pang, m. 1989 (Justin Hayward was best man at essay, the wedding); divorced. Produced the Moodies The Other Side of Life , Sur La Mer and 6 of 12 tracks from the Keys Of The Kingdom recording sessions. He also produced One Again on Justin Hayward's solo album Moving Mountains , and worked with Justin on It Won't Be Easy and Outer Space for the UK television show Star Cops. Visconti has also produced, among others, T. Rex, David Bowie, Thin Lizzy, Annie Haslam and, most recently, Alex Forbes and The Seahorses. Tony maintains a web site at:

BIAS BOSHELL , keyboards. b. July 20, (1950?) Tobias (aka Tobey) Studio musician who has worked with, among others, Barclay James Harvest, Tony Visconti and Kiki Dee (five of her albums; authored several tunes for reggae paper, her including I Got The Music In Me. Simplified. (Other Moody links to paper, Kiki Dee on these albums include Pip Williams, Patrick Moraz and Forever Autumn authors Paul Vigrass and David Osborne.) Bias recorded as a member of two groups: Casablanca (one self-titled album, 1974; Vigrass and Osborne were also members) and Trees (two albums: The Garden of Jane Delawney and On The Shore , both in 1970). Hired as second keyboard player to Patruck Moraz for tours in 1986 and rehired in 1990. Bias assumed first-chair status upon on greece the departure of Patrick Moraz in 1991.

Also played some guitar parts, in addition to keyboards, during the reggae research Red Rocks tours. He participated in the recording of college essay, 1991's Keys of the Kingdom and left the Moodies after the April 2001 tour. GUY ALLISON , keyboards. Hired as backup keyboard player for touring 1987 - 89, between Bias' first two tours. Research Paper. As of 2002 he was touring as a member of the Doobie Brothers and was credited for co-writing one of the songs they performed. SHAWN MURPHY , female backing vocalist. Toured with the band, 1988 - 90. She is now the lead vocalist with Little Feat since 1994; has been known to cook up some wonderful Cajun food from time to time.

NAOMI STARR , female backing vocalist. Toured with the band, 1988 - 90. BEKKA BRAMLETT , female backing vocalist. Toured with the without computers essay band in 1990. Paper. Also had a brief stint in Fleetwood Mac and maintains a website at TERRY WOOD , female backing vocalist. Toured with the essay band in 1990.

She has sung for film and television, and has also backed Neil Diamond, Dolly Parton, Travis Tritt and many others. MOODIES, MARK IV. 1991 - 2002, following departure of paper, Patrick Moraz: The Hired Gun Years- Part 2 PAUL BLISS , keyboards, guitar. daughter: Amy (b. 1981 or '82) daughter: Hannah (b. 1984 or '85) Formerly studio musician (heard on the Hollies' 1983 album What Goes Around ); recorded as a member of Dog Soldier (one self-titled album, 1975 -- Paul played bass) and leader of The Bliss Band (two albums, Dinner with Raoul , (1978); Neon Smiles (date?)).

Co-wrote songs for Celine Dion (If You Asked Me To 1992) and essay Olivia Newton-John (Heart Attack 1983). Released solo album Edge of Coincidence in 1997. Hired as second keyboard player in 1991 when Bias Boshell moved to first after the research departure of Patrick Moraz. Participated on the recording of 1991's Keys of the Kingdom . He was also a major contributor to Justin Hayward's solo album, The View from the Hill and toured with Justin Hayward's solo band promoting that album. Also played some guitar parts, in addition to keyboards, during the Strange Times tour and beyond. Moved to first keyboard after Bias Boshell's departure in 2001, and is still working for the Moodies.

Paul also launched his own website in 2000 at GORDON MARSHALL , drums. b. March 16, 1960. daughter: Phoebe (b. Sept.

29, 1995) daughter: Francesca (b. Dec. 1, 1997) Hired as second drummer in 1991 and still working for the Moodies. He also toured with Justin Hayward's solo band which toured to promote The View From the college short answer Hill in reggae paper, which he played drums and flute. Released solo album Marshall in essay writing, 2000 with support from Bias Boshell and Tracy Graham, and when not touring with the Moodies is the drummer for TinTin Out featuring Emma Bunton (aka Baby Spice). Gordon also launched his own website in reggae research, 2000 at JUNE BOYCE , female backing vocalist. Toured with the band, 1991 - 93 (winter casino tour) and quit due to short, parenthood. SUE SHATTOCK , female backing vocalist.

Toured with the band, 1991 - 2000 (May UK tour), leaving for family and other recording projects. She released a solo album, Trapped in Paradise under her new stage name Susan Kay and launched a website at in 2002. LARRY BAIRD , arranger and orchestra conductor for the Red Rocks concert on September 9, 1992, and was the arranger and conductor for all subsequent tours with the symphony. TRACY GRAHAM , female backing vocalist. Toured with the Moodies, 1993 (summer tour) - 2001 (April tour) as a backing vocalist (and the only backing vocalist starting with the fall 2000 tour). As a child, she acted and sang in research paper, West End musicals, and starred in a (UK) TV commercial for the Red-Headed Cindy Doll. Without Essay. She's also worked with Paul Young and ABC, among others. She has released solo albums Up Front in 1996 and Don't Look Down in 2000. Reggae Paper. Tracy also did a solo shows in London in 2001 and 2002 to hobby, support of reggae research, both her albums, and the 2002 concert was webcast at Tracy is still very active, most recently with a new group called Pussy Glamore ( and enjoys meeting with the fans, most recently at the 2004 London Hard Rock Caf. World Without Computers Essay. She also has a website at

DANILO MADONIA , keyboards. Credited with programming, keyboards, and orchestration on Strange Times , and research paper keyboard and programming on the tracks Water and college essay We Can Fly on the Journey into Amazing Caves soundtrack. He also performed with the Moodies on Good Morning America (August 9, 1999) and reggae paper Live with Regis Kathie Lee (October 25, 1999), assisted in preparations for the world tour to promote Strange Times and assumed soundboard duties on the 2000 tours. BERNIE (Bernadette) BARLOW , female backing vocalist and light keyboards. A Los Angles studio singer, who has reportedly backed Alanis Morissette, Enya and many others. Toured with the essay band starting with the August 2001 tour. Bernie can also be seen performing in the live studio band on the season finale of the reggae research TV show Survivor Africa.

She maintains a website at and on greece released a CD, Golden , in paper, 2003, which is available through her website. 2002 - present, following departure of Ray Thomas: The Hired Gun Years- Part 3 NORDA MULLEN , flute, guitars, backing vocals. Replaced Ray Thomas' flute parts in concert beginning on the March 2003 tour and provided additional guitars and backing vocals. She also provided flute and world without computers essay backing vocals for Justin Hayward's solo shows at the Coach House, San Juan Capistrano on December 3, 1996, and is credited with the flute parts on reggae research In the Quiet of essay short answer, Christmas Morning and The Spirit of reggae research, Christmas on the album December . Her extensive list of endnotes for an essay, credits include performing in the West Coast Chamber Orchestra, Los Angeles Flute Orchestra, Bach to Blues Trio, The Warner Brothers Symphony, Bahu-Rang, and reggae paper Dennis Quaid The Sharks; and in motion pictures and television soundtracks (Monsters, Inc., Meet The Parents, I Spy, Death To Smoochy, Toy Story II, etc.) JULIE RAGIN , female backing vocalist and world computers light keyboards.

Filled in for research, Berne Barlow on the April 2005 tour of Australia and New Zealand.

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Reggae Research Paper Topics Reggae research paper - Mgrad22

A Biographical Source on Phaiax and Alkibiades? Please download to research view. A Biographical Source on essay hobby, Phaiax and Alkibiades? The Classical Quarterly Additional services for The Classical Quarterly: Email alerts: Click here Subscriptions: Click here Commercial reprints: Click here Terms of use : Click here A Biographical Source on Phaiax and Alkibiades? A. R. Reggae Research. Burn The Classical Quarterly / Volume 4 / Issue 3-4 / December 1954, pp 138 - 142 DOI: 10.1017/S0009838800007990, Published online: 11 February 2009 Link to this article: abstract_S0009838800007990 How to cite this article: A. R. Burn (1954). A Biographical Source on Phaiax and Alkibiades?. The Classical Quarterly, 4, pp 138-142 doi:10.1017/S0009838800007990 Request Permissions : Click here Downloaded from, IP address: on 03 Feb 2014 A BIOGRAPHICAL SOURCE ON PHAIAX AND ALKIBIADES? ([Andokides] IV and world without computers essay Plutarch's Alkibiades.) i . AUTHORSHIP OF THE SPEECH No recent scholar has ever seriously maintained the reggae genuineness of [Andokides] Oration IV, Against Alkibiades. Against it, one need cite no more than Blass, Attische Beredsamkeit (1868), pp. 325-31; Jebb, Attic Orators (1876), vol. i, PP- 1 a n ( i n o w more recently Raubitschek's learned and interesting article in T.A.P.A., vol. lxxix (1948), pp. 191-210. The speech is quite 'out of college short answer, character' for Andokides, who was certainly far too young ever to have been in danger of ostrakism as an alternative victim to Nikias or Alkibiades; and there is no reasonable doubt that its 'dramatic date' is reggae research paper early in 415, and its ostensible speaker Phaiax, the clever young orator of Aristophanes' Knights (1377 ff.), ambassador to Sicily in 422 (Thk.

5. 4-5; cf. our speech A§ 42, which adds Macedonia and persuasive essay Epeiros) and butt of Eupolis on divers occasions (Plut. Research Paper. Alk. 13, Athenaios 3. 106b). These conclusions, however, leave open certain other material questions, especially that of the real date of the composition, on which in for an essay turn depends the question how far it can be legitimately used as an historical or biographical source. Much of its biographical information, as the reader cannot fail to notice, is reggae given also in Plutarch's Alkibiades, usually in less detail. What, then, is the relation between the college essay short two ? Is the oration, as Jebb thought, drawing on the Lifea??the work of 'a late rhetorician, who . . . had read in Plutarch all the scandalous stories relating to Alkibiades'? Or is Plutarch, as Blass thought, drawing on the oration ? This would be a serious matter for Plutarch's reputa- tion, for the speech contains some palpable and major historical 'howlers'. Or is a third solution more likely? Raubitschek suggests the exciting possibility that the speech is genuine Phaiax, or at least was accepted as such by so good and reggae paper early a scholar as T h e o p h r a s t o s , dvSpl ^t,XrjKOu KCU loTopiKai nap' OVTIVOVV TWV i.oa6u)v (P lut . Alk. 10).

There are, however, great difficulties in the way of the supposition that it can have been produced within living memory of the events of 417-415; so that if it was taken seriously by Theophrastos, and so may even have given rise to the story of Phaiax' part in the great fiasco of the last ostrakophoria, then it is world computers essay a very weak link in our chain of evidence on that event. Scholars must form their own judgement as to whether this composition reads like a genuine political speech; personally I feel sure that it is a school composition; but apart from reggae paper, such essentially subjective stylistic judgements, there are other arguments, which it may be worth while to recapitulate before going farther, against the view that the oration can even be early enough to have been used by Theophrastos. 2. THE CASE AGAINST AN EARLY DATE FOR THE SPEECH What looks like (and in my opinion is) our rhetorician's most conspicuous howler is, as it happens, that which can be most easily explained away. The reference to hobby Hipponikos, the father of Kallias and research paper son of the earlier Kallias, A. Essay On Greece. R. BURN 139 as 'having fallen when commanding at Delion' (A§ 13) looks like a simple lapse of paper, memory, resulting from a confusion of Thk. 3. 91, where Hipponikos does command an expedition into that corner of Boiotia, with the account of Hippokrates' campaign and death in 424, Thk. 4. 77, 89 ff., 101. There is no hint in Thk.

4 that any other general was sharing the command at Deliona?? no rpiros avros, for example;a??indeed, the phrase in rambler essay samuel johnson 77, 6 ' / . . . . Research. rov . Aujfio- oOevr) npoavecneiXe, sounds as if Hippokrates, like his uncle Perikles before him on some occasions, had been placed in chief command over the whole com- bined operation. Nevertheless, it cannot be proved that Hipponikos was not also a general at Delion, and also killed there; and he certainly did die some time between his strategia in on greece 426 and the date of his daughter's marriage to Alkibiades. Reggae Research Paper. He was dead before 422-1, when Eupolis, in The Parasites, satirized his son's 'wasting of his substance' on sophists (see the world essay learned discussion in Athenaios 5. 218). More serious is the chronological difficulty that Alkibiades is said in A§ 13 to have had a child by a captive woman from Melos. Melos did not fall till about midwinter 416-415, and the 'dramatic date' of the oration is before the reggae paper debates on Sicily in spring, 415. Commentators have pointed out that the woman might have been captured early in the attack on the island; but that attack was no surprise operation, and the words of our text, Tr/jia/xevo? yvvaiKa TCDI' alxpaXw- rtuv, sound rather as if she was bought in essay the general auction. Paper. It really seems much more likely that both these difficulties arise simply from mistakesa?? mistakes such as would be inconceivable at format, the ostensible date of speaking, but could be very easily made by research paper a later student who has read up the period in books. This, which is the traditional view of the oration, is persuasive essay further supported by the remarkable prescience shown by the writer, if he did write in 415, in predicting the terrible disasters which Alkibiades, if not suppressed, will bring upon Athens (A§ 24), and still more in the words 'you will find out how much the allies hate you, when' (orav, not lav irore or the like)a??'when we become in- volved in a naval war with Sparta'.

This, in the spring of 415! I cannot feel that Raubitschek has really disposed of these difficulties; and when he main- tains that 'one is reggae research surprised that the author . . . if he really knew what happened after the spring of 415, did not refer more specifically to' Alkibiades' later misdeeds (op. cit., p. Rambler Samuel Johnson. 202), one feels inclined to ask what more the author could possibly have added without abandoning his dramatic date altogether. Paper. If, however, the oration is really, as most scholars have believed, a rhetorical school composition by an author who had read up the period in books, but who lived himself long after his 'dramatic date', then the writing hobby question is reopened, in what relation it stands to Plutarch's biography, which contains, sometimes with differences of detail, so many of the same stories ? Did the rhetorician draw upon Plutarch, as Jebb suggested (in which case the oration is of no further interest to historians), or did Plutarch use the oration? Or must we disagree both with Jebb and with Blass, and seek a third solution ? 3. THE EVIDENCE OF RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN PLUTARCH'S LIFE AND THE SPEECH Comparison of these two works shows at once that in research certain sectionsa??those, namely, which deal with Alkibiades' arrogant bearing and hobby behaviour as a young mana??there is a close connexion between them. Reggae Research Paper. It can scarcely be merely 140 A BIOGRAPHICAL SOURCE ON PHAIAX AND ALKIBIADES? a matter of drawing upon for an a common fund of stories, as may be seen from paper, a comparison of college short answer, three pairs of passages, viz.

A. [Andok.], A§A§ 13-15, cf. Plut. chap. 8. B. a?? , A§A§ 17, 20, 22, cf. Plut. chap. 16 (middle section). C. Paper. a?? , A§A§ 25-30, cf. Plut. chap. 12. It will be noticed, moreover, that in the oration the intermediate sections, 16, 18-19, 2r 2 3. 2 4 J a r e taken up by rhetorical complaints and comments on the stories; that is to say, this whole portion of the oration, containing all the correspondences with Plutarch, is continuous. In Plutarch, however, the order differs internally.

The group of stories which I have called B (the Painter, the Choregos, the Melian Woman) comes after C (Alkibiades at Olympia); while Plutarch also lays under contribution other evidence, such as that of Euripides and simplified format of Isokrates On the reggae research Chariot. In A (Alkibiades' marriage), also, the same details occur, but in slightly different order: in the oration, (a) the college short answer dowry, (b) the infidelity of Alkibiades, (c) Hipparete's attempt to obtain a divorce, and reggae (d) Kallias' arrangement to make over his property to the State in default of heirs male; while in hobby Plutarch the order is paper a, d, b, c. Writing Hobby. But these differences are perhaps less striking than the general resemblances in order; for the order is not strictly chronological, and even if they are drawing from a common source, the two authors are under no obligation to follow the same order as he. Yet, while the order in A, which is mainly chronological, does differ in one detail, the order of the items in both B and C, two groups each of three items, is in each case the reggae research same, though any other would have done as well. The three stories recounted with indignant comments in [Andokides], A§A§ 17-24, are briefly mentioned, in rambler samuel johnson the same order, by Plutarch in chap. Reggae Paper. 12; and the assist- ance rendered to Alkibiades at Olympia by Ephesos, Chios, and Lesbos is recorded in the same order and with the same details in the two versions of essay short answer, C. Reggae Research. There are only essay six possible orders in which three items can be listed, and there- fore the odds against one such coincidence would be only five to one; but the odds against two such coincidences in succession are one in six squared, i.e. 35 to 1, and reggae this, therefore, is the measure of the odds against college short the connexion between these sections of our two texts being only reggae paper a matter of drawing upon a common fund of persuasive essay, stories. Reggae Paper. Is the connexion, then, a matter of endnotes essay, one writer using the other ? And if so, who wrote first ? 4. Research Paper. HYPOTHESIS (i): DID THE WRITER OF THE SPEECH USE PLUTARCH? Against this view (Jebb's) we must set the fact that the rhetorician's versions of the stories are not only fullera??that, clearly, is in general the johnson result merely of rhetorical padding and efforts to make the case look as black as possiblea??but contain certain positive, factual details, which are not in Plutarch, and do not look like mere embroidery or 'variations on a theme'. Agatharchos the painter, whom Plutarch describes as, in the end, 'dismissed with a reward', is described in the oration as 'making his escape as though from the court of Persia', TOVS vXaKas XaBwv uxnrep trapa fSaoiXetas ' (A§ I7)a??an 'iron curtain' touch that looks genuine and earlya??and then as threatened by his young kidnapper for not finishing the job!

The story of the rival choregos is given not only research with indig- nant comment but with such circumstantial details as that the endnotes for an essay contest was L, and as to how the law stood about the reggae research employment of non-Athenian A. R. BURN 141 artistsa??which is just the rambler essay samuel johnson sort of issue on which a quarrel would break out. In the account of proceedings at Olympia the 'magnificent tent' supplied by Ephesos in Plutarch's version becomes a 'Persian tent' in the oration; and one is at once reminded of the reggae research fifth-century Greek interest in Persian marquees, attested by the story that Perikles' Odeion was modelled on one (Plut. Perikles 13). Again, the story of Alkibiades' use of the civic gold plate, which Plutarch gives separately from the account of college answer, his doings at Olympia, appears in the oration in the likely and research convincing context of his Olympic victory dinner- party (A§29). Jebb's view of the rambler essay johnson relation, then, on careful scrutiny, appears improbable. 5. HYPOTHESIS (ii): DID PLUTARCH USE THE ORATION? The view that Plutarch used the oration, whether directly, as believed by reggae research paper Blass (with reservations) and others, or through an intermediary (Raubitschek, pp. 208-10, suggests Theophrastos) is, at least at for an, first sight, more convincing.

It does seem possible that Plutarch even mentions this speech (chap. Reggae Paper. 13); though if so, there is something wrong with the received text: (^eperai 8e KO.1 Xoyos ns KCLT' MA/a/JiaSou KCLI s ioTivri TTOXXOVS), for the object to which Lesbos contributed at Olympia; whereas the oration has only the general and colourless word av 6. HYPOTHESIS (iii): A COMMON SOURCE I conclude, therefore, that the middle portion of the oration shows definite signs of samuel johnson, relationship to corresponding portions of Plutarch, but not that either author was drawing from the other. There remains only the hypothesis that they were drawing from a common source. This source may very well have been Theophrastos, the 'great collector of gossip' whom, as Raubitschek points out, Plutarch names both in this part of his Alkibiades and also, on the very subject of Phaiax and the last ostrakophoria, in his Nikias, chap. 13. (The matter for which Plutarch cites him by name in research his Alkibiades is the pains that his hero took over his oratory, and there is no mystery about why our rhetori- cian omits that; it was too creditable.) Theophrastos was a favourite source of Plutarch, who quotes him at least fourteen times in the Lives and fifteen times in the Moralia. Other possible fourth-century authors are less likely; Theo- pompos, for for an essay, example, is quoted by name only four times in the Lives other than 1 Here one must add that there is no Diomedes may well have died in paper the mean- serious difficulty about the discrepancy of time, and Tisias may have been his heir, or a the names, Diomedes here but Tisias in partner with him in the original expensive Isokrates' speech. Essay Hobby. That speech was written enterprise, for paper, delivery some 20 years after the event; 142 A BIOGRAPHICAL SOURCE ON PHAIAX AND ALKIBIADES? that of Demosthenes, for which he was a principal source. Ephoros, named nine times in the Lives, is less improbable, but there is no trace of the group of persuasive essay, stories which we have been discussing among his fairly voluminous fragments. That this oration, a school composition as it seems, should have drawn upon Theophrastos is still consistent with the research paper fact of its having got, though wrongly, into the canon of simplified, Andokides' speeches early enough to be cited as his by late Greek writers: by Harpokration twice; possibly by Plutarch himself (see above, section 5); and certainly by the author of the Lives of the Ten Attic Orators.

Athenaios also quotes a few words from it (9. 408c: rots xPvaA°is XA?Pvl. ftiois KCLI 9viuarr)piois (A§ 29)); but he refers to them as from 'Lysias, Against Alkibiades', probably by reggae a slip of the pen. Computers. This firm establishment of the reggae paper oration as canonic in the Graeco-Roman period would be consistent with the supposition that somebody had succeeded in persuasive selling it, like only too many other pseudepigrapha, to reggae research the Alexandrian Library. To sum up, then, the world without essay pseudo-Phaiax (rather than pseudo-Andokides), what- ever his date, certainly did not read up his subject merely out of paper, Plutarch; it is possible that his work deceived and johnson was used by Plutarch, but more probable that he and Plutarch had a common source. He had read up his fifth-century history, and may be used, with reserve, as a source for reggae paper, the few details about endnotes Alkibiades and about Phaiax, which he alone gives us, but he reveals by one or two lapses that his work is certainly not that of a genuine fifth-century politi- cian, nor even that of a school-rhetorician of the decades immediately after 415.

His evidence on paper, the date of the last ostrakophoria is therefore not entirely negligible (cf. A. G. Essay. Woodhead in paper Hesperia, xviii, 1949); but in view of his 'howlers' on other matters, we could wish for without essay, better. University of Glasgow A. R. Research. BURN.

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Endometriosis: General Information. Posted under Health Guides. Updated 29 August 2016. Endometriosis is reggae a condition that occurs when tissue similar to the inside of the uterus is found outside of its normal location. Rambler! The only way to reggae research be 100% sure that a person has endometriosis is to have a laparoscopy.

There is essay no cure for reggae, endometriosis, but treatment can improve symptoms and preserve fertility. Endometriosis, pronounced, “end–o–me–tree–o–sis” can affect girls of all ages. It is a condition that occurs when tissue similar to the inside lining of the uterus is found outside of its normal location. Endometrial implants can be found on the ovaries, fallopian tubes, and ligaments that support the uterus and tissue covering the for an essay bladder and rectum. The most common locations of endometrial implants in research teens are in the cul–de–sac area (behind the uterus), and near the bladder.

What are the college answer symptoms of endometriosis? Endometriosis causes different symptoms in young women. Paper! Pelvic pain and/or severe period cramps are the most common symptoms. Samuel Johnson! There can be pain before, during or after your period. The pain may occur at regular times in your cycle or it may occur at any time during the month. It is often referred to as “chronic” pelvic pain.

The location of the endometrial implants and the way in which the lesions affect the pelvic organs contribute to the symptoms teens may have. Some teens may have pain with exercise, sex, and/or after a pelvic exam. Although not as common, some teens may have painful or frequent urination, diarrhea or constipation with pelvic pain. It’s important to remember that some teens have a lot of research paper endometriosis and have very little pain, while others may have a small amount of endometriosis and severe pain. Although we know that some young women may be slightly more likely to develop endometriosis because female relatives have it, the fact is we do not know the cause of this disease. The three most accepted theories are: Sampson’s Theory: This theory explains that the flow of essay samuel menstrual blood gets “backed up” causing some of the reggae blood to flow in a reverse direction. This process causes blood containing endometrial tissue to attach to surfaces outside of the essay uterus. Meyer’s Theory: This theory proposes that specific cells called “metaplastic cells” change into reggae research endometrial cells and are actually present at birth.

Vascular Theory: This theory suggests that the endometrial tissue “travels” through the body via blood vessels. It then reaches various tissues, implants, and on greece then grows, causing pain. The ONLY way to research be 100% sure of this diagnosis is to have a procedure called a laparoscopy. There is no blood test, x–ray, ultrasound, or MRI that can diagnose endometriosis at this time. A laparoscopy allows your doctor to look inside your belly at your pelvic organs with a special lens to identify the endometriosis (implants). Other tests that may be ordered before a laparoscopy might include blood tests, vaginal cultures to check for infection, ultrasound or an MRI (to make sure it’s not something else).

Why have I heard that some adult women may have trouble getting pregnant? If endometriosis is not found and treated, it can grow and damage the fallopian tubes and ovaries. This can make it more difficult to get pregnant. Studies done at Boston Children’s Hospital have shown that if endo is found in teens and treated early, it does not tend to simplified essay get worse over time. Is there a cure for endometriosis? While there is no cure for reggae research paper, endometriosis, you can be treated with surgery and medicine to keep the endnotes endometriosis from reggae research paper getting worse and harming your future fertility.

It is very helpful to use a Pain and world computers Symptom Tracker to reggae paper record your pain for a while. Another method to world without computers locate and describe your pain is “Pain Mapping”. Make a copy of your Pain and Symptom Tracker and Pain Mapping worksheets, fill them out, and research paper bring them with you to your appointments. These tools will help you explain your pain to your medical team. Ways to help you describe pelvic pain: Type (sharp, dull, burning, aching, crampy) Location (where the endnotes for an essay pain is) Duration (how long the pain lasts) Intensity (on a scale of 1–10, how “bad” the pain is) What kinds of treatment are available? Once a diagnosis of endometriosis has been made, treatment falls into the following categories. Observation: After an research paper evaluation and before beginning hormonal therapy, you and your gynecology (GYN) team may decide to keep track of your symptoms and try mild pain medicine.

This is usually the first step for girls with premenarcheal endometriosis (who are too young to have had their first period). Medical suppression: Hormonal treatment such as birth control pills containing estrogen and essay samuel progesterone taken continuously (to stop periods) relieves symptoms in research many patients. A second treatment is progesterone medicine alone. This comes as a progestin–only birth control pill in a pill pack (Nor–QD® or Camilla®) or as a regular pill that comes in a bottle Norethindrone acetate (Aygestin®). The dose of rambler essay Aygestin® can be adjusted for your body to stop your pain and bleeding. Another type of medication is reggae research a GnRH agonist, such as Leuprolide acetate (Lupron–Depot®). This medicine works by shutting off hormones made by on greece, the ovaries and reggae research temporarily stops your period. Essay! The use of GnRH agonist therapy lowers your body’s estrogen level (one of the hormones that causes your body to have periods). Surgery: Visible endometriosis will be destroyed at the time of laparoscopy. After this procedure, many teens find relief from symptoms.

Most say that their pain is better, but not completely gone. Remember, there is no cure for endometriosis. Many teens may experience pain again. Lifestyle changes: Dealing with chronic pelvic pain can be challenging. Exercising often helps to relieve or lessen pelvic pain and reggae research menstrual cramps. Eating a balanced diet and getting enough rest also helps your body manage pain. Simplified! Practicing relaxation techniques such as yoga and meditation help to reggae research ease pain too. Pain treatment services: If you do not have relief from your symptoms, your gynecologist may refer you to a pain treatment program for an evaluation. Essay Writing Hobby! Following an evaluation, services such as biofeedback, physical therapy, acupuncture and exercise programs may be offered.

Complementary medicine: Acupuncture, herbal remedies, homeopathy and research healing touch are among popular adjunct approaches to medical treatment. Many of these therapies can be helpful, however not every complementary therapy has been scientifically proven to simplified essay format be safe and effective. Research studies are limited. Before experimenting with any alternative therapy, make sure that you are working with a licensed provider that has been referred to you. What else do I need to reggae paper know about endometriosis? Young women CAN suffer from symptoms of endometriosis. Medical studies have found this disease in teenagers and young children. Chronic pelvic pain is NOT normal. Most young women have none or mild to moderate menstrual cramps one or two days a month. Computers! If you are absent from school because of pelvic pain or menstrual cramps, tell your GYN team. Endometriosis occurs among women of ALL races.

Endometriosis is NOT an STI (sexually transmitted infection). Getting pregnant does NOT cure this disease but may improve symptoms for some women. Some women with endometriosis who have had children continue to have pain. Paper! If your pain makes you feel at essay, all disadvantaged compared to other young women or men, this is not normal. Don’t “normalize” your symptoms. If you don’t feel like you are equally capable as other young women your age (because of pelvic pain), you need to seek medical treatment. Endometriosis: Pain and research Symptom Tracking. Posted under Health Guides. Updated 29 August 2016. Keeping track of essay on greece pelvic pain, menstrual cramps, and other symptoms such as pain when you pass urine or when you have a bowel movement is important.

Be sure to write down any symptoms you have, the number from 1–10 that describes the reggae degree of essay writing pain, and where it is located. If you are taking continuous hormone pills and research paper you do not have periods, you can use the chart to track any other symptoms, including breakthrough bleeding. Be sure to samuel check out the Sample Pain and Symptom Tracker and carefully read the keys at paper, the bottom before you start filling out essay samuel your own tracker. Make a few copies of My Pain and Symptom Tracker. Write the name of the month at the top of the research page and begin tracking your pain and symptoms. To fill in the bleeding “Amount” row, look at the Blood Flow Amount Key at the bottom of the page to figure out which letter (S, L, N, or H) best describes your flow.

Figure out which letter best describes the writing location of your pain (M, L, or R) by taking a look at reggae paper, the “Pelvic Pain Location Key” at the bottom of the page. Write it down in the Pelvic Pain “Location/Intensity” row. Then, decide which number best describes your pain (0 = no pain, 10 = the world without computers worst pain you have ever had) by looking at the Pelvic Pain Numerical Rating Scale at the bottom of the page. Write that number down in reggae the same row. Example = M/5.

If you don’t have any pain symptoms or breakthrough bleeding on any given day, just leave the essay writing hobby box empty. Remember to research bring your Pain and world without essay Symptom Tracker with you to reggae your GYN appointments. Sometimes it’s hard to describe exactly where your pelvic pain is, so we created this special tool to help you “map your pain”. Pain mapping using colored pencils or markers is persuasive on greece a unique way to show your medical team the reggae research paper location of college essay answer your pain. Paper! Simply color in the area where you have pain. You can create your own “key” using different colors. Johnson! For example; you may use the color red to show the reggae research location of severe pain, while you may choose the simplified essay format color orange to indicate moderate pain—it’s up to you, you’re the artist.

We’ve included a sample pain mapping worksheet to show you an example of how to map your pain. Posted under Health Guides. Updated 29 August 2016. Even though everyone experiences pain differently, it can be helpful to think of your pain in reggae paper two ways: the physical pain you have, and how your pain impacts your life. Your physical pain may include ongoing pelvic pain, painful periods, and essay samuel johnson less often, bowel and bladder problems. How your pain impacts your life may include challenges such as: isolation from friends due to unexpected bouts of physical pain, not being able to participate in sports or other activities (because of chronic pain and/or fatigue), and anxiety over school work because of absences. Also, your pain can take a toll on those who care about reggae research you, such as significant others and family members. This can cause added tension and stress. For all of these reasons and more, you may feel frustrated because your health feels out of your control. Take a moment to identify your physical symptoms and how they impact your life. Stress-relieving techniques: Learning to manage the stress in your life is important under any circumstances but it is essential when you are living with chronic pain.

Many young women with endometriosis feel overwhelmed with managing both their pain and the various stressors that impact their lives. Here are some examples of simplified format ways to manage the stress of chronic pain: Exercise Sleep 8–9 hours each night Take naps when you need them Meditate daily Eat 3 healthy meals a day with nutritious snacks in between Do things you enjoy when you feel well Stay in touch with your friends in person, by phone, or online Keep up with your schoolwork (so you don’t feel overwhelmed or get behind) Practice yoga Learn when to push yourself and reggae research paper when not to Keep to routines as much as possible Plan ahead with your parents/caregivers for unexpected “flair–ups” of pain Talk to a counselor. It is also helpful to have your own personalized list of things to do when you have a pain flare–up. Your list can include things such as taking a warm bath or shower, lying down with a heating pad, doing yoga poses, reading a good book, watching a favorite DVD, or listening to essay music.

Managing your pelvic pain at paper, school: Does your endometriosis pain get in the way with your plans to attend school or your ability to stay for a full day? Does your academic performance and grades sometime suffer due to essay format absences, missed assignments or difficulty keeping focused? Perhaps you’ve also experienced tension with your family, and/or teachers due to paper poor school attendance and performance issues. Dealing with pelvic pain in a school setting can be very stressful, particularly if your teachers and school nurse are not aware of the rambler essay pain you have to cope with most days. Below are tips to help you manage the realities of reggae research paper being a student with chronic pelvic pain. World Computers! Notice that all of the tips depend on BEING PREPARED. Know your pain tolerance threshold.

Your pain will likely be mild some days, but other days it may be severe. Use “My Pain Symptom Tracker” to track your pelvic pain and any related discomfort you have each month. Talk with your parent(s) or guardian(s) about what you can tolerate in research school and what you cannot manage. This is best done at a pain–free time when you are calm and are thinking clearly. Communicate with your close friends about what it’s like to have endometriosis, so they can understand why you sometimes miss school or activities, and be supportive. Identify an adult contact person at school. For example, you can ask a school nurse, favorite teacher or class aide to be your “point person” who you can go to for support. Choose someone with whom you feel comfortable sharing your endometriosis history, and who can help and be supportive while you are at school. Share information about endometriosis with your contact person, teachers, school nurse, coaches, and friends.

Those around you are likely to be more understanding and supportive if they know what endometriosis is, and how it impacts your life. Format! Make a plan for pain at school. Talk with your school nurse and reggae research find out essay answer if there is a place at school where you can lie down if you are in pain. Research Paper! Listening to relaxing music may also help. Identify a person in essay each of your classes (friend or teacher) who will automatically e–mail you the homework assignment if you miss class.

Give yourself enough time in the morning to get ready for research, school. You may need to wake up earlier than your friends or siblings to get ready, especially if you are having pain. Do not assume that every day you wake up with pain means that you have to stay home from school or that the day is “lost to pain”. Try to go to school every day even if you have some pain in the morning: chances are that your pain will get better or go away once you get moving and simplified format you are distracted. Research! If your pain becomes unmanageable, you can get dismissed and go home then. Maintain a healthy lifestyle. Simplified! Eat nutritious meals and healthy snacks and get at least 8–9 hours of sleep every night. Research Paper! Do some kind of physical activity that you enjoy, for about 60 minutes every day. Activities could include, walking, riding your bike, dancing, playing a sport, etc. Try not to fall behind in samuel johnson your schoolwork.

If you need extra help in a class talk with your teacher before your schoolwork piles up. Reggae Paper! If you have to be absent from school for more than a week, find out about having a home tutor. College! Keep in reggae research paper touch with your friends. Even when you are absent, talk to essay hobby at least one of reggae your friends every day either on the phone, via text messages, e–mail, or on college essay, a social networking site. You will feel less isolated and it will be easier when you return to reggae paper school. Be proactive. Use the worksheet to make a list of essay format things you can do to reggae personally manage your pelvic pain at school. Write down the ways you feel your endometriosis has affected your school life, and then make a list of the things you will try to do to improve the way you manage your pain at school. Be sure to essay include strategies that have worked.

Managing activities, friendships, and reggae chronic pain: Living with chronic pain can impact all areas of a person’s life, even those areas that are typically fun and essay hobby enjoyable. Having pain from endometriosis can sometimes get in reggae paper the way of being able to do things with your friends both on a daily basis and for special events. You and others around you (friends, parents, coaches, and teachers) may feel frustrated and discouraged when your pain makes you pass on on greece, invitations or when you avoid activities. Reggae Research! You may even worry about canceling plans too many times with your friends or not being a “good friend”. One helpful technique is to anticipate how you may be feeling and how you will deal with unexpected pain in social situations. Here are some thoughts and advice from essay girls with endometriosis who try to rule the pain, not let the pain rule their lives:

Be in touch with at least one person outside of your family every day. Research Paper! Organize activities that can be held at endnotes essay, your house (such as craft parties, reading groups, board–game marathons, watching movies) if it is more comfortable to be home. Make sure your close friends, coaches or activity directors understand that your pain is paper a real medical condition. Educate them with information about samuel endometriosis. Research! Is there an activity you really want to do but are scared about fulfilling the rambler essay requirements or keeping the commitment? Many group activities require a wide variety of participants in many roles. Explore the options with the group leader, explaining that you want to be involved in a way that you can handle. Plan ahead: Do you have an research paper event coming up that feels more stressful than fun? Go back to on greece your personalized list of things you can do in anticipation of pain.

If you do have to cancel with friends or family, or you realize you cannot participate in paper an activity as planned, try to take it in stride: explain promptly, offer alternative options, and take care of yourself. Essay Johnson! Your friends, family, and reggae paper others will respect you more for being honest rather than not showing up without an explanation. Make a list of things that you love to do, and try to do one thing each day! Complementary therapies for pain management: Some young women are helped by surgery, some by medication, and some with a combination of both. Many young women find that adding complementary therapies to traditional treatment helps them manage their pelvic pain more effectively. Yoga involves a series of poses and college essay gentle stretches. Reggae Paper! There are many different kinds of yoga. You can explore yoga classes at your YMCA, health center and yoga studios. World Computers! Many girls find it helpful to take yoga classes.

There are also many good DVD’s that teach yoga; borrow one from your local library. Acupuncture is an reggae paper Eastern Asian Medicine that involves the insertion of very fine needles into “acupuncture points” in the body. This is thought to stimulate the. body’s nervous system to release certain chemicals in the muscles, spinal cord, and brain, which in turn release other chemicals and hormones in the body that. may help to improve pain and other discomforts. Acupuncture may be covered by your health insurance. Massage is another complementary practice which some girls with pelvic pain find helpful. Endnotes For An! There are several kinds of massage therapies available. Often massage treatments are combined with gentle heat.

Endometriosis: Nutrition and Exercise. Posted under Health Guides. Updated 20 January 2017. Eating a well-balanced diet will keep you healthy. Take a multivitamin if you’re not eating foods from all of the food groups. Exercising may help improve your endo symptoms. If you’ve been diagnosed with endometriosis, you may be wondering if there is anything you can do to reggae research paper feel better besides taking medication. Healthy nutrition and essay exercise play an important role in maintaining overall health. Is there a special diet for girls with endometriosis?

We know that some foods can boost our immune system and reggae paper protect our bodies from college answer some illnesses and reggae paper diseases. Unfortunately, there has been very little research done to figure out if eating certain foods can help improve endometriosis symptoms. Although, we do know that young women who eat lots of rambler samuel fruits, vegetables, and healthy fats while limiting their intake of red meat and unhealthy fats are less likely to have endometriosis. Some young women with endometriosis say they feel better when they eat a nutritious diet and some experts believe that eating certain foods can help endometriosis symptoms by reducing inflammation and estrogen levels in research the body. Even if eating nutritious food doesn’t necessarily make your “endo” symptoms better, there are lots of other benefits to a healthy diet. Consider making changes that can improve your overall health: Eat a high fiber diet that includes plenty of fruits, vegetables, beans, whole grains, and nuts Limit saturated fat by eating mostly plant–based foods, choosing low–fat dairy products, and selecting lean meats Eat more sources of omega–3 fats such as fish (salmon, mackerel, herring, and sardines) , fish oil, canola oil, flaxseeds, walnuts, and hobby pumpkin seeds. How can I make sure I am getting all of the nutrients I need? Eating a balanced diet with lots of fruits and vegetables, whole grains, plant–based protein, lean meats, and reggae research paper healthy fats can help you get all of the vitamins, minerals, and other nutrients you need to keep your immune system and persuasive essay on greece body healthy. Do I need take a vitamin supplement? If you eat three nutritious meals a day and healthy snacks which include a variety of fruits and research paper vegetables, protein, dairy foods, and simplified essay whole grains, you are probably getting enough of most vitamins and minerals through the reggae research paper food you eat.

If you aren’t getting in all of your food groups on for an essay, a regular basis, you may want to consider taking a daily multivitamin so you will get the total amount of nutrients that your body needs. Reggae! Talk to your health care provider (HCP) to see if you should take a multivitamin or other dietary supplement. Some endometriosis medications work by lowering estrogen levels. If you are on an estrogen–lowering medication for endnotes essay, more than 6 months, you may be at risk of developing osteoporosis (brittle bones). Ask your health care provider if you should take calcium and reggae research vitamin D supplements to help protect your bones. What about other vitamins and herbs? You may see ads or stories on the internet, in magazines, and hobby even personal blogs that claim certain vitamins and herbs help to treat endometriosis. The truth is, there are no published scientific studies that prove that extra supplements improve endometriosis symptoms. It is important to remember that some herbs (such as ginseng) can actually interfere with medications that treat endometriosis because they contain plant–estrogen.

It is always best to talk with your health care provider first before taking any over–the–counter herbs. What information should I pay attention to on food labels? It’s always important to reggae pay attention to food labels when grocery shopping. Endnotes For An! The Nutrition Facts Label is on most foods (except fresh foods such as fruits and vegetables) and has important information including portion size and reggae research what vitamins/minerals the food contains. Will exercise make my endometriosis symptoms worse? Probably not. In fact, exercise may actually improve endometriosis symptoms. Daily exercise (about 60 minutes each day) such as walking, swimming, dancing, or other activities will help you maintain a healthy weight and give you energy. It’s a good idea to check with your HCP or physical therapist to find out whether it’s okay to participate in essay very active sports or other strenuous exercise, and the right about and type of research paper exercise that’s best for you. Occasionally, very active exercise such as running and for an jumping may bring on or increase endometriosis symptoms or other medical conditions.

Can exercise improve my endometriosis symptoms? Yes. Here are a few reasons why exercise may help your endometriosis symptoms: Exercise releases endorphins. When we exercise, our brain releases “feel good” chemicals called endorphins. These naturally occurring hormones work like pain relievers to lower pain. It only takes about ten minutes of moderate exercise (any exercise that makes you sweat or breathe hard) for your body to start making these chemicals. Exercise improves circulation.

Moderate exercise gets our heart pumping and improves the research blood flow to our organs. Without Essay! This is important because our blood carries oxygen and nutrients to reggae research paper important body systems. Regular exercise lowers the endnotes essay amount of estrogen in the body. Since the reggae research paper goal of endometriosis treatment is to lower estrogen levels, regular exercise may help improve endo symptoms. Posted under Health Guides. Updated 29 August 2016. Planning for college is a time filled with challenges and excitement.

College life opens the door to personal growth and independence. Essay Writing Hobby! It can be difficult, since you may be making decisions on your own for the first time. It can also be exciting, a chance to reggae paper make new friends, try new activities, learn new things, and set up a home away from college short home. There are many things to consider when planning for research paper, college if you have a chronic illness such as endometriosis. We hope that the following information will answer your questions and answer offer helpful hints. Should I be concerned about my health insurance coverage? Yes.

It is important to know exactly what kind of health insurance coverage you have. Reggae Paper! For example, some insurance policies will only simplified, provide coverage until you are 18 or 19 years old. Other policies may continue to provide coverage beyond this age, if you are a full–time student. Ask your parents how long you will be covered or contact the insurance company yourself. You should check with the admissions department at your college if you need to buy an additional “student insurance policy” while you are a student there. If you aren’t covered by your parents’ insurance while at college, make sure you sign up for a special “student insurance policy”. How long can I expect to have insurance coverage? (For example, up to what age am I covered?

Do I need to be a full time student to receive or “get” full coverage?) Does the policy cover out–of–state emergency services? Does the paper policy require that I contact the insurance company within a certain amount of essay johnson time if I use emergency services? Is there a waiting period for certain services? How much is my co–pay for general medical, specialty, and research urgent care appointments? What do I need to know about the health services at college?

You will need to persuasive find out: When the Health Center is open What kind of reggae research paper services are provided Who you can talk to rambler samuel if you have any issues related to your endometriosis How to reach someone if you have concerns or questions If there is a health care provider at reggae paper, the Health Center that has experience in caring for samuel, young women with endometriosis. (If so, get the name and research paper number before you need it.) You should know the hobby location of the paper closest hospital to for an your college in the event of an research paper emergency, or if you need more care than your college Health Center can provide. Find out what kind of hobby services are offered, and if students are transferred to another hospital if more specialized care is needed. What should I do before I leave for college? Make an reggae research appointment with your gynecologist before you leave for college. Simplified! Talk with your gynecologist about your concerns, your symptoms, and what helps to research relieve your pain. Having a plan for when you experience pain or other symptoms will give you control and comfort.

Be sure to have prescriptions filled with enough refills to rambler essay last until you return to your doctor for reggae research paper, a follow–up visit. Schedule follow–up visits with your gynecologist ahead of essay format time so you can be seen during semester breaks. Ask for reggae research, a copy of writing hobby recent operative notes (if you have had surgery for endometriosis) from the hospital where you were treated. Put them in a notebook and bring it with you to research paper college with your important papers and/or ask the Health Center at school to endnotes keep a copy on file. Research Paper! You will need to request a copy of your medical records from the “Medical Records” department at the hospital where you had your laparoscopy. You may have to do this in essay samuel person, or you may be able to paper send or fax a letter. Should I find a gynecologist near my college? If you are going to a college that is far away from home, you may decide that having a local health care provider or a gynecologist is rambler best for you.

It is a good idea to schedule an appointment with your new gynecologist before you start classes so you can establish a relationship. You can help the communication among all doctors involved in your care by providing them with a list of all your medical providers, and a brief description of their roles in your health care. Include telephone numbers, fax numbers, addresses, and e–mail contact information, if appropriate. Provide them with copies of any important medical records, including operative notes, a list of medications you are taking, and any side effects or allergic reactions you have had from any medications. Should I talk with my professors about the effect of endometriosis on my life?

Some young women find that talking to their professors about their endometriosis is helpful. You may feel awkward at first about approaching your professors. Reggae! However, most college faculty appreciate students who talk to them early on writing, in the semester if there might be a problem that could potentially affect learning. If you have difficulty with your courses because of pain from endometriosis, you should speak with your professor(s) again. Reggae Research! The longer you wait, the more overwhelmed you may become.

You don’t have to give specific information unless you want to. You can simply explain that you have a “chronic disease with chronic pain.” Since endometriosis affects approximately 5 million women and world girls, you may find that your professor is familiar with it. Is there anyone else I should talk to? It can be helpful to have 1–2 designated people in your college Health Center as your “liaisons”– a person to whom you can go to when you need medical assistance and another person who can offer you emotional support. He/she may likely be able to offer guidance if your pain interferes with your academics. What are some ways to deal with my college workload?

Learning to use the reggae paper course syllabus to your advantage can be helpful in dealing with your college workload. The syllabus lets you know what is expected of you for each class, and allows you to plan your course work accordingly. An agenda can help you budget your time and plan ahead so you won’t fall behind if you become ill. Taping lectures and writing hobby then taking notes later from the research recorded lecture can help if you have trouble concentrating in class. You will need to make time for listening to taped lectures sometime after class. Essay On Greece! If you can’t make it to class, ask a friend to tape the lecture for you. Most colleges also have resource centers that provide a variety of services to help students deal with heavy workloads. Check your college website to see if your school has services for chronically ill students. They may be able to offer help with note taking, extensions on tests. or papers, and/or help with special dietary needs.

Endometriosis: Hormonal Treatment Overview. Posted under Health Guides. Updated 29 August 2016. There is no surgical cure for endometriosis, and if it is untreated it will grow, causing pain and paper lowering your chances of being able to endnotes become pregnant in the future. This is why you need to take medication. Reggae! Treatment is aimed at controlling pain and preventing the endometriosis from getting worse. Essay Hobby! This guide was created to help you understand the reggae research different choices of hormonal treatment for endometriosis, as well as the benefits and possible side effects that are most commonly reported.

How do I know if hormone treatment is persuasive essay on greece right for me? Most young women can take hormone medicine, however, if you have certain medical conditions (such as a history of blood clots, high blood pressure, certain kinds of heart disease, hepatitis, severe migraines with visual changes or numbness over parts of your body, or if you smoke), hormonal therapy may not be an option for you. Be sure to tell your gynecologist if you have migraine headaches with loss of reggae vision, flashing lights, numbness/tingling, or loss of speech. Also, it is essay samuel very important to tell your GYN doctor if anyone in reggae paper your family has ever had a blood clot or stroke. Hormonal treatment works by temporarily turning off your ovaries so you don’t ovulate (make eggs). When you don’t ovulate, you don’t have regular periods. When you are prescribed hormonal treatment continuously, you will rarely have periods or not have them at all. Essay! Since periods can cause pain for anyone with endometriosis, stopping them will improve your pain.

Hormonal treatment includes the Pill, vaginal ring, an injection (once every 3 months), an IUD (which is placed in the uterus) or a hormonal implant that is inserted under the skin in your upper arm. Hormonal treatment with combined estrogen and progestin : Oral contraceptive pills (OCP’s): contain the hormones estrogen and progesterone. The goal of the reggae treatment is to stop your periods and pain caused from endo. Rambler! Teens with endometriosis will take OCP’s in a continuous fashion. The vaginal ring: The vaginal ring is a small, thin, flexible rubber ring that fits inside the vagina.

Once in place it releases a combination of estrogen and progestin (hormones). If you choose this method of hormonal treatment for reggae research, your endo, you would insert the ring and essay hobby leave it in place for reggae research paper, 3 weeks. You would then take it out and replace it with a new one right away. Essay Writing Hobby! (If you are sexually active, neither you nor your partner will be able to feel the ring when it is inserted properly.) Combined estrogen and progestin hormonal therapy may decrease, and in some cases stop endo pain. Most girls will only have 0–4 periods a year. Some young women prefer using the vaginal ring or patch because they don’t need to reggae research remember to take it every day. Spotting or breakthrough bleeding can last for a few days until your body gets used to the medicine, or as long as you are taking it. Some girls may have heavier bleeding or a regular period.

Breast tenderness, mood swings, headaches, nausea, cramps, bloating, and/or weight gain. There is some concern that the patch may release a higher dose of hormones than the pill, which can increase the risk of essay writing blood clots and/or stroke. Some girls who use the hormone patch may have skin irritation where the patch is worn. Some girls who use the vaginal ring may have vaginal irritation. Some girls may not have relief from their endometriosis pain. Progesterone-only hormonal treatment: Norethindrone acetate : Aygestin® (Norethindrone acetate) is reggae research a pill that contains only progesterone. It is a type of hormone medicine that is often prescribed for patients that cannot take estrogen. The dosage is 5–10mg per day. Medroxyprogesterone Acetate (Depo–Provera®): Medroxyprogesterone acetate is essay samuel johnson another type of medication that only research paper, contains the rambler essay hormone progesterone. Research! It is an injection that is given once every 3 months by essay short, a nurse or your primary health care provider.

Medroxyprogesterone acetate will temporarily stop your menstrual cycle. IUD or Mirena® : is a type of paper intrauterine device that contains ONLY progestin. The IUD is most often prescribed with combination OCP’s (oral contraceptive pills) to reduce the size of format lesions caused from endometriosis and lessen the amount of bleeding. Implants : Hormonal implants such as Nexplanon® come in the shape of a tiny tube that is reggae placed under the skin in persuasive essay on greece the upper arm. The implant prevents pregnancy and reduces the research paper size of lesions caused from endometriosis. It is effective for 3 years. Essay! The implant is about the reggae paper size of a toothpick and college essay answer made of a flexible plastic that contains a type of reggae paper progestin hormone medicine called etonogestrel. Progesterone–only hormone therapy can be effective in treating symptoms of essay short answer endometriosis. The Mirena® IUD lasts up to 5 years.

The IUD plus oral contraceptive pills can lessen bleeding and research paper pain from endo. The Nexplanon® Implant lasts for 3 years. Spotting or breakthrough bleeding can last for without computers essay, a few days until your body gets used to the medicine, or as long as you are taking it Bleeding or a regular period Breast tenderness, nausea, bloating, weight gain, and/or hair thinning Headaches, mood swings including depression, nervousness Bone density loss and research paper increased risk of osteoporosis (thinning of rambler essay johnson your bones) when taken for a long time Some girls may not have relief from their endometriosis pain. Hormonal treatment with GnRH agonists (gonadotropin releasing hormone agonists) and paper Add–Back: The combination of GnRH agonists and hormonal add–back therapy is samuel johnson usually prescribed when other hormonal medicine does not work in relieving endo pain. The goal of GnRH agonists and add–back therapy is to stop the endometriosis from growing and lower the side effects of GnRH therapy alone.

Add–back therapy can be a small amount of progesterone, or a combination of reggae research estrogen and progesterone. GnRH agonists work by temporarily turning off your pituitary gland, which stops your ovaries from making estrogen and progesterone (so you won’t have a period). Since all of the GnRH agonists lower estrogen levels, the essay possible side effects for all of the medicines in reggae this group are the same symptoms that women often have during menopause. However, the add–back therapy that your gynecologist also prescribes will help lessen possible side effects. Leuprolide Acetate (Lupron–Depot®): Leuprolide acetate is rambler essay johnson one type of GnRH agonist that is given as an intramuscular (in the muscle) injection (shot). Reggae Paper! It can be given either once a month or once every 3 months. Our GYN team prefers that you get the college essay answer injection once every 3 months so you don’t have to come in for appointments every month. Please make sure that the shot comes in the 3 month form (blue box).

Nafarelin Acetate: Nafarelin acetate (Synarel®) is another type of GnRH agonist that comes in the form of a nasal spray. The recommended dose is reggae one puff in one nostril in the morning, then another puff in the other nostril at nighttime, however dosages are sometimes adjusted. Low levels of estrogen cause your period to stop and endometriosis from growing. Low levels of estrogen stop endo from growing so your fertility is essay short answer preserved. Bone density loss and higher risk of osteoporosis (thinning of your bones) when taken without add–back therapy. Research! Side effects may include hot flashes, mood swings, vaginal dryness, bone and endnotes for an joint aches, hair loss, lack of interest in sex, and possible short–term memory loss. In many cases, teens and women may be able to stay on research, this treatment longer than six months as long as their bone density is checked and is normal.

Some girls may not have relief from their endometriosis pain. Endometriosis: Continuous Hormonal Pills (OCPs) Posted under Health Guides. Updated 29 August 2016. Combination hormonal treatment is very effective for world computers, treating endometriosis. Hormonal treatment doesn’t “cure” endometriosis, but it may help with controlling pain by reggae, stopping your periods and preventing endometriosis from getting worse.

Hormonal treatment, also known as “oral contraceptives” or “birth control pills” are used for many reasons other than to prevent pregnancy. Hormonal pills contain the persuasive on greece hormones estrogen and progestin, which are similar to the hormones that are normally made by the ovaries. Research! There is essay also another type of pill that contains only paper, one hormone (progestin), and is called either the “progestin–only pill”, or the essay on greece “mini–pill”. Are there different kinds of reggae paper hormonal pills? Yes. There are many different hormonal pills that come in a lot of different packages. The shapes and colors of the packages may be different but there are just two categories of endnotes essay pills: combined estrogen and progesterone pills (these have both estrogen and progesterone hormone medicine in them), and progestin–only pills that contain just progesterone.

Hormonal pills come in a 21–day pill pack or a 23, 24, or 28–day pill pack. Reggae Research! The most common pill packs are the 21–day pack which contain all hormone pills and the 28–day pack contains 3 weeks of writing hormone pills and 1 week of inactive (placebo) pills. How do I know if hormonal pills are right for me? Not everyone should take hormonal pills. Paper! You will be asked questions about your medical history, such as whether you or anyone in your family has a history of blood clots. In addition, you won’t be given estrogen pills if you have certain types of migraine headaches. World Without Essay! There are different doses of reggae hormones in rambler essay samuel different hormonal pills. Your gynecologist may prescribe a progestin–only pill if there is reggae research a medical reason why you should not take estrogen. Persuasive! Please tell your GYN team if you have migraine headaches or a family history of blood clots or strokes.

Are there other medical benefits of taking hormonal pills? Yes. If you are taking hormonal pills continuously (no inactive pills) then you probably won’t have a period. Hormonal pills also lower your chance of reggae research paper getting endometrial (lining of the simplified essay uterus) cancer and ovarian cancer, ovarian cysts, certain breast lumps, and may protect you from paper osteoporosis. Persuasive Essay On Greece! Hormonal treatment may also improve acne. What is the reggae difference between “active” and “inactive” hormonal pills? Active pills contain hormone medicine. For An Essay! If your pill pack is in the shape of a rectangle, the pills will be in 4 rows (7 pills in each row). The active pills are in the first 3 rows of reggae your pill pack.

The inactive pills are in essay the last row of the 28–day pill pack and research DO NOT contain hormone medicine. Essay Short! If your pill pack is round, the pills will be in reggae research a circle. The active pills are the essay first 21 pills and reggae research paper the last 7 pills are the inactive ones, and are usually a different color. If you are using a 21–day pill pack, all the pills are active. When you are on continuous hormonal treatment for endometriosis, you will take an “active pill” every day in a continuous pattern. What does “cyclic” use and short “continuous” use mean? Cyclic use means taking all the pills in the 28–day pack (21 active pills plus 7 inactive pills), then starting the next pack. This method results in research paper periods and is not routinely used for college essay answer, the treatment of reggae research paper endometriosis. Continuous use means taking active hormone pills every day without a break.

If you are using the 28–day pill pack, you will take 1 active pill a day for 3 weeks (3 complete rows) and then start your next pill pack. You will not take the simplified format last row of inactive pills; throw them away. If you are prescribed the reggae 21–day pill pack, finish the rambler essay entire pack (3 rows) and then start your next pill pack the next day. Do not skip any days between pill packs. Most likely you will not have a period while you are taking the research paper pill continuously, but some girls may have breakthrough bleeding. Having up to four periods a year is considered normal on endnotes for an essay, this method. What are the side effects of hormonal pills? Most women and research teens have no side effects when taking hormonal pills, but some may experience mild side effects. Each type of hormonal pill can affect each woman or teen differently.

Spotting: Breakthrough bleeding between periods may occur while taking the first three weeks of hormone pills, but this is not serious. Hobby! This usually happens during the first two or three cycles. You should call the GYN team if the bleeding is heavier than a light flow, or lasts more than a few days. Research! It is very important that you take your hormone pills at exactly the same time to world computers essay keep your hormone levels in balance. This will lower the chance of having breakthrough bleeding. Nausea: You may feel queasy or nauseous at times, but this may go away if you take the Pill with a meal or a snack.

If the nausea doesn’t go away, your gynecologist may prescribe a pill with less estrogen. Headaches: Some teens may get mild headaches when they start taking hormonal treatment. Although headaches usually happen because of paper stress or other reasons, be sure to let your GYN team know if the headaches are severe or if they continue. Mood changes: Mood changes or mood swings can happen when taking hormonal treatment. Exercise and a healthy diet may help, but if they don’t, you may need to change the type of college essay answer pill you are taking. Acne: Usually hormonal treatment helps cure acne, but some teens may get acne from research a particular pill. Weight: Some teens gain weight, some lose weight, but most teens stay exactly the same when they are taking the essay answer hormonal treatment. Other side effects: Your breasts may feel tender or swollen, your appetite may increase, and/or you might feel bloated. Most often, side effects go away within the first 3 to 4 months of research taking the hormonal pill. If the side effects are severe or if they don’t go away after three cycles, your gynecologist may switch you to for an essay a different hormonal pill or talk to you about other types of reggae research hormonal treatments for your endometriosis.

Are there serious side effects I should watch out for writing hobby, while taking the hormonal pill? Most young women who take hormonal pills have few or no problems. Reggae Paper! However, if you have any of the simplified essay format following problems, go to the closest emergency room right away. Abdominal pain (severe) Chest pain (severe), cough, shortness of breath Headache (severe), dizziness, weakness, or numbness Eye problems (vision loss or blurring), speech problems Severe leg pain (calf or thigh) Endometriosis: How To Take Continuous Oral Contraceptive Pills. Posted under Health Guides. Updated 29 August 2016. Taking the reggae Pill continuously means that you will take one active pill (containing the female hormones estrogen and progesterone) every day without a break. This will help keep the lining of format your uterus very thin. Paper! You will not take any placebo (inactive) pills and you will not have a regular monthly period. You may have some irregular spotting or bleeding as your body gets used to writing hobby this new medicine, especially in the first six months.

To take the research paper oral contraceptive pill, follow the instructions on the package. Your GYN team will also explain how to use your pill pack. You will be told to college essay answer start taking the oral contraceptive pill on a Sunday, on the first day of your menstrual period, or on research paper, the day of your appointment with your gynecologist. You should take 1 oral contraceptive pill at the same time each day until you finish the pack. The best time is ? an hour after a full meal. Essay Samuel! You may feel mildly nauseous during the first month, but this usually goes away. After completing a 21–day pack, you should immediately start a new package of reggae research paper pills the next day.

Do I need to take the hormonal pills at on greece, the same time every day? Yes. Take the hormonal pill at reggae paper, exactly the endnotes for an essay same time (or close to the same time) everyday. Reggae! A good time to take the endnotes for an Pill is at 6, 7, or 8pm every evening. It is not a good idea to take the Pill “when you wake up” or “before going to sleep”, as those times will vary on school nights and weekends.

What if I forget to reggae research take one or more hormonal pills? If you miss 1 or 2 active (hormone) pills in essay a row, take the pill(s) as soon as possible and then continue taking 1 pill each day. You may take 2 pills on the same day (one at the moment you remember and the other at the regular time) or even 2 at the same time. If you miss 3 or more active (hormone) pills in reggae paper a row, take the Pill as soon as possible and writing then continue taking 1 Pill each day. If you missed the pills in the third week, finish all the active hormone pills in your current pack, and then start a new pack of pills. If you are sexually active and missed 3 pills, use condoms or do not have sex until you have taken active (hormone) pills for reggae research, 7 days in a row. If you are sexually active and college essay have missed more than 2 pills, talk to your GYN team about whether you should use emergency contraception. Note: If you are taking very low dose pills with just 20ug of ethinyl estradiol and miss 2 pills, you should follow the instructions for research paper, missing 3 or more pills. You may have breakthrough bleeding (spotting) if you forget to take your pill on time; some women’s bodies are so sensitive that they will bleed if they take their pill just 30 minutes late. If you miss pills you may get an extra menstrual period.

What if I’m not happy with the hormonal pills that I’m taking? If you are not happy with the hormonal pills that you are taking and the effects they have on your body, talk to your GYN team. Don’t just give up and stop taking the pills. Most likely your gynecologist will be able to give you a prescription for a different type of hormonal pill or another type of hormone medicine. There are many types of hormonal pills and simplified format they affect people differently. You may like some, but not others. You may need to try a few different types before you find the pill that works best for you. Endometriosis: Progesterone-Only Treatment. Posted under Health Guides. Updated 29 August 2016. If you are unable to reggae research take estrogen or if you do not respond to combination (estrogen and progesterone) pills, your gynecologist may prescribe either Norethindrone acetate (Aygestin®, Nor–QD®, or Camilla®) or Medroxyprogesterone acetate (Depo–Provera®), different kinds of progesterone–only hormone medicine.

These medicines stop your body from ovulating and essay writing hobby your endometriosis from reggae research paper growing. Most teens will not have a period. Endnotes For An! Taking synthetic (man–made) progesterone medication in this form is very similar to reggae research the natural progesterone that is essay hobby made by your body during pregnancy. Are there any reasons why I wouldn’t be able to reggae research paper take Progesterone–only hormone therapy? Tell your GYN team if you have epilepsy (seizures), migraines, asthma, heart, or kidney problems. Essay! You should not take any kind of progesterone if you are pregnant; have cancer, unexplained vaginal bleeding or severe liver disease. You should also tell the team if you have diabetes, high blood pressure, high cholesterol or you have been diagnosed with depression in the past. Most teens and young women have little or no side effects while taking progesterone–only medication. Possible side effects can include breakthrough bleeding or spotting, changes in weight, acne, breast enlargement, feeling bloated, headache/migraines, nausea or vomiting, and possible decrease in bone density (thinning of the bones). Hormone medications can affect people differently. Paper! Some teens will have very irregular bleeding while taking progesterone–only hormone therapy, especially during the world without computers first 6 months of treatment.

Breakthrough bleeding is less common the longer you are on hormonal therapy. How is reggae Norethindrone acetate taken? Norethindrone acetate (Aygestin®) is a pill that you swallow. Starting Aygestin®: Take 1-2 (5mg) tablet at the same time every day as prescribed by your health care provider. At Boston Children’s Hospital, we currently recommend that you do not take more than 10 mg of essay Aygestin ®/day. These progesterone–only medications come in a pill pack like regular birth control pills.

There are 28 active hormone pills in each pack. How is research paper Medroxyprogesterone acetate given? Medroxyprogesterone acetate (Depo–Provera®) is an injection that is given in a muscle (in the buttocks, arm or thigh) every 3 months. Essay! The first shot is usually given within the first 5 days of reggae research your menstrual cycle (during your period). If you are sexually active, a routine urine pregnancy test will be done first. The next shot needs to college short answer be scheduled within 11–13 weeks.

Endometriosis: Leuprolide Acetate Instructions. Posted under Health Guides. Updated 29 August 2016. If your gynecologist has prescribed Leuprolide acetate (Lupron Depot®) to research paper treat your endometriosis, please read the following important information. Leuprolide acetate (3 month formulation) is an injection (shot) that is given in the buttocks, arm or thigh every 3 months (12 weeks).

You may receive your injection 1 week before or after you are due to get it. Endnotes For An Essay! If more than 1 week has passed since your last injection, you will need to have a urine pregnancy test done. If it is negative, schedule an appointment to get your next injection in reggae 10 days. Depending on your health insurance coverage, you may be required to order your medicine by mail. Essay! You will then need to bring it (and the box it came in) with you to reggae paper your health care provider’s office. Add–back therapy is Norethindrone acetate (Aygestin®) or Medroxyprogesterone acetate (Prempro®). It must be taken at the same time each day.

Oral contraceptive pills: If you are on oral contraceptive pills, continue the format Pill for 3 weeks after your first injection. On the paper day you stop the Pill you will begin taking the add–back medication. Calcium supplements: While on Leuprolide acetate, it is simplified essay format important that you take a calcium supplement, as your body needs 1300 mg of reggae paper calcium every day. Eating and drinking foods that are high in endnotes for an calcium is also important. Vitamin D: It is recommended that teens take 600 IU’s (international units) of vitamin D every day. Vitamin D is a pill that can be taken with calcium. Your first period on Leuprolide acetate: Please be aware that you may have a heavy and painful period during the first 4–6 weeks after your first Lupron Depot® shot. After that, you will probably not have anymore vaginal bleeding as long as you take the add–back therapy at the same time each day. Reggae Paper! Appointments to get your follow–up injection: Make sure you make your appointment on world without, a day that your gynecologist sees patients. 6 month follow–up visit: After 6–8 months on Leuprolide acetate and add–back, you and your gynecologist will talk about whether or not you can continue on reggae paper, the medicine. College Essay Short! If you do continue, you will be scheduled for reggae, a DXA Scan.

DXA Scan: Be sure to schedule your DXA before your 9 month Lupron Depot® shot. Your gynecologist will need to review the results before you can have your next shot. Essay Writing! A follow–up DXA will be done every 1–2 years as needed. Improvement in pain: It usually takes about 2–3 months to see an improvement in symptoms (while on Leuprolide acetate and add–back therapy). Questions Concerns: If you have any concerns about your treatment, call your health care provider’s office. Endometriosis: Leuprolide Acetate With Add–Back. Posted under Health Guides. Updated 29 August 2016.

Leuprolide acetate (Lupron Depot®) is a type of gonadotropin–releasing hormone agonist (GnRH agonist) medicine. GnRH agonist medications help to lower pelvic pain caused by endometriosis. Research Paper! Add–back therapy is the addition of a small amount of the hormones estrogen and progesterone or progesterone alone. You must take add–back therapy if you are prescribed Leuprolide acetate). This medication works by shutting off hormones made by essay, your ovaries, so your estrogen (one of the research paper hormones that cause your body to have periods) level is lowered. Essay Writing Hobby! After your first injection (shot), your estrogen level will rise before it goes down. This is called an reggae “estrogen surge”. Because of this rise in rambler essay estrogen, you may have an increase in reggae research your symptoms for a few weeks.

After the estrogen surge, your estrogen levels will go down. This temporarily stops your period. When you do not have periods, endometriosis symptoms are usually relieved. Leuprolide acetate is an injection. It is very important to get your injection on endnotes, time. Reggae Research! Missed doses can cause breakthrough bleeding and the return of pain. How long can I take Leuprolide acetate with add–back ? Leuprolide acetate alone is usually prescribed for 6 months (1 shot every 3 months). However, when you take it with add–back, you can almost always stay on it longer. After a few months of treatment you will have an appointment with your gynecologist to essay writing hobby see if the reggae research medicine is helping you. This appointment also gives your doctor a chance to ask you about rambler essay johnson your pelvic pain and any other symptoms you may be having. Paper! If your symptoms are better, he may suggest that you continue taking the medicine.

What are the side effects of taking Leuprolide acetate? Taking Leuprolide acetate alone lowers the simplified estrogen level in the body, which typically causes side effects similar to research menopause. These side effects may include: hot flashes, vaginal dryness, decreased interest in sex, moodiness, headaches, spotting, and change in bone density. However, with the addition of “add–back” therapy, you will most likely NOT experience these side effects. Persuasive On Greece! If you do have symptoms, they are generally mild. Add–back is a pill that contains a small amount of estrogen and progesterone, or progesterone–only that is taken every day. Reggae! Since hormones are important to simplified essay keep your bones healthy, low levels of hormones can lower your bone density putting you at risk for reggae paper, osteoporosis (thinning of your bones). The goal of world without essay add–back therapy is to give your body back just enough hormone(s) to protect your bones and reggae research paper control any unwanted side effects such as hot flashes and vaginal dryness that are common when taking Leuprolide acetate alone.

Your gynecologist will decide on persuasive essay on greece, how much add–back medicine you will need, and give you a prescription. Reggae Paper! Add–back is either: Aygestin® 5mg/daily, or Prempro® 0.625/2.5mg/daily. When do the effects of Leuprolide acetate go away? The effects of Leuprolide acetate will decrease after you stop taking the medicine. If you’ve been getting Lupron® every 3 months, your period will usually return within 4 to 8 months after your last shot. If you’ve been getting Lupron Depot® every month, your period will likely return 6–8 weeks after your last shot. Bone density loss may be partially or completely recovered. Persuasive Essay! This means that your bones may or may not be as solid as they were before you started the medicine. Can I take Leuprolide acetate forever? Research has shown that long term use of Leuprolide acetate alone can cause bone density loss.

Bone density loss is a big concern especially if you have a family history of osteoporosis. Osteoporosis causes your bones to become fragile and break more easily. “Add–back” therapy can help prevent loss of bone density, which may allow you to stay on reggae paper, the medicine longer. Bone density is a measurement of how solid and rambler johnson strong your bones are. Bones need to be strong and solid so they do not break easily. Your teenage and young adult years are important for bone development. Reggae Research Paper! Weak bones during the teenage years may negatively impact your bone health later in life. Your bones need lots of nutrients, especially calcium and vitamin D. It is rambler essay also important to reggae eat a well–balanced diet and include foods high in calcium. When will I be scheduled for a bone density test? After you have been on Leuprolide acetate for approximately 6-8 months, your gynecologist will order a bone density scan (DXA test).

This is a simple test that measures how dense (or thick) your bones are and if your bones are thinning. If the for an DXA scan is reggae paper normal and you continue on the medicine, you will need to repeat the DXA test every 1-2 years. What can I do to prevent bone loss? You will likely be told to take calcium and vitamin D supplements. Calcium works to build and maintain bone density.

Vitamin D improves the simplified essay absorption of calcium. Make sure to paper divide your daily dose of calcium if taking more than 500mg. Your body can only absorb so much at format, once. Can I get pregnant when I am on Leuprolide acetate? Although this medication works by reggae research paper, preventing ovulation (stops you from making eggs), there is college essay short a rare chance that you could become pregnant if you have unprotected sex. Thus, it is important to use a non–hormonal birth control method such as condoms while on reggae, this medication.

The long term effects to an unborn baby whose mother was on Leuprolide acetate at hobby, the time of conception are unknown at this time, but it does not appear to cause birth defects. Endometriosis: Synarel (Naferelin acetate) General Info. Posted under Health Guides. Reggae Paper! Updated 29 August 2016. Nafarelin acetate is the generic name for “Synarel,” a medicine that is essay writing used to reggae treat endometriosis. It is a type of answer gonatropin-releasing hormone agonist (GnRH agonist) medicine. Research Paper! GnRH agonist medicines help to lessen pelvic pain caused by without essay, endometriosis. Synarel works by shutting off hormones made by the ovaries, so estrogen (one of the hormones that cause your body to have periods) is lowered. Research! When you do not have periods, endometriosis symptoms usually decrease or go away completely. Synarel is a nasal spray that is typically prescribed as: 1 or 2 sprays in simplified one nostril in the morning and research 1or 2 sprays (in the other nostril) in world without the evening (about 12 hours apart). It is research very important to rambler essay samuel take Synarel at the same times every day without missing any doses.

Are there any reasons that I shouldn’t take Synarel? You have an allergy to reggae research Synarel (Nafarelin acetate) or any part of the medicine. It’s always important to tell your health care provider if you are allergic to any medicines. Samuel Johnson! You have vaginal bleeding and research paper the cause is unknown You are pregnant and/or breast-feeding. *Make sure you tell your health care provider about all of the medicines you take including over-the-counter herbs and supplements.

Before starting Synarel you should: Have a pregnancy test (if you are having sex) Talk to your health care provider (HCP) about whether you are at on greece, a higher risk for bone density problems (how solid and strong your bones are) and reggae whether you need to have a bone density test before you start the medicine. Know that it usually takes a few cycles to see an improvement in answer symptoms. What are the possible side effects of Synarel? All medications can cause side effects. Reggae Research! Some people have mild side effects; most people have no side effects. Call your health care provider if your side effects bother you a lot or they don’t go away. Taking Synarel alone (without add-back) lowers the estrogen level in your body, which typically causes side effects that are similar to without computers menopause . These side effects may include: hot flashes or feeling warm-hot with flushing of the skin moodiness decreased interest in reggae research sex acne vaginal dryness headache.

Nasal irritation and/or a runny nose are also possible. Serious side effects are rare. Other uncommon side effects that you should tell your health care provider about include: inflammation/irritation of essay on greece your nose rash pain in your belly area heavy vaginal bleeding vaginal spotting/bleeding for more than 2 months sadness or symptoms of reggae paper depression that lasts longer than 2 weeks trouble with remembering things. Store it upright, in a dry place (not in the bathroom) NEVER keep Synarel in the refrigerator or freezer Protect it from direct sunlight Keep it away from young children and pets. Synarel is usually tolerated well however sometimes some young women may have mild to severe reactions. If your symptoms do not get better or they get worse, call your health care provider. Endometriosis: Synarel (Nafarelin) How to Use It. Posted under Health Guides. Updated 29 August 2016. Synarel is a medicine in the form of a nasal spray that is used to treat endometriosis.

It is very important that it is short taken at reggae, the same time every day and essay short it is used properly. a. Remove the white plastic safety clip from the neck of the bottle. Paper! (Do NOT throw it away) b. Essay Answer! Remove the cap from the reggae research paper nozzle tip. (Do NOT throw it away) c. Samuel! Hold the bottle straight so that the nozzle is on top. d. Put two fingers (index and middle fingers) on reggae, the side of the nozzle (see photo). Your thumb should rest on the bottom of the bottle. e. For An! Press down evenly and research paper firmly with your index and middle fingers. Essay Writing! Do this 7-10 times until you see a fine mist. f. Stop when you see the fine mist.

The medicine/pump is research now #x201C;primed#x201D;. g. For An! You only need to prime the bottle when you open it for the first time. Follow these directions EVERY time you take your medicine (Synarel) Images used with permission from research Pfizer. Endometriosis: Frequently Asked Questions. Posted under Health Guides.

Updated 29 August 2016. Why do I need to have surgery and medicine for my endo? Endometriosis can only be diagnosed by laparoscopy. At the time of a laparoscopy, great care is taken to destroy any visible endo lesions (also called implants) and any adhesions. Some endometriosis isn’t visible, yet it responds well to medication. That’s why we combine medical and surgical therapy to treat this unpredictable disease. A study done at Boston Children’s Hospital strongly suggests that combined surgical and medical management stops endometriosis from getting worse.

This helps to essay preserve your fertility. Will I ever need another laparoscopy? Most girls will not require any more laparoscopic procedures in the future, but some may. Reggae! This depends on essay on greece, many factors, such as when your last procedure was, if you are having a problem with pain control while taking medication, and research paper if your gynecologist feels it is necessary to check to see if your endometriosis has grown. If your endometriosis has grown, the lesions will be removed and/or destroyed. Rambler Essay Johnson! The goal is to lower your pain and preserve your fertility. Will I need to have my uterus removed? You will NOT need to reggae research paper have your uterus removed (hysterectomy). All treatment will be aimed at relieving your pain and essay preserving your ability to have children some day. Not being able to research paper get pregnant (infertility) can result if endometriosis causes changes in your pelvic organs, including your fallopian tubes and simplified essay format ovaries.

With early treatment, endometriosis should not interfere with your ability to become pregnant (when you are ready). Other factors besides endometriosis (such as STIs) can affect your fertility. Reggae! It’s important to take good care of endnotes for an essay your reproductive health by research, always practicing safe sex. Should I get pregnant soon to cure my endo? You may have heard that “pregnancy cures endometriosis”.

This is a myth. Essay! There is no cure for endometriosis. Some women may have little or no endo–related pain during pregnancy, while others will experience pain. Becoming a parent is a big decision and should never be used as a treatment for endo. How long do I need to reggae be followed for my endo? Endometriosis is world without essay a chronic condition that requires long–term medical treatment and follow–up, especially during your childbearing years.

Many factors affect how often you will need to be seen by your medical team, such as whether or not you are responding to paper the treatment. Since there is essay on greece no cure for endometriosis, you will need to be on medication. Therefore, you will need to be checked and have your prescriptions refilled. Reggae Paper! For example: if your gynecologist gives you a prescription for medication to stop your period, you will need to schedule a follow–up appointment in approximately 3 months. During this visit, he/she will meet with you and ask you if the medication is working to stop your periods and format pain. If you are feeling well and reggae research paper your blood pressure is normal, you will be given a prescription for more refills. If you are on Leuprolide acetate (Lupron Depot®) you will need to return for your shot every 3 months while you are on this treatment. If you have any problems or need questions answered in without the meantime, you should contact your GYN team.

Should my sisters and reggae research other family members get checked? Women are more likely to develop endometriosis if a close female relative from their mom or dad’s side has it. Likewise, if you have been diagnosed with endometriosis, and persuasive on greece someone in research paper your family (such as your sister, or cousin) has painful periods and pelvic pain at other times during her menstrual cycle that interfere with school and social activities, it is a good idea to on greece suggest that they get evaluated. They can make an reggae research paper appointment with a pediatric adolescent gynecologist who has experience treating teens with endometriosis. Endometriosis: Frequently Asked Questions About The Oral Contraceptive Pill. Posted under Health Guides. Updated 29 August 2016. Do I need a pelvic exam before going on persuasive essay, the oral contraceptive pill? No. Although it is important for teens to have checkups as part of their general health care, a pelvic exam is reggae research not needed for girls with endometriosis in order to answer start oral contraceptive pills. Will I have trouble getting pregnant after using the oral contraceptive pill?

There is research paper no change in essay fertility with the use of the oral contraceptive pill. However, if your period was irregular before you started taking the reggae Pill, it is likely that your periods will be irregular again when you stop taking it. Does the oral contraceptive pill cause birth defects? No. The Pill does not cause birth defects nor does it affect the endnotes essay health of future children. Does the oral contraceptive pill cause cancer? No. The Pill actually protects against reggae paper cancer of the ovaries and cancer of the lining of the uterus. A woman is half as likely to get cancer of the uterus or ovaries if she takes the Pill.

Most experts believe that taking oral contraceptive pills does not cause any increased risk of developing breast cancer. Even girls with a family history of breast cancer can take the short answer Pill. How long can I be on research paper, oral contraceptives? It is safe for you to be on the Pill for rambler essay samuel, years, whether to regulate your menstrual cycle, treat your cramps, as hormone replacement, or birth control. It is important to be on hormonal treatment for endometriosis until you are ready to become pregnant, so that the disease does not progress. Do I need to take a break from the reggae paper Pill? There is essay writing no medical reason that you need to take a “break” from the reggae research Pill.

When you are on the Pill continuously, the lining of your uterus does not build up. Therefore, you don’t get your period and persuasive on greece there is no blood. You will likely have spotting or bleeding if you take your pill late, or you forget to take it. Can I smoke if I’m taking the Pill? It is research NOT safe for you to college smoke and take oral contraceptives. Smoking dramatically increases your risk for reggae, heart disease (including blood clots and stroke). The more you smoke, the higher the risk.

What if I am also using the oral contraceptive pill for world without essay, birth control? If you are also taking the oral contraceptive pill for reggae paper, birth control, you should know that oral contraceptive pills do not protect you from essay sexually transmitted diseases. Condoms help to prevent most sexually transmitted diseases, and they are also an important backup method of birth control if you miss more than one Pill in a row, or if you are sick and throwing up. Reggae! All of these factors can lower the effectiveness of the Pill. College Essay Short! Whenever you get a new medication, ask if it changes the effectiveness of your oral contraceptive pill. What if I forget to take 2 or more combined oral contraceptive pills and I’m sexually active? If you have had intercourse during the time you missed your pills (and you don’t use condoms), talk to reggae your GYN team about whether you should use emergency contraception. If you are 15 or older, you can buy “Plan B” without a prescription.

If you are under 15, you will need a prescription from your health care provider. How do I talk to my parents about taking the Pill? If you are taking hormonal pills for the treatment of endometriosis, your parents may have some worries about you taking a pill that is also called the “birth control pill”. It’s best to talk openly with them about how the Pill will stop your periods and help lower your pelvic pain and endnotes for an essay other discomforts you may have. If your parents have concerns, have them read our health guide “Birth Control Pills: A Guide for Parents”. How do I talk to my friends about taking the Pill? You may not want to tell your friends that you are taking hormonal pills for the treatment of endometriosis.

Your “best friend” today may not be your best friend tomorrow, and sometimes friends can say or do things that hurt your feelings. Research! Since hormonal pills are also used as a type of world birth control, someone hearing that you are taking “the Pill” may assume it’s because you are having sex. When it comes down to reggae research it, you really don’t have to tell anyone except your GYN team about your medical treatment. Although there is nothing to feel embarrassed about, it’s often a good idea that you keep your pill a private matter. Posted under Health Guides.

Updated 29 August 2016. Active Hormone Pill : An oral contraceptive pill that contains estrogen, progesterone, or both. Add–Back Therapy : Hormonal therapy prescribed to rambler johnson help females with the side effects of reggae paper a class of college short medicine called GnRH agonists. Bladder : The organ that collects and stores urine. Bone Density : How solid and strong your bones are. Break-through Bleeding : Light vaginal bleeding or spotting that can happen during the first month on oral contraceptive pills (OCP’s) or when switching to another kind of reggae OCP, or when a pill is missed or late.

Most often the johnson bleeding is very light but sometimes it can be similar to a regular period. Chronic : A condition that continues for a long time. Endometrial Cells : Cells from the lining of the uterus. Endometrial Lesions (Implants) : Tissue from the lining of the uterus that sticks and reggae research grows outside of its normal location. Endometrial Tissue : Tissue from the lining of the uterus. Endometriosis : A condition that occurs when tissue similar to writing the lining of the uterus is found outside its normal location. Estrogen : A female sex hormone. GnRH Agonist (GnRH-a) : A category of medicine used to reggae paper treat certain medical conditions such as endometriosis. This medicine works by lowering the essay on greece body’s level of the hormone estrogen. Gynecologist : A doctor with additional medical and surgical training in the area of women’s health.

Hormone : A chemical messenger that is reggae paper released by an organ or gland and then sent through the bloodstream to another part of the body. Hormonal Medicine : Oral contraceptive pills (also known as birth control pills) that contain estrogen, progesterone, or both. Immune System : The system in your body that protects against disease, infection, and foreign substances. Inactive Hormone Pill : The last row (or week) of pills that are in a 28–day oral contraceptive pill pack. They are sometimes called “sugar pills” or “placebos” because they do not contain medicine, so they are considered “inactive”. Laparoscopy : A surgical procedure, generally done as a day surgery procedure under general anesthesia. A small incision is rambler made near the navel, and reggae research a lighted, thin tube is essay on greece inserted to view the pelvic organs.

Menstruation : The release of blood from the uterus. Menstrual Cramps : Pain in the lower abdomen (belly) during a period. Nausea : Feeling like you are going to throw up. Omega–3 Fatty Acids : Omega–3 fat is research a “heart healthy” type of fat that your body needs. Short Answer! Omega–3 fatty acids are found in some fish (such as salmon), some nuts (such as walnuts), and some oils (such as flaxseed oil). Organic Foods : Organic produce is grown without the use of pesticides, synthetic fertilizers, sewage sludge, genetically modified organisms, or ionizing radiation.

Animals that produce meat, poultry, eggs, and dairy products do not take antibiotics or growth hormones. Ovaries : Two tiny organs (or glands) that are located inside the lower abdomen of a female. The ovaries make the female hormones estrogen and progesterone. Pelvic Ultrasound : A test that uses sound waves to make a picture of the reproductive organs; ovaries, fallopian tubes, uterus, cervix, and bladder. Premenarcheal: This refers to the time before a girl gets her first period. “Pre” means before and “menarcheal” means menstrual period. Trans Fat : Trans fat is a “heart unhealthy” type of fat. It’s made by companies that make processed foods by adding hydrogen to vegetable oil.

Foods with trans fat will have the research words “partially hydrogenated oil” in endnotes for an essay the ingredient list. Trans fat can be found in some margarines, fast foods, fried foods, and baked goods. Ultrasound : A way to take pictures inside of reggae paper body parts. Pictures taken by ultrasound are similar to x–ray photographs. However, when ultrasound is used, the images are made with sound waves instead of x–rays. Uterus : A female organ (also called a “womb”) that sheds blood every month (a period), and also holds a baby while it’s developing inside its mother.

Endometriosis: A Guide for Friends, Siblings, and simplified essay format Significant Others. Posted under Health Guides. Updated 29 August 2016. Endometriosis occurs when tissue similar to the lining of the uterus is found outside the research paper normal location. Symptoms are usually bad period cramps and pelvic pain. The amount of endometriosis doesn’t always correlate with the amount of pain.

Endometriosis is a condition that occurs when tissue similar to short answer the lining of the uterus is found outside its normal location. Common locations of endometrial implants include the ovaries, fallopian tubes, and ligaments that support the reggae paper uterus and tissue covering the bladder and rectum. The location of the endometrial implants and short answer the way in which the lesions affect the pelvic organs contribute to the symptoms that both adolescent and adult women have. What are the symptoms of paper endometriosis? Endometriosis causes different symptoms. Some teens may have one or more of the following symptoms: Severe period cramps Chronic pelvic pain that comes and world computers essay goes (throughout the reggae research paper menstrual cycle) Painful urination (pain when peeing) Diarrhea or constipation (loose or less bowel movements) Pelvic pain with exercise Pain after a pelvic exam Pain with intercourse (if sexually active) The amount of essay endometriosis doesn’t always compare to the amount of pain a woman may have. For example: Some teens may have a lot of endometriosis and have very little pain, while others who have a small amount of reggae research endometriosis have severe pain.

The ONLY way to diagnosis endometriosis for sure is to have a procedure called a laparoscopy . Rambler Johnson! This procedure allows a doctor to research look inside the pelvic cavity with a special lens to world computers check for endometriosis (implants) . Other tests that are often ordered before a laparoscopy may include blood tests, vaginal cultures (to check for infection), an paper ultrasound and/or an MRI. Essay Samuel! These tests are done to “rule out” other possible causes of pelvic pain. Although we know that some young women may be a little more likely to develop endometriosis because one or more of their female relatives have it, most of the research paper time we don’t know the cause of persuasive essay this disease . The three most accepted theories are: Sampson’s Theory: This theory explains that the flow of menstrual blood gets “backed up” causing some of the blood to flow in a reverse direction. This process causes blood containing endometrial tissue to attach to surfaces outside of the uterus.

Meyer’s Theory: This theory proposes that specific cells (that are present at reggae, birth) called “metaplastic cells” change into endometrial cells. Vascular Theory: This theory suggests that the endometrial tissue “travels” through the world without body via the blood vessels. It then implants in the abdomen and grows, resulting in research paper pain. If a young woman has severe menstrual cramps and/or pelvic pain that cause her to miss school, her doctor may want her to have a diagnostic laparoscopy. Persuasive Essay! If endometriosis is found, treatment falls into reggae research paper the following categories:

Observation: Keeping track of symptoms and trying mild pain medicine is usually recommended first. Lifestyle changes : Exercise, a healthy diet, and getting enough rest helps to essay on greece manage pain. Relaxation techniques such as yoga and meditation can also help. Research! Medical suppression: Hormonal treatment works by shutting off hormones made by the ovaries, which temporarily stops a woman’s period and lowers the estrogen level. Surgery: A special instrument is rambler samuel johnson inserted into a tiny incision or cut in a young woman’s abdomen (near her navel) while she’s asleep under anesthesia. Visible endometriosis is destroyed. Pain treatment services: Your friend, (sibling or partner) may be referred for pain treatment services where she may be evaluated for physical therapy, biofeedback, or another technique to reggae help with pain control.

Complementary medicine: Acupuncture, yoga, reiki, OMT (osteopathic manipulative therapy), herbal remedies, etc. may be helpful and sometimes are prescribed along with traditional medical treatment. The goals of treatment should be aimed at relieving pain, controlling the progression of endometriosis and preserving fertility for without computers essay, future childbearing. Comprehensive and early treatment can make a big difference in reggae paper improving a young woman’s quality of life. It’s important to have a clear understanding of endometriosis; the symptoms, treatment, the persuasive essay possible side effects of each medicine, and how the disease impacts your friend’s (sibling, or partner’s) life. Letting her know that you want to research paper help and being supportive will make a huge difference in the way she copes with her disease. You can be supportive by learning about her disease, being a good listener, and without computers showing her that you care. Here are some examples of how you can show support: Keep in touch: Text, e-mail, or call; especially on the days your friend (sibling, or partner) is absent from reggae school.

Take notes: Offer to pick up or drop off school work and copy notes in classes you share. Persuasive On Greece! Bring the reggae research social event to your friend’s house: If you’re planning a get together with mutual friends and your friend isn’t up to going out (because of pain), consider meeting at her home. Persuasive Essay! Learn signs: Figure out a way that your friend can communicate when she is in pain. Having someone who understands her pain threshold will likely give her confidence to research socialize. What else do I need to simplified essay know about endometriosis? Teens and young women CAN suffer from symptoms of endometriosis. Endometriosis is NOT an STI sexually transmitted infection). Chronic pelvic pain is NOT normal. Most young women have none or mild menstrual cramps one or two days a month. If your friend (sibling, or partner) is absent from school or work a lot because of pelvic pain and/or menstrual cramps or has pain in her lower abdomen (belly) that isn’t relieved with over-the-counter pain medicine, tell her to make an reggae paper appointment with her health care provider. Endometriosis occurs among young and on greece older women of ALL races.

Getting pregnant does NOT cure this disease , but may improve symptoms for some women. Some women with endometriosis who have given birth continue to have pain. Frequently Asked Questions: What is it like to live with endometriosis? Having endometriosis can definitely add to the everyday stress of being a teen, young woman, or young adult. Girls with endometriosis have a significant amount of reggae research pelvic pain and essay johnson menstrual cramps. A young woman’s pain is paper often misunderstood, perhaps because she doesn’t necessarily “look sick”. Girls with endo often miss school and frequently turn down social invitations because of pain. This can lead to feelings of isolation and depression.

How common is endometriosis among teen girls? It’s not uncommon for samuel, young women to paper have endometriosis. If endometriosis runs in the family, a young woman may be more likely to have it than someone else with no family history. Essay Samuel! A research study done at reggae paper, Boston Children’s Hospital found that endometriosis was the most common diagnosis for teens with chronic pelvic pain who had undergone a diagnostic laparoscopy. How often does a young woman need to be seen by her GYN (gynecology) team?

This depends on: the type of medication she is prescribed, how well she responds to treatment, and whether or not she has other gynecological issues. For example, if she’s on a medicine called Lupron Depot®, she’ll need to return for college essay answer, her shot either monthly, or every three months, depending on the prescribed dose. If she’s being treated with birth control pills she’ll likely have follow-up appointments about every three months. She may return earlier than her scheduled appointments if she experiences side effects or feels her pain is not getting better. At the reggae research paper very least, she’ll need to have a check-up with her gynecologist once a year. If a young woman is on persuasive essay on greece, birth control pills for endometriosis, does it mean she’s having sex? Birth control pills (also called hormone pills, oral contraceptives or “the Pill”) are almost always prescribed to young women with endometriosis. Being on research paper, the pill does not mean that a young woman is having sex. How can I help my friend get to school? One of the primary goals of essay treatment is to successfully manage your friend’s (sibling, or partner’s) pain. Her treatment plan is specially designed to reggae lessen her symptoms that often get in the way of going to school, participating in activities, and persuasive essay socializing with friends.

You can encourage your friend (sibling, or partner) to go to paper school even if it means going in later or getting dismissed early. Short Answer! If she’s absent, you could offer to pick up school-work for her. How can I help my friend (sibling, or partner) get out and do things? Understanding what your friend (sibling, or partner) is reggae paper experiencing in essay on greece terms of pain will help you know why she may feel anxious about going out. You can let her know that you will be with her and reggae research paper that she has the option of going home early if she is in pain. Sometimes plans you have made with your friend, sibling, or partner may need to be adjusted because she is tired or in pain. Simplified! This doesn’t necessarily mean that you can’t get together. Choosing more relaxing activities, or meeting at her home is better than not including her in your plans. How can I tell if my friend (sibling, or partner) is depressed?

If a young woman is having trouble sleeping, is not interested in social activities, has a loss of appetite and/or change in weight, she may be depressed. It’s important to reggae tell your friend’s (or partner’s) parents/guardians and encourage her to essay hobby make an appointment with her GYN team. Research! The team can arrange an evaluation with a mental health counselor, social worker, or psychologist. Are there any complementary or alternative (CAM) treatments that might help? Although there is limited data that supports the effectiveness of essay CAM therapy in the treatment of endometriosis, some research studies suggest that CAM therapies such as acupuncture and yoga are helpful in paper controlling pelvic pain. Pain Treatment Centers are often located in short answer major hospitals and provide services to evaluate young women with endometriosis. They may recommend CAM therapies in addition to traditional medical treatment. The Center for reggae research, Young Women’s Health (CYWH) is a collaboration between the Division of Adolescent and Young Adult Medicine and the Division of Gynecology at Boston Children’s Hospital. The Center is an educational entity that exists to persuasive on greece provide teen girls and young women with carefully researched health information, health education programs, and conferences. All information is for paper, educational purposes only. For specific medical advice, diagnoses, and treatment, consult your health care provider.

1998-2017 | Center for Young Women's Health, Boston Children's Hospital. All rights reserved. This well known website represents the Endometriosis Association, the first organization in the world to provide information on endometriosis to females who have it. The EA is a well respected authority with reliable information written by experts. Endometriosis Research Center | USA Phone Number(s): 561– 274–7442 | Toll Free: 800–239–7280. The Endometriosis Research Center was founded in 1997 because of the limited research, support, education and awareness for endometriosis. The ERC strives to improve the simplified essay format quality of life for women and reggae research paper girls with endometriosis through their extensive programs and outreach efforts. The Boston Center for Endometriosis brings together internationally recognized leaders in the field of endometriosis from without computers renowned hospitals, including Boston Children’s Hospital and Brigham and Women’s Hospital. Research! The Center focuses on exceptional clinical care, multidisciplinary treatments by endnotes essay, specialists, and outstanding educational resources. Ballweg, Mary Lou, and The Endometriosis Association.

Endometriosis—The Complete Reference for reggae research paper, Taking Charge of rambler essay samuel johnson Your Health. McGraw–Hill, 2003. Research! Written by the founder of the Endometriosis Association and expert clinicians, this book is college essay short packed with information about reggae research paper managing symptoms, medications, and alternative treatments. It is primarily geared towards adult women, however there is a chapter on “Teen Endometriosis” that would be helpful for parents, family members and friends, as well as health care providers and educators who advocate for teens. Mills, Dian Shepperson MA, and Vernon, Michael PhD HCLD. Endometriosis: A Key to Healing Through Nutrition. Thorsons, 2002. This book offers a holistic approach to managing endometriosis with emphasis on the practical role that nutrition plays. Phillips, Robert, and essay Motta, Glenda. Research Paper! Coping with Endometriosis: A Practical Guide.

Avery, 2000. This book addresses the psychological and emotional concerns related to endometriosis and college essay answer offers practical ways to research cope with chronic pain.

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Case study: How PepsiCo innovates its packaging to paper, make it increasingly sustainable, minimizing PepsiCo’s impact on the environment. April 8, 2017 case studies 669 Views. According to the U.S. EPA, in most parts of the developed world, packaging constitutes as much as one-third of the college short, nonindustrial solid waste stream. As consumption increases with higher living standards, more countries are seeing significant growth in their packaging waste. While most packaging is recyclable, recycling rates remain lower than expected. This case study is based on the 2014 GRI Report by PepsiCo published on the Global Reporting Initiative Sustainability Disclosure Database that can be found at this link . Through all case studies we aim to demonstrate that CSR/ sustainability reporting done responsibly is achieved by reggae research paper, identifying a company’s most important impacts on rambler essay the environment and reggae research, stakeholders and by measuring, managing and changing.

Research by well-recognized institutions is endnotes for an essay clearly proving that responsible companies can look to the future with optimism. Sustainability reporting using the Global Reporting Initiative’s Standards is essentially a four-step process: Identify – Measure – Manage – Change . By becoming aware of your company’s most important impacts towards the reggae paper, environment and all your key stakeholders – investors, clients, employees, suppliers and the wider society – you will be able to measure, set targets, take action to minimize your negative impacts and increase your positive impacts. Using the GRI Standards in order to maintain and college essay, increase the value of your company. With each article in this series the FBRH team will highlight one key impact identified by a company reporting in accordance with the GRI Standards and show how it has taken a structured, systematic approach to improving performance. With such positive action companies build trust, by dealing responsibly and conscientiously with their impact on the environment and on their stakeholders: clients, suppliers, shareholders, local communities, NGOs or local government. To subscribe to reggae paper, the FBRH team’s newsletter, please use the essay, SustainCase subscription form.

Packaging materials represent a significant portion of PepsiCo’s supply chain spend. Reducing the research paper, amount of packaging used for college essay short answer PepsiCo products both helps to reduce the amount of waste sent to landfills and reduces costs for reggae the company. PepsiCo is also constantly working to hobby, design more recyclable packaging to increase recycling rates globally. Reggae. After measuring and setting targets, PepsiCo took action to reduce its packaging Tweet This! – in 2014, PepsiCo eliminated over 11 million pounds of film packaging and over 29 million pounds of corrugated packaging from its global food and snacks packaging, delivering a combined cost savings of nearly $20 million – , increase the recycled content and recyclability of PepsiCo’s packaging – PepsiCo is the only major beverage company consistently using recycled polyethylene terephthalate (rPET) in its containers in the U.S. – and, also, help consumers to recycle. What are the material issues the company has identified? In its 2014 GRI Report PepsiCo identified a range of material issues, such as public policy engagement, innovating healthier options, responsibly marketing PepsiCo products, climate change, talent attraction, engagement growth, human rights, workplace safety. Among these, innovating its packaging to samuel johnson, make it increasingly sustainable stands out as a key material issue for reggae research PepsiCo, given the company’s commitment to strive for the smallest possible environmental footprint while still meeting the value, cost and performance criteria expected by consumers and customers. Stakeholder engagement in accordance with the GRI Standards. The Global Reporting Initiative (GRI) defines the essay samuel, Principle of Stakeholder Inclusiveness when identifying material issues (or a company’s most important impacts) as follows:

Stakeholders must be consulted in reggae paper, the process of identifying a company’s most important impacts and their reasonable expectations and interests must be taken into account. This is an important cornerstone for short answer CSR / sustainability reporting done responsibly. Key stakeholder groups PepsiCo engages with: · Dedicated, 24-hour, toll-free phone line. · Contact pages on branded websites. · Dedicated customer teams. · Outreach by local offices/ manufacturing sites, etc.

· Availability of Speak Up. · Individual action plans and reggae research paper, performance goals. · Organizational health surveys and pulse surveys. · Environmental Supplier Outreach Program. · Supplier Social Capability Management Program. · Live and pre-recorded webinars. · Annual shareholder meetings. · Earnings calls and investor forums. · Participation in organizations such as the Harvard Law School Program on simplified Corporate Governance, the Stanford University Rock Center for research paper Corporate Governance, the Council of Institutional Investors and the Weinberg Center for Corporate Governance. · Individual engagement plans for simplified essay each partnership.

How stakeholder engagement was made to identify material issues. Throughout the year, PepsiCo regularly engages with its stakeholders on a wide variety of reggae issues. PepsiCo listens carefully and gathers information and opinions from endnotes its employees, shareholders, the communities in which it operates, its customers, consumers of its products, regulatory agencies, nongovernmental organizations and reggae paper, other interested stakeholders. PepsiCo’s stakeholder engagement efforts throughout the year continue to persuasive, inform its GRI reporting and overarching sustainability strategy. Reggae. PepsiCo prioritizes the rambler essay samuel johnson, topics it reports on reggae research paper publicly and focuses on those topics most important to PepsiCo and its key stakeholders. In 2013, PepsiCo completed a formal assessment to rambler, identify Material Aspects or what the GRI Sustainability Reporting Guidelines define as those matters that are most important socially, environmentally and economically to both internal and external stakeholders. PepsiCo’s initial assessment of Material Aspects resulted in reggae research paper, 16 topics across its three PwP pillars (Human Sustainability, Environmental Sustainability and Talent Sustainability) and financial and corporate governance performance areas.

These topics align with PepsiCo’s corporate priorities and goals, reinforcing the integration of sustainability throughout its business. In 2014, PepsiCo presented its analysis and process for determining its Material Aspects as well as the final list of Material Aspects with stakeholders at its biannual Ceres Stakeholder Forum. No new topics emerged during this forum. However, based on stakeholder feedback, PepsiCo consolidated several topics, made Human Rights a stand-alone Material Aspect and included Land Use as part of its Agriculture Material Aspect. What actions were taken by PepsiCo to innovate its packaging to make it increasingly sustainable, minimizing PepsiCo’s impact on the environment? In its 2014 GRI Report PepsiCo set the following targets for innovating its packaging to make it increasingly sustainable, minimizing PepsiCo’s impact on world without essay the environment, based on research paper the company’s approach to materiality – on taking action on what matters, where it matters: Initiatives to reduce packaging include lightweighting, film down-gauging, bag optimization, carton size reduction and much more. In 2014, PepsiCo eliminated over 11 million pounds of essay writing film packaging and over 29 million pounds of corrugated packaging from paper its global food and snacks packaging by without essay, down-gauging, reducing seal widths and reggae research paper, right-sizing both primary and secondary packaging, delivering a combined cost savings of nearly $20 million. College Essay. On the beverage side of the business, PepsiCo eliminated 46 million pounds of packaging (20 million fewer pounds of plastic, 23 million fewer pounds of paper-based packaging and research, 3 million fewer pounds of aluminum) versus 2013, through container lightweighting, packaging optimization and improved design for beverages globally. Essay Answer. Some specific initiatives that have driven these results include the following:

PepsiCo’s East Europe region replaced traditional stretch wrap, applied by wrapping all four sides of a package from top to bottom in film, with an innovative shrink hood, eliminating 1 million pounds of plastic. Paper. Frito-Lay North America reuses its shipping cartons more than five times on average, avoiding the endnotes for an essay, purchase of 295,000 new cartons and reggae research, reducing 240,000 pounds of CO 2 e, which is equivalent to 44,750 gallons of gasoline. Spent cartons are recycled. Persuasive Essay. Frito-Lay Canada ships many of its products to customers in reusable corrugate cartons that are used more than five times on average, eliminating the need to purchase over reggae paper, 30 million new cartons. World. Increasing the recycled content and recyclability of PepsiCo’s packaging. PepsiCo is committed to increasing the content of post-consumer or post-industrial material in reggae research paper, its packaging. In some cases, this can be a challenge because PepsiCo is dependent on the recycling market to make these materials available to the company. Essay Format. Additionally, all packaging must meet PepsiCo’s high safety standards. PepsiCo’s team continues to work to secure a greater share of the post-consumer material currently available, while also working to research paper, increase supplier capacity, advance new technologies to make recycling easier and more efficient and increase consumer recycling rates, thereby increasing the amount of material available. Simplified Essay Format. Recycled polyethylene terephthalate (rPET) comes from reggae research plastic that has already been used for packaging, such as plastic bottles. Prior to being transformed into a new plastic bottle, the plastic is sorted and cleaned in accordance with food safety standards.

PepsiCo is the only major beverage company consistently using rPET in its containers in rambler johnson, the U.S. Reggae. In 2014, PepsiCo used 134 million pounds of writing hobby food-grade rPET, an increase of 23 percent or 25 million pounds versus 2013. In North America, PepsiCo’s beverage packaging included 111 million pounds of rPET in the U.S., which is 30 percent of the food-grade rPET that was available in 2013. In Germany, PepsiCo incorporated 18.7 million pounds of rPET into its bottles, an increase of approximately 85 percent versus 2013, nearly 42 percent of their total resin usage. PepsiCo’s France market sector used 4.4 million pounds of rPET, about 21 percent of reggae research paper their total PET packaging in essay samuel johnson, 2014, with up to 50 percent content in individual product lines. PepsiCo and the MyShelter Foundation partnered to build the Liter of Light program, which brings eco-friendly light to reggae paper, communities in the Philippines living without electricity by recycling packaging materials. The bottle lights make use of everyday materials: PET, water, corrugated sheet metal and chlorine. Each light, lasting up to 10 years, costs about $2 and takes 30 minutes to install. As of April 2014, Liter of Light had installed 190,000 bottle lights in 95,000 homes and donated 800 solar-powered night lamps and rambler essay johnson, 33 street lamps, partly through Pepsi donations and awareness initiatives.

Based on reggae research average recycling rates published by on greece, the American Beverage Association, the National Association of PET Container Resources,,, American Forest and Paper Association and the U.S. EPA department of Municipal Solid Waste, PepsiCo estimates that, in 2014, approximately 4.3 billion pounds of the 9.3 billion pounds of packaging material used by PepsiCo was recycled by the consumer. PepsiCo set a target to help increase the U.S. Reggae. beverage container recycling rate to 50 percent by 2018. Endnotes Essay. To contribute to this target, PepsiCo launched the PepsiCo Recycling program (formerly referred to as Dream Machine) in 2010. Since its inception, over research, 1,150 smart kiosks and 5,200 bins have been installed and simplified essay, more than 434 million post-consumer beverage containers have been recycled. Reggae Research. In 2014, 119.9 million containers were collected from a range of locations including kiosks, schools and industrial locations. As of 2013, the U.S. beverage container recycling rate had reached 42 percent, according to an American Beverage Association report. Essay. According to a PepsiCo national survey, 81 percent of Americans say they would recycle beverage containers at a retail location if proper bins were available.

PepsiCo Recycling expanded its recycling on-the-go partnership with three new retailers in 2014, placing over 700 additional recycling bins and collecting 27,000 pounds of recyclable materials –approximately 540,000 plastic bottles and aluminum cans – from the program. This “recycle-at-the-pump” program is helping retailers divert recyclables from landfill and reggae, provide recycling opportunities in places where they did not exist. PepsiCo has also engaged over essay answer, 500,000 K–12 students on environmental leadership. In 2014, PepsiCo teamed up with K–12 schools in 33 states, collected 5.9 million recycled beverage containers and awarded more than $188,000 in reggae, grants and short, rewards for reggae recycling and essay hobby, other eco-initiatives. Since 2010, PepsiCo has donated $1.67 million to reggae, the Entrepreneurship Bootcamp for Veterans with Disabilities and will allocate additional funds over the next two years.

Formed in 2014, PepsiCo’s “Recycle for Nature” partnership with The Nature Conservancy, the world’s largest conservation organization, is encouraging consumers to recycle more often to help protect drinking water sources throughout the writing hobby, U.S. This project is part of PepsiCo’s collaboration with Walmart to increase recycling and PepsiCo’s investment in reggae research paper, the Closed Loop Fund, a program that provides financing to municipalities and simplified, other organizations to improve access to recycling when and where people need it. PepsiCo is now tackling both on-the-go and curbside recycling. For example, working with the NFL, the City of Phoenix and reggae paper, Keep Phoenix Beautiful during the 2015 Super Bowl, PepsiCo placed 500 specially designed recycling bins in essay, the stadium and surrounding area. Additionally, hundreds of PepsiCo volunteers hit the streets to help make the Super Bowl clean and green. Which GRI indicators/Standards have been addressed? The GRI indicators/Standards addressed in this case are: 1) This case study was compiled using published information by PepsiCo which is located at the link below. Research Paper. For the sake of readability, we did not use brackets or ellipses but made sure that the extra or missing words did not change the report’s meaning.

If you would like to quote these written sources from the original please revert to the following link: Note to PepsiCo: With each case study we send out an email to your listed address in request for essay johnson a comment on this case study. If you have not received such an email please contact us. LONDON LSE • Thu 5 – Fri 6 Oct 2017 – Certified CSR/ Sustainability Course. Learn how Today’s Best-Run Companies are achieving Economic, Social and Environmental Success – and How You Can Too… Case study: How Campbell is reggae paper ensuring food safety and quality. September 22, 2017. Case study: How Nestle strives to college short answer, operate with a fundamental respect for the rights of the people it employs, does business with or otherwise interacts with. September 20, 2017. Case study: How Ericsson shows zero tolerance for bribery and corruption.

September 19, 2017. Get acquainted with GRI Standards, the first global standards for sustainability reporting. LONDON LSE • Thu 5 – Fri 6 Oct 2017 – Certified CSR/ Sustainability Course. CSR: The Strategic Importance of Sustainability Reporting Done Responsibly. January 30, 2017. 2-Day FBRH GRI Certified Course. Learn how Today's Best-Run Companies are achieving Economic, Social and Environmental Success - and How You Can Too. This training will help participants to: Use the GRI’s Standards Conduct stakeholder engagement and reggae, materiality assessment Develop report content Manage assurance procedures Communicate their positive contribution.

It is no coincidence that 80% of the world's 250 largest companies are issuing GRI based CSR reports. Subscribe to our weekly newsletter. and see how the largest companies in the world are taking action to on greece, minimise their most important negative impacts.